Open Knowledge
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Open Knowledge
All around Open Knowledge: Open Data, Open Government, Open Access, Open Science, Open Education, etc
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Everyone's postcodes to be privatised in Royal Mail flotation, despite objections from Sir Tim Berners-Lee - Telegraph

Everyone's postcodes to be privatised in Royal Mail flotation, despite objections from Sir Tim Berners-Lee - Telegraph | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The database is called the Postcode Address File, and contains the 24 million address details of everyone in the UK.

Everyone from marketing firms to the emergency services pay a fee to access the file, which is run at arms length by Royal Mail, to ensure addresses are kept up to date.

Cabinet Office minister Francis Maude has been privately battling with Business minister Michael Fallon over whether to include the database, worth between £500million and £900million, in Royal Mail's flotation, which is expected as early as October.

Last month Sir Tim entered the debate on Mr Maude's side, writing to the Prime Minister urging him not to sell it off and instead open it up to more small firms to access. One idea was to spin it off into a John Lewis-style mutual structure.

Mr Maude had argued that the database "actually has much more worth for entrepreneurship and the overall growth, agenda" if it was run as a mutual and owned by people who used it.

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Launch of the PLOS Text Mining Collection

This PLOS Collection arose out of a twitter conversation with Theo Bloom last year, and has come together through the hard work of the authors of the papers in the Collection, the PLOS Collections team (in particular Sam Mooreand Jennifer Horsely), and my co-organizers Larry Hunter and Andrey Rzhetsky. Many thanks to all for seeing this effort to completion.

Because of the large body of work in the area of text mining published in PLOS, we struggled with how best to present all these papers in the collection without diluting the experience for the reader. In the end, we decided only to highlight new work from the last two years and major reviews/tutorials at the time of launch. However, as this is a living collection, new articles will be included in the future, and the aim is to include previously published work as well. We hope to see many more papers in the area of text mining published in the PLOS family of journals in the future.

An overview of the PLOS Text Mining Collection is below (cross-posted at the PLOS EveryONE blog) and a commentary on Collection is available at the Official PLOS Blog entitled “A mine of information – the PLOS Text Mining Collection“.

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Fujitsu, DERI unveil open data search tool

Fujitsu, DERI unveil open data search tool | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

A new system developed in Co Galway could help make it easier to search data that is stored in a number of different places at once.

The new platform, which is the result of an ongoing collaboration between Fujitsu and NUI Galway’s Digital Enterprise Research Institute, offers to quickly sort publicly-available data even if it exists on different websites, in different formats.

As an example of this, Fujitsu said a search for a publicly-listed company would automatically pull in data from financial results, market data and press coverage.

The new platform is to be made freely available to users and developers, who will be able to access it online.

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Workshop Promotes Open Government Relations

Workshop Promotes Open Government Relations | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Washington Coalition for Open Government invites the public to attend a free workshop on Saturday, May 11 from 1:00 to 4:00 PM at the Aberdeen Timberland Library.

Experts will lead attendees through a process that will enable them to effectively exercise their rights under Washington’s open government laws. The purpose of the workshop is to help people understand their right to know what their state and local governments are doing. Attorney Katherine George, a WCOG board member, will explain Washington’s open public meetings and public records laws. The workshop will feature general guidance rather than specific legal advice.

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Open your data to the world

When Neil Fantom, a manager at the World Bank, sat down with the organization's technology team in 2010 to talk about opening up the bank's data to the world at large, he encountered a bit of unfamiliar terminology. "At that time I didn't even know what 'API' meant," says Fantom.

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The 2013 STI Semantic Summit | STI International

The 2013 STI Semantic Summit | STI International | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Abbreviation: STI Summit 2013Date: Wednesday, July 17, 2013 to Friday, July 19, 2013City: SuzdalCountry: Russia

 

Every two years STI International will hold a Semantic Summit organized by the STI Fellows for the STI Board and selected Junior STI members. STI Semantic Summits will be intellectually, socially, and geographically stimulating and will address a small number of open scientific and domain or industry challenges of strategic importance to STI and to the Semantic Technology Community. They will be forward looking and will attempt to better understand the challenges and to set directions for STI Members, STI, and the Semantic Technology Community.

The 2013 STI Semantic Summit, is limited to 50 invitation-only participants. It will take place over 3 days starting at noon July 17, 2013 and end at noon July 19, 2013 and will consist of highly interactive sessions that will engage all participants. With the exception of a small number of invited talks, sessions will be dominated by short presentations and animated discussions. The Summit will not be a conference or a presentation of research results.

The STI Executive Board and the STI Fellows have initially selected the following themes:

Creating Value out of Web DataVisualizingAd-hoc data integrationCrowd data curationWeb Data quality, evolution and dynamics

Attendees may submit a position paper on one of the following topics or on a theme about which the submitter is passionate by April 12, 2013:

Strategic perspectivesGrand challengesApplication potential for semantic technologiesSemantic technology trendsSignificant challenges of a pragmatic, practical natureTopics for a 5 year research and development agendaState-of-the-art: Where we are, key issues and challenges
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Open Science, Reproducibility, Credit and Collaboration

Open Science, Reproducibility, Credit and Collaboration | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

I had the pleasure of going up to visit the Limnological Research Center (LRC) at the University of Minnesota this past week. It’s a pretty cool setup, and obviously something that we should all value very highly, both as a resource to help prepare and sample sediment cores, and as a repository for data. The LRC has more than 4000 individual cores, totaling over 13km of lacustrine and marine sediment. A key point here is that much of this sediment is still available to sample, but, this is still data in its rawest, unprocessed form.

I’ve written before about open science and reproducibility. These two things obviously go hand in hand, but we as scientists navigate a tricky world.  The NSF expects that data will be shared “within a reasonable time“, which is fairly open ended.  In practice this exhortation doesn’t always work.  We’ve all heard about researchers who won’t share data (often for good reason), but equally there are stories of researchers who may have used data to which they have no right.  In some cases this is resolved, but in others the results are not so clear cut. The fair use of data overlaps with authorship, good citizenship, fairness and a number of other issues in academia, and one person’s definition of what is fair is unlikely to be another’s.

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Open research in practice: Open source, open data | Technology & Social Change Group

Open research in practice: Open source, open data | Technology & Social Change Group | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

TASCHA is committed to research that contributes to advancing knowledge and practice, and that can be used to make better decisions. One element of this commitment is open research — making research processes, tools, findings, and data broadly accessible and encouraging others to build on and extend our work.

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Research Data Alliance Sees Semantics As Key To Helping Research Communities Get The Most From Their Data - semanticweb.com

Research Data Alliance Sees Semantics As Key To Helping Research Communities Get The Most From Their Data - semanticweb.com | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Research Data Alliance (RDA) was recently formed with the goal of accelerating international data-driven innovation and discovery. It aims to get there by facilitating the sharing and exchange of research data, its use and re-use, standards harmonization, and discoverability.

Funded by The Australian Commonwealth Government through the Australian National Data Service, the European Commission through the iCordi project under the 7th Framework Program, and the U.S. through the RDA/US activity supported by the National Science Foundation, it began its work last August when it established an international steering group with these funds. In March, it held its first plenary meeting and had its official launch.

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Open Data Guide for the Cultural Sector | European Public Sector Information Platform

Open Data Guide for the Cultural Sector | European Public Sector Information Platform | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The French Ministry of Culture and Communication has recently published its Guide to Data Culture (65 pages, PDF), an introduction to digital strategy for dissemination and reuse of public digital data in the cultural sector, with a special emphasis on providing a legislative and regulatory framework for this strategy.

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MIT Libraries News » Blog Archive » Open access gains momentum in Washington

When MIT faculty adopted an open access (OA) policy for their scholarly articles in March 2009, they expressed a strong philosophical commitment to disseminating “the fruits of their research and scholarship” as widely as possible. The MIT Libraries are paying close attention to recent events in Washington that have the potential to expand this commitment to include a significant percentage of all federally funded research in the United States.

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Open Data Kit » Updated ODK Tools Released (versions 1.3 and 2.0 alpha)

The ODK Team is pleased to announce a new release that includes many new exciting features such as the ability to have Collect use an external Bluetooth printer. This release includes bug fixes and new features for the 1.3 version of the tools as well as an introduction of some of the ODK 2.0 tool set. The goal is to include some of the functionality from 2.0 series in the 1.0 series of tools when practicable.

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The Future Of Open Data

The Future Of Open Data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
How are mobile apps, Big Data, and civic hacking changing the nature of open data in government? The Center for Technology in Government took a look.
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Open Course on Open Education: Implementing Connectivism

Open Course on Open Education: Implementing Connectivism | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
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What We Hope the Digital Public Library of America Will Become | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

What We Hope the Digital Public Library of America Will Become | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Tomorrow is the official launch date for the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).

If you’ve been following it, you’ll know that it has the long term aim of realising “a large-scale digital public library that will make the cultural and scientific record available to all”.

More specifically, Robert Darnton, Director of the Harvard University Library and one of the DPLA’s leading advocates to date, recently wrote in the New York Review of Books, that the DPLA aims to:

make the holdings of America’s research libraries, archives, and museums available to all Americans—and eventually to everyone in the world—online and free of charge

What will this practically mean? How will the DPLA translate this broad mission into action? And to what extent will they be aligned with other initiatives to encourage cultural heritage institutions to open up their holdings, like our own OpenGLAM or Wikimedia’s GLAM-WIKI?

Here are a few of our thoughts on what we hope the DPLA will become.

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PythonBooks - Learn Python the easy way ! The best free Python resources

PythonBooks showcase the bests free ebooks about the Python programming language. The easiest way to learn Python for free!

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ebookzdownload's curator insight, May 29, 2013 7:01 AM

http://www.ebookzdownload.com/

 provide all education free ebooks tutorial in PDF format ready to download with high speed

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San Francisco commits to open data

San Francisco commits to open data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

San Francisco is a long-standing technology Mecca, so it’s only fitting that city and county leaders recently committed to boosting its open data movement online.

“Openness and transparency are the fundamental basis for any successful government, particularly in an internet age,” said David Chiu, President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.

“We see, in many jurisdictions around the country, that when you release government data, you have an improved relationship between government and citizens. That has led to a lot of success in how you improve government, particularly when you harness the ideas and the talents of the public in how to analyze public data. That can lead us to innovating both government and our communities.”

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Panton Fellowship Concluding Report. Sophie Kershow, March 2013

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Open data highlights from European Data Forum 2013 in Dublin | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Open data highlights from European Data Forum 2013 in Dublin | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Over 500 data professionals gathered last week at European Data Forum conference in Dublin. This is the annual meeting place for industry, research, policy makers, and community initiatives to discuss the challenges and opportunities of Big Data in Europe. One of the main sentiments throughout the event was a profound interest inopenly licensed data and developments in the field of linked data.

The Open Knowledge Foundation was represented by Sander van der Waal and myself, and we took part with reference to the LOD2 project (an EU-funded project on Linked Open Data) and the Apps for Europe project (supporting apps competitions around Europe) – as well as to stimulate open data discussions in general. That seemed to have an increasingly fertile ground, as one of the main sentiments throughout the conference was a profound general interest not only in linking data, but also making them legally and technically open.

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Juan Luis Jimeno's curator insight, April 17, 2013 12:06 PM

Post de la OKF con los principales titulares recién llegados del European Data Forum 2013 de Dublín, en el que se reunieron cerca de 500 profesionales del Open Data.

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UK Analytical Datasets based on OpenData - A Overview of GeoLytix GeoData - Directions Magazine

UK Analytical Datasets based on OpenData - A Overview of GeoLytix GeoData - Directions Magazine | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

UK retailer, Sainsbury, with over 30 analysts, synthesizes data for demographic analyses, location planning and other applications. Annette Dellevoet, a senior analyst with Sainsbury’s Network Planning team with responsibility for assessing the viability of new sites and store investments as well as overall estate strategy, provides this review of the GeoLytix data solutions.

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UNIT4 adds analytics to semantics in new open data push | Information Age

UNIT4 adds analytics to semantics in new open data push | Information Age | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The UK is a world leader in what used to be known as the 'semantic web'. 

Tim Berners-Lee has done much to champion the idea of marking up online data sets with information about their meaning, using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) standard.  It was presumably his advocacy that led, in 2010, to the surreal spectacle of then-prime minister Gordon Brown publicly celebrating the move "from a web of managing documents and files to a web of managing data and information". The BBC's use of RDF to organise its archive was the most frequently cited semantic web case study. And for a time, the semantic web looked like a ripe commercial opportunity for British vendors. In 2011, Birmingham-based library management software company Talis sold its legacy portfolio to Capita, in part to refocus on its emerging semantic web business.
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The Open Standards Board

In the Open Standards Principles we said that we’d set up an Open Standards Board to help us to decide which open standards to use in government IT.

Now that we’ve published the first 8 challenges on the Standards Hub, it’s time to set up the Board and start making those decisions.

The Board will focus on making sure that our open standards meet users’ needs and achieve a level playing field for open source and proprietary software. They will consider the ideas and proposals that users put forward through the Hub and will advise us on which open standards to implement.

We’ll be sharing their discussions and recommendations through the Standards Hub.

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Open States: discover politics in your state - Open States

Open States: discover politics in your state - Open States | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open States is a collection of tools that make it possible for citizens to track what is happening in their state's capitol by aggregating information from all 50 states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico.

Using the site is simple: enter a U.S. address or select a state to start to research bills, review voting records, contact elected officials and more. Check out this Sunlight Academy tutorial to see how Open States can help citizens, journalists and activists learn more about their state government.

Open States is a project of the Sunlight Foundation. Thank you to the Rita Allen Foundation, Minnesota Historical Society and Open Society Foundations for their generous support.

Additionally, collecting this data would not be possible without the support of a community much larger than the team here at Sunlight. A special thanks to all of our volunteer contributors and the authors and maintainers of all of the libraries that we depend upon.

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Ivan Begtin's curator insight, April 22, 2013 8:10 AM

I like idea of this project. We need similar one for Russia - to monitor each region

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Making Open Government Data Sustainable

Making Open Government Data Sustainable | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Earlier this week, David Eaves kicked off a fascinating conversation with a post on TechPresident. Titled "Optimism, Fear and the Knight News Challenge," it raises important questions about how open government work is supported and sustained. In particular, David focused on Democracy Map, one of two KNC finalist projects from friend-of-Sunlight Phil Ashlock. Democracy Map aims to improve U.S. citizens' ability to determine who represents them at all levels of government. David argues that a subsidy from Knight to DM could threaten the business of companies like Cicero that are trying to solve the problem through a commercial offering. Once the Knight money dries up, will Democracy Map still be around? Or will it only last long enough to kill off Cicero?

Sunlight's Eric Mill responded with a comment, prompting a fascinating response from Cicero's Robert Cheetham. And yesterday Phil weighed in with a lengthy and compelling post that's well worth a read.

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Juan Luis Jimeno's curator insight, April 16, 2013 5:23 AM

Haciendo sostenible el Open Government Data. Interesante artículo de Tom Lee (sunlight foundation)

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Guest Post: Alex Howard on Government Transparency ROI

Guest Post: Alex Howard on Government Transparency ROI | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Putting a dollar value on clean water, stable markets,  the quality of schooling or access to the judiciary is no easy task. Each of these elements of society, however,  are to some extent related to and enabled by open government.

If we think about how the fundamental democratic principles established centuries ago extend today purely in terms of the abstraction of transparency, the "business value" of open government isn't always immediately clear, at least with respect to investment or outcomes.

Transparency and accountability are core to how we think about government of, by and for the people, where a polity elects representative government. When budgets are constrained, however, city managers, mayors, controllers and chief information officers question the value of every single spending decision. (Or at least they should.)

It's that context, of course, that's driving good, hard questions about the business case for open government. Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web, said in 2011, at the launch of the Open Government Partnership in New York City, said that increased transparency into a state's finances and services directly relates to the willingness of the businesses and other nations to invest in a country.

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