Open Knowledge
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Open Knowledge
All around Open Knowledge: Open Data, Open Government, Open Access, Open Science, Open Education, etc
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Making Transparency Real – The City of Palo Alto Unleashes the Value of Government Data

Making Transparency Real – The City of Palo Alto Unleashes the Value of Government Data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

In 2012, the City of Palo Alto designed and deployed a platform for making it easy for departments to publicly post raw data and for a wide variety of community stakeholders to access that data. In addition, this open data technology enabled computer applications to consume records directly, eliminating any human intervention. In effect, we created government-as-a-platform.

We developed and deployed the platform in just six weeks working with a local software-as-a-service vendor. Central to our plan was a lean start-up approach that moved quickly from idea to implementation. This entailed rolling out a basic set of features quickly and then iteratively improving the solution after it went live. Finally, it was essential to keep all costs low, so we focused on a solution that delivered just enough capability and no more. The platform can be accessed here: http://data.cityofpaloalto.org.

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Science and engineering in government must be treated with kid gloves

Science and engineering in government must be treated with kid gloves | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Government chief science adviser Sir John Beddington recently argued that scientists and engineers should be at the heart of government.


He claims that they can and should help Whitehall address global policy challenges with their expertise and experience of working in an open and collaborative manner.

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"Tenure-Track Science Faculty and the 'Open Access Citation Effect'" by Richard C. Doty

The observation that open access (OA) articles receive more citations than subscription-based articles is known as the OA citation effect (OACE). Implicit in many OACE studies is the belief that authors are heavily invested in the number of citations their articles receive. This study seeks to determine what influence the OACE has on the decision-making process of tenure-track science faculty when they consider where to submit a manuscript for publication.

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☆ New models for academic publishing

☆ New models for academic publishing | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Undoubtedly open access in set to truly break through this year, mainly thanks to strong funder mandates (e.g. RCUK and Horizon 2020). The debate has started to shift to the relative merits of author-pays-gold (or rather, funder-pays; see below) and institutional-repositories-green models.

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Peter Suber, SPARC Open Access Newsletter, 3/2/13

In the second half of February, the US federal government took two big steps to assure OA for federally-funded research. First, legislators from both parties introduced a strong new bill in both houses of Congress. The bill would essentially extend the successful green OA mandate at the NIH across the largest research-funding agencies in the federal government. Second, just eight days later, the Obama administration directed the same agencies, and about a dozen more, to develop OA mandates within the next six months. 

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Open Access to Japanese dissertations

Open Access to Japanese dissertations | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Effective on April 2013, all doctoral dissertations approved by Japanese universities are to be publicly available via Internet.

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Ten Years Later: Why Open Educational Resources Have Not Noticeably Affected Higher Education, and Why We Should Care (EDUCAUSE Review) | EDUCAUSE.edu

Ten Years Later: Why Open Educational Resources Have Not Noticeably Affected Higher Education, and Why We Should Care (EDUCAUSE Review) | EDUCAUSE.edu | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open educational resources made a dramatic appearance with the 2002 debut of MIT's Open Courseware initiative.In the roughly 10 years since, OERs have not noticeably disrupted the traditional business model of higher education or affected daily teaching approaches at most institutions.Four major hurdles seem the likeliest hindrances to adoption of OERs: discoverability, quality control, bridging the last mile, and acquisition.OERs could unify and advance the essentially disconnected developments in digital textbooks and MOOCs by establishing a global enterprise learning content management system.

 

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The Downside of Open-Access Publishing — NEJM

The Downside of Open-Access Publishing — NEJM | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Over the past couple of years, many people involved in scientific research and publishing have received increasing numbers of emails with invitations to submit papers to newly established journals, join their editorial boards, or even apply to serve as their editors-in-chief. Personally, I have been alternately amused and annoyed by these messages. A glance at the journal's name or the associated website has told me that these simply are not serious publications. But the establishment of new journals and publishers at a rapidly increasing pace should be taken seriously, since it affects the scientific record as a whole.

 

The Internet has profoundly and permanently changed the ways in which information can be disseminated and discussed. And since scientific publishing is precisely about getting new findings out to researchers and readers for discussion, the Internet has changed scientific publishing considerably, mostly for the better — and will continue to do so. Distribution costs can be very low if a journal chooses to publish only online, for instance, but there are still high costs involved for proper peer review and editorial quality control. The introduction, a decade ago, of an open-access model in which authors pay to have their work published offered an alternative way of financing this quality control. But it also opened up opportunities to charge authors a fee to publish their papers with little or no quality control.

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Open Data on the Web Workshop April 2013 | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Open Data on the Web Workshop April 2013 | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The World-Wide Web Consortium (W3C) together with the Open Knowledge Foundation and the Open Data Institute, are pleased to invite you to join a jointly organized workshop to discuss how we can realize the promise of open data on the web.


What?: Open Data on the Web Workshop (for more, see topics below)
When?: 23-24 April 2013
Where?: Google Campus, 4-5 Bonhill Street, London EC2 4BX
Deadline for applications: Sunday 3rd March – see below for how to apply!

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Industry Perspective: Accelerate Education With Open Source Cloud Techs

Industry Perspective: Accelerate Education With Open Source Cloud Techs | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Distance learning is more popular than ever, and the reasons are many: Students can work full time while taking classes that fit their schedules; educators are no longer constrained by the economics of the physical classroom -- one professor can teach thousands of students simultaneously, or alternatively teach exotic, “long tail” subjects that wouldn’t be sustainable at a single university's campus; and holding classes virtually is significantly less expensive.

Though distance learning has made significant strides over the years, there's still room for improvement -- and that's where open source platform-as-a-service (PaaS) can help.

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Data Expeditions on Open Data Day | School of Data - Learn how to find, process, analyze and visualize data

Data Expeditions on Open Data Day | School of Data - Learn how to find, process, analyze and visualize data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

This post was written on Open Data Day, Saturday 23rd February about the latest data expeditions from the School of Data team in Amsterdam and Berlin.


Open Data Day in Berlin and we’re at the ZEIT Online offices. There’s pizza, alcohol-free beer, plenty of Club Mate and we’re ready to roll…

 

The day kicks off with a brief introduction to the world of Open Data and pitches from proposed projects.

School of Data is here and gearing up to some data expeditions. It’s handy that the first part of the day, teams have been working on completing the Open Data Census, which this year has been extended to include city-level data.

Berlin storms ahead and is the first city to complete the census, partially because we have representatives from the City of Berlin to help with some of the answers.[1]

Kicking off with the census was a great way to get people familiar with what data was out there in time for some data expeditions based upon that data to start.

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School of Open will launch during Open Education Week

School of Open will launch during Open Education Week | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

As promised, the School of Open is launching its first set of courses during Open Education Week, March 11-15, 2013. This means that all facilitated courses will open for sign-up that week, and all stand-alone courses will be ready to take then or anytime thereafter. The School of Open is a community of volunteers developing and running online courses on the meaning and impact of “openness” in the digital age and its benefit to creative endeavors, education, research, and beyond. To be notified when courses launch, sign up for School of Open announcements.

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Governments looking for economic ROI must focus on open data with business value - O'Reilly Radar

Governments looking for economic ROI must focus on open data with business value - O'Reilly Radar | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

There’s increasing interest in the open data economy from the research wings of consulting firms. Capgemini Consulting just published a new report on the open data economy. McKinsey’s Global Institute is following up its research on big data with an inquiry into open data and government innovation. Deloitte has been taking a long look at open data business models. Forrester says open data isn’t (just) for governments anymore and says more research is coming. If Bain & Company doesn’t update its work on “data as an asset” this year to meet inbound interest in open data from the public sector, it may well find itself in the unusual position of lagging the market for intellectual expertise.

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Carnegie Learning - Cognitive Tutor Software Overview

Carnegie Learning - Cognitive Tutor Software Overview | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Our adaptive curricula, Cognitive Tutor software, is based on over 20 years of research into how students think and learn. The software was developed around an artificial intelligence model that identifies weaknesses in each individual student's mastery of mathematical concepts. It then customizes prompts to focus on areas where the student is struggling, and sends the student to new problems that address those specific concepts. The result is a powerful learning tool with the most precise method of differentiating instruction available.

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France Outlines Open Data Strategy | European Public Sector Information Platform

France Outlines Open Data Strategy | European Public Sector Information Platform | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The French government agency Etalab, responsible for open government data, has published an overview of priorities and activities for the French government concerning open government data in 2013. The overview reiterates France's commitment to transparency and open data.

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Microsoft joins Open Data Center Alliance to shape cloud’s future

Microsoft joins Open Data Center Alliance to shape cloud’s future | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Microsoft, which operates public cloud service Windows Azure, has joined the Open Data Center Alliance (ODCA) as a contributor member.

Microsoft, along with other ODCA members will work towards developing standards for cloud computing.

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Open Access: Making Use of the Creative Commons License

Open Access: Making Use of the Creative Commons License | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Last week my colleague Emily Gover co-hosted a webinar with Creative Commons’ Director of Global Learning, Dr. Cable Green. I had the privilege of listening to Cable make his case for Open Educational Resources (OER) as a business model and, of course, for the benefit of education.

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Innovating with Open Data

"The Honourable Tony Clement, President of the Treasury Board, hosted a "Google Hangout" on March 1, 2013, engaging in an hour-long live-stream discussion with high tech innovators and Open Data experts to discuss the Government of Canada's Open Data portal. If you missed the live stream, you can still watch the Google Hangout with Developers and Open Data Experts on YouTube to learn more about transforming government data into user-friendly applications".

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Open Education Week 11-15 March 2013

Open Education Week 11-15 March 2013 | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open Education Week is taking place from 11-15 March 2013 online and in locally hosted events around the world. The purpose of Open Education Week is to raise awareness of the open education movement and its impact on teaching and learning worldwide. Participation in all events and use of all resources is free an open to anyone.

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Irina Radchenko's comment, March 2, 2013 8:26 AM
В этом году уже поучаствовать не получится, т.к. подавать заявку на участие надо было в январе.
Но послушать, что говорят другие, -- это пожалуйста!
Я уже зарегистрировалась.
Alexandra Elbakyan's comment, March 2, 2013 10:53 AM
А зачем регистрироваться? Можно просто провести, например, в Высшей Школе Экономики Open Education Week. Неделя-то международная, не думаю, что кто-то запретит =)
Alexandra Elbakyan's comment, March 2, 2013 10:56 AM
Давай организуем. Постеры там, плакаты всякие
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ParlTrack

Parltrack is a tool for civil society to improve its efficiency in positively influencing global policy. Initially Parltrack was created to gather information during the campaign on ACTA. Data provided by Parltrack allowed the campaigners to approach the issue more efficiently.


The most important feature of Parltrack is the aggregated presentation. Data such as the list of legislative dossiers a MEP took responsibility for or a list of all amendments a MEP authored is not easily available on the EU websites. On Parltrack this data-mined information allows the concerned citizen to assess the topics and positions the scrutinized MEPs are most active with.


The data available from Parltrack, provides with interesting data-mining prospects. This data allows for new insights, which were previously difficult to prepare. For example by matching the names in the titles of the dossiers regarding parliamentary immunity with the names of the MEPs, Parltrack presents an up to date dashboard on all immunity procedures against MEPs. Many useful possibilities exist for further data-mining, for example forecasting of upcoming events, based on historical averages and alerts on deviations.

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School of Data - Learn how to find, process, analyze and visualize data

School of Data - Learn how to find, process, analyze and visualize data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

This Saturday was International Open Data Day. Over a hundred cities worldwide hosted events in which applications were built, data was liberated, and the open data cause was promoted. The interactive IODD map gives some sense of the scale of the event.

 

Visualizing.org launched the Global Development Sprint in collaboration with the World Bank on Open Data Day. This is “a collaborative data visualization project where anyone can fork code to visualize the same open data set”, aiming to demonstrate the benefit of open data policies.

 

Probabilistic programming, as Rob Zinkov explains, is a powerful and intuitive way of specifying complex models. You can learn this paradigm with “Probabilistic Programming and Bayesian Methods for Hackers”, a Github-hosted ebook that provides a hands-on introduction to Bayesian inference in Python and PyMC.

 

Syracuse University’s Jeffrey Stanton has made his “Introduction to Data Science”, an interactive textbook for a non-technical audience, available for free. Syracuse will also offer a free and open online course, “A Brief Introduction to Data Science with R”, later this month.

 

DataFreeze allows you to script static JSON and CSV exports of relational databases for use in data-driven apps. As its creator explains, this is a handy solution to the problem posed by the cumbersome datastores used by high-volume websites.

 

Videos of over 300 natural language processing lectures have been posted to Vimeo by Chris Callison-Burch. Everyone who works with text—that is, just about everyone!—should check out this collection of cutting-edge research presentations.

 

For a fun, difficult introduction to d3.js, check out the slides from Tom MacWright’s presentation to the DC jQuery Users Group. MacWright’s presentation will make the most sense to those who bring strong JavaScript abilities.

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Italian Senate Data Portal | European Public Sector Information Platform

Italian Senate Data Portal | European Public Sector Information Platform | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Italian Senate has launched their open data portal, dati.senato.it, 23 February, to coincide with both international Open Data Day as well the elections.

The portal is licensed under Creative Commons, requiring only attribution of the source. Daily data on legislation in process and political activity is available. The portal provides a SPARQL endpoint and provides Linked Data.

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US science to be open to all

US science to be open to all | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The rumours have been buzzing around Capitol Hill since before last year’s election, and last week, supporters of open-access publication in the United States got most of what they wanted. The White House declared that government-funded research would be made free for all to read, rather than kept behind paywalls. However, those hoping that the government would require papers to be free from the time of publication were disappointed.

 

In a 22 February memo, John Holdren, director of the White House’s Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), gave federal agencies until 22 August to produce plans for making the data and papers from the research they fund more accessible to the public. The move, he says, would “accelerate scientific breakthroughs and innovation” and boost economic growth. Agencies should aim to make research papers free by 12 months after publication — a concession to publishers, who say that a year’s delay is needed to maintain their revenue from subscriptions.

 

The policy applies to an estimated 19 federal agencies, which each spend more than US$100 million on research and development. It would roughly double the number of articles made publicly available each year to about 180,000, according to the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, an open-access advocacy group in Washington DC, which called the memo a “landmark”. Until now, only the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) has required its research to be publicly available after 12 months.

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Inside View from Ireland: The Value of Open Data

Inside View from Ireland: The Value of Open Data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

I TRY TO ensure our creative multimedia students understand the importance of sharing data points through simple things like online photos. And I listen to strategic thinkers like Tony Clement explain why our world is better with Open Data in it.

 

I wish anybody in charge of State money in Ireland had to certify (1) Open Data compliance and (2) API end point access for public data they gather or maintain. In my mind, it's a matter of accessibility. We hear the accessibility standard discussed in every developers' conference. Public servants have to be concerned with accessible internet resources and they're graded accordingly. We need to impose the same kind of public expectation on all the data that's culled and presented online by State agencies.

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Early Results: International Open Data Day 2013

Early Results: International Open Data Day 2013 | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Hackathons are all the rage these days. And how could they not be? When cities host the events, they invite computer programmers and software developers to use their open data to work together and create new applications and visualizations around that data. 

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