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New app puts idle smartphones to work for science

New app puts idle smartphones to work for science | Open Science | Scoop.it

Android smartphone users will soon have a chance to participate in important scientific research every time they charge their phones. Using a new app created by researchers at UC Berkeley, users will be able to donate a phone’s idle computing power to crunch numbers for projects that could lead to breakthroughs ranging from novel medical therapies to the discovery of new stars. (...) - By Robert Sanders, News Berkeley, July 22, 2013

Tree of Science's insight:

The first and most successful volunteer computing project is the UC Berkeley’s SETI research project, which analyzes radio telescope data in search of intelligent signals from space. This project was the first to ask citizen to offer their desktop computer power in order to analyse research data. It will be also adapted to the Android BOINC app

 

Lists of the first projects: 

- Einstein@Home (http://einstein.phys.uwm.edu), which searches radio telescope data for spinning stars called pulsars,

- FightAIDS@Home (http://fightaidsathome.scripps.edu), which searches for more effective AIDS therapies as part of IBM’s

- World Community Grid (http://www.worldcommunitygrid.org)

- Asteroids@home (http://asteroidsathome.net/boinc), operated by Charles University in Prague

- OProject@Home (http://oproject.info), which is dedicated to the analysis of algorithms for research projects. 

- Yoyo@home (http://www.rechenkraft.net/yoyo), which is addressing evolutionary research (simulations of different types of populations and focuses on the analysis of human mitochondrial DNA)


Follows all the new pojects automatically published on Twitter via @BOINCprojects

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Open Science
Open science is a new open way to make science with shared workflow (citizen science), funding from everyone (crowdfunding), sourcing data from citizen (crowdsourcing)
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Crowdfunding could be a simple way to pay for science research

Crowdfunding could be a simple way to pay for science research | Open Science | Scoop.it

Crowdfunding may be the best way to meet the costs of scientific research and garner greater awareness of scientific priorities. (...) - Startup smart, by Maksym Sich, 15 April 2015

Tree of Science's insight:

Two critical issues appear in the field of scientific research: find more funding and be more close to citizen. Crowd funding is able to solve both points by providing new source of funding and opening science projects. Moreover science crowdfunding open also the possibility to involve directly citizen in research project through citizen science and e-health 

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Enrico De Angelis's curator insight, May 20, 4:06 PM
Tree of Science's insight:

Two critical issues appear in the field of scientific research: find more funding and be more close to citizen. Crowd funding is able to solve both points by providing new source of funding and opening science projects. Moreover science crowdfunding open also the possibility to involve directly citizen in research project through citizen science and e-health 

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Michigan judge asks PubPeer to turn over anonymous user information

Michigan judge asks PubPeer to turn over anonymous user information | Open Science | Scoop.it

Site’s lawyers will appeal decision that would reveal IP address of commenter.

 

The ongoing battle between PubPeer, a website that allows anonymous reviews of technical papers, and a researcher trying to unmask some of its users took a new turn yesterday when a county judge asked the site’s operators to hand over a piece of potentially identifying information.(...) - Science, by Kelly Servick, 20 March 2015

Tree of Science's insight:

Anonymous #post-publication #peerreview is under threaten. PubPeer platform offers anonymous comment to scientific articles but a Michigan judge order to PubPeer to remove these feature after the lawsuit filed by an american cancer researcher (see our previous scoop http://sco.lt/5fWTDt). PubPeer aims is to fix the broken scientific peer review process but seems to loose the great opportunity to achieve this by anonymous discussion of research articles. Hope this will not discouraged online comments.

 

 

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LA Referencia – South American Open Science network

LA Referencia – South American Open Science network | Open Science | Scoop.it

Interview of Alberto Cabezas – Executive Secretary of LA Referencia

 

La Referencia is a network of repositories from 9 South American countries. How does it work and what are its aims? Does it have a formal structure?

The initial project was presented by RedCLARA (RedCLARA – Cooperación Latino Americana de Redes Avanzadas – is an international non-profit organization established in 2003, managing the only advanced internet network in Latin America) and funded by the Regional Public Goods program of the IDB (Inter-American Development Bank) from 2010 to 2013. The goal was to build a common strategy for a regional federated network of scientific publication repositories. (...) - Otwarta Nauka, by Alberto Cabezas, 11 March 2015

 

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Archiving and Aggregating “Alternative” Scholarly Content: DOIs for blogs.

Archiving and Aggregating “Alternative” Scholarly Content: DOIs for blogs. | Open Science | Scoop.it

The value of blogs and bloggers in science is well recognized.  Blogs serve as an excellent form of post-publication peer review and host much of the scientific discussion that occurs on the web today.  Indeed, it is probably true that more interaction between scientists and between scientists and the public occurs away from traditional scientific articles themselves and in “alternative” forums such as Twitter, Facebook, and of course, blogs. (...) - The Winnower, Feb 13, 201

Tree of Science's insight:

The science #blogging platform, The Winnower, provides now DOIs for every blog posts. With DOIs, the posts of scientists are more close to articles since the platform already employs open #post-publication #peerreview - #openscience #openaccess

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Harnessing the power of social media to succeed in the biotech world

Harnessing the power of social media to succeed in the biotech world | Open Science | Scoop.it

In our Biotech Innovators series, we showcase disruptive and inspiring ideas and entrepreneurship stories. We try to find out more about their business, major challenges and how being an entrepreneur meant to them so far. This week, Stéphane-Bertin Hoffmann talked to Ethan Oren Perlstein, PhD, founder and CEO of Perlstein Lab,  a San Francisco-based biotech startup and public benefit corporation focused on precision […] - Blog Sciencebite, by Stéphane-Bertin hoffmann, February 9, 2015

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Openness in science is key to keeping public trust

Openness in science is key to keeping public trust | Open Science | Scoop.it

Silence stifles progress, says Mark Yarborough. The scientific enterprise needs a transparent culture that actively finds and fixes problems.

 

The Ebola crisis demonstrates once again that, despite all the posturing of politicians, it is scientists who the public looks to in times of crisis and concern. The public still trusts scientists. A UK survey this year found that they trust scientists even if they do not always trust scientific information itself. Still, the public’s trust is fragile. Given how much scientists depend on public goodwill and the funding that flows from it, I am always surprised by how much scientists take the public’s trust for granted. They can — and should — do more to protect and nurture it. (...) - by Mark Yarborough, Nature, 19 November 2014

Tree of Science's insight:

#openscience bring public trust but also #openaccess to results publications, #reproducibility of data, #collaborativeworking inside community of researchers and #citizenscience. Broadly, #openresearch also have link with #openinnovation #openlabs and #makerkabs

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8 nature-focused projects for citizen scientists

8 nature-focused projects for citizen scientists | Open Science | Scoop.it

Volunteers can lend a hand, from categorizing whale songs to planting sunflowers.

 

Monitoring the planet’s health is more important than ever, but there are only so many scientists to go around and way too many endangered species and climate fluctuations to monitor. That’s where citizen scientists come in. Here are some interesting science projects just waiting for regular citizens to pitch in. (...) - mnn.com, by Sidney Stevens, Dec 22, 2014
Tree of Science's insight:

With #citizenscience, researchers are looking for an enormous green army of volunteers around the world who are more than willing to lend their eyes, ears and even their computers to make a difference. Think of it as crowd-sourced science. #openscience #crowdsourcing


The Great Sunflower project: Help create a national bee population map to unravel the mystery of the disappearing bees. (http://www.greatsunflower.org)


ReefQuest: Fostering Marine Environmental Stewardship Through Citizen Science (http://www.reefquest.org)


Cat Tracker (from Your Wild Life Project): "We want to resolve some of the wild mysteries of house cats, ancient mysteries of the animal with which millions of Americans share their beds, couches and nearly everything else". (http://cats.yourwildlife.org)


Project Noah: a tool to explore and document wildlife using a free citizen-science mobile app and a platform to harness the power of citizen scientists everywhere. (http://www.projectnoah.org)


From Zooniverse

Whale FM:  A project to organise recordings of Orca and Pilot Whale calls. Volunteers were asked to match sounds to the most-similar call from a range of other recordings (http://whale.fm)


Bat Detective: The ultimate goal is to use your classifications to make a new automatic program that researchers all over the world can use to extract information out of their recordings, making it really easy to track populations of bats. This will make understanding how bat populations are being effected by global change much easier (http://www.batdetective.org)


Old Weather:  Researchers are using this past weather data to help create better climate change models for the future (http://www.oldweather.org)






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Is Open Access a Cause or an Effect?

Is Open Access a Cause or an Effect? | Open Science | Scoop.it

Why can't researchers agree on whether Open Access is the cause of more citations or merely associated with better performing papers? The answer is in the methods. (...) - Blog "the scholarly kithchen", by Phil Davis, August 5, 2014

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Open access is not enough on its own – data must be free too

Open access is not enough on its own – data must be free too | Open Science | Scoop.it

Academics have been encouraged to make their research freely available, but their data also needs to be open to scrutiny.

 

If your research has been funded by the taxpayer, there's a good chance you'll be encouraged to publish your results on an open access basis – free at point of publication and with reuse and redistribution rights. (...) - by Susanna-Assunta Sansone, The Guardian, 26 June 2014

Tree of Science's insight:

Open access to the publication of the research is one on the step to the open research. To go further, this evolution in process must be linked to open data to really reach open science

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An Introduction to Linked Open Data

An Introduction to Linked Open Data | Open Science | Scoop.it

If you’ve done any digital work—and who isn’t doing digital these days—then you’ve probably heard the term “linked open data” tossed around. “Open data,” as defined by Open Data Institute, is primary data that is freely available for others to use and share that is structured in a standard format that plays well with other file formats and includes metadata (data about the data, check out this Guardian guide for more information) about the data and how it was created. Barnett and Deliyannides (2011) define “open” resources as both a “family of copyright licensing policies under which authors and copyright owners make their works publicly available,” as well as a broader movement within “higher education to increase access to scholarly research and communication.” For graduate students, the “open” movement has provided numerous benefits including free access to articles, resources, software, data, and more—all of which save us money and increase the efficiency of our research. (...) - By Katy Meyers, 'gradhacker" blog on Inside Higher Ed, June 1, 2014

Tree of Science's insight:

In open research, there is a step beyon "open" (open science, open data): Linked open data! Researchers produced datasets and more than "only" open them, they provide configuration to create easy connections and sharing (licencing, easy readable, files format...). 

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Improving GitHub for science

Improving GitHub for science | Open Science | Scoop.it

GitHub is being used today to build scientific software that's helping find Earth-like planets in other solar systems, analyze DNA, and build open source rockets.

Seeing these projects and all this momentum within academia has pushed us to think about how we can make GitHub a better tool for research. As scientific experiments become more complex and their datasets grow, researchers are spending more of their time writing tools and software to analyze the data they collect. Right now though, these efforts often happen in isolation. (...) - GitHub Blog, May 14, 2014

Tree of Science's insight:

The collaborative and code management platform, GitHub, is more and more used for scientific purposes. Open science, big data, and scientific software push developers and researchers to share knowledge and skills to write code for tools and software for awesome science. 

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Why open access should be a key issue for university leaders

Why open access should be a key issue for university leaders | Open Science | Scoop.it

Universities are drowning in digital information. It's time senior leaders made openness – and its consequences – their concern.

Universities are digital machines these days. But many of the decisions that have to be made as a result are not technical at all. They are about the nature of research and its public benefits, about how learning and teaching takes place, and how we confront difficult ethical issues. Strategic choices that are made now will have significant implications for the ways in which knowledge will be created and shared in the future. (...) - by Martin Hall, The Guardian, 18 February 2014

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Citizen science draws amateurs into scientific research

Citizen science draws amateurs into scientific research | Open Science | Scoop.it

In the Internet era, research moves from professionals’ labs to amateurs’ homes.


FOR THOUSANDS of ordinary people around the world, one of biology’s hardest problems is just a game. Both scientists and supercomputers have long struggled to predict the three-dimensional structures of the biological molecules called proteins. These structures are crucial to understanding proteins’ roles in fundamental cellular processes and disease, but predicting them is no easy task—which is why some researchers have turned to laypeople for help.  (...) - by Katherine Xue, Harvard Magazine Jan-Feb 2014

Tree of Science's insight:

Citizen have been involved in science for a long time by their hobbies in astronomy, zoology, botanic... Hovewer at the fall of the 1990s, researchers asked citizen to help them in the first digital citizen-science project called SETI. Later, in 2004 Rosetta@home also required people to share their home computer to solve protein structure. Now lots of citizen science projects are provided helped by the power of social media, collaborative platforms and online gaming. A new relationship is growing between scientist and citizen. 

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News Release: How to donate your body to science, without having to die: Launch of Open Humans Network

News Release: How to donate your body to science, without having to die: Launch of Open Humans Network | Open Science | Scoop.it

Open Humans” project backed by Knight and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation invites individuals to share their most personal health information to accelerate medical breakthroughs. (...) - Open Humans, by Jason Bobe, March 24, 2015

 

 

Tree of Science's insight:

To manage health and medicine, scientists need to handle lots of data. Scientists often have trouble recruiting enough test subjects to do powerful studies. To bridge this gap between citizen scientists and researchers conducting clinical trials an online platform called Open Humans has recently been launched thanks to $1 million in grants from nonprofit organizations. The Open Humans network is created after nearly a decade of work by researchers with the Harvard Personal Genome Project (PGP). The PGP collected DNA from thousands of people for use in studies, and made much of the data available to the public in the process. The platform aims to provide to the participants to learn their results and use their information to sign up for additional studies.

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A new open access infographic journal: Draw Science

A new open access infographic journal: Draw Science | Open Science | Scoop.it

Draw Science is making research articles accessible to all by transforming them into infographics. The information is summarized and visualized into easy-to-undertand schematics and images. The important message sticks, while distracting details are brushed away.  (...) - Blog "Connected Researcher", March 13, 2015

Tree of Science's insight:

The blog drawscience.org of Viputheshwar Sitaraman goes now to another level. It indeed turns to a #openaccess journal dedicated to publish research articles in a more way: #infographic. Each infographic will be freely accessible and with individual DOIs provided. The project has succeed its #crowdfunding campaign on experiment.com

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Open data could turn Europe’s digital desert into a digital rainforest

Applications include real-time translation and disease prediction.

 

Europe needs to pursue a different strategy from Silicon Valley if it is going to reap the social and economic benefits of big data, according to Dirk Helbing, Professor of Computational Social Science at ETH Zurich, who aims to create an open, real-time data stream from the Internet of Things. (...) – Horizon Magazine - European Commission, by Joanna Roberts, 02 February 2015

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We have already paid for science: we should enjoy it for free

We have already paid for science: we should enjoy it for free | Open Science | Scoop.it

Most scientific research is publicly funded, and yet we have to pay to access it. This absurd situation should not be allowed to continue. (...) - Magazine Ouishare, by Sara Rodriguez Marin, 25 February 2015

Tree of Science's insight:

Promote #openaccess for #openscience, #openresearch. and more generally #openknowledge.

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Introduction to Open Science: Why data versioning and data care practices are key for science and social science.

Introduction to Open Science: Why data versioning and data care practices are key for science and social science. | Open Science | Scoop.it

A significant shift in how researchers approach their data is needed if transparent and reproducible research practices are to be broadly advanced. Carly Strasser has put together a useful guide to embracing open science, pitched largely at graduate students. But the tips shared will be of interest far beyond the completion of a PhD. If time is spent up front thinking about file organization, sample naming schemes, backup plans, and quality control measures, many hours of heartache can be averted. (...) - Blog LSE 'Impact of Social Sciences, by Carly Strasser, 09 February, 2015

Tree of Science's insight:

For researchers, data management, reproducibility, and open access are the critical ways to reach open science

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Medical researchers seek public's help

Medical researchers seek public's help | Open Science | Scoop.it

Four scientists at The Scripps Research Institute are asking for the public's help to find cures for rare diseases. They're not looking for money, but something even more precious to scientists backlogged with work -- your time.

Researchers led by Andrew Su are asking for volunteers to serve as "citizen scientists" to spot useful information in the ever-growing mountain of biomedical research. It's simply not possible for scientists to keep up.  (...) - by Bradley J. Fikes, U-T San Diego, Jan 31 2015

Tree of Science's insight:

Andrew Su and his three colleagues from The Scripps Research Institute have started a program called Mark2Cure that will use "citizen scientists" to help researchers spot important information in scientific publications. The researchers are drowning in information and want the public to help them find cures for rare disease. #openscience #citizenscience #research

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The arXiv preprint server hits 1 million articles

The arXiv preprint server hits 1 million articles | Open Science | Scoop.it

Website where scientists flock to upload manuscripts before peer review has doubled its holdings in six years. (...) - Nature News, by Richard Van Noorden, 30 December 2014

Tree of Science's insight:

The #preprint repository platform arXiv succeed to reach one million free articles submitted. Created 24 years ago to overcome the slow system of #peerreview publishing, the platform is growing now exponentially pushed by the increasing needs of #openaccess to the #research data. This success already has inspired an similar platform in the biology field, bioRxiv.org #science2dot0

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Exciting times! PeerJ secures next round of funding led by SAGE and O’Reilly

Exciting times! PeerJ secures next round of funding led by SAGE and O’Reilly | Open Science | Scoop.it

We are pleased to announce that we have secured a new round of funding led by SAGE and O’Reilly. These new investments ensure that we can keep pushing forward the pace of publishing open access articles at a low cost of entry for authors. We still maintain our independent company status, and continue to stand by our mission of enabling authors to publish fast, at minimal cost, with maximum exposure to their research. (....) - PeerJ blog

Tree of Science's insight:

PeerJ push farther its development to secure low entry level costs and further increase its offering

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'DIY labs offer an agile alternative to university-based research'

'DIY labs offer an agile alternative to university-based research' | Open Science | Scoop.it

Free from bureaucracy, independent science labs offer a flexibility that can't be matched by universities, writes a researcher. 

Laden with institutional bureaucracy and hampered by protracted funding and publishing systems, the juggernaut of university research is slow to change direction. In an era of rapid global change, are universities really the best places for progressive research? (...) - by Amber Griffiths, The Guardian, 16 June 2014

Tree of Science's insight:

Open-source based, community sharing and open science as a redline to follow, DIY labs are growing around the world. Often funded by crowdfunding, these hackers' labs are revealing creativity of you researchers or even citizen scientists. 

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JC CAILLIEZ, PhD's curator insight, July 21, 2014 4:21 AM

Une très belle initiative,... à reproduire idéalement dans toutes les universités ! 

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Data sharing: Exciting but scary

Data sharing: Exciting but scary | Open Science | Scoop.it

Yesterday I did something I've never done before in many  years of publishing. When I submitted a revised manuscript of a research report to a journal, I also posted the dataset on the web, together with the script I'd used to extract the summary results. It was exciting. It felt as if I was part of a scientific revolution that has been gathering pace over the past two or three years, which culminated in adoption of a data policy by PLOS journals last February. This specified that authors were required to make the data underlying their scientific findings available publicly immediately upon publication of the article. As it happens, my paper is not submitted to PLOS, and so I'm not obliged to do this, but I wanted to, having considered the pros and cons. My decision was also influenced by the Wellcome Trust, who fund my work and encourage data sharing. (...) - by  Dorothy Bishop, BishopBlog, 26 May 2014

Tree of Science's insight:

Open science is a benefit for researchers and citizen but in practice it can be difficult for scientists to open their data afraid of the potential embarrassment of someone finding a mistake. Dorothy Bishop testimonial about her own experience in open data show us that open research forced you to ensure that your datasets are accurate and properly documented. But she finds that error is inevitable and unavoidable in science, however careful you try to be. The best way to flush out these errors is to make the data public.

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Scientists, It’s Time to Embrace the Stage!

Scientists, It’s Time to Embrace the Stage! | Open Science | Scoop.it

Why and how should scientists embrace the stage to communicate their work?

The majority of academic content is presented in a dry, jargon-filled, inaccessible format. Also, it is hard to apply to a societal context. Papers fail to effectively support the public understanding of science. Here’s what researchers can do. (...) - The Incentive blog, 06/04/0214

Tree of Science's insight:

Find the #infographic "The State of Public Attitudes to Science" on our Pinterest board:  http://www.pinterest.com/pin/475481673131317083/

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Large volumes of data are challenging open science

Large volumes of data are challenging open science | Open Science | Scoop.it
The ‘data explosion’ of the past 20 years undermines a basic scientific principle, argues Geoffrey Boulton. Open data and open science are not new concepts. Arguably they were introduced by Henry Oldenburg, the first secretary of the United Kingdom’s newly created Royal Society in the 1660s. Oldenburg frequently corresponded on scientific matters and persuaded the new society to publish the ‘letters’ he received — provided that a novel concept was accompanied by the evidence (the data) on which it depended. (...) - by Geoffrey Boulton, SciDevNet, February 18, 2014
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