"The character of the international research environment as an increasingly open and interoperating system is becoming more apparent. Funders are increasing their accountability requirements. An entirely new array of approaches, systems, metrics and standards for measuring research productivity and impact based on open content and metadata has emerged. The growth of the field of computational bibliometrics is being driven by social and political forces that do not appear to have reached a plateau. The large commercial publishers are aggressively marketing their research assessment products to universities and other research organizations."