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Open access: The true cost of science publishing

Open access: The true cost of science publishing | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Michael Eisen doesn't hold back when invited to vent. “It's still ludicrous how much it costs to publish research — let alone what we pay,” he declares. The biggest travesty, he says, is that the scientific community carries out peer review — a major part of scholarly publishing — for free, yet subscription-journal publishers charge billions of dollars per year, all told, for scientists to read the final product. “It's a ridiculous transaction,” he says.

 

Eisen, a molecular biologist at the University of California, Berkeley, argues that scientists can get much better value by publishing in open-access journals, which make articles free for everyone to read and which recoup their costs by charging authors or funders. Among the best-known examples are journals published by the Public Library of Science (PLoS), which Eisen co-founded in 2000. “The costs of research publishing can be much lower than people think,” agrees Peter Binfield, co-founder of one of the newest open-access journals, PeerJ, and formerly a publisher at PLoS.


But publishers of subscription journals insist that such views are misguided — born of a failure to appreciate the value they add to the papers they publish, and to the research community as a whole. They say that their commercial operations are in fact quite efficient, so that if a switch to open-access publishing led scientists to drive down fees by choosing cheaper journals, it would undermine important values such as editorial quality.

These charges and counter-charges have been volleyed back and forth since the open-access idea emerged in the 1990s, but because the industry's finances are largely mysterious, evidence to back up either side has been lacking. Although journal list prices have been rising faster than inflation, the prices that campus libraries actually pay to buy journals are generally hidden by the non-disclosure agreements that they sign. And the true costs that publishers incur to produce their journals are not widely known.

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Open Knowledge
All around Open Knowledge: Open Data, Open Government, Open Access, Open Science, Open Education, etc
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Making Kaggle the Home of Open Data

Making Kaggle the Home of Open Data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Today, we’re expanding beyond machine learning competitions and opening Kaggle Datasets up to everyone. You can now instantly share and publish data through Kaggle. This creates a home for yo…
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A Guide to the Research Data Service | The University of Edinburgh

A Guide to the Research Data Service | The University of Edinburgh | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
We are pleased to announce that our new Research Data Service guide is out.
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OpenCases: Case Studies on Openness in Education

OpenCases: Case Studies on Openness in Education | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
By Andreia Inamorato dos Santos, Manuel Souto-Otero, and Predrag Lazetic in Open Education and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).
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Open Science Company Manifesto

This manifesto aims at defining fundamental statements every Company running with the Open Science initiative in mind must respect and promote.
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Open Digital Science - Final study report

Open Digital Science - Final study report | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Open Digital Science (ODS) and Open Science describe new and open practices in science, research and innovation that make extensive use of digital technologies. The use of digital technologies facilitates openness regarding data, methods, results, actors or publications with an emphasis on scalability of the approach in terms of data, access or computation.
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Five ways open data can boost democracy around the world

Five ways open data can boost democracy around the world | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Want fairer taxes, less corporate lobbying and more open politicians? Our guide to open data day
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Open and Shut?: The OA Interviews: Michaël Bon, Founder of the Self-Journal of Science

Open and Shut?: The OA Interviews: Michaël Bon, Founder of the Self-Journal of Science | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Fifteen months ago 35-year old French scientist Michaël Bon launched a new open-access publishing service called the Self-Journal of Science (SJS).
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How Open Data Is Creating New Opportunities in the Public Sector (Industry Perspective)

How Open Data Is Creating New Opportunities in the Public Sector (Industry Perspective) | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Open data has proven to be a catalyst for the creation of new tools across industries and government uses.
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Improving agriculture and nutrition with open data | Open Data Institute

Improving agriculture and nutrition with open data | Open Data Institute | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
The Open Data Institute (ODI) equip, connect and inspire people around the world to innovate with data. Co-founded by Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Sir Nigel Shadbolt, the ODI provides events, training, membership and consultancy around open data.
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Improving data quality on data.gov.au | data.gov.au Blog

One of the greatest challenges facing data users when trying to use government data has been the extraordinary diversity in data types, formats, quality, currency and other attributes of the data.
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Open Data Policy Guidelines

Open Data Policy Guidelines | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
The Sunlight Foundation created this living document to present a broad vision of the kinds of challenges that open data policies can actively address.
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Introducing Bothan: a tool to bring your metrics to life and share them with the world | News | Open Data Institute

Introducing Bothan: a tool to bring your metrics to life and share them with the world | News | Open Data Institute | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
The Open Data Institute (ODI) equip, connect and inspire people around the world to innovate with data. Co-founded by Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Sir Nigel Shadbolt, the ODI provides events, training, membership and consultancy around open data.
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Examining ethical and privacy issues surrounding learning analytics ~ Stephen Downes

Examining ethical and privacy issues surrounding learning analytics ~ Stephen Downes | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Online learning, new media, connectivism, MOOCs, personal learning environments, new literacy, and more from Stephen Downes

Via Vladimir Kukharenko
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Citizen science

Citizen science | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Citizen Science spans a range of levels of engagement: from being better informed about science, to participating in the scientific process itself by observing, gathering or processing data.
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Expert groups - Innovation Union - European Commission

The European Commission has set up three high level advisory groups on research and innovation (R&I) policies in support of the Innovation Union objectives and the completion of the European Research Area. The three groups should assess and advice on policies underpinning the Innovation Union and the European Research Area. The groups have also the important role of assisting the European Commission in maintaining the dialogue with relevant stakeholders in support of the Innovation Union flagship initiative.

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The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era

The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
The consolidation of the scientific publishing industry has been the topic of much debate within and outside the scientific community, especially in relation to major publishers’ high profit margins. However, the share of scientific output published in the journals of these major publishers, as well as its evolution over time and across various disciplines, has not yet been analyzed. This paper provides such analysis, based on 45 million documents indexed in the Web of Science over the period 1973-2013. It shows that in both natural and medical sciences (NMS) and social sciences and humanities (SSH), Reed-Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Springer, and Taylor & Francis increased their share of the published output, especially since the advent of the digital era (mid-1990s). Combined, the top five most prolific publishers account for more than 50% of all papers published in 2013. Disciplines of the social sciences have the highest level of concentration (70% of papers from the top five publishers), while the humanities have remained relatively independent (20% from top five publishers). NMS disciplines are in between, mainly because of the strength of their scientific societies, such as the ACS in chemistry or APS in physics. The paper also examines the migration of journals between small and big publishing houses and explores the effect of publisher change on citation impact. It concludes with a discussion on the economics of scholarly publishing.
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OpenTrials: towards a collaborative open database of all available information on all clinical trials

OpenTrials: towards a collaborative open database of all available information on all clinical trials | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Trials is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that encompasses all aspects of the performance and findings of randomized controlled trials in health. We publish articles on general trial methodology as well as protocols, commentaries and traditional results papers - regardless of outcome or significance of findings.
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ODQ2015 - Open Data Quality: from Theory to Practice | Nexa Center for Internet & Society

ODQ2015 - Open Data Quality: from Theory to Practice | Nexa Center for Internet & Society | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
30 March 2015 - Technische Universität München | Institut für Informatik Boltzmannstr. 3 , 85748 Garching bei München - Room 00.08.038
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