Matt is training in a degree of IT. He is currently undertaking placement. He has told me about the hazards he has noticed in his work environment.
- incorrect posture while at work station
- occasional heavy lift of office equipment/utensils
- no sufficient breaks from the workstation (computer)
Training in sitting and holding oneself correctly at the work station can prevent many long-term injuries. The correct seat height, feet placement, and screen placement (directly in front and level with head) is a must.
Training in heavy lifting should usually occur in most work environments.
Breaks every 2 hours to relieve concentration and to reduce stress for the worker has proven to work well in the office environment.
Chris is working as a groundskeeper while studying environmental science. There are several hazardous issues to list that have to do with the environment Chris is working in.
- Operating a tractor on uneven grounds
- Heavy lifting of bins and other objects
- Clearing spiked palm fronds
Training in the area of tractor operation is vital. There are a few slopes on the grounds that require correct tractor positioning and approach to the angle. If this is not taught, there is a risk of rolling the tractor. Correct instruction on how to lift heavy bins on to tractor trailer should be acknowledged and learned well. Dehydration is an issue in most outside jobs. There are water fountains readily available throughout the grounds. However, good promotion of hydration is in order. Additionally, clearing sharp/spiked branches etc requires the correct PPE, and in this case, thick gloves.
Morgan works in the hospitality industry. She works at a pub that includes bar work, waitressing and kitchen duties.
There is an extensive amount of issues to list that could without proper health and safety awareness/training/prevention lead to injury.
- lifting cartons to restock the fridge
- using a knife to cut the lemons and limes,
- using boiling water to polish glasses and cutlery
- slipping on bottle tops when they are just thrown onto the ground.
- touching hot glass straight after it has been in the dishwasher.
- taking out rubbish with broken glass which can be heavy
In order to prevent these hazards, proper training methods must be applied. Training in how to lift heavy objects properly, and if too heavy, to get assistance. Training on how to cut condiments properly and safely. The need to place emphasis on making sure rubbish is put into bins, which cancels out trip hazards. Maybe incorporating a sticker system on racks of hot cutlery/glasses. Labeling that the rack is hot, and that the person who washed them knows how long it has been. And puts them away themselves.
Hand injuries are the 2nd most common injury on Australian mine sites. 50% of those injuries are related to crush, fracture or amputations. This asks the question; what protection other than gloves which protects from lacerations, burns and chemical exposure, can we use to reduce this percentage? The answer is unclear.
This short video displays the unattention of the 830E's operator. The lack of attention could be due to several reasons; fatigue, being under-trained and mis-communication. The stretch of road that the truck is on looks as if it is generally used by it. Fatigue, a lack of training and communication could also be on the ute operators side. They are powerful machines and the utmost care should be taken around them!
It is good to see that statistics on miner death's show a vast improvement since the 1990's. It indicates that health and safety in the workplace is working. However, there is still a lot to be done in regards to the severe health effects produced from mine sites.
The impact that suicide and suicide related behaviours costs the nation 17.5 Billion. Unemployment is the greatest contribution to this statistic with the stress it produces from the heavily reliant need for income in today's society.
Andrew is a training paramedic and has spent a little time in the field. He mentioned to me three main things that he had found were a hazard.
- Manual handling of patients in excess of 100kgs
- Blood-borne pathogens
- Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Injuries are more likely to occur if lifting technique is unknown. Therefore training in lifting correctly needs to occur and is an essential part of training during placement.
Blood-borne pathogens can cause disease. Again training/equipment is implemented in this area i.e. sharp bins, PPE and correct hygiene (washing of hands regularly)
PTSD is a a reoccurring problem for paramedics. Due to severity of incidents, it is extremely hard to prevent this from happening. However, debriefs, interventions and therapy are offered to reduce the likelihood of people affected by this disorder.
Industry leaders call for improved mine safety ABC Online "One fatality is too many, so I'm just focused on the fact that mostly contractors seem to be dying, because they may not have the same level of training as people actually working at the...
Owen Prosser's insight:
This articles gives statistics that supports injury or death on mine sites is decreasing. Even though Australia's health and safety laws in mining are excellent in comparison to other countries. There are still critics that believe it can be improved. Which it can. Once procedures are put in place, How do we enforce them?
ONE in two workers killed on WA mine sites is under the supervision of inexperienced bosses in the job for less than a year.
Owen Prosser's insight:
We all have to get the experience somehow. This articles portrays that inexperience and high staff turn-over is half the cause of deaths on WA mine sites, if not all. What can we do with this infomation? Propose better safety instructions.
A worker has been involved in a forklift accident at Fortescue Metals Group’s Solomon Hub in a week that also saw two other serious incidents occur on site.
Owen Prosser's insight:
This mine site has had an extremely large amount of incidents in recent times. Deaths, amputations and months of lost work time has resulted from the lack of communication in the work place. A serious look into the way health and safety operates on this site is needed here!
How many permanent new mining jobs does Jim Skurla project in the copper-nickel sector, by 2016? A total of 427.
Owen Prosser's insight:
Taconite Iron poses serious health effects not only on workers but on the surrounding community as well. The processing of the ore leaves traces of Arsenic, Lead and Mercury. All of which are lethal when generally consumed through either inhalation or drinking water. This leaves the question of; are we really outweighing the need for money over the health of thousands?'
With 24/7 operations, heavy machinery, demanding rosters, intensive commutes, disruptive sleep environments and inexperienced workers, FIFO based working environments were always going to be a recipe for serious fatigue risk in Australian mining.
Fatigue is a major issue in the mining industry. This is due to the large amounts of FIFO employees. I think that Australian mining industries are doing well in training workers in fatigue management and introducing fitness requirements etc. However there is still more to be done to reduce miner FIFO fatigue.
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