Open Science is first and foremost a community effort. In fact we are arguing that reproducibility and comparability should become two of the standard criteria that every reviewer has to judge when assessing a paper. [..] These two criteria should be of equal importance as the established criteria, giving incentive to the authors to actually apply the instruments of Open Science.
In addition, journals and conferences ought to make the submission of source code, data, and methodological descriptions together with the paper mandatory for them to be published. Conferences and journals themselves should in turn commit to making the papers openly accessible. The case of the genetic sequence database GenBank, which stores DNA sequences and makes them available to the public, has shown that if publishers and conference organisers adopt new standards, they can be propagated quickly within the community. The huge success of GenBank is due to the fact that many journals adopted the Bermuda principles (Marshall 2001), which state among other things that DNA sequences should be rapidly released into the public domain.