Open Knowledge
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Open Knowledge
All around Open Knowledge: Open Data, Open Government, Open Access, Open Science, Open Education, etc
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An Introduction to Open Access

An Introduction to Open Access | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open Access (OA) is the practice of allowing academic outputs to be available to all, free of charge. Generally this applies to journal articles, but some effort is being made to apply OA to monographs and other outputs.

OA takes two forms:

'Green': in which an article is archived in a freely accessible online repository (such as KAR);'Gold:' in which an article is made freely available through a journal without subscription. Some publishers levy an 'article processing charge' (APC) for allowing an article to be made available OA.
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Can the G8 Open Data Charter deliver real transparency?

Can the G8 Open Data Charter deliver real transparency? | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

As the Open Knowledge Foundation outlined ahead of the G8 Summit in a release from its Open Data Census “G8 countries still have a long way to go in releasing essential information as open data”. Less than 50% of the core datasets the census lists for G8 members are fully available as open data. And because open data is one of the most common commitments made by governments when they join the wider Open Government Partnership (OGP), campaigners want a clear set of standards for what makes a good open data initiative. The G8 Open Data Charter provides an opportunity to elaborate this. In a clear nod towards the OGP, the G8 charter states: “In the spirit of openness we offer this Open Data Charter for consideration by other countries, multinational organisations and initiatives.”

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Announcing the OpenGLAM Advisory Board | OpenGLAM

Announcing the OpenGLAM Advisory Board | OpenGLAM | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

We’re very pleased to announce the first OpenGLAM Advisory Board.

 

Made up of a distinguished and diverse cast of open culture advocates from across the cultural heritage sector the Advisory Board will provide guidance to the OpenGLAM Working Group and give feedback on key strategic issues.

 

The current Advisory Board is 7 members strong and includes Dan Cohen, Jill Cousins, Michael Edson, Paul Keller, Alexis Rossi, Merete Sanderhoff and Kat Walsh. 

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Access, accommodation, and science: Knowledge in an “open” world (Ashley R. Kelly, Meagan Kittle Autry)

The rising popularity of open access (OA) publishing in scholarly communities is purportedly leading to increased public access to knowledge. This is especially true for discussions of scientific research. However, we argue that while there have been significant moves to provide better material or technological access to research, OA advocates must still tackle the issue of making original scientific research articles conceptually accessible to broader publics. Despite being freely available on the Web, research articles are not by default linguistically or conceptually accessible to the global public(s) they are partially intended to reach with the move to OA. In this paper we examine how OA, coupled with innovative scientific communication practices, can help align the ideals of OA with the realities of complex, specialized genres of writing to provide better, more “open,” access to research. We look to PLOS ONE and the PLOS Blog Network to consider how material access coupled with communication strategies developed by bloggers can work together toward more openly accessible original scientific research articles.

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Navigating The World Of Open Data On The Web - semanticweb.com

Navigating The World Of Open Data On The Web - semanticweb.com | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

At a session discussing open data on the web at the Semantic Technology and Business Conference last week, W3C eGov consultant Phil Archer had this to say: That in his mind and the minds of the semantic web technology business people gathered at the event, “Open data is strongly associated with Linked Data, but the world doesn’t necessarily agree with us.”

 

What they are thinking about: “JSON and CSVs are the kings,” he said. “If you look at open data portals, CSVs [which get converted to JSON files] outweigh Linked Data by a mile,” he noted. And, he said, religious wars between those who see the world as triples vs. CSVs won’t be good for anyone. “If we keep telling the public sector to aim for 5-star data, vs. CSV 3-star data, we are in danger of the whole open data movement collapsing.”

 

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Announcing the mozilla science lab

Announcing the mozilla science lab | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

"I’m thrilled to announce that I’ve joined Mozilla to build and direct their new open science initiative – the Mozilla Science Lab. The project is supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

 

I’m excited to be returning to my open roots, as well as continuing to push the boundaries of what “digital research” can and should look like, and further explore how we can make the web work for science".

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Open and Shut?: Open Access: Emerald’s Green starts to fade?

Open and Shut?: Open Access: Emerald’s Green starts to fade? | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

When last July Research Councils UK (RCUK) announced its new Open Access (OA) policy it sparked considerable controversy, not least because the policy required researchers to “prefer” Gold OA (OA publishing) over Green OA (self-archiving). The controversy was such that earlier this year the House of Lords Science & Technology Committee launched an inquiry into the implementation of the policy and the subsequent report was highly critical of RCUK.

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ICFJ Anywhere | Online Journalism Courses Worldwide

ICFJ Anywhere | Online Journalism Courses Worldwide | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

ICFJ Anywhere is your online source for high-quality journalism online courses, offered by the International Center for Journalists (ICFJ).

 

ICFJ is supporting journalists all over the world with free online courses on a range of topics, including digital journalism, investigative reporting, covering labor issues, International coverage of religion, business and economics and much more.

 

Whether it is instructor-led or self-taught, ICFJ's Online Courses offers practical training, aimed to help novice and more experienced journalists worldwide.

 

Courses are also offered in a variety of languages including English, Arabic, Persian, Spanish, Portuguese, Turkish and French.

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Datawrapper

Datawrapper | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Datawrapper was created to make usage of modern visualization libraries simpler and faster. This tool takes the coding out of the publishing process, making it faster and easier to use.

 

Datawrapper is aimed to be a tool for data-driven journalism and as an enabler to use open data in the public interest.

 

Furthermore, the tool is open source, to ensure that newsrooms are less dependent on external platforms, gain control over appearance and the data they collect over time in the public interest.

 

Going forward we hope that the tool is used to start data desks around the world. Using Datawrapper and other tools for mapping, network visualizations and other forms of visualization is a way to the future, using data to build in-depth, trustable reporting and to provide better context about what is going on.

Irina Radchenko's insight:

Very useful online tool for data visualization. 

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G8 countries must work harder to open up essential data | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

G8 countries must work harder to open up essential data | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open data and transparency will be one of the three main topics at the G8 Summit in Northern Ireland next week. Today transparency campaigners released preview results from the global Open Data Census showing that G8 countries still have a long way to go in releasing essential information as open data.


The Open Data Census is run by the Open Knowledge Foundation, with the help of a network of local data experts around the globe. It measures the openness of data in ten key areas including those essential for transparency and accountability (such as election results and government spending data), and those vital for providing critical services to citizens (such as maps and transport timetables). Full results for the 2013 Open Data Census will be released later this year. 

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Enterprise Information Systems @ University of Bonn & Fraunhofer Institute

Enterprise Information Systems @ University of Bonn & Fraunhofer Institute | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The department Enterprise Information Systems (EIS) at the Institute for Applied Computer Science at University of Bonn and Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems (IAIS) is currently being established. The department is led by Sören Auer.

The primary objective of the research group is to advance research and technology in the field of enterprise information systems & semantic technologies and to widely apply this research in large-scale use cases. A particular focus of research and technology is information, data and knowledge integration employing Linked Data strategies. The department is committed to the open source, open access and open knowledge movements.

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Maphub - Historic Map Annotation Portal

Maphub - Historic Map Annotation Portal | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Maphub in an online application for exploring and annotating digitized, high-resolution historic maps. All user-contributed annotations are shared via the Maphub Open Annotation API. The first demo has been bootstrapped with approximately 6000 public domain maps taken from the Library of Congress Historic Map division.


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Announcing the Global Open Data Initiative (GODI)

One could easily make the case that all is rosy in the Open Data world. The number of open data initiatives has grown from two to over 300 in just four years, whilst the most notable initiative to open up governments worldwide, the Open Government Partnership (OGP), has seen membership rocket from eight to 59 countries in under two years. Over a million datasets have now been released by governments around the world, spawning new businesses and fascinating social projects such as Openspending.org. In recent months, we have seen the Open Data movement being linked to the Big Data one withcorporations being asked to open their datasets for social good. This is impressive progress by anyone’s standards – particularly for a subject that was the preserve of just a few geeks as recently as 2009.

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OGPNews's curator insight, June 11, 2013 3:15 PM

"GODI will be a champion for Open Data globally – sharing successes and failures and providing practical support. We will work particularly closely with civil society organisations – helping them to understand the problems that Open Data could help to tackle and ‘what good looks like’ from government".


"Our long-term vision is that the production and promotion of a unified set of guidelines will assist governments to build, and civil society to advocate, vibrant and robust systems that maximise the potential benefits of open data for enhanced transparency and accountability; for effective service delivery; and for economic growth".

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An inclusive approach to open science

An inclusive approach to open science | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open Science is first and foremost a community effort. In fact we are arguing that reproducibility and comparability should become two of the standard criteria that every reviewer has to judge when assessing a paper.  [..] These two criteria should be of equal importance as the established criteria, giving incentive to the authors to actually apply the instruments of Open Science.

 

In addition, journals and conferences ought to make the submission of source code, data, and methodological descriptions together with the paper mandatory for them to be published. Conferences and journals themselves should in turn commit to making the papers openly accessible. The case of the genetic sequence database GenBank, which stores DNA sequences and makes them available to the public, has shown that if publishers and conference organisers adopt new standards, they can be propagated quickly within the community. The huge success of GenBank is due to the fact that many journals adopted the Bermuda principles (Marshall 2001), which state among other things that DNA sequences should be rapidly released into the public domain.

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CKAN Roadmap goes public | ckan - The open source data portal software

CKAN Roadmap goes public | ckan - The open source data portal software | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Now that CKAN 2.0 is out, what should the next direction be for CKAN? New features, easier customisation, more data previews, UI tweaks… we’ve had plenty of ideas and suggestions, and we’d like you, the CKAN community, to help shape the direction and future of CKAN. 

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Weekly News Roundup -- MOOCs in Basic English, Writing, Humanitarian Aid, etc. - moocnewsandreviews.com

Weekly News Roundup -- MOOCs in Basic English, Writing, Humanitarian Aid, etc. - moocnewsandreviews.com | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Another week without any earth-shaking announcements. That leaves us more space in the weekly MOOC news roundup to hunt for under recognized online classes that don’t get a lot of attention. Let’s get to it.


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How to select an Open Access journal?

If one isn’t very familiar with OA journals, then one needs to be cautious about selecting one. For authors in the biomedical area, it’s preferable that the journal be indexed in PubMed, the widely-used bibliographic database. A convenient way to check this is to enter the full name of the journal into the PubMed Single Citation Matcher.

 

Another valuable source of information is the Directory of Open Access Journals(DOAJ), which “aims to be comprehensive and cover all open access scientific and scholarly journals that use a quality control system to guarantee the content“. Although the DOAJ includes information about over 9,000 OA journals, it’s able to provide only a very limited amount of information about each one.

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UK government opens up more public data to drive 'Information Economy'

UK government opens up more public data to drive 'Information Economy' | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills (BIS) has announced plans to open up more government datasets, providing the raw material for technology companies and developers to create apps and data-led businesses. 

 

The government first unveiled its open data initiative in November 2011, claiming that the move would aid economic growth, transport and healthcare. 

 

Today's news was announced at the G8 Innovation Conference in London as part of the government's wider Information Economy Strategy, which aims to generate fresh growth opportunities for some of the UK’s most innovative technology businesses.

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Open Access cassava database – unlocking the full potential of agricultural research / CGIAR

Open Access cassava database – unlocking the full potential of agricultural research / CGIAR | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Large volumes of valuable cassava data have been made openly available through a joint initiative between CGIAR Consortium member the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA-Nigeria), Cornell University and other partners. The move highlights a concrete example of CGIAR’s commitment to mainstream Open Access – with members of the CGIAR Consortium making their agricultural research data, information and knowledge widely accessible.

The cassava database, called Cassavabase, was developed as part of the NEXTGEN Cassava project, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the UK Department for International Development.

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Get Started With Scraping – Extracting Simple Tables from PDF Documents | School of Data - Evidence is Power

Get Started With Scraping – Extracting Simple Tables from PDF Documents | School of Data - Evidence is Power | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

In this post, we’ll look at a simple PDF document to get a feel for what’s involved with scraping a well-behaved table from it. Whilst this won’t turn you into a virtuoso scraper of PDFs, it should give you a few hints about how to get started. If you don’t count yourself as a programmer, it may be worth reading through this tutorial anyway! If nothing else, it may give a feel for the sorts of the thing that are possible when it comes to extracting data from a PDF document.

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England riots: an interactive timeline

England riots: an interactive timeline | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
The shooting of Mark Duggan on 4 August sparked a series of riots, first in Tottenham then across England. Follow their spread on our interactive timeline
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Amazing interactive visualization of England riots by Guardian DataBlog.

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CKAN API: Open Data In The Hands of The Masses

CKAN API: Open Data In The Hands of The Masses | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

An independent, open source platform aimed at making it easier for governments and businesses to publish open data has released a new version of their API. The CKAN API allows access to catalog listings of open datasets, full-text searches, and sharing of statistics on open data usage.

 

While several governments are releasing their data via APIs, the global not-for-profit agency Open Knowledge Foundation is encouraging data publishers to consider using the Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network (CKAN) platform. CKAN provides a sleek design interface that can be branded with any business or government’s livery to create an easy-to-use access point into a company, city, state, or nation’s open data catalog. Most recently, the US Government has upgraded its data catalog at data.gov to make use of the new CKAN 2.0 platform.

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G8 Science Ministers Statement London UK, 12 June 2013

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Open Science Fedaration

The G8 science ministers have signed a joint statement endorsing #openaccess and #opendata -- direct link to the PDF below. Another significant political win for #openscience . Especially as some nations have taken initial steps, we expect this to help precipitate national policy. See especially sections 3 and 4, highlights of which include:

"Open enquiry is at the heart of scientific endeavour, and rapid technological change has profound implications for the way that science is both conducted and its results communicated. It can provide society with the necessary information to solve global challenges. We are committed to openness in scientific research data to speed up the progress of scientific discovery, create innovation, ensure that the results of scientific research are as widely available as practical, enable transparency in science and engage the public in the scientific process."

"We recognise that effective global scientific research and public understanding of science and commercial innovation by enterprises is supported by free and rapid public access to published, publicly funded research. The generation, sharing and exploitation of scientific knowledge are integral to the creation of wealth and the enhancement of our quality of life. We recognise that G8 nations have an important opportunity and responsibility to promote policies that increase access to the results of publicly funded research results to spur scientific discovery, enable better international collaboration and coordination of research, enhance the engagement of society and help support economic prosperity."

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The Open Knowledge Foundation is delighted to announce the launch of the new Panton Fellowships!

The Open Knowledge Foundation is delighted to announce the launch of the new Panton Fellowships! | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Panton Fellowships have been created in order to support scientists – particularly graduate students and early-stage career scientists – to explore this idea, and to tackle those barriers which currently prevent science data from being made open.

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Science Hack Day Birmingham

Science Hack Day Birmingham | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The mission of Science Hack Day is to get excited and make things with science! A Hack Day is an event that brings together designers, developers, scientists, citizen scientists, web geeks, young people, the public, basically  anyone with good ideas in the same physical space for a brief but intense period of collaboration, hacking, and building ‘cool stuff’. Hack Days were originally created by Yahoo! in 2005 and soon after became a worldwide trend. By collaborating on focused tasks during this short period, small groups of hackers are capable of producing remarkable results. Some Hack Days have a specific focus. There have already been very successful Music Hack Days and Government Hack Days. It’s time for a Hack Day focused on science!

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