We all know that DNS is a protocol which resolves domain names to IP addresses, but how do we know the authenticity of the returned IP address? It is possible for an attacker to tamper a DNS response or poison the DNS cache and take users to a malicious site with the legitimate domain name in the address bar. DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) is a specification which aims at maintaining the data integrity of DNS responses. DNSSEC signs all the DNS resource records (A, MX, CNAME etc.) of a zone using PKI (Public Key Infrastructure). Now DNSSEC enabled DNS resolvers (like Google Public DNS) can verify the authenticity of a DNS reply (containing an IP address) using the public DNSKEY record. Here's how to setup DNSSEC on an authoritative BIND DNS server.