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A 1945 Essay On Information Overload, Curation, And Open-Access Science | Maria Popova

A 1945 Essay On Information Overload, Curation, And Open-Access Science | Maria Popova | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Excerpted from article by great curator Maria Popova:

"Tim O’Reilly recently admonished that unless we embrace open access over copyright, we’ll never get science policy right. The sentiment, which I believe applies to more than science, reminded me of an eloquent 1945 essay by Vannevar Bush, titled “As We May Think.”

 

Much of what Bush discusses presages present conversations about information overload, filtering, and our restless “FOMO” — fear of missing out, for anyone who did miss out on the memetic catchphrase — amidst the incessant influx. Bush worries about the impossibility of ever completely catching up and the unfavorable signal-to-noise ratio.

 

Bush makes an enormously important — and timely — point about the difference between merely compressing information to store it efficiently and actually making use of it in the way of gleaning knowledge.

 

To that end, I often think about the architecture of knowledge as a pyramid of sorts — at the base of it, there is all the information available to us; from it, we can generate some form of insight, which we then consolidate into knowledge; at our most optimal, at the top of the pyramid, we’re then able to glean from that knowledge some sort of wisdom about the world.

 

He stresses, as many of us believe today, that mechanization — or, algorithms in the contemporary equivalent — will never be a proper substitute for human judgment and creative thought in the filtration process.

 

He presages hypertext, the internet, and even Wikipedia — and, perhaps more importantly, laying out a model for what excellence at the intersection of the editorial and curatorial looks.

 

Bush nails the value of what we call today, not without resistance, “information curation”:

Bush wrote: "There is a new profession of trail blazers, those who find delight in the task of establishing useful trails through the enormous mass of the common record. The inheritance from the master becomes, not only his additions to the world’s record, but for his disciples the entire scaffolding by which they were erected."

 

He concludes by considering the cultural value and urgency, infinitely timelier today than it was in his day, of making our civilization’s “record” — the great wealth of information about how we got to where we are — manageable, digestible, and useful in our quest for knowledge, wisdom, and growth..."

 

Read full, long and interesting article here: 

http://www.brainpickings.org/index.php/2012/10/11/as-we-may-think-1945/

 

 


Via Marc Rougier, Giuseppe Mauriello, Stephen Dale
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Lisa Labon's curator insight, January 28, 2013 9:52 AM

Mind boggling to think what that the overload of content he speaks of is now created in a single day, every day.

garassini's curator insight, March 11, 2013 6:51 AM

Applicare il metodo delle associazioni mentali all'archiviazione e alla ricerca delle informazioni. La visione profetica di Vannevar Bush.

Ken Feltman's curator insight, April 25, 2015 10:48 AM

Prescient

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A Fingerprint Method for Scientific Data Verification

A Fingerprint Method for Scientific Data Verification | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
This article discusses an algorithm (called "UNF") for verifying digital data matrices. This algorithm is now used in a number of software packages and digital library projects. We discuss the details
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World Bank Group Launches Free, Interactive, and Easy-to-Use Trade & Competitiveness Data Platform

The World Bank Group today launched TCdata360, a free, open, and easy–to-use online platform that collects, analyzes and visualizes trade and competitiveness data. The website is designed to help policy makers, development practitioners, academics and citizens better understand critical issues, and create more informed policies in the areas of trade, investment, innovation and the general economy.

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What's Wrong with Open-Data Sites--and How We Can Fix Them

What's Wrong with Open-Data Sites--and How We Can Fix Them | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Vast amounts of useful information can be found on government Web sites, but it's often impossible to make sense of it
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Survey: open data already a reality for scientific researchers | Joinup

Survey: open data already a reality for scientific researchers | Joinup | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Survey: open data already a reality for scientific researchers | Joinup https://t.co/W6bw7c2mUU
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Decentralized Web Summit: Locking the Web Open

Decentralized Web Summit: Locking the Web Open | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Decentralized Web Summit: Locking the Web Open. We invite you to join us at the first Decentralized Web Summit!
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Introducing Bothan: a tool to bring your metrics to life and share them with the world | News | Open Data Institute

Introducing Bothan: a tool to bring your metrics to life and share them with the world | News | Open Data Institute | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
The Open Data Institute (ODI) equip, connect and inspire people around the world to innovate with data. Co-founded by Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Sir Nigel Shadbolt, the ODI provides events, training, membership and consultancy around open data.
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Examining ethical and privacy issues surrounding learning analytics ~ Stephen Downes

Examining ethical and privacy issues surrounding learning analytics ~ Stephen Downes | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Online learning, new media, connectivism, MOOCs, personal learning environments, new literacy, and more from Stephen Downes

Via Vladimir Kukharenko
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Citizen science

Citizen science | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Citizen Science spans a range of levels of engagement: from being better informed about science, to participating in the scientific process itself by observing, gathering or processing data.
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Expert groups - Innovation Union - European Commission

The European Commission has set up three high level advisory groups on research and innovation (R&I) policies in support of the Innovation Union objectives and the completion of the European Research Area. The three groups should assess and advice on policies underpinning the Innovation Union and the European Research Area. The groups have also the important role of assisting the European Commission in maintaining the dialogue with relevant stakeholders in support of the Innovation Union flagship initiative.

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The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era

The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
The consolidation of the scientific publishing industry has been the topic of much debate within and outside the scientific community, especially in relation to major publishers’ high profit margins. However, the share of scientific output published in the journals of these major publishers, as well as its evolution over time and across various disciplines, has not yet been analyzed. This paper provides such analysis, based on 45 million documents indexed in the Web of Science over the period 1973-2013. It shows that in both natural and medical sciences (NMS) and social sciences and humanities (SSH), Reed-Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Springer, and Taylor & Francis increased their share of the published output, especially since the advent of the digital era (mid-1990s). Combined, the top five most prolific publishers account for more than 50% of all papers published in 2013. Disciplines of the social sciences have the highest level of concentration (70% of papers from the top five publishers), while the humanities have remained relatively independent (20% from top five publishers). NMS disciplines are in between, mainly because of the strength of their scientific societies, such as the ACS in chemistry or APS in physics. The paper also examines the migration of journals between small and big publishing houses and explores the effect of publisher change on citation impact. It concludes with a discussion on the economics of scholarly publishing.
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World Bank Group Launches New Open Data and Analytics Energy Platform

World Bank Group Launches New Open Data and Analytics Energy Platform | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
NEW YORK, April 5, 2017 Key energy sector data will now be easily accessible in one place and at no cost on the new and growing ENERGYDATA.INFO, an open data…
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Uber’s open source data visualization tool now goes beyond maps

You may not be aware, but Uber offers an open source version of the data visualization framework it uses internally, called deck.gl. The tool was made..
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Here are 250 Ivy League courses you can take online right now for free

Here are 250 Ivy League courses you can take online right now for free | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
250 MOOCs from Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Penn, Princeton, and Yale.
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Dramatic Growth of Open Access December 31, 2016

Dramatic Growth of Open Access December 31, 2016 | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Download data here  Highlights Arguably the best indicator of the global collaborative growth of open access, whether throug
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OpenDataSoft - Open Your Data In Less Than 30 Seconds

OpenDataSoft - Open Your Data In Less Than 30 Seconds | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
OpenDataSoft is a turnkey Open Data software for smart and easy transformation of all types of data into innovative services (APIs, data visualizations…).
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Making Kaggle the Home of Open Data

Making Kaggle the Home of Open Data | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Today, we’re expanding beyond machine learning competitions and opening Kaggle Datasets up to everyone. You can now instantly share and publish data through Kaggle. This creates a home for yo…
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A Guide to the Research Data Service | The University of Edinburgh

A Guide to the Research Data Service | The University of Edinburgh | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
We are pleased to announce that our new Research Data Service guide is out.
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OpenCases: Case Studies on Openness in Education

OpenCases: Case Studies on Openness in Education | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
By Andreia Inamorato dos Santos, Manuel Souto-Otero, and Predrag Lazetic in Open Education and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).
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Open Science Company Manifesto

This manifesto aims at defining fundamental statements every Company running with the Open Science initiative in mind must respect and promote.
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Open Digital Science - Final study report

Open Digital Science - Final study report | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Open Digital Science (ODS) and Open Science describe new and open practices in science, research and innovation that make extensive use of digital technologies. The use of digital technologies facilitates openness regarding data, methods, results, actors or publications with an emphasis on scalability of the approach in terms of data, access or computation.
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Five ways open data can boost democracy around the world

Five ways open data can boost democracy around the world | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Want fairer taxes, less corporate lobbying and more open politicians? Our guide to open data day
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