One of the Secret of Life is to Make Steeping Stones out of Stumble Blocks
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# The Histogram: Maximising Your Image Quality | MyPhotoSchool

Most people think the digital cameras histogram only shows you your exposure. Few realize that it can also tell you a lot about image quality. Some of you may have heard the saying: “Exposing to the right“ But what does it really mean? If I told you that the histogram was a graphical representation of your digital cameras sensor and the distribution of tones in an image you would probably reply ………“Well So What!” But if I told you you that, by understanding how it works, you could possibly increase the image quality of your

picture by another 10-20% then that might surprize you! Digital cameras can’t see as well as the human eye. Where you and I can see up to 16 stops of light and shade,Black & White film can see around 11 stops (see diag. below), but the digital cameras censor, (like slide film) can only see around 5 stops. Even if this number increases as technology advances, the theory behind how to expose an image, based on the histogram is still sound. What you must first understand is, the histogram is divided up into five bands of equal width. So you could suggest that each band represents one stop of dynamic range. If these bands all recorded the same amount of information, then life might be a lot simpler, but they don’t! Instead 50% of the tonal values are recoded in the brightest stop of the histogram. (zone VII on our diagram) half as many in the second stop and so on. With most digital cameras recording RAW images in 12 bit, this gives us 4096 potential tonal values in an image. If 50% are in the brightest stop, that = 2048 tonal values. In Zone VI the are 1024, Zone V = 512 Zone IV = 256 and Zone III only 128......

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# One of the Secret of Life is to Make Steeping Stones out of Stumble Blocks

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## Updating the Folder Location in Lightroom « Julieanne Kost's Blog

Indepth tutorials, training, techniques and shortcuts for working with Adobe Photoshop and Lightroom.

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## Video Coaching erstellen – Die richtige Screencapture Software macht es einfacher [Teil 3]

Ich muss zugeben, dass ich mich zu diesem Artikel über die richtige Screencapture Software sehr schwergetan habe. Der Grund ist sehr einfach zu erklären. Camtasia ist für mich die beste Software zum Erstellen eines Videos Coachings. Natürlich möchte ich dir aber auch die anderen Programme vorstellen. Wer ein professionelles Video Coaching erstellen möchte, wird am [...]

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## VIP Online Coaching › Womit kann man Geld verdienen?

Ich habe bewusst das Thema Womit kann man Geld verdienen als erstes für meinen kostenlosen Online Coaching Kurs gewählt. Du solltest dir ...

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## Google's New Nexus Devices; Windows Phone 8 Unveiled; Apple Drops Execs - PC Magazine

Google's New Nexus Devices; Windows Phone 8 Unveiled; Apple Drops ExecsPC MagazineAfter cancelling its much-hyped Manhattan press event due to the hurricane, Google took the lid off three new Nexus devices - one smartphone and two tablets.

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## Capture One Fujifilm X-Trans Raw support tested | Digital Photography Review

Capture One v7.0.2, the latest version of Phase One's image management and Raw conversion software, includes support for Fujifilm's X-Trans cameras. Given the trouble this non-Bayer design has caused for third-party Raw converters (it remains to be seen how many will ever offer support), this has caused a lot of excitement in the Fujifilm community. So, just how well does Capture One do, and how significant is the problem , in the first place? To provide some context, the vast majority of digital cameras ever made perceive color using what's known as a Bayer Color Filter Array, named after the late Kodak engineer Bryce Bayer. For its recent cameras, Fujifilm has developed its own color filter array pattern, which it calls X-Trans. The idea behind X-Trans is that its pattern repeats less often than the Bayer pattern, rendering redundant the low-pass filter that usually protects against moiré. The disadvantage of creating a non-standard color filter array (especially one that took two years to develop the demosaicing algorithm for), is that third-party software makers have to do a lot more work to provide Raw support....

"As you can see, Capture One's color response is much closer to the camera's results than Adobe's default profile. The default results are also substantially more sharpened than the JPEGs are. In comparison with the camera JPEGs, there are hints of the same brushstroke effect that Adobe Camera Raw produces, though not to the same degree and mitigated, perhaps, by the better color response."

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## A city at sleep | George Greenlee

Cork city, at 5am. Irelands second largest city. A ghost town, I walked for over 30 mins before meeting another person. Patrick Street was empty, there wasn’t  even a bus at the station. But slowly the workers arrive, and the deliveries start.

All shots Fuji Film X-Pro1, 18mm,  ISO3200, Handled at speeds 1/13-1/250th

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## Fujifilm XF 18-55mm F2.8-4 R LM OIS Lens Review | Patrick Leong

When Fuji announced that they were coming out with the X-Pro1, it got many photographers out there excited because finally, there was a digital camera that reminded them of how cameras use to be built.  The Leica M digitals evoke the same feelings but they also cost a lot more.  The X-Pro1 was a camera that really allowed photographers to take an active role in the photographic process instead of letting the camera do everything for them but for several times less than something like an M9.  Furthermore, the X-Pro1 had many of the same attributes of a traditional rangefinder even though it was in the mirrorless class.  Many thought that just like a traditional rangefinder, only fixed focal length lenses could be used.  Then Fuji surprised us by announcing that they would be creating zoom lenses for the XF Series lineup.  The first of these zoom lenses is the XF 18-55mm F2.8-4 R Lens, which is the lens that I have here today for review, and the lens that came with my X-E1 kit. Honestly, even I was a bit surprised when I heard the news that Fuji was coming out with zooms for the X-Pro1/X-E1.  First off, most people who are going to buy a camera like the X-Pro1 or the X-E1 are more interested in fast primes.  I know I was because I grew up with fixed focal lengths.  Optically, they’re just better, faster, and most importantly for a rangefinder type camera, smaller.  But as my interest grew for the Fuji X-E1, I began looking at the price of the new zoom.  If I bought the XF 18-55mm F2.8-4 R Lens separately, I would have to cough up almost \$700 for it.  However, if I bought it packaged as a kit with the X-E1, I would only be paying about \$400 for it.

The Fuji X-E1 with XF 18-55mm F2.8-4 R lens.

I’m pretty traditional in terms of what I like in photographic equipment, and everyone who knows me knows that I can be pretty stuck in my ways .  Look at my blog.  You’ll see Leica, and Fuji X series cameras, which are all cameras that rely heavily on user input.  I’m not trying to rat on anyone else’s preferences; that’s just my style.  I like these kinds of cameras because they’re basic, and the controls are manual allowing me to fully concentrate on the photo.  I really don’t like electronics getting in my way, and in terms of lenses, I really believe that all you need is a fast prime to take care of 90% of your shots.  For me, the ultimate setup to this day is a Leica M9 with a 50 Summilux ASPH.  So what made me try out this zoom?  Well, for me, the fact that the X-E1 had only an electronic viewfinder bothered me a bit because I like having an OVF.  But the features of the X-E1 got me to take the leap, and buy it so I figured that since I’m giving the EVF a chance, I might as well go for the zoom, and see what I’ve been missing .  Plus, again, the zoom cost me only an extra \$400 if I bought the Fuji X-E1 kit, which to me was a great incentive to give the zoom a chance. Did I regret my decision?  No, not at all.  This is one awesome lens, and in my opinion, Fuji shouldn’t label it as a kit lens because that’s very deceiving.  I love using this lens.  Is it perfect?  No but it definitely expands the range, and usefulness of the X-Series system, and gives the X-Series system one more reason to love it.

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## Objectified | shooting products with the X-PRO1 | Patrick La Roque

I’ve read a few reviews of the X-Pro1 dismissing its use in the studio, confining it purely to the realm of event and documentary photography. Obviously this a genre at which it excels and the core of the system’s philosophy. But as most of you know these cameras have now become my main system, not merely a fun add-on. Which means they ARE used for studio jobs. All kinds of studio jobs.

I recently did a shoot for Serdy Media, a production company which owns several specialized TV stations in Quebec — namely Zeste and Évasion, the french food and travel channels. This was a studio product shoot for their new online boutiques. After thoroughly testing the setup, I decided to again forego my Nikon kit and do the entire session using only the X-Pro1 and the 35mm Fujinon XF f/1.4 lens. It worked beautifully.

The X-Pro1 actually has several things going for it for this type of work:

- The ability to use the rear LCD for live view without changing how you usually work with the camera.

- The two zoom levels with built-in sharpening to pinpoint the focus.

- Large focus point coverage.

- Horizon line and framing guides.

- The ability to switch the same lens to macro mode for detail shots.

- No mirror to deal with. Combined with the timer function this is as stable as it gets.

All of this makes for a very easy going experience and allows for extremely precise work. The two points of contention when it comes to shooting this camera for studio and/or flash photography are 1) sync speed and 2) tethering. The sync speed obviously wasn’t an issue in this case. As for tethering, I’ve discussed my solution in another post already: an Eye-Fi Pro X2 card. To be honest this was definitely the weakest link in the chain, and I was very fortunate to work with a client who didn’t mind the glacial speed at which photos were getting transferred to the computer. But I didn’t like it. I made jokes about it but it bugged the hell out of me the entire time. I’m glad further testing has revealed an ad-hoc network to be exponentially faster. I won’t get caught with this problem again.

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Jonathan Ryan's curator insight,

X-Pro 1 shines once again.  Beautiful to see what an accomplished photographer can do with it under controlled light.

Andrew Brown's comment, December 12, 2012 9:35 AM
used in a studio shoot and loved it also. Much better than the old 5D2's
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## Geld verdienen mit Werbung

Geld verdienen mit Werbung ist heute nicht mehr so einfach. Erfahren Sie wie und für welche Webseiten Geld verdienen mit Werbung funktioniert.

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## Twitter / MattLanter: Actor or pro soccer player? ...

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## Jacksbot Java malware can take control of Windows, Mac, and Linux systems

Two weeks ago, Mac security software company Intego discovered malware which it classified as "a new Java backdoor trojan called Java/Jacksbot.A.” New threats are discovered all the time, but Intego later concluded that even though Jacksbot is a variant of the Java remote access tool (RAT) created by the jailbreaking group Redpois0n, it can target multiple platforms.

The malware writers behind JACKSBOT may just be testing the waters for a successful multiplatform malware; however for now they appear to be unwilling to invest the time and resources to develop the code more completely.

===> It’s likely that the authors will continue to improve the code to fully support infection for OS X and Linux. <===

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## Lightroom 4.3 and Camera RAW 7.3 Update | Nasim Mansurov

If you happened to launch Lightroom today, you might have been notified that a new version of Lightroom 4 is available. Today, Adobe released the final production version of Lightroom 4.3. As usual, plenty of bugs have been fixed and a lot more cameras and lenses have been added to the release. Full RAW support for Nikon D600 has now been finalized and new cameras like Canon EOS 6D, Nikon 1 V2 and Sony RX-1 have been added to the database. Lots of expensive Leica lenses, Canon 24-70mm f/2.8L II and other third party lenses have also been added to the Lightroom Lens Correction module.

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Johnny Klaus's comment, December 13, 2012 11:34 AM
No problem. That means a 3:0 for CaptureOne if they release with xtrans support...
Raised By Lions's comment, December 13, 2012 1:43 PM
That sucks.
Mark Treen's comment, January 13, 2013 8:09 PM
It added HiDPI / Retina support which caused me to finally switch from Aperture. I wrote my why here http://wp.me/p2ynGJ-69 and my how here http://wp.me/p2ynGJ-76
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## Will Girls become the ultimate show for women?

The Guardian (blog)Will Girls become the ultimate show for women?
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## Lightroom preset 082 of 365 | Presets Heaven

Here we go again. It's Saturday and today's Lightroom preset, number 082 of 365 is out. The photo is from a post office in Miami.

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## Gebruik webmail stijgt in Europa

AMSTERDAM – Het aantal webmailgebruikers in Europa blijft stijgen. Meer dan 276,5 miljoen Europeanen bezochten in juni websites als Hotmail en Gmail, een stijging van 14 procent.

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## Geld verdienen mit Werbung

Geld verdienen mit Werbung ist heute nicht mehr so einfach. Erfahren Sie wie und für welche Webseiten Geld verdienen mit Werbung funktioniert.

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## Jacksbot Java malware can take control of Windows, Mac, and Linux systems

Two weeks ago, Mac security software company Intego discovered malware which it classified as "a new Java backdoor trojan called Java/Jacksbot.A.” New threats are discovered all the time, but Intego later concluded that even though Jacksbot is a variant of the Java remote access tool (RAT) created by the jailbreaking group Redpois0n, it can target multiple platforms.

The malware writers behind JACKSBOT may just be testing the waters for a successful multiplatform malware; however for now they appear to be unwilling to invest the time and resources to develop the code more completely.

===> It’s likely that the authors will continue to improve the code to fully support infection for OS X and Linux. <===

Via Gust MEES, Gerrit Bes, Paul Schaecker
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## Focal Reducer Lens Adapter Announced by Metabones | Thom Hogan

Over a decade ago I wrote about building your own DX focal reducer from cobbled parts (technically it was an afocal wide converter). The goal was to get back the 1.5x crop factor and make a lens work as you'd expect from it's marked focal length. The result wasn't very pretty, but it gave us true wide angle for our D1 cameras long before Nikon got around to making wide angle DX lenses. Unfortunately, those focal length reducers couldn't be done simply, mostly because the mirror box pushes the mount forward, so you have to do the corrections far forward of where they're optimally done. The nice thing about mirrorless cameras, though, is that the sensor to mount distances are far shorter; short enough to allow for a far simpler focal reducer approach.

Today, Metabones has announced a commercial focal length reducer and mount converter for NEX systems called the SpeedBooster. The initial versions work with Canon EF lenses and provide a 0.71x focal length reduction. In reducing the focal length, you also get an aperture change (as with teleconverters, which do the opposite of a focal reducer): you gain approximately one stop of aperture. The EF versions of these SpeedBooster adapters feature auto-aperture, IS support, EXIF data transfer, and even partial autofocus support on many recent Canon lenses (post 2006). The adapter also has a detachable tripod foot that's also an Arca Swiss plate. The first version to be made available will be Canon EF to Sony NEX (E-mount), available later in late January (25th) for US\$600. Other versions will be at different prices (Leica R to Fujifilm XF or Sony NEX is listed at US\$400 on their site).

Since there's a lot going on here, let me reiterate what the SpeedBooster does:

Mount conversion — initial version for Canon EF lenses to Sony NEX, but conversions to m4/3 and Fujifilm XF mounts are also coming. Also, Metabones claims they will eventually have Leica R, Alpa, Contarex, Contax C/Y, and Nikon F versions (if they did everything they currently write about, that would be 18 different versions of the SpeedBooster.

Focal length conversion — the focal length is reduced 0.71x. Thus, a 50mm Canon EF lens becomes a 35.5mm lens. That's not quite a perfect reduction between full frame and APS, but close enough for most of us (the 50mm should become 33.3mm to be a "perfect" 50mm equivalent on NEX).

Aperture adjustment — the effective aperture is increased by one stop. So an f/1.4 lens becomes an f/1 lens. This is again just about the right change for going from full frame to APS: you'd get about the same DOF on the Sony NEX with a lens mounted on this adapter as you would from a full frame camera if you kept all the other parameters equal. Some may wonder how the aperture gain is achieved. Simple: the image circle is reduced (concentrating the collected light into a smaller area).

MTF gain — the "compression" effect of the focal length reducer also tends to reduce the size of aberrations, which are a primary driver of MTF. Metabones uses a Nikkor 50mm f/1.2 as their example for plotting the lens' normal MTF versus with use of the SpeedBooster, and there's indeed a clear MTF boost in the central area on an m4/3 version of the adapter. The NEX version, however, shows more MTF loss as you move to the corners (the center is still higher than the original lens). The MTF gain claim is a little less reliable than the other claims: there's going to be high variability in the size and position of the gains depending upon the lens used and the format you're adapting to.

Telecentricity gain — digital sensors like light to hit at less than 15° to perpendicular. In some wide angle lens designs that's difficult to achieve, so you get impacts from the slanted light. One simple to see impact is vignetting. One by-product of the focal reducer is that light is slightly more tele centric. The difference isn't dramatic, but I'll bet we see visible differences in some adapted lenses' vignetting performance.

If you want to read more about the technical details of the SpeedBooster focal reducer, Metabones has a White Paper on their Web site that describes the details at length. The Metabones adapter was designed by Brian Caldwell, the man who created some of the best corrected lens designs for Coastal Optics (the 60mm f/4 Macro, for instance, is one of the best performing lenses I know of for Nikon mounts, and it can pass UV and IR light as well as visible).

Via Thomas Menk
Thomas Menk's curator insight,

SpeedBooster Website:

http://www.metabones.com/product/speed-booster

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## X100S Owner's Manual (PDF) | Fujifilm

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## How to Stop the Dreaded “Decision Drift”

Have you ever had a meeting that didn’t work out quite as a planned? Where everyone agreed to a specific course of action and two weeks later you discover that what they’ve been working on doesn’t come close to your vision of what should happen? When these situations arise, we usually blame poor communication. We didn’t communicate clearly. People weren’t really listening. We thought we had consensus when we really didn’t. Faulty communications can certainly play a role, but there’s a lot more at work underneath the surface. This situation clearly illustrates how the way our brain works can undermine even our best intentions. When we gain consensus on a decision or course of action, everyone agrees on the surface. But as soon as people leave the meeting and start making in-the-moment decisions, their underlying attitudes and assumptions get in the way. They typically don’t have the same attitudes and beliefs as you, so they make decisions that differ from the ones you would make. As each new decision is made, this process builds until everyone ends up miles apart on the project. So you gather for the follow-up meeting and everyone wonders, “What happened?” ....

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## Jacksbot Java malware can take control of Windows, Mac, and Linux systems

Two weeks ago, Mac security software company Intego discovered malware which it classified as "a new Java backdoor trojan called Java/Jacksbot.A.” New threats are discovered all the time, but Intego later concluded that even though Jacksbot is a variant of the Java remote access tool (RAT) created by the jailbreaking group Redpois0n, it can target multiple platforms.

The malware writers behind JACKSBOT may just be testing the waters for a successful multiplatform malware; however for now they appear to be unwilling to invest the time and resources to develop the code more completely.

===> It’s likely that the authors will continue to improve the code to fully support infection for OS X and Linux. <===

Via Gust MEES, Gerrit Bes, Paul Schaecker
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## Annapurna base camp trek | Richard Simko

I am very excited about my second trip to Nepal. In 2010, I had opportunity to visit the country for the first time and I made it up to Kalapattar just across the valley from Everest. This time I decided to visit Annapurna base camp which is the second most popular destination after Everest base camp. I am doing it off season, in winter so I am hoping for less tourists and more snow. Let’s see how it comes together. I’ll be on the road for 15 days and mainly following the traditional trek route. I am quite happy that I will be joined by my friend and guide from 2010, Agasta. He is a great guy with extensive trekking experience and knowledgeable about mountains and people. He also speak many of the dialects used by people in mountains. It would be possible to do this all by myself but I don’t need to be a hero and besides, altitude sickness can strike anybody, even a seasoned mountaineer, so it is good to have somebody around especially somebody who speak the local language......
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## Twitter / MattLanter: Actor or pro soccer player? ...

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## Twitter / MattLanter: Actor or pro soccer player? ...

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## VIP Online Coaching › Womit kann man Geld verdienen?

Ich habe bewusst das Thema Womit kann man Geld verdienen als erstes für meinen kostenlosen Online Coaching Kurs gewählt. Du solltest dir ...

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