OHS in work environments
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My Bachelor in distress!!!

My Bachelor in distress!!! | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it

http://www.cfmeuwa.com/upload/file/Helmet%20hard%20hat%20%20alert.pdf

 

This document generated by CFMEU WA, denotes some recommendations that some people may not know about hard hats. While it is clear that on a construction site PPE must be worn, it is not so common that even PPE has limitations. 

Renee Sorbello's insight:

There are reasons why PPE is so important when working on a construction site. Not only do they keep you safe it is also for the safety of others around you as PPE makes you visible to others. Personal protection equipment is vital to the safety of workers when walking around sites, so for Dale who works on many apartments and high rise buildings hard hats are a must.

 

However many are not aware that even hard hats have their restrictions and the CFMEU safety alert explains boundaries such as:

 

* Approved hats by the Australian Standards have expiry dates

* The inner headband should also be changed frequently

* The integrity of the hats can be reduced

* Proper storage of the hat is vital

* Improper use of the hat can degrade the expectancy

 

It should also be noted that this type of OHS issue is commonly dismissed and not inspected regularly meaning many people could be at risk. The management of such vital equipment should be tended to by all personnel ranging from workers to ,managerial members in order to maintain a safe working environment.  

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My Bachelor in distress!!!

My Bachelor in distress!!! | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it

http://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/worksafe/PDF/Codes_of_Practice/code_falls.pdf

 

Detailed in the Code of Practice, Prevention of Falls in Workplaces by the Commission for Occupational Safety and Health, is many checklists that can be incorporated by a workplace with relation to various hazards. Such as improper use of safety harnesses, scaffolding, ladders, platforms and forklifts.  

Renee Sorbello's insight:

As most people who work in the construction industry would know there is always a danger to the sites. One of the hazards Dale faces is falling when using the fall arrest harness, even though it seems pretty easy to do, many sites do not really take proper steps to prevent this OHS issue. 

Outlined in the Code of Practice (pictured) is an easy to follow checklist (pg. 23), which could reduce such incidents as falling from heights

 

* One such way is to create barriers around an area in which falling people or objects could land, making people on site safe by walking around such barricades.

* Another is to make sure the workers are trained and have up to date certificates needed when working with harness gear.

* There should always be routine inspections of the harnesses gear, especially as they have date limits.

* The right harness is being used for the right job and does not exceed the recommended weight limit.

* The harness and the relative equipment is also checked and proved to be in working order. 

 

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OHS in the Fresh Produce Industry

OHS in the Fresh Produce Industry | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it
Renee Sorbello's insight:

Camille is a fruitologist working with fruit and vegies. There is many OHS issues Camille faces when working with fresh produce such as personal hygiene where the employee's must wash their hands in a separate sink as apposed to where the fruit and vegies are washed, wearing a hairnet or hat and fully in-closed shoes. Other issues Camille has with OHS is when cleaning the grill in the up right fridges, the electricity is off as she could be electrocuted, entering the cool room and wearing proper PPE gear, manual lifting, working with knives when cutting fruit and vegies and possibly getting infections from cuts and scratches when handling money.

 

Also OHS stretches to the quality of the produce that is being sold, not allowing the off cuts from fruit and vegies or flowers to be procured and on some occasions Camille has been confronted with snakes hidden in the bananas!! As with many shops there are general hazards such as slip and trip when food has been stepped on, floors are wet and warning the customers of this hazard, but also there is an element of OHS that directly impacts Camille which is being burnt and proper use of the wrapping machine. This machine as two different heat aspects that can cause burning and if a new employee is not trained properly can also have their fingers damaged when the heated bar cuts the wrapping.

  

Similarly with many fruit markets there is a steady flow of forklift runs, operation of the pallet jacks and at times this can not only impact the employee's but also the passing foot traffic. Which brings me to another OHS issue Camille faces on a regular basis, the customer. While it is an occasional problem; abusive customers can become an OHS issue, not just for the shop and its workers, but also for the other patrons of the shop. This can also leads to theft, armed robberies or even personal attacks which Camille has dealt with before.

 

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OHS & the Take Away Food Industry

OHS & the Take Away Food Industry | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it
Renee Sorbello's insight:

This is Zac, he is a pizza extraordinaire!! As most of you will know working in any type of food business there are typical OHS such as:

Food hygiene:

- Keeping raw foods and ready to eat foods separate

- Using clean utensils

- Sanitising utensils

- Cooking pizza to recommended temperature

- Wiping surfaces with antibacterial spray

 

Personal hygiene:

- Using gloves

- Using new gloves after handling money

- Washing hands

- Wearing hair nets/hats

- Wearing clean clothes

 

But there is also other OHS issues Zac may face for example when using equipment such as knives, slicers, operating the oven and possible burns, entering the cool room and wearing PPE gear to keep the body warm, fatigue, holding hot trays, manual lifting the  crates or buckets of dough in a correct manner and being able to hold the pizza spade shown in the photo. There is also the element of the environment which could pose OHS issues, for instance slip trip hazards:

- Wet floors

- Food spilt on floor

- Utensils dropped on floor

 

Fire Safety is another OHS issue especially when working with pizza ovens, how to use a fire extinguisher, the correct extinguisher for the type of fire, ease of access to the tool, also that the extinguisher needs to be in date and working. Fire alarms need to be checked regularly and are operational, in addition the exhaust fan which sucks not just the heat from the room but also any smoke must be maintained and cleaned. Finally an exit plan which has been discussed and reviewed regularly in case of a fire.  

 

There is also the OHS aspect of theft

- Armed robberies and the psychological damage after the incident

- being attacked in such an event and their personal safety

- abusive/intoxicated patrons whom could use any number of the utensils found in the shop

Therefore it is very important that security is provided and all employee's are given clear OHS guidelines in the event of such a matter, however as previously stated the psychological damage may not be as easy to return from. 

 

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OHS in Mechanical Services

OHS in Mechanical Services | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it
Renee Sorbello's insight:

Dale installs Air Conditioners, Exhaust systems and Ducts into new apartments, residential housing and assorted commercial businesses, therefore most of his work is on construction sites. As a result he comes into contact with many OHS issues as these sites can be a dangerous place, especially as there are many other trades actively working at the same time. For this reason Dale must be constantly aware of his working environment in that there are many vehicles driving in and around the site such as forklifts, scissors lifts, knuckle booms, franas, cars and trucks, which can pose OHS hazards. Dale faces other things like:

 

- Manual handling issues: such as lifting correctly, estimating weight of items ie: 15kg per person, wearing PPE gloves

- Trip hazards: work tools being left around, left over materials, unused material in walkways, unstable and holed grounds that are not cordoned off, unsecured scaffold planks and walkways, lighting and the cords into areas such as basement

- Managing his environment such as wearing a hat and hard hat, sunscreen, dehydration, regular breaks, being safety conscious of other trades working in the same environment ie: welders, grinding concrete and metal and PPE

- Correct knowledge and use of tools: drills, grinders, drop saws, explosive guns, saws, reciprocating saws, electric lifter, hammer drill 

- Coming into contact with dangerous chemicals: silicone, thinners, paints and toxic glues and their application and wearing correct PPE gear, have and read a MSDS (material safety data sheet)


Another aspect of Dales job is heights which in its self has many OHS factors such as using a harness which is limited by time, when he operates the knuckle boom and scissors lift his permits must be up to date and requires a spotter on the ground, wearing a scaffolding harness, working from ladders and maintaining 3 points of contact, things falling from higher levels.


While Dale has his own OHS awareness at times he also supervises new employee's therefore he is also responsible to oversee they have regular breaks to avoid fatigue and dehydration. 

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My Bachelor in distress!!

My Bachelor in distress!! | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it

http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/about/Publications/Documents/647/Falling%20Objects%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf

 

This link is from the Safework Australia website with regards to OHS hazard of falling objects. 

Renee Sorbello's insight:

While it may be common sense to some that at any construction site you may find falling objects, there are still some prevention measures that should be implemented. Dale has found that even though he tries to be aware, the risk is still high if others do not follow the same safe procedures.  

 

Safework Australia recommends that at all sites should create barriers around the area that any type of machinery such as cranes or knuckle booms are in operation. Also by making sure that objects are secure on a tool belt or on to the railing of the lifting device. 

 

The fact sheet continues to say that good housekeeping should be a priority such as tools being kept away from any edges, equipment is secured and maintaining a clear work space.

 

Another important measure that should be adhered to is that all employees working on the site, even those just inspecting should wear the proper PPE gear such as a hard hat, reflective shirts or vests and sturdy steel caped boots.  

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My Bachelor in distress!!!

My Bachelor in distress!!! | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it

http://www.cfmeuwa.com/upload/file/City%20Square%20Scissor%20lift%20Incident%2028.06.2011.pdf

 

CFMEU WA, Safety Alerts and Notices, City Square Scissor Lift Incident, 2011. This incident highlights one possible outcome of improper OHS practices. This safety alert flyer outlines some ways in which people working with Scissors Lifts can implement safe procedures and maintain a safe environment.

Renee Sorbello's insight:

One of the major issues in Dales line of work is the correct use of Scissor Lifts. As you can see by the picture, this one has come across an OHS issue.

A simple risk management that could be implemented would be signage. With no proper signage, the operator of the lift has no way of knowing whether there is danger around. Also by not having material that is capable of supporting a person would be an OHS issue, let alone something that could support a scissor lift. Finally if there was a hole in the ground, proper barriers should be erected to prevent such an incident occurring.

Most of these ideas have been listed on the picture displayed from the CFMEU WA

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My Bachelor in distress!!!

My Bachelor in distress!!! | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it
With extreme temperatures experienced around Australia, many businesses ask what they need to do to ensure their legal obligations for safety of employees working in the heat.
Renee Sorbello's insight:

One of the OHS issues Dale faces in his working environment is whether conditions, such as heat. The above link states that in WA the Occupational Safety and Health Regulations 1996 compels employers to provide a practicable workplace when dealing with extreme heat. If heat was a factor, the link also outlines ways in which to manage this OHS. For example


* short shaded breaks for water consumption to reduce dehydration

* if outside changing work times to cooler parts of the day

* providing shaded areas

* scheduling work in PPE to be during the cooler times

* providing sun safe work wear, including UV sunglasses and sun cream

* trained supervisors to spot fatigue

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OHS in the Gym

OHS in the Gym | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it
Renee Sorbello's insight:

Jodie is a Personal Trainer at Bundaberg YMCA, her role encounters many OHS issues that relate more to her clients and other gym users, such as

- Proper use of equipment

- Good technique and form

- Slip, trip fall hazards are discovered and repaired

- Reasonable access to equipment

- First Aid stocked, accessible and labelled properly

- Weights are stored soundly and on a proper structure

- Participants sing in for classes

- Shower facilities are working properly and maintained ie: taps, mats, ventilated and free from mould

- Participants wearing proper attire

- Warm up and down instructions are followed

- Management of improper behaviour by participants

- Participants sign in for classes

 

Though in the gym there are many other OHS issues Jodie accounts for, for example:

 

- Removal of damaged equipment

- Maintaining a safe work environment

- Checking corners of equipment is braced and secured

- Chemicals are removed and not accessible to public

- Proper ventilation and air con maintained properly

- Fire alarms, extinguishers and sprinklers operating properly

- Exits free from obstructions

- Floor mats provided for high traffic areas and slippery surfaces

- Instructions for equipment easy to read and provided

- Feedback options provided and maintenance of

- Locks and lockers are working

- Emergency numbers are visible and clear

- Cleaner is employed to hygienically clean equipment

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OHS & Taxi Drivers

OHS & Taxi Drivers | OHS in work environments | Scoop.it
Renee Sorbello's insight:

Sarina works as a Taxi Driver with Bundaberg Cab Co. As you would expect there are a range of OHS issues she faces, however there are some you might not even consider, such as:

 

- abusive and intoxicated passengers and personal safety

- passengers not supervising their children

- securing wheelchair passengers properly

- regular medical assessments

- weight restrictions of the cab itself

- passenger numbers and overloading

 

Some of the typical issues Sarina deals with are as follows:

 

- traffic conditions

- road conditions

- weather conditions

- driver fatigue

- minimum 10 hour breaks between shifts

- maintenance of the taxi

- petrol and gas levels for out of town jobs

- dehydration

- food consumption and regular breaks

 

For most when the day ends so to does the OHS however for Sarina the OHS continues into her everyday life for example, Sarina is required to have health assessments every year to retain her Drivers Authority licence, also a good nights sleep is imperative for her to be safe on the road for an entire shift, and finally Sarina must also have frequent OHS refresher tests to prove she is effective as a Taxi driver.  

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