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Open Knowledge
All around Open Knowledge: Open Data, Open Government, Open Access, Open Science, Open Education, etc
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Journalism in the age of the open web

Journalism in the age of the open web | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Katharine Viner, deputy editor of the Guardian and editor-in-chief of Guardian Australia, gave the AN Smith lecture in Melbourne on Wednesday night. Here's her speech

Via Pierre Levy
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Fàtima Galan's curator insight, October 16, 2013 7:32 AM

"A newspaper is complete. It is finished, sure of itself, certain. By contrast, digital news is constantly updated, improved upon, changed, moved, developed, an ongoing conversation and collaboration. It is living, evolving, limitless, relentless.

....

I'd like to talk about some of the new possibilities of a journalism that is genuinely open to the web, and some of the dangers and traps.

Digital is not about putting up your story on the web. It's about a fundamental redrawing of journalists' relationship with our audience, how we think about our readers, our perception of our role in society, our status.

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In the era of the newspaper, there were few writers and many readers. Now, it can be hard to tell the difference. The People Formerly Known as the Audience don't just sit there, and if you don't listen to them, work with them, work for them, give them what they want and need, they have plenty of other places to go."

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How the Government Shutdown Affects Open Access at Georgia Tech | GTLibrary News

How the Government Shutdown Affects Open Access at Georgia Tech | GTLibrary News | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

With the ongoing government shutdown, federally operated websites and databases are being turned off, such as NASA’s website, or not updated with current information like the National Institutes of Health PubMed Central’s website. Access to information paid for by taxpayer dollars is inaccessible to the taxpayer, but government shutdowns are not the only way that information becomes unavailable. Back in the spring of 2013, NASA’s technical reports server was down for several weeks while NASA assessed its internal security systems. Thousands and thousands of publicly accessible works covering over 50 years of NASA research were offline. In January of 2012, the government lost funding for the federal program National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), and over ten years of data and research was no longer hosted by government servers, and much of it did not find a home elsewhere.

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Open access movement is here for scientific research and knowledge | opensource.com

Open access movement is here for scientific research and knowledge | opensource.com | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

A recent study funded by the European Commission and undertaken by analysts at Science-Metrix, a Montreal-based company that assesses science and technology organizations, has concluded that half of all published academic papers become freely available in no more than two years.

 

According to the study, the year 2011 is a milestone for open access. By this analysis, 50% of all scientific articles published in 2011 are currently available in some open access form or another, and the trend is toward more and more articles becoming open access.

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Open Access Theses and Dissertations – new search tool | Open Science

Open Access Theses and Dissertations – new search tool | Open Science | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Internet can be a powerful tool for finding new scientific articles, theses and dissertations. Google Scholar, Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses are only some of the many web-tools that help researchers, scholars and students to gain access to scientific papers. However, most of the available solutions are in some way limited, or mix open access papers with “closed” ones. Happily, a new tool has been recently developed that can be very useful for people looking uniquely for open access resources.

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Canada and the United Kingdom - "Hangout on Air" | data.gc.ca

Canada and the United Kingdom - "Hangout on Air" | data.gc.ca | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Participate in the Transatlantic Hangout on Friday October 11th at 11 am EST to find out what is happening in the United Kingdom (UK) and Canada to support open data for businesses and innovators.

Join the discussion online with:

Minister Tony Clement, President of the Treasury Board of CanadaSam Vermette, Co-Founder of the Transit AppSir Nigel Shadbolt, Chairman and Co-Founder of the Open Data InstitutePaul Maltby, Director of Open Data and Government Innovation in the Cabinet Office of the UK

Moderated by: Theo Bertram, Google UK.

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Tool for the vector-based visualizations: Raw

Tool for the vector-based visualizations: Raw | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Raw is an open web tool developed at the DensityDesign Research Lab (Politecnico di Milano) to create custom vector-based visualizations on top of the amazing d3.js library by Mike Bostock. Primarily conceived as a tool for designers and vis geeks, Raw aims at providing a missing link between spreadsheet applications (e.g. Microsoft Excel, Apple Numbers, Google Docs, OpenRefine, …) and vector graphics editors (e.g. Adobe Illustrator, Inkscape, ...).

Raw works with delimiter-separated values (i.e. csv and tsv files) as well as with copied-and-pasted texts from other applications (e.g. Microsoft Excel, TextWrangler, TextEdit,…). Based on the svg format, visualizations can be easily edited with vector graphics applications for further refinements, or directly embedded into web pages.

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Data J Lab | a virtual lab on data journalism trends and techniques

Data J Lab | a virtual lab on data journalism trends and techniques | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Data J Lab is a virtual lab on data journalism trends and techniques. Created in 2013 as an initiative of the Data Journalism Master’s Programme at Tilburg University, it is based in the Department of Communication and Information Sciences and benefits from a long-standing tradition of interdisciplinary research at the intersection of communication sciences and applied informatics. The Data J Lab team is composed of five faculty members with expertise ranging from computer science, to journalism, to sociology and includes a number of students and external experts. The Data J Lab has working partnerships with a variety of international and Dutch media outlets, such as Inter Press Service and De Correspondent.

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6 best practices in making data visualizations

6 best practices in making data visualizations | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Making data visualizations – A survival guide from vis4 Avoid 3D charts, extend bar charts to zero & other key tips Target audience: Data designers, metrics and analytics experts, nonprofits, cause organizations, foundations, NGOs, social...
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Defining Open Data | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Defining Open Data | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open data is data that can be freely used, shared and built-on by anyone, anywhere, for any purpose. This is the summary of the full Open Definition which the Open Knowledge Foundation created in 2005 to provide both a succinct explanation and a detailed definition of open data.


As the open data movement grows, and even more governments and organisations sign up to open data, it becomes ever more important that there is a clear and agreed definition for what “open data” means if we are to realise the full benefits of openness, and avoid the risks of creating incompatibility between projects and splintering the community. 

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Fàtima Galan's curator insight, October 7, 2013 3:51 AM

"There are 2 important elements to openness:

Legal openness: you must be allowed to get the data legally, to build on it, and to share it. Legal openness is usually provided by applying an appropriate (open) license which allows for free access to and reuse of the data, or by placing data into the public domain.Technical openness: there should be no technical barriers to using that data. For example, providing data as printouts on paper (or as tables in PDF documents) makes the information extremely difficult to work with. So the Open Definition has various requirements for “technical openness,” such as requiring that data be machine readable and available in bulk.

- See more at: http://blog.okfn.org/2013/10/03/defining-open-data/#sthash.sADvs2Q8.dpuf";

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Join us for a Free Webinar on Open Data in Local Governments

Join us for a Free Webinar on Open Data in Local Governments | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Sunlight Foundation's local policy team is excited to be teaming up today with the National League of Citiesand Harvard Ash Center to host a free webinar examining open data policies in local governments and their impacts.

 

More cities are sharing their data online  to increase municipal transparency -- a movement that prompted us to update our Open Data Guidelines to reflect the advances that have been made and highlight emerging opportunities. This webinar will look at those advances and opportunities, in addition to defining what open data is and how policies can guide its release. We're pleased to announce that Oakland City Councilmember Libby Schaaf will  join the discussion to provide insight on the city's experience with releasing more open data and its impacts in the community.

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Panton fellowship presentation video

Panton fellowship presentation video | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Panton fellowship presentation video
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Learn how to run your data expedition | School of Data - Evidence is Power

Learn how to run your data expedition | School of Data - Evidence is Power | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Last week the School of Data team was in Geneva facilitating a data expedition on garment factories during OKCon. Our aim was to teach people how to run their own expedition but we ended up learning a lot ourselves.

Rather than sharing the outcomes, which deserve several blog posts on their own, I will share now some reflections on the process of organising a data expedition.

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York region. Open Data

York region. Open Data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Open Data Pilot provides various spatial geographic information system (GIS) data to the public at no charge. The data is accessible from the Open Data Catalogue.

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GISuser.com GIS Location Technology - Ordnance Survey holds free OS OpenData masterclasses

GISuser.com GIS Location Technology - Ordnance Survey holds free OS OpenData masterclasses | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Following on from the success of the previous OS OpenData masterclass series, individuals, developers, community groups, social entrepreneurs, commercial and government organisations are invited to attend the latest national series of free masterclasses, run by Ordnance Survey and kindly supported by Horizon Digital Economy Research. 

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Open Data: A Strategy For Innovation

Open Data: A Strategy For Innovation | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Organizations typically keep their data walled off from outsiders, and within companies, business units often operate in silos with little interaction outside their domains. But organizations stand to gain by adopting a strategy of open data and collaboration, both internally or with external customers and stakeholders.

 

That was the message of a Thursday keynote at Interop New York by Mark Headd, chief data officer for the city of Philadelphia, and Michelle Lee, co-founder and CEO of Textizen, a platform for text-message surveys. An open strategy can foster innovation and generate business value, they said.

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Transatlantic Hangout: supporting open data innovation and business

On Friday, 11 October at 11am EST (4pm BST) a prominent group of open data supporters from the UK and Canada participated in a transatlantic Google Hangout. The public is encouraged to join and find out what is happening in the UK and Canada to support open data for businesses and innovators. 

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Treat Data As Code - Directions Magazine

Treat Data As Code - Directions Magazine | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Ben Balter argues that open data today is exactly where open source was some two decades ago, and wants to see if it's possible to fast forward the community a bit. Imagine if every time the government posted a dataset, rather than posting the data as a zip file or to a proprietary data portal, the agency treated the data as open source. 

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Open data: we need to share research results, even when they are wrong

Open data: we need to share research results, even when they are wrong | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

As self-effacement goes, it's hard to beat Isaac Newton: "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants." Yet while modern scientists continue to build on the concepts and ideas of their forerunners, they face a unique problem that Newton or his peers would not have anticipated – the inability to access crucial research data generated by other people's work.

 

Scientific research today typically yields enormous volumes of information, with individual projects easily able to generate gigabytes or terabytes of data. The problem for the scientific community is that the vast majority of this information never makes it into published research which tends, by necessity, to be limited to topline conclusions or summaries of the key findings. The raw data – including the data from hundreds of unsuccessful experiments – is left out, and is lost to the scientific community, and future researchers.

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How to set up a datajournalism operation when you're not the New-York Times - Nicolas Kayser-Bril

How to set up a datajournalism operation when you're not the New-York Times - Nicolas Kayser-Bril | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

How to set up a datajournalism operation when you're not the New-York Times - Nicolas Kayser-Bril

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Cambridge Open Research | OKF Open Science Working Group

Cambridge Open Research | OKF Open Science Working Group | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

We gather once a month to promote the idea of sharing and opening research resources for both academics and non-academics alike. We are keen to hear, discuss, and learn about successful models as well as try and find solutions for difficulties on the way. Workshops and hackdays are also on the menu for a more active involvement. 

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Open Archives Initiative

The Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content. The Open Archives Initiative has its roots in an effort to enhance access to e-print archives as a means of increasing the availability of scholarly communication. Continued support of this work remains a cornerstone of the Open Archives program. The fundamental technological framework and standards that are developing to support this work are, however, independent of the both the type of content offered and the economic mechanisms surrounding that content, and promise to have much broader relevance in opening up access to a range of digital materials. As a result, the Open Archives Initiative is currently an organization and an effort explicitly in transition, and is committed to exploring and enabling this new and broader range of applications. As we gain greater knowledge of the scope of applicability of the underlying technology and standards being developed, and begin to understand the structure and culture of the various adopter communities, we expect that we will have to make continued evolutionary changes to both the mission and organization of the Open Archives Initiative.

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‘The Next Frontier of Open Data’

‘The Next Frontier of Open Data’ | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Eric Busboom may not be the kind of guy who comes to mind when you think of a librarian. But maybe he’s what a librarian should be as more of us rely on smartphones and computers to make sense of the world.

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Open Education: OER, OCW and MOOCs

Open Education: OER, OCW and MOOCs | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The potential of ICT for modernisation of education and training has become a key priority for the European Union. In its  Communication on Opening Up Education (procedure 2013/2182(INI)), the European Commission proposes actions at EU and national levels to “support the development and availability of Open Educational Resources (OER)” in education and skills development.

 

OERs are “digital learning resources offered online freely and openly to teachers, educators, students, and independent learners in order to be used, shared, combined, adapted, and expanded in teaching, learning and research.”, OECD, 2012.

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The Art Market for Dummies: Building a Data-Driven Explainer | Featured Projects | Data Driven Journalism

The Art Market for Dummies: Building a Data-Driven Explainer | Featured Projects | Data Driven Journalism | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Art Market for Dummies is a data visualisation I made last spring, and one of the winners of this year's Data Journalism Awards.

 

The visualisation tells the story of a topic that is little known outside expert circles - the international art market - and that I myself would have liked to see as a reader. Everyone knows Picasso or Warhol, but few people know that art represents a bigger market than the cinema and the music industry. I am not an expert on this topic myself, so I wanted to create an application that enables users like me to understand the subject quickly and easily, in three minutes. And so I embarked on the creation of this data journalism piece, together with the French publisher Askmedia.

 

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New partnership to bring open data to developing countries | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

New partnership to bring open data to developing countries | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The World Bank has joined forces with the Open Data Institute and the Open Knowledge Foundation in a 3-year project designed to help policy makers and citizens in developing countries understand and exploit the benefits of open data. 

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