Open Knowledge
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Open Knowledge
All around Open Knowledge: Open Data, Open Government, Open Access, Open Science, Open Education, etc
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Open Access and the Privatisation of Knowledge

Open Access and the Privatisation of Knowledge | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

One of the problems with Open Access (both the movement and the practice), one that rings alarm bells in certain sectors, is the fact that the term “open” is inextricably linked to neoliberal paradigms. While “neoliberal” is a broad and, perhaps problematic, term in its expansion to mean everything, and therefore nothing, if we are more specific about the aspects under discussion (as we have come to be, for example, when discussing “postmodernism”), we can more firmly query why OA might be similarly troubling.

Defining neoliberalism as the practice of using the free market as the assignation of all value, I believe it would be a fair characterisation to pinpoint some of its key traits as:

A fixation on quantification and measurement.The belief that all aspects of society are best handled on a for-profit basis through competition.A nominal insistence on transparency, accountability and openness, so that point 1 can best be achieved.

Each of these aspects is worth examining in relation to the rise of open access.

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Don't Let the Dream of Open Access Journals Die

Don't Let the Dream of Open Access Journals Die | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Northwestern University pays more than $7.5 million per year for electronic subscription to academic journals. How research advancements can and should be shared widely and freely
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Eight business models for government open data | Government in The LabGovernment in The Lab

Eight business models for government open data | Government in The LabGovernment in The Lab | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Alex Howard has written an excellent article over at the O'Reilly Radar listing eight business models forgovernment open data, a handy list for those in government agencies attempting to justify to senior management or Ministers why releasing government data is important and valuable.

The models listed in Alex's article, Open data economy: Eight business models for open data and insight from Deloitte UK, were identified by Michele Osella, a researcher and business analyst in the Business Model & Policy Innovation Unit at the Istituto Superiore Mario Boella in Italy.

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Big data and the long tail: Use and reuse of little data — OeRC

The Oxford e-Research Centre is pleased to welcome Professor Christine Borgman from UCLA, to present a seminar on Tuesday 12 March 2013, as part of our Hilary 2013 seminar series to which all are welcome.

 

Abstract
Big data gets all the attention but little data are the norm in most fields. Scientists, social scientists, and humanities scholars alike tend to work in small groups and on projects of a year or two in length.  The resulting datasets tend to be small, local, and not easily shared. The talk will characterize the problem of long tail data and identify factors that determine how well data can be transferred between contexts. These include provenance, metadata, documentation, and features of the data and of the research methods. 

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Learn Hadoop & Big Data with Free Courses Online | Big Data University

Learn Hadoop & Big Data with Free Courses Online | Big Data University | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Learn Big Data technologies like Hadoop, HDFS, Hive, HBase, MapReduce, JAQL, Pig,
Flume, ZooKeeper, Mahout, Streams, and others. Big Data University offers free online courses taught by the leading
experts in the field.

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Announcing the School of Data Journalism 2013 in Perugia | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Announcing the School of Data Journalism 2013 in Perugia | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The European Journalism Centre and the Open Knowledge Foundation are pleased to invite you to Europe’s biggest data journalism event, the School of Data Journalism.

The 2nd edition of the School of Data Journalism is kindly hosted at the International Journalism Festival. Last year’s edition attracted hundreds of journalists and featured a stellar team of panelists and instructors from the New York Times, the Guardian, Deutsche Welle, Duke University, Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and ProPublica. This year we return with a leading team of about 20 new and returning panelists and instructors from Reuters, New York Times, Spiegel, Guardian, Walter Cronkite School of Journalism, Knight-Mozilla OpenNews and others, and a mix of discussions and hands-on sessions focusing on everything from cross-border data-driven investigative journalism, to emergency reporting and using Excel, the Twitter API, data visualisation and maps for journalism.

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Education Data Community | Data.gov

Education Data Community | Data.gov | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

This web site serves as a central guide for education data resources including high-value data sets, data visualization tools, resources for the classroom, applications created from open data and more. These datasets have been gathered from various agencies to provide detailed information on the state of education on all levels, from cradle to career and beyond. Check back frequently because the site will be updated as more datasets and tools become available.

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Open data goes to the city

Data of all kinds is coming to city hall, and government IT and data teams are adjusting. They are beginning work to find creative ways to handle high volumes of data newly available from sensors and open databases, according to academics and government leaders who gathered recently at Boston University.

Local government officials said they hope they can leverage the new data sources to improve services. They need especially to work smart, given tight budget constraints and aging infrastructure.

"Big data and the power of computation gives us the ability to look at our challenges a little bit differently," Bill Oates, CIO, the City of Boston, told attendees at a forum entitled "Smarter Cities: A Roadmap for the Future." 

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Exploring ‘Openness’ Together: The Open Book to be Launched Friday at FutureEverything | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Exploring ‘Openness’ Together: The Open Book to be Launched Friday at FutureEverything | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

From makerspaces to data wrangling schools to archives, the digital is being remixed by the open – and it is changing society as we know it. New concepts about public information, transparency and the Commons are combining in unprecedented ways, resulting in a breadth of transformative collaborations. Nations across the globe seek formal understandings of how to open up government. What we all really mean by ‘open’, however, remains intriguingly vague.

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European Commission - Neelie Kroes` Speech: Opening up Scientific Data

European Commission - Neelie Kroes` Speech: Opening up Scientific Data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

European Commission - Press Release - European Commission Neelie Kroes Vice-President of the European Commission responsible for the Digital Agenda Speech: Launch of the Research Data Alliance/Stockholm 18 March 2013 

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Creative Commons Announces “School of Open” with Courses to Focus on Digital Openness

Creative Commons Announces “School of Open” with Courses to Focus on Digital Openness | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Just in time to celebrate Open Education Week, here comes a new initiative, the School of Open, a learning environment focused on increasing our understanding of “openness” and the benefits it brings to creativity and education in the digital age.

Developed by the collaborative education platform Peer to Peer University(P2PU) with organizational support from Creative Commons, the School of Open aims to spread understanding of the power of this brave new world through free online classes.

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The Determinants of Open Access Publishing: Survey Evidence from Germany by Thomas Eger, Marc Scheufen, Daniel Meierrieks :: SSRN

The Determinants of Open Access Publishing: Survey Evidence from Germany by Thomas Eger, Marc Scheufen, Daniel Meierrieks :: SSRN | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Abstract:      
We discuss the results of a survey conducted in fall 2012 and covering 2,151 researchers in Germany. We show that there are significant differences between the scientific disciplines with respect to researcher’s awareness of and experience with both open access (OA) journals and self-archiving. Our results reveal that the relevance of OA within a discipline may explain why researchers from particular disciplines do (not) publish OA. Besides, several aspects like copyright law, age, profession or the inherent reward system of a discipline play a role. As a consequence, the paper emphasizes that a "one-size-fits-all" approach as promoted by most recent policy approaches is little promising for providing an effective framework for shaping the future of scholarly publishing.

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Raleigh to launch open data hub :: WRAL.com

Raleigh to launch open data hub :: WRAL.com | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

 Data geeks can rejoice as the City of Raleigh makes more public information available through its new website.

This week the City will launch Open Raleigh, a new platform for storing, accessing and visualizing public data. It’s appropriate timing, considering March 10-16 is Sunshine Week, a celebration of open government.

City officials hired a company that specializes in open data, to host the site, which will include various forms of public information. The city will spend $10,000 on a four-month pilot and then $50,000 for a full year after the pilot is over.

 

When Open Raleigh launches in a beta version Friday, residents will have access to fire, police, census and building permit data as well as some financial data. More data will continue to be added as the public requests it.

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Can OpenCourseWare widen Europe's science and technology skills-base?

Can OpenCourseWare widen Europe's science and technology skills-base? | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Technology is fundamentally reshaping how we work, socialise and communicate, but too few European students are opting to study the subjects that will give them the skills to work in our innovation-led economy. This is a particular problem for women, minorities and other non-traditional student groups.

STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subjects are declining in popularity at a rapid rate across all European countries, signalling a macro-crisis for future economic competitiveness and more personal micro-crisis among Europe's engineering and technology universities.

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Why PDFs are not open data

Why PDFs are not open data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The US non-profit journalism group Pro Publica has written a number of good stories recently about drug company payments to doctors.  They used the data that some US states force the drug companies to release.  They have a new story explaining why this isn’t as easy as it sounds, since there was no requirement that the data be released in any useful form.

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12 Fresh Ideas for Transforming the Places We Live With Open Data

12 Fresh Ideas for Transforming the Places We Live With Open Data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

This year, the Knight News Challenge has been soliciting project proposals that would open up and leverage government data anywhere at the national, state and local levels (in the U.S. and abroad). As of last week, 886 projects are vying for a share of the $5 million in funding, all in response to this question: "How can we make the places we live more awesome through data and technology?"

Amid all of the submissions are some familiar innovations we've already encountered at Atlantic Cities, formerly as nascent ideas now competing for a chance to scale up: our favorite guerrillawayfinding campaign from Raleigh, North Carolina; Code for America's playful StreetMix web app; the San Francisco-based Urban Prototyping Festival; and a community-driventransportation planning project based on the kind of data analytics we wrote about here.

But that's barely scratching the surface of all the proposals that Knight has corralled. We've put together a list of 12 ideas from the competition that are new to us and that we think would be worth developing (and we've included the applicants' description of their programs). Through Friday, you can comment on (or "applaud") any of the submissions as applicants continue to refine their proposals. On the 29th, Knight plans to announce a set of semifinalists, who will be invited to complete more detailed proposals. The final winners (there's no predetermined number of them) will then be announced in June.

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“We are entering an era of open science” says EU Vice President Neelie Kroes at launch of new global Research Data Alliance | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

“We are entering an era of open science” says EU Vice President Neelie Kroes at launch of new global Research Data Alliance | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Neelie Kroes, Vice-President of the European Commission responsible for the Digital Agenda,gave a talk earlier this week renewing the EU’s strong, principled support for open science.

Speaking at the launch of a new global Research Data Alliance, she said that we are entering a new “era of open science”, which will be “good for citizens, good for scientists and good for society”.

She explicitly highlighted the transformative potential of open access, open data, open software and open educational resources – mentioning the EU’s policy requiring open access to all publications and data resulting from EU funded research.

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Open Access increases citation? A brief overview of two reports | Open Science

Open Access increases citation? A brief overview of two reports | Open Science | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Last week I have published a post about visibility and citations in Open Access. The post was referring to the results of two separate reports related to the subject. As the question of visibility and citations in OA journals and books remains valid, being a subject of intense debate in scientific community, the issue is worth exploring.

This time round I would like to mention two interesting researches, which studied the coverage and range of citations in Open Access offering, basing on comparison between OA and non-OA journals.

The research conducted by Michael Norris is quite thorough, on almost 400 pages the author describes the results of his extensive analysis in: “The citation advantage of open access articles”.

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Elizabeth E Charles's curator insight, March 20, 2013 9:14 AM

Open access impact on research dissemination.

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Learning Registry

Learning Registry | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Learning Registry is a new approach to capturing, sharing, and analyzing learning resource data to broaden the usefulness of digital content to benefit educators and learners. 

The Learning Registry is an open source technical systemdesigned to facilitate the exchange of data behind the scenes, and an open community of resource creators, publishers, curators, and consumers who are collaborating to broadly share resources, as well as information about how those resources are used by educators in diverse learning environments across the Web.

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G8 Open Data for Agriculture

G8 Open Data for Agriculture | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
At the 2012 G-8 Summit, G-8 leaders committed to the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition, the next phase of a shared commitment to achieving global food security. 


As part of this commitment, they agreed to “share relevant agricultural data available from G-8 countries with African partners and convene an international conference on Open Data for Agriculture, to develop options for the establishment of a global platform to make reliable agricultural and related information available to African farmers, researchers and policymakers, taking into account existing agricultural data systems.”

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A Sunshine Week Call for Greater Transparency

A Sunshine Week Call for Greater Transparency | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

As part of Sunshine week, I had the opportunity to testify at a  House Oversight and Government Reform Committee hearing to share a few of Sunlight's ideas about making the executive branch more transparent. Video and text of my opening statement are below. It almost goes without saying that we're very interested in the transparency bills the Oversight Committee will be marking up this Wednesday.

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Online and open-access learning in higher education

Online and open-access learning in higher education | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Online and open-access learning in higher education: MOOCs, new pedagogies and business models
Senate House, University of London.  Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Presentations and slides from this conference looking at new pedagogies and business models in relation to open access learning in the higher education sector (with a special focus on MOOCs).  It was a collaboration between the University of London International Programmes, the Observatory on Borderless Higher Education and the Leadership Foundation.

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Newspapers In Education (NIE) Shining the Light on Your Government Washington Coalition for Open Government (WCOG)

Washington Coalition for Open Government (WCOG) and the Seattle Times Newspapers In Education (NIE) - Shining the Light on Your Government Open Government Sunshine Week education Program

 

We the citizens, not the government, run the show. The Washington State Legislature wanted to make this clear by including the following statement in the open meetings and records laws:
"The people of this state do not yield their sovereignty to the agencies which serve them.
The people, in delegating authority, do not give their public servants the right to decide what is good for the people to know and what is not good for them to know. The people insist on remaining informed so they may maintain control over the instruments that they have created." (RCW 42.30.010 and RCW 42.17.251)

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The World Is Open: How Web Technology Is Revolutionizing Education - Curtis J. Bonk

The World Is Open: How Web Technology Is Revolutionizing Education - Curtis J. Bonk | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Technological development and the Internet have opened up learning to the point where anyone can learn anything from anyone else at any time. To help explain this highly complex situation and its implications for education, both formal and informal, Curtis J. Bonk outlines ten key technology and learning trends. Using a model called "WE-ALL-LEARN," Dr. Bonk shows how technology has transformed educational opportunities for learners as well as of innovators from the worlds of technology and education that reveal the power of opening up the world of learning.

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