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A 1945 Essay On Information Overload, Curation, And Open-Access Science | Maria Popova

A 1945 Essay On Information Overload, Curation, And Open-Access Science | Maria Popova | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Excerpted from article by great curator Maria Popova:

"Tim O’Reilly recently admonished that unless we embrace open access over copyright, we’ll never get science policy right. The sentiment, which I believe applies to more than science, reminded me of an eloquent 1945 essay by Vannevar Bush, titled “As We May Think.”

 

Much of what Bush discusses presages present conversations about information overload, filtering, and our restless “FOMO” — fear of missing out, for anyone who did miss out on the memetic catchphrase — amidst the incessant influx. Bush worries about the impossibility of ever completely catching up and the unfavorable signal-to-noise ratio.

 

Bush makes an enormously important — and timely — point about the difference between merely compressing information to store it efficiently and actually making use of it in the way of gleaning knowledge.

 

To that end, I often think about the architecture of knowledge as a pyramid of sorts — at the base of it, there is all the information available to us; from it, we can generate some form of insight, which we then consolidate into knowledge; at our most optimal, at the top of the pyramid, we’re then able to glean from that knowledge some sort of wisdom about the world.

 

He stresses, as many of us believe today, that mechanization — or, algorithms in the contemporary equivalent — will never be a proper substitute for human judgment and creative thought in the filtration process.

 

He presages hypertext, the internet, and even Wikipedia — and, perhaps more importantly, laying out a model for what excellence at the intersection of the editorial and curatorial looks.

 

Bush nails the value of what we call today, not without resistance, “information curation”:

Bush wrote: "There is a new profession of trail blazers, those who find delight in the task of establishing useful trails through the enormous mass of the common record. The inheritance from the master becomes, not only his additions to the world’s record, but for his disciples the entire scaffolding by which they were erected."

 

He concludes by considering the cultural value and urgency, infinitely timelier today than it was in his day, of making our civilization’s “record” — the great wealth of information about how we got to where we are — manageable, digestible, and useful in our quest for knowledge, wisdom, and growth..."

 

Read full, long and interesting article here: 

http://www.brainpickings.org/index.php/2012/10/11/as-we-may-think-1945/

 

 


Via Marc Rougier, Giuseppe Mauriello, Stephen Dale
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teoportal's curator insight, December 19, 2012 8:49 AM

Tu vivienda esta aquí (pisos, apartamentos, chalets, villas, casas, adosados, locales, estudios, etc .....o promoción de obra nueva) nunca fue tan fácil en comprar tu vivienda, nosotros les ofrecemos una gestión personalizada en compra de tu vivienda, pide mas información sin compromiso.

Lisa Labon's curator insight, January 28, 2013 6:52 AM

Mind boggling to think what that the overload of content he speaks of is now created in a single day, every day.

garassini's curator insight, March 11, 2013 3:51 AM

Applicare il metodo delle associazioni mentali all'archiviazione e alla ricerca delle informazioni. La visione profetica di Vannevar Bush.

Open Knowledge
All around Open Knowledge: Open Data, Open Government, Open Access, Open Science, Open Education, etc
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Open Access for the Humanities

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cola.js: Constraint-based Layout in the Browser

cola.js: Constraint-based Layout in the Browser | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

cola.js (A.K.A. "WebCoLa") is an open-source JavaScript library for arranging your HTML5 documents and diagrams using constraint-based optimization techniques.

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Kata, metadata catalogue service

Kata is a metadata catalogue service of TTA (Finnish National Research Data Initiative). TTA is a data effort of Ministry of Education and Culture.

 

Kata contains metadata of research data, from various branches of science. Kata does not contain the actual data itself, but the metadata catalogue allows you to browse and search for available data and lets you know how and where to gain access to it.

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A Creative Commons Guide to Sharing Your Science

A Creative Commons Guide to Sharing Your Science | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
A more restrictive copyright license probably doesn’t do what you think, according to Puneet Kishor of Creative Commons. A more open one likely does exactly what you want, when it comes to moving research forward and getting credit for your work. Here is a guide to the licenses best suited for science and the principles behind them, from the organization that aims simpl...
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Save the Titanic: Hands-on anonymisation and risk control of publishing open data | Guides | Open Data Institute

Save the Titanic: Hands-on anonymisation and risk control of publishing open data | Guides | Open Data Institute | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
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scrapekit: get the data you need, fast. — scrapekit 0.1 documentation

scrapekit: get the data you need, fast. — scrapekit 0.1 documentation | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Scrapekit provides a set of useful tools for these that help with these tasks, while also offering you simple ways to structure your scraper. 

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Out in the Open: This Man Wants to Turn Data Into Free Food (And So Much More) | Enterprise | WIRED

Out in the Open: This Man Wants to Turn Data Into Free Food (And So Much More) | Enterprise | WIRED | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
The aim is a simple one: 25-year-old software developer Max Ogden wants to make it easier for governments to share their data with a world of software developers.
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Cloud Query's curator insight, August 28, 10:55 AM

I am a domain investor.
I would like to develop cloudquery.com to allow people to search the for cloud data and  other information about the cloud. If possible the site could serve as a search portal in general.
Can you do it?

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Open journalism also means opening up your data, so others can use and improve it

Open journalism also means opening up your data, so others can use and improve it | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Just as it does for the code behind software, opening up the data behind news stories and other forms of journalism has a number of benefits, including the fact that it’s easier to detect and fix errors — and it’s easier for others to expand and re-use the data
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State Open Data Policies and Portals

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Open science network calls for Global South case studies - University World News

Open science network calls for Global South case studies - University World News | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The just launched Open and Collaborative Science in Development Network is calling for case studies that use “innovative and transformative open processes in generating knowledge and actions” aimed at tackling challenges in the Global South. The broad aim of OCSDNet is to see whether and how open and networked research could support development.

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Science in Transition reports progress since nov 2013 : Science in transition

Science in Transition reports progress since nov 2013 : Science in transition | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The status report presents an overview of progress and debate since November 2013 when the initiative was launched.

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PUBLIC CONSULTATIO ‘SCIENCE 2.0’: SCIENCE IN TRANSITION | EC

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Open Data Support | Joinup | EC

Open Data Support | Joinup | EC | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open Data Support is a 36 month project of DG CONNECT of the European Commission to improve the visibility and facilitate the access to datasets published on local and national open data portals in order to increase their re-use within and across borders. Open Data Support is a pan-European initiative targeting both those data publishers that are well underway but also the ones that are just starting.

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Emirates ID stresses significance of Open Data in improving government transparency and accountability | WAM

Abu Dhabi, 13th Sept. 2014 (WAM) - In a new working paper published in the international ‘Journal of Public Administration & Governance’, the Emirates Identity Authority has called upon governments around the world to promote concepts and practices of ‘Open Data’ through focusing on disseminating qualitative data that can be used worldwide to enhance transparency and accountability.
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Data quality and quality assurance (QA) processing and information for data on CKAN

Data quality and quality assurance (QA) processing and information for data on CKAN (usually as encapsulated by Resources).

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Models of, and Missions for, Transfer Offices from Public Research Organizations

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PeerLibrary

Facilitating the global conversation on academic literature.
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Open Access Heatmap

Number of Open Access Journals per Country Open Access Heatmap
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Home - Data Catalogs

Home - Data Catalogs | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Data Catalogs, A Comprehensive List of Open Data Catalogs from Around the World, is redisigned and migrated 
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John Wilbanks: Let's Pool Our Medical Data - datascience@berkeley

John Wilbanks: Let's Pool Our Medical Data - datascience@berkeley | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

In this TED Talk, data scientist John Wilbanks discusses how strict privacy laws inhibit scientific research efforts, and asks us to imagine what potential discoveries could result from a giant pool of freely available anonymized health and genomic data.


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Carla Gentry CSPO's curator insight, August 26, 5:21 AM

In this TED Talk, data scientist John Wilbanks discusses how strict privacy laws inhibit scientific research efforts, and asks us to imagine what potential discoveries could result from a giant pool of freely available anonymized health and genomic data. Wilbanks says that if we’re willing to reach back and grab the dust off our “digital exhaust,” or the enormous volumes of data that are created from our digital footprints in health care and elsewhere, we can use it to build something together — a commons to serve the common good. It’s why he started Sage Bionetworks, which he believes is “the world’s first fully digital, fully self-contributed, unlimited in scope, global in participation, ethically approved clinical research study.” Through its own version of informed consent, Sage Bionetworks is using the design principles of the commons and translating it to health data that can create something great for the benefit of all.

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Open Journalism

Open Journalism | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
See how publications and data-driven journalists use open source to power their newsroom and ensure information is reported fairly and accurately.
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This animation distils hundreds of years of culture into just five minutes

This animation distils hundreds of years of culture into just five minutes | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
A team of historians and scientists wanted to map cultural mobility, so they tracked the births and deaths of notable individuals like David, King of Israel, and Leonardo da Vinci, from 600 BC to the present day. Using them as a proxy for skills and ideas, their map reveals intellectual hotspots and tracks how empires rise and crumble
The information comes from Freebase, a Google-owned database of well-known people and places, and other catalogues of notable individuals. The visualization was created by Maximilian Schich (University of Texas at Dallas) and Mauro Martino (IBM).
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Online collaboration: Scientists and the social network

Online collaboration: Scientists and the social network | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Giant academic social networks have taken off to a degree that no one expected even a few years ago. A Nature survey explores why.
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EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Have your say on the future of science: public consultation on Science 2.0

EUROPA - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Have your say on the future of science: public consultation on Science 2.0 | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

European Commission - Press Release details page - European Commission Press release Brussels, 3 July 2014 The European Commission has today launched a public consultation on ‘Science 2.0’, in order to gauge the trend towards a more open, data-driven and people-focused way of doing research and innovation. Researchers are using digital tools to get thousands of people participating

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Why Open Data portals?

The European Commission activity in this area includes:

Developing an open data portal site for any type of information held by the Commission and other EU institutions and bodies. The Open Data Portal containing data from Commission services and from the European Environment Agency went live in December 2012. The portal is entirely built using open source solutions: the LAMP software bundle, the Drupal content management system and CKAN, the data catalogue software developed by the Open Knowledge Foundation. Its metadata catalogue is built on the basis of the Dublin Core, the data catalogue vocabulary DCAT and theasset description metadata schema ADMS.Working with EU Member States on data formats and interoperability between existing open data portal sites at State, regional or local level. The Commission wants to increase public access to high-value, machine-readable data sets generated by European, national & regional governments and public administrations. However, such data sets are found in several, diverse locations, which makes it difficult for people to find them. The Commission funds the "LOD2 - Creating Knowledge out of Interlinked Data" project, which develpoed a prototype pan-European search portal, publicdata.eu. This harvests metadata information from existing open data portal sites in Europe and makes them searchable through a multi-lingual user interface.Contracting services to support data holding entities wishing to publish data on an open data portal, providing technical assistance on data preparation, transformation and publication and related training and IT advisory services. Online training material can be found here.Funding "Linked Open Data Around the Clock" (LATC), a project working on the publishing and usage of linked data on the Web. This has included the conversion of a large number of data sets from the European institutions into linked data and interlinking the data sets with one another, making it easier to answer questions that simultaneously depend on independently developed data resources.
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