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A qui appartient le savoir ? [Le Monde]

A qui appartient le savoir ? [Le Monde] | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it

L'embargo est levé: l'article publié samedi dans Le Monde, et qui fait allusion au rôle de pionnier de l'ULg, est maintenant lisible en texte intégral sur le net.

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Bernard Rentier's comment, March 8, 2013 5:07 AM
Lire aussi: le blog du journaliste David Larousserie, auteur de l'article du Monde.
Bernard Rentier's comment, March 8, 2013 5:08 AM
http://alasource.blog.lemonde.fr/2013/03/01/a-qui-appartient-le-savoir-la-version-longue/
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Textbooks Cost a Lot. Here's Why.

Textbooks Cost a Lot. Here's Why. | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
It's a pretty common thread that textbook prices are too high. At a time when student debt is higher than ever, it's crazy that we're charging students so much for textbooks. In a traditional market, two factors exert control over prices :1) First, competition: if someone else enters the market, and offers the same product for less, it forces everyone's prices down.2) Second, consumers: if the price of a good is too high, consumers won't buy it, forcing prices down.In the textbook market, neither of those protections exist.Just 5 publishers control more than 80% of the market, meaning they can effectively lock out any competitors that try to undercut them.In the same vein, there's no consumer choice because the person who shells out the money (the student), isn't the one that actually chooses the product (the professor).
Bernard Rentier's insight:
The principle is exactly the same for scientific publications. Just replace two words : the person who shells out the money (the university), isn't the one that actually chooses the product (the scholar).
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Open data and Earth observations: the case of opening up access to and use of Earth observation data through the Global Earth Observation System of Systems - JRC Science Hub - European Commission

Open data and Earth observations: the case of opening up access to and use of Earth observation data through the Global Earth Observation System of Systems - JRC Science Hub
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Who gets the credit ? A story of guests and ghosts among authors of scholarly papers

Who gets the credit ? A story of guests and ghosts among authors of scholarly papers | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
If you are reading a research paper, and scan the authors (in some disciplines, an increasingly long list), do you know who played a meaningful role in the work?
Bernard Rentier's insight:
In 2015, amazingly, researchers are still evaluated by the number of papers they author or co-author and/or by the "prestige" of the journal in which their papers are published.The perverse effect of this obsolete methodology is :1. An excess of redundant and/or useless papers;2. "Guest" co-authors who get undeserved credit;3. "Ghost" co-authors left aside in spite of their contribution.It is amazing that, in a community claiming its supremacy in scientific rigor, such a flawed assessment paradigm still prevails...
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The next web

The next web | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it

20 years ago, Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web. For his next project, he's building a web for open, linked data that could do for numbers what the Web did for words, pictures, video: unlock our data and reframe the way we use it together.

Bernard Rentier's insight:

An inspiring talk by Tim Berners-Lee (Doctor honoris causa, University of Liège, 2009), inventor of the www (still not a Nobel laureate, surprisingly !).Think of how much influence this man has had on mankind's daily lives, how much influence he will have on each of us with the 'next' web and how fortunate we all are that, by allowing his invention to be used freely, he actually fathered everything bearing the name "OPEN" !!!

(see http://www.anobelcampaign.org/tim-berners-lee)

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Stop shielding early-career researchers from open access – limiting wider involvement won't change a broken system.

Stop shielding early-career researchers from open access – limiting wider involvement won't change a broken system. | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
The competitive nature of scholarship and the precariousness of academic employment is what currently hinders early-career researchers, not open access publishing. Rather than warning researchers o...
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Jacques Attali et l'inéluctable tsunami de l'uberisation

Jacques Attali et l'inéluctable tsunami de l'uberisation | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Ce n'est pas lui faire injure que de rappeler que l'économiste et essayiste Jacques Attali n'est sans doute pas très doué pour les prévisions... En revanche, il reste un remarquable analyste de nos sociétés.
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Ce qu'Uber fait avec les taxis, Netflix avec les chaînes de télévision. Booking.com avec les hôtels, Amazon avec les libraires, Blablacar avec les sociétés de chemins de fer, quelqu'un va le faire tôt ou tard avec les publications scientifiques. Aucun business model n'a jamais résisté aux avancées technologiques...
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Alessandro Vespignani: open data is key to preserve nature of science

Alessandro Vespignani: open data is key to preserve nature of science | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it

Big data changes the way we do science and replicate it

Physicist Alessandro Vespignani is one of the main experts in networks and statistical and numerical simulations. An Italian scientist, he is currently working at the College of Computer and Information Sciences at Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. In this EuroScientist podcast interview, he shares his views on the need to re-think the concepts of replicability and reproducibility. (...) - Euroscientist, by Luca Tancredi Barone, 29 April 2015


Via Tree of Science
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Tree of Science's curator insight, August 8, 2:58 PM

While the #bigdata revolution is ongoing, there are new challenges in data reproducibility  #openscience #openresearch #opendata

Arnold Haine's curator insight, August 9, 11:56 AM

While the #bigdata revolution is ongoing, there are new challenges in data reproducibility  #openscience #openresearch #opendata

Nicolas Pettiaux's curator insight, August 12, 5:12 AM

One of the key aspect of science is reproducibility. For me that is "if some affirmation said to be science cannot be claimed, based on an independent study, by another team/person, there is NO scientific process taking place. Hence reproducibility is impossible". In order to allows for reproducibility, there are some necessary conditions : the full process must be described, the data must be accessible too. Either by independent production if possible, or by giving full access to the data first analyzed. And the software used must be fully accessible too, because it contains the details of the process, if any software is used. And we all know that the devil hides in the details.


Alessandro Vespignani, rightfully says "the (scientific) validation happens when you have different teams that work at the same time on the same set of data to recover results.” Hence, the data must often, at least if their production or storage is difficult or expensive, be open if not libre (in the sense of libre access)

 In short, in many (most ?) cases, in 2015, in order to do science, the description of the results (= the paper), the data, the software and the comments by the community must all be open and sharable without barrier. Cost is one such barrier.
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OERPC Calls on White House for Executive Action on Open Licensing of Federally Funded Educational Resources

Washington, D.C. — Today, New America's Education Policy Program, along with a broad coalition of education, library, technology, public interest, ...
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Open and Shut?: Emerald Group Publishing tests ZEN, increases prices: what does it mean?

Open and Shut?: Emerald Group Publishing tests ZEN, increases prices: what does it mean? | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Never hope for a move that will reduce profit. It is unrealistic and it would be foolish for profit-based companies. Financial relief is to be sought neither through negotiation nor through moral pressure.The solution lies with a complete paradigm shift: open publishing, open reviewing, open reading, the only way to get back to the basics of fast and efficient communication, the cornerstone of scientific research.
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oasisbr : the Brazilian portal of scientific publications in Open Access

oasisbr : the Brazilian portal of scientific publications in Open Access | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it

Close to 1 million documents in OA.

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Dutch universities and Elsevier fail to reach consensus

Dutch universities and Elsevier fail to reach consensus | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
VSNU called upon academics to play a vital role in breaking deadlock. Recently, scholars and several research libraries have rolled out a petition to boycott Elsevier, the biggest scholarly materia...
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Perhaps the first significant nationwide resistance movement by universities. Hopefully a start, to be followed elsewhere... everywhere.
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Matinée d'échanges Open Access à l'Université de Lyon - Vidéo

Matinée d'échanges Open Access à l'Université de Lyon - Vidéo | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Vidéos des interventions: P Wirtz, JP Finance, B Rentier, K Bouabdallah.
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L'ULg veut objectiver l'appréciation qu'ont ses chercheurs d'ORBi, le répertoire de leurs publications

L'ULg veut objectiver l'appréciation qu'ont ses chercheurs d'ORBi, le répertoire de leurs publications | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Que vous en soyez irrité ou comblé, ou que votre avis soit plus nuancé, chercheurs de l'ULg, voici le moment de donner votre avis sur un outil qui, aujourd'hui, contribue largement à la réputation de votre université partout dans le monde. Il est important pour l'équipe d'ORBi de pouvoir objectiver le degré de satisfaction des utilisateurs.Pour moi qui suis fréquemment invité à expliquer dans d'autres universités la politique que j'ai mise en place en 2007 (Conseil d'administration de mai) et qui a permis de lancer ORBi en novembre 2008, cette objectivation est donc essentielle. Ma conviction est que l'outil est apprécié pour diverses raisons et surtout pour l'élargissement du lectorat qu'il provoque, donc pour l'accroissement de votre notoriété. J'aime croire que si une politique 'musclée' fut indispensable au départ, elle est devenue secondaire aujourd'hui, le principal incitant étant le bénéfice qu'en retire le chercheur et la conscience qu'il/elle en a.
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Going beyond the published article: how Open Access is just a start

Going beyond the published article: how Open Access is just a start | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Alex Holcombe agues that if academics learn how to code and post their code, replication can become routine instead of a heroic painstaking effort. The post is especially timely following the publi...
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Center for Open Science’s Reproducibility Project Finds Many Studies Not Replicable

Center for Open Science’s Reproducibility Project Finds Many Studies Not Replicable | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
A four-year study published in Science Magazine yesterday, August 27, 2015, found that fewer than half of 100 published findings of three prominent psychology journals were reproducible.
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Large-Scale Peer-Review Fraud Leads To Retraction Of 64 Scientific Papers

Large-Scale Peer-Review Fraud Leads To Retraction Of 64 Scientific Papers | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Techdirt has written numerous articles about an important move in academic publishing towards open access. By shifting the funding of production costs from the readers to the researchers' institutions it is possible to provide free online...
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3 Ways Open Data Can Help Forests

3 Ways Open Data Can Help Forests | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
This article originally appeared on Insights, World Resources Institute.
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Open and Shut?: Open peer review at Collabra: Q&A with UC Press Director Alison Mudditt

"Our hope is that a more open system will improve the integrity of the peer review process, but the reality is that any system will be subject to the biases of human nature—we just think that this is more likely to be surfaced through greater transparency."

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Oxford University prepares for ‘Act on Acceptance’

Oxford University prepares for ‘Act on Acceptance’ | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Bernard Rentier's insight:

Oxford U. is adapting its Green OA repository policy for a more efficient access, immediately (3 months max) after acceptance.

See comments here : http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/pipermail/goal/2015-August/003513.html

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Is pre-publication peer review obsolete ?

Is pre-publication peer review obsolete ? | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
“Peer review is supposed to be the quality assurance system for science, weeding out the scientifically unreliable and reassuring readers of journals that they can trust what they are reading. In reality, however, it is ineffective, largely a lottery, anti-innovatory, slow, expensive, wasteful of scientific time, inefficient, easily abused, prone to bias, unable to detect fraud" (former British Medical Journal editor Richard Smith) and irrelevant.”
Bernard Rentier's insight:
One of the greatest taboos in science : who will dare to say that the old anonymous pre-publication peer reviewing has simply failed to evolve in harmony with both the growth of research production and the emergence of ICT technologies ?
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Motion to repudiate Mr. Jeffrey Beall’s classist attack on SciELO | SciELO in Perspective

Motion to repudiate Mr. Jeffrey Beall’s classist attack on SciELO | SciELO in Perspective | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
By the Brazilian Forum of Public Health Journals Editors and the Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva (Abrasco, Brazilian Public Health Association) Jeffrey Beall, an American librarian who gained notoriety publishing a list of open access...
Bernard Rentier's insight:
At first praised by the OA Community for providing his famous list of predatory OA publishers, Jeffrey Beall soon revealed that he was on the side of the big publishing finance and showed a virulent anti-OA posture. Actually, his recent diatribe on SciELO = favelas (and his contempt of the people living there) demonstrates that his conservatism is not confined to scientific publication but extends to a very prejudiced and narrow-minded Yankee vision of the World.I support warmly the Pro-SciELO motion.
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Bernard Pochet, PhD's curator insight, August 4, 4:41 AM

At first praised by the OA Community for providing his famous list of predatory OA publishers, Jeffrey Beall soon revealed that he was on the side of the big publishing finance and showed a virulent anti-OA posture. Actually, his recent diatribe on SciELO = favelas (and his contempt of the people living there) demonstrates that his conservatism is not confined to scientific publication but extends to a very prejudiced and narrow-minded Yankee vision of the World.I support warmly the Pro-SciELO motion.

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Greece's Universities Lose Access to Digital Journals Due to Non-Payment

Greece's Universities Lose Access to Digital Journals Due to Non-Payment | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Since crisis-hit Greece can't pay the academic subscription for its educational institutions, Greek students and scientists won't have access to digital

Via Florence Piron
Bernard Rentier's insight:

Of course, this concerns only the profit-based digital publishing. Fortunately, as long as they can run their computers and surf on the Internet, Greek researchers will continue to have full access to all the scholarly literature available in repositories on the Web. 

A clear demonstration that wherever an article is published, it is essential that it is made available in an open access repository if publicly funded research is not to be concealed behind a third party paywall...

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Edition Scientifique - Inra Sad's curator insight, July 21, 3:51 AM

Effet collatéral de la crise en Grèce... Mais il y a sûrement d'autres universités ailleurs qui n'ont pas ou plus les moyens d'accéder aux abonnements hors de prix imposés par les grands éditeurs.

Un argument de plus pour le libre-accès !

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The case against the journal article: The age of publisher authority is going, going, gone — and we’ll be just fine.

The case against the journal article: The age of publisher authority is going, going, gone — and we’ll be just fine. | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Heidi Laine evaluates the often unsubstantiated claim that the journal article is central to the research communication process. Is a formal article really such a law of nature? She argues that the...
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Exactly what I believe... The old journal article is bound to disappear. Whether we admit it or not.
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Access to the Internet, open science and open access as necessities for sustainable development

An open letter to the Sustainable Development team at the United Nations.
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ist IRD's curator insight, July 13, 9:20 AM

"Pour tous ceux et celles qui s'intéressent à la recherche scientifique et à l'enseignement supérieur dans les pays du Sud, notamment en Afrique francophone, l'adoption prochaine par l'ONU des Objectifs de développement durable mérite attention. Ce processus pourrait en effet être l'occasion d'y inclure l'importance de l'accès à Internet, de la science ouverte et du libre accès pour le développement durable.

Si ces questions sont importantes pour vous, nous vous invitons à signer cette lettre ouverte qui sera envoyée sous peu à l'équipe du développement durable de l'ONU et peut-être parrainée par un président (négociation en cours)."

Florence Piron

Association science et bien commun

Projet SOHA (Science ouverte en Haïti et en Afrique francophone)

http://projetsoha.org

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‘Fraudulent’ peer review strikes another academic publisher; 32 articles questioned

‘Fraudulent’ peer review strikes another academic publisher; 32 articles questioned | Open Access to Scholarly Publishing | Scoop.it
Hindawi is just the latest in a string of journals to uncover fake reviewers.
Bernard Rentier's insight:
In these times of massive scientific production, of huge publication overload and emerging communication technologies, the much revered 'peer review' dogma is showing its limits.On top of the overpricing problem, it is becoming an additional difficulty in the growing debate on the evolution of scientific communication: the whole process of performing research, sharing results and evaluating researchers must be (and will be, whether we like it or not and whether we control it or not) reconsidered altogether.
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