Open Educational Resources in Higher Education
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Community College Consortium for OER Panel: Increasing Student Retent…

Presentation at the Online Teaching Conference Jun 18, 2015 in San Diego, CA: The cost of textbooks has been identified as a major barrier for students comple…
Jill Miller's insight:

Presenters from the consortium discuss OER initiatives at their institutions. Santa Ana College presenter, Cherylee Kushida, shows a positive correlation between student success and retention and the use of OER in place of commercial textbooks. The California Community Colleges presenter, Barbara Illowsky, shows a model for working in a consortium to support students through the use of OER.

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Six Trajectories for Digital Technology in Higher Education | EDUCAUSE

Six Trajectories for Digital Technology in Higher Education | EDUCAUSE | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Six individual trajectories of digital technology are enabling the ambitious goal of a responsive, personalized digital learning environment for higher education.
Jill Miller's insight:

In the section of the article titled "The Textbook and Open Educational Resources," Brown (2015) makes it clear that textbook publishers know that their role in higher education must change--and quickly--in light of competition from the internet and open educational resources. This prompts us to wonder whether textbook providers will simply switch from providing ever-more costly books to providing ever-more costly learning packages, and whether, with time and money required to make high quality OER, producers will pay for content from publishers rather than pursuing more open education.

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Ten Years Later: Why Open Educational Resources Have Not Noticeably Affected Higher Education, and Why We Should Care | EDUCAUSE

Ten Years Later: Why Open Educational Resources Have Not Noticeably Affected Higher Education, and Why We Should Care | EDUCAUSE | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Open educational resources made a dramatic appearance with the 2002 debut of MIT's Open Courseware initiative.
Jill Miller's insight:

Kortemeyer (2013) provides insight into the general lack of success of OER in higher education. He asserts (as others have before) that discoverability is limited; there is no unified catalog of open educational resources, and finding quality OER can be difficult. But he also argues that while textbooks organize information in a meaningful way and provide opportunities to assess students' understanding of content, OER are scattered on the web and typically do not include assessments. I discovered this resource through the members of the 2014-2015 ACRL Instruction Section Research & Scholarship Committee, who published "5 Things You Should Read About Open Educational Resources" in Spring, 2015 at http://www.ala.org/acrl/sites/ala.org.acrl/files/content/aboutacrl/directoryofleadership/sections/is/iswebsite/projpubs/fivethings/5Things2015.pdf

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What is OER? - Creative Commons

What is OER? - Creative Commons | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Jill Miller's insight:

Creative Commons (2015) addresses varying definitions, licensing, and rights pertaining to OER. There is some disagreement regarding what OER means and how content can be used. This is a good overview of the topic. 

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Openness in higher education: Open Educational Resources


Via Leona Ungerer
Jill Miller's insight:

Re-scooped from Leona Ungerer, this Slideshare presentation by Glenda Cox (2015, March 17) discusses OER resources and searchable repositories, enablers and barriers to using OER, as well as benefits and challenges. Cox presents global considerations to the use of OER.

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OER Mythbusting! | Busting myths about open education.

OER Mythbusting! | Busting myths about open education. | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Jill Miller's insight:

Created by Open Educational Resources Policy in Europe, a project that seeks to make education in Europe more open, this infographic-like page presents a variety of myths that may dissuade educators from using OER, and then presents clarification of the truth about each myth. 

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Open educational resources perceived as high quality, even though faculty awareness lags | Inside Higher Ed

Open educational resources perceived as high quality, even though faculty awareness lags | Inside Higher Ed | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Jill Miller's insight:

Straumsheim (2014) indicates that research reveals faculty, who are primarily responsible for selecting their own course materials, are not aware of OER options. Those who are aware, says Straumsheim, do not believe there is a significant difference in quality between OER and commercial textbooks. Disturbingly, he notes that faculty do not necessarily recognize or consider students' struggles with paying for commercial textbooks.

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Dear #edtech: Thoughts on Digital Equity - YouTube

Ed.D. candidate Justin Reich discusses his HGSE research with the #edtech community.
Jill Miller's insight:

Not a direct re-scoop, but a scoop by Beth Dichter led to my discovery of this YouTube video by then-doctoral candidate Justin Reich (2011). Reich discusses his concerns that OER may actually increase inequity between the "haves" and "have-nots" in a K-12 setting. This has an impact on the preparedness and advantages of college students who come from schools where OER are used to their best advantage versus schools where the full capacity of OER cannot be utilized. 

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Three legitimate reasons why faculty aren't using OER - eCampus News

Three legitimate reasons why faculty aren't using OER - eCampus News | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it

"Issues of definition, copyright, and ease of use are stalling faculty's widespread adoption ..."

©


Via Leona Ungerer
Jill Miller's insight:

Re-scooped from Leona Ungerer. Meris Stansbury (2015) reports in this brief article on the reasons faculty don't use OER. Many claim they are unaware of what OER are, and if they do know what OER are, they don't have time or the resources to find them.

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Faculty attitudes towards and experiences with OER & Open Textbooks

by Christina Hendricks Department of Philosophy Jessie A. Key Department of Chemistry Rajiv Jhangiani Department of Psychology
Jill Miller's insight:

Hendricks, Key, Jhangiani, and Pitt present the viewpoint of faculty on OER. They note that finding OER in general, and finding high quality OER more specifically, are key challenges. Also noted is the lack of public sharing of OER among faculty.

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Open Education | SPARC

Open Education | SPARC | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Jill Miller's insight:

SPARC promotes the use of OER to ensure that the research needs of scholars and students are met in a sustainable way. The page provides an overview of OER and why they are important, and gives links to other resources. The community is active and resource and knowledge sharing occurs regularly.

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2015-nmc-horizon-report-HE-EN.pdf#page=18

Jill Miller's insight:

The annual NMC Horizon Report for higher education is a well-respected source of information for institutions on emerging trends in technology that are impacting, or will impact, higher ed. Pages 14-15 of the 2015 report note that OER will be a driving force behind the adoption of educational technology in higher ed over the next several years. Includes links to other sources on the topic of OER.

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A multi-institutional study of the impact of open textbook adoption on the learning outcomes of post-secondary students - Online First - Springer

A multi-institutional study of the impact of open textbook adoption on the learning outcomes of post-secondary students - Online First - Springer | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Jill Miller's insight:

The article discusses research completed through a grant by faculty at Brigham Young University. Study looked at students at various community colleges and universities, and found that students whose faculty used OER rather than commercial textbooks were more likely to complete the associated course, were likely to complete with higher grades, and enrolled in more credit hours in the following semester. 

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A Framework for improving the effectiveness of the Openness in OER Re…

From OER to Open OER Data Edmundo Tovar Caro (presenter)! Universidad Politécnica de Madrid! Nelson Piedra, Janneth Chicaiza, Jorge López! Universidad Técni…
Jill Miller's insight:

Authors Pedra, Chicaiza, Lopez, and Caro present a framework for enhancing the openness of OER. They note that sustainable open education requires a "global-scale interoperable and integrated approach system" to OER. They recommend the following for making OER truly open: the inclusion of complete metadata to enhance usability and findability; a description of "how the digital resource was created [and] how it can be used, modified or adapted;" the use of open formats that facilitate re-use, remixing, and finding; licensing that places no restrictions on use; persistent accessibility.

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The Exhibit Hall -- content from our advertisers | The Case for Open Educational Resources and Open Policies | Inside Higher Ed

The Exhibit Hall -- content from our advertisers | The Case for Open Educational Resources and Open Policies | Inside Higher Ed | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Jill Miller's insight:

In a recorded webinar from April 28, 2015, Cable Green from Creative Commons discusses the unsustainability of a higher education model that relies on students purchasing textbooks. The fact is that students are not buying books, and the cost of textbooks therefore has a direct impact on their success in classes, whether they drop or withdraw, or even register for classes in the first place. Green discusses Creative Commons licensing and OER solutions for the college classroom. 

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Open educational resources and the higher education environment

Jill Miller's insight:

In this article, librarians Jensen and West (2015) argue that librarians in higher education can play an important role in helping faculty interested in using OER to find quality resources, learn about copyright and licensing, and advocate for OER use in their institutions. 

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Case Studies | OER Case Studies

Case Studies | OER Case Studies | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it
Jill Miller's insight:

This report by The State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA) looks at OER use in three states, New York, Washington, and Utah, in K-12 settings. They determine that increasing use of OER reflects a desire to provide "more diversified and personalized instruction to improve teaching and learning." This is relevant to OER use in higher education as students entering college will increasingly expect such diversified learning experiences through variety in course materials. I discovered the source through a scoop by Tom D'Amico.

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'Open Educational Resources' Promoted in U.S. Senate Proposal | Michelle Davis & Sean Cavanagh | EdWeek.org

'Open Educational Resources' Promoted in U.S. Senate Proposal | Michelle Davis & Sean Cavanagh | EdWeek.org | Open Educational Resources in Higher Education | Scoop.it

Via Chuck Sherwood, Senior Associate, TeleDimensions, Inc
Jill Miller's insight:

Re-scooped from Chuck Sherwood. This article by Davis & Cavanaugh (2015, May 19) discusses a U.S. Senate proposal that would promote the use of OER in schools. While this is, in itself, of interest, the section on publishers' reaction to OER is particularly interesting. They note that "commercial publishers sometimes cast doubt on the quality and value of open resources" (Davis & Cavanaugh, 2015). Publishers would have a decided interest in fighting the use of OER, which are (by definition) freely available.

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Rebecca Wilkins's curator insight, July 31, 2015 9:31 AM

Lawmakers recommend using open educational resources instead of purchasing pricy textbooks to support student learning.  For this to occur, we need a huge professional development initiative on how to be prudent consumers of the resources.  Otherwise we are in danger of having another Pintrest system with some great ideas and some tips to abandon.

KaylaHeinlein's curator insight, October 25, 2015 10:50 AM

Open education resources could benefit many students.  This would be a great way to support our students in and out of the classroom. 

Alison Wiebenga's curator insight, October 25, 2015 12:47 PM

What an interesting concept.  I can only imagine the impact that this could have on k12 education.  If we could really make open educational resources a reality we would no longer be limited financially when it comes to providing educational resources.  No more worries about being able to afford this text, or coming up with differentiated resources to meet the needs of students.  Definitely something to keep an eye on.  Now, only if they could make it work in the college textbook industry as well.

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Opening_the_Curriculum_infographic.pdf

Jill Miller's insight:

Infographic by Pearson, based on report by Babson Survey Research Group (2014). The infographic faculty awareness of OER, selection criteria used by faculty for choosing course materials, what OER faculty are using, and what deterrents to using OER exist.  

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oerrh-evidence-report-2014.pdf

Jill Miller's insight:

I discovered the source indirectly from a scoop by Dr. Susan Bainbridge. The OER Evidence Report 2013-2014 surveys educators and students to test various hypotheses--including impact on student performance, access to education, and retention--about the use of OER. Findings are mixed, with some limited evidence of success (OER stimulate student curiosity about subjects, and prompt educators to reflect on their practice and incorporate different types of educational material into their courses). Overall, there is a general sense that much more research is needed.

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What Are the Impacts of Adopting OER?

Jill Miller's insight:

Use the OER Adoption Impact Explorer to see how students may benefit from the use of OER in place of commercial textbooks. This is an engaging visual tool that can help users better visualize impacts of OER. The tool comes from primarily from research conducted by the Open Education Group. I discovered this source through a scoop by Ana Cristina Pratas.

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eli7061.pdf

Jill Miller's insight:

EDUCAUSE is a widely respected source in higher ed. This brief article provides numerous pros (prompting innovation, promoting collaboration, etc.) and cons (cost to create, lack of quality, currency, and accessibility, etc.) of OER use.

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OER and Solving the Textbook Cost Crisis (LCC OER Summit 9/18/15)

@txtbks | sparc.arl.org textbook cost crisis Nicole Allen (nicole@sparc.arl.org) Director of Open Education, SPARC Lansing Community College OER Summit | 9/18/…
Jill Miller's insight:

Allen, Director of Open Education at SPARC, advocates for the use of OER (specifically textbooks) in college courses to benefit students, who increasingly cannot afford, and therefore do not buy or learn from, commercial textbooks.

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Student-created OERs | The Open Education Consortium

Jill Miller's insight:

An FAQ that answers students' questions pertaining to encouraging faculty and administrators to use OER, and more interestingly, gives students interested in creating OER some advice on how to get started.

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213605e.pdf

Jill Miller's insight:

A document published by UNESCO and Commonwealth of Learning that creates guidelines for governments, higher ed institutions, academic staff, student bodies, and accrediting bodies for successfully adopting and using OER. Document developed "with stakeholders in all regions of the world," and with consideration for the connectivity and access issues of developing countries.

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