In this TED Talk, data scientist John Wilbanks discusses how strict privacy laws inhibit scientific research efforts, and asks us to imagine what potential discoveries could result from a giant pool of freely available anonymized health and genomic data.
A team of historians and scientists wanted to map cultural mobility, so they tracked the births and deaths of notable individuals like David, King of Israel, and Leonardo da Vinci, from 600 BC to the present day. Using them as a proxy for skills and ideas, their map reveals intellectual hotspots and tracks how empires rise and crumble The information comes from Freebase, a Google-owned database of well-known people and places, and other catalogues of notable individuals. The visualization was created by Maximilian Schich (University of Texas at Dallas) and Mauro Martino (IBM).
European Commission - Press Release details page - European Commission Press release Brussels, 3 July 2014 The European Commission has today launched a public consultation on ‘Science 2.0’, in order to gauge the trend towards a more open, data-driven and people-focused way of doing research and innovation. Researchers are using digital tools to get thousands of people participating
The European Commission activity in this area includes:
Developing an open data portal site for any type of information held by the Commission and other EU institutions and bodies. The Open Data Portal containing data from Commission services and from the European Environment Agency went live in December 2012. The portal is entirely built using open source solutions: the LAMP software bundle, the Drupal content management system and CKAN, the data catalogue software developed by the Open Knowledge Foundation. Its metadata catalogue is built on the basis of the Dublin Core, the data catalogue vocabulary DCAT and theasset description metadata schema ADMS.Working with EU Member States on data formats and interoperability between existing open data portal sites at State, regional or local level. The Commission wants to increase public access to high-value, machine-readable data sets generated by European, national & regional governments and public administrations. However, such data sets are found in several, diverse locations, which makes it difficult for people to find them. The Commission funds the "LOD2 - Creating Knowledge out of Interlinked Data" project, which develpoed a prototype pan-European search portal, publicdata.eu. This harvests metadata information from existing open data portal sites in Europe and makes them searchable through a multi-lingual user interface.Contracting services to support data holding entities wishing to publish data on an open data portal, providing technical assistance on data preparation, transformation and publication and related training and IT advisory services. Online training material can be found here.Funding "Linked Open Data Around the Clock" (LATC), a project working on the publishing and usage of linked data on the Web. This has included the conversion of a large number of data sets from the European institutions into linked data and interlinking the data sets with one another, making it easier to answer questions that simultaneously depend on independently developed data resources.
These new licenses were written by the International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers (STM). STM’s new “open access” licenses fail to meet the basic standards set out by the Freedom Definition and the Open Knowledge Definition. For example, they restrict commercial use, and in some cases even “competing” uses. They also restrict text and data mining, activities that should be permitted to ensure that researchers can grow and expand human knowledge.
A concern about ODF was raised in respect of the likely result of multiple formats and impacts on interoperability. Examples of existing tools were raised that implement ODF 1.2, although the Board suggested that care would need to be taken to avoid adopting a different type of monoculture. The Board also recognised that standards-based document interoperability requires more work in terms of guidance than a monoculture requires.
LIBER believes that libraries and their users should be empowered to contribute to an innovative and competitive Europe. That is why we are actively advocating for a more flexible copyright system that will allow text and data mining to be used to its full potential. What is text and data mining? “Text and data mining…
Just as it does for the code behind software, opening up the data behind news stories and other forms of journalism has a number of benefits, including the fact that it’s easier to detect and fix errors — and it’s easier for others to expand and re-use the data
The just launched Open and Collaborative Science in Development Network is calling for case studies that use “innovative and transformative open processes in generating knowledge and actions” aimed at tackling challenges in the Global South. The broad aim of OCSDNet is to see whether and how open and networked research could support development.
Open Data Support is a 36 month project of DG CONNECT of the European Commission to improve the visibility and facilitate the access to datasets published on local and national open data portals in order to increase their re-use within and across borders. Open Data Support is a pan-European initiative targeting both those data publishers that are well underway but also the ones that are just starting.
The open data movement, and the PSI Directive, are promoted as being good for government transparency, government efficiency and economic growth. In this, the second Share-PSI 2.0 workshop, we want to focus on that last point. Commissioner Neelie Kroes famously said that data is the new oil. There are claims that PSI is worth many billions of Euros to industry and that developers are itching to get their hands on the data, unleashing a tidal wave of creativity.
With the ‘smartification’ of everyday life already seeing much of our daily behaviour being captured and analysed, O’Reilly asks whether it is necessary to continue with our current unempirical approaches to regulation, and explores how technology can assist in evidence-based and results-oriented policy interventions.
The opening seminar from the Open Science Training Initiative pilot scheme, run at the University of Oxford in January 2013. This video is intended for educators and prospective OSTI course leaders. While graduate students may find its content relevant and useful, this video is not intended for direct use as a lecture tool.