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Un nouveau membre dans la famille de l’Open Access [MyScienceNews]

Un nouveau membre dans la famille de l’Open Access [MyScienceNews] | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it

Nous avons assisté cette semaine à la naissance d’un nouveau membre dans la famille de l’Open Access.

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Elsevier is patenting Online Peer Review !

Elsevier is patenting Online Peer Review ! | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
The giant journal company said it was merely protecting its own proprietary system. But a wave of critics on social media said they were suspicious of its motives.
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Peer review was invented long ago by peer scientists. It was a way to discuss among themselves the content of articles before publishing them more widely and in a more definitive form.When the scientific community decided to abandon the peer reviewing management to the publishers, supposedly for more impartiality (!), it turned into a selection procedure and sometimes a power game.Open Science today is getting back to the original principle of discussing content before publication, by making manuscripts accessible on-line on preprint platforms (arXiv, BioArXiv, SocArXiv). Let's make sure that no patent is ever going to interfere with this healthy return to the roots.
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Stupid Patent Of The Month: Elsevier Patents Online Peer Review | Techdirt

Stupid Patent Of The Month: Elsevier Patents Online Peer Review | Techdirt | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it

On August 30, 2016, the Patent Office issued U.S. Patent No. 9,430,468, titled; "Online peer review and method." The owner of this patent is none other than Elsevier, the giant academic publisher. If you can't control the content anymore, then assert control over the infrastructures of scholarly publishing itself.


Elsevier's business model has been compared to a restaurant where the customers bring the ingredients, do all the cooking, and then get hit with a $10,000 bill.

Bernard Rentier's insight:

Now they're patenting the methodology scientists have invented in the first place ! Talk about having guts !!

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Large citation advantage for Open Access articles.

Data on the average of relative citations for 3.3 million papers published from 2007 to 2009 and indexed in the Web of Science show a decidedly large citation advantage for open access papers, despite them suffering from a lag in availability compared to paywalled papers.
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Sciences humaines et sociales ouvertes. L'instrument de DIME-SHS : la banque d'enquêtes qualitatives

Sciences humaines et sociales ouvertes. L'instrument de DIME-SHS : la banque d'enquêtes qualitatives | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
 
 

La banque d’enquêtes qualitatives en sciences humaines et sociales (beQuali) fait partie de l'équipement d'excellence DIME-SHS (Données, Infrastructures, Méthodes en SHS). Elle est développée au Centre de données socio-politiques (CDSP, UMS 828 Sciences Po - CNRS).

BeQuali propose, sous réserve d’autorisation, un accès à des matériaux d’enquêtes qualitatives et à une documentation restituant le contexte de leur production. Ses principaux enjeux sont les suivants :

  • patrimoniaux, en participant, aux côtés de plusieurs acteurs comme HumaNum, PROGEDO, le CINES..., à la dynamique de conservation des données de la recherche en France ; 
  • pédagogiques, en montrant la diversité des démarches menées à partir de méthodes qualitatives (observations, entretiens, focus groups…) et en mettant des ressources à disposition des enseignants et des étudiants dans le cadre de la formation à la recherche ;
  • scientifiques, en permettant aux chercheurs de produire de nouvelles recherches ou d'enrichir l'histoire des sciences et des méthodes à partir des données disponibles sur ce site.

Via Florence Piron
Bernard Rentier's insight:

Presqu'ouvertes: il reste l'étape d'une demande d'autorisation. Si celle-ci peut se comprendre, elle implique l'eventualité d''un refus. Tout dépend donc des critères de décision déterminant l'octroi de cette autorisation.

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Want to Change Academic Publishing? Just Say No

Want to Change Academic Publishing? Just Say No | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
Companies shouldn't make millions from the free labor of professors.
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Here is an aspect of the scientific publishing scandal much too often forgotten. Flattered of being solicited to evaluate the work of their “peers”, scientists offer their expertise for free to publishing houses who keep all the (often substantial) profit. Blame the scientists themselves who claim they are serving science while they are satisfying their ego and taking advantage of having an early access to the work of their competitors.If, as publishers keep telling us, all work deserves remuneration, they seem to make an exception for the peer review, which should be rewarded. But it it time also to think about a reform of the peer review taboo system which should become open and no longer anonymous.
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Tweet from @ICTscienceEU

Tweet from @ICTscienceEU | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Nice concept we all believe in. But how do we make sure that FAIR OA remains fair ? How do we prevent the "prestige factor" from pushing APCs upward ? How do we avoid "expensive" equating "excellent" ? Only by revolutionizing our evaluation habits and getting rid of assessments based upon journal (or publisher) prestige.
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There’s a reason why we complain

There’s a reason why we complain | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
Elsevier takes puzzling actions on the SSRN.
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Elsevier has acquired SSRN, an open publishing platform in social sciences, promising to keep it safe. Now authors see their papers disappear from the site without notice.Scholars and academics are recommending to boycott the unsafe SSRN and to shift to a new pre-print archive : SocArXiv.
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Patenting By Universities Unhelpful, Paper Says.

Patenting By Universities Unhelpful, Paper Says. | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
“Some developments in intellectual property, notably in the field of patent law, have led to the appropriation of scientific knowledge that by its very nature should remain in the public domain, thereby jeopardizing its dissemination and further use.”
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Adding academic value to open source software through open access publishing

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France: The final text of the law for OA has been adopted 

France: The final text of the law for OA has been adopted  - Richard Poynder - Google+
Bernard Rentier's insight:
An interesting step forward...It give the authors, in France, the right to make their papers available on line (green OA).Unfortunately, it says: "his author HAS THE RIGHT to provide [...] a free availability in an open format"."Has the right" is still far from "Must"...Only those already convinced will use this right. My guess is that 5-15% will use it. We'll see.
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Hillary Clinton and the Blockchain

Hillary Clinton and the Blockchain | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
How Secretary Clinton’s unexpected support of “public service blockchain applications” could positively impact Americans.
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Inscrire la laïcité dans la Constitution belge ?, un ouvrage d'Hervé Hasquin

Inscrire la laïcité dans la Constitution belge ?, un ouvrage d'Hervé Hasquin | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
Bernard Rentier's insight:

Pourquoi la réponse ne peut être que non...

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Coupling Pre-Prints and Post-Publication Peer Review for Fast, Cheap, Fair, and Effective Science Publishing | ASAPbio

The current publication system predates the Internet by several hundred years, has changed little over centuries, and has largely failed to take advantage of new technologies enabled by the Internet.

Pre-prints in biomedicine requires a new reviewing system.

Universal publication of pre-prints and post-publication peer review are inseparable steps that would dramatically improve the way scientists communicate their ideas and discoveries. It requires standards, and calls for the creation of an “International Peer Review Standards Organization”.

Bernard Rentier's insight:

A Feb 2016 proposal that we should not overlook...

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Legal confusion threatens to slow data science

Researcher who spent months chasing permission to republish online data sets urges others to read up on the law.
Bernard Rentier's insight:
“Science is becoming more and more dependent on reusing data”.
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Now, which way for Open Social Sience ?

It is hoped that SocArXiv will disrupt the traditional system, and help to eventually supplant it.

However, the research community faces three significant challenges:

1) it will be necessary to reallocate money to fund new non-profit open access initiatives and not the so-called journal “flipping” strategy from subscription journals to an expensive OA model.

2) it will require additional funding to build the necessary alternative infrastructure.  

3) universities do not co-operate very well, particularly in the neoliberal environment they now have to exist in.

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When Open Data proves extremely helpful for Social Sciences

This massive, open-access database will answer your questions about human cultures
Bernard Rentier's insight:
Open Data has long been considered an STM issue. It is also useful for HSS.
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Social Science Research Network (SSRN) denial

Bernard Rentier's insight:
See my previous scoop.it post: according to SSRN officials, articles have been removed only mistakenly from the repository... Tough luck !
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Fact vs Fiction : Green Open Access

Fact vs Fiction : Green Open Access | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
Source: Rentier, B. "Open Science: a Revolution in Sight?" (2016) Interlending and Document Supply (ILDS), in press. Already available in "ORBi", the ULg Institutional Repository, by courtesy of Emerald Group Publishing Ltd which supports Green OA for publications in ILDS.
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The ‘gold route’ to Open Science – scilog

The ‘gold route’ to Open Science – scilog | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
"I have been surprised to discover that early career researchers seem to be more digitally engaged and willing to experiment with online publishing formats, even though they have much less security than their senior colleagues since they are entering the job market at a very difficult and competitive time. So, in a sense, they often don’t have the luxury of being able to submit their work to be published in new ventures and are obliged to stick with well-known, “traditional” journals to give themselves the best chance of landing a job, or achieving tenure. But, despite this stark fact of job insecurity, younger scholars are nevertheless clearly interested in publishing their work open access and trying out the digital innovations that it can offer. They have also quickly realised how citations become multiplied when you publish online, which can really help a younger scholar’s career in its early stages."
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Growth of Fully OA Journals Using a CC-BY License in 2015 [OASPA]

Growth of Fully OA Journals Using a CC-BY License in 2015 [OASPA] | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
OASPA Members Show Further Growth of Fully OA Journals Using a CC-BY License in 2015 Data - OATP - Google+
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Thomson Reuters Announces Definitive Agreement to Sell its Intellectual Property & Science Business

Thomson Reuters today announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement to sell its Intellectual Property & Science business to Onex Corporation and Baring Private Equity Asia for $3.55 billion in cash
Bernard Rentier's insight:

Are we talking scientific communication or big finance ?

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Elsevier: now the world’s largest open access publisher

Elsevier: now the world’s largest open access publisher | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
Elsevier: the world’s largest open access publisher as of May 2016 ** draft ** by Heather Morrison Summary Elsevier is now the world’s largest open access publisher as measured by the number of fully open access journals published.
Bernard Rentier's insight:
My prognostic 3 years ago was right on the spot when I was suspecting that the publisher's surprising and unexpected support of OA was motivated by a calculation that flipping from "reader pays" to "author pays" could possibly generate the same profit margin.
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Beat it, impact factor! Publishing elite turns against controversial metric

Beat it, impact factor! Publishing elite turns against controversial metric | Open-Up Public Science! | Scoop.it
Senior staff at Nature, Science and other journals want to end inappropriate use of the measure.
Bernard Rentier's insight:
It's about time...!The impact factor, surely an interesting measurement of the impact of a journal, is an unacceptable indicator of the impact of an article, of a researcher, of a research team, of a department or of a university.Academic evaluators should be ashamed to use such a poorly relevant criterion for assessment.
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