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Uruguay / Aratirí tendrá un año para demostrar poder financiero

Uruguay / Aratirí tendrá un año para demostrar poder financiero | Environment | Scoop.it

El Observador 13/04/2014

 

La firma de origen indio Zamin Ferrous (Aratirí) tendrá 12 meses desde el momento en que firme el contrato con el Poder Ejecutivo para extraer hierro de la zona de Valentines (Treinta y Tres) y demostrar su capacidad financiera. Primero, y antes de que se cumplan seis meses de ese acuerdo, la empresa extranjera tendrá que mostrarle al gobierno cuál es su capital propio y, a su vez, qué porcentaje de la inversión representa ese monto. Luego, en el plazo de un año, tendrá que completar la información de su espalda financiera, ya sea con préstamos o líneas de crédito. Si cumplido ese plazo Aratirí no cumple con la exigencia establecida en la ley de minería de gran porte, el contrato cae. El escenario, entonces, se abre para que se licite el derecho de explotación, o bien el Estado decida entrar al negocio. Para eso, se deberá crear una empresa o un ente.


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Uruguay / Aratirí tendrá un año para demostrar poder financiero

Uruguay / Aratirí tendrá un año para demostrar poder financiero | Environment | Scoop.it

El Observador 13/04/2014

 

La firma de origen indio Zamin Ferrous (Aratirí) tendrá 12 meses desde el momento en que firme el contrato con el Poder Ejecutivo para extraer hierro de la zona de Valentines (Treinta y Tres) y demostrar su capacidad financiera. Primero, y antes de que se cumplan seis meses de ese acuerdo, la empresa extranjera tendrá que mostrarle al gobierno cuál es su capital propio y, a su vez, qué porcentaje de la inversión representa ese monto. Luego, en el plazo de un año, tendrá que completar la información de su espalda financiera, ya sea con préstamos o líneas de crédito. Si cumplido ese plazo Aratirí no cumple con la exigencia establecida en la ley de minería de gran porte, el contrato cae. El escenario, entonces, se abre para que se licite el derecho de explotación, o bien el Estado decida entrar al negocio. Para eso, se deberá crear una empresa o un ente.


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Communiqué : extractivisme, liberté de presse et d'expression en Uruguay.

Communiqué de presse. 7/02/2013

 

Censure d'une radio communautaire et de matériel d'information en Uruguay.

 

Le MOVUS - Movimiento por un Uruguay Sustentable (Mouvement pour un Uruguay Durable) dénonce publiquement que ces derniers jours et en différentes circonstances, il a été ordonné la fermeture d'une radio communautaire, et que du matériel d'information touristique s'est vu arbitrairement retiré de la circulation, constituant ainsi une atteinte à la liberté de presse et d'expression des idées, telle que garantie par nos institutions.

 

Dans le département de Tacuarembó, l'Unité Régulatrice des Services de Communications (URSEC) a ordonné la fermeture de la Radio Communautaire La Kandela FM 94.5 sous le prétexte qu'un numéro de téléphone est diffusé à l'antenne dans le but de recevoir des donations de soutien. Cela « indiquerait » qu'il s'agit non pas d'une radio à but non lucratif, mais d'une activité commerciale. La loi n'interdit pas aux radios communautaires de diffuser de la publicité, dans la mesure où celle-ci ne poursuit pas un but lucratif, la législation en vigueur visant à garantir que de telles radios soient réellement communautaires et non des micro-entreprises déguisées.

 

La Kandela est une radio communautaire reconnue par les secteurs sociaux les plus divers du département, afiliée à ECOS, la Fédération de Radios Communautaires de l' Uruguay. Entre les thèmes régulièrement abordés à l'antenne, se distinguent la défense de la liberté et de la diversité sexuelle , la dénonce de violations aux Droits de l'Homme dans les prisons locales, la défense de la liberté de presse, ainsi que celle des droits syndicaux des ouvriers de la construction et des travailleuses domestiques. Dans les locaux de La Kandela fonctionne une bibliothèque populaire, et se déroulent des activités culturelles ; différentes organisations sociales s'y réunissent. Cette radio a bénéficié de « Fonds Pour le Développement des Infrastructures Culturelles en province » en 2010, attribués par le Ministère de l'Education et de la Culture.

 

Mais enfin et surtout, La Kandela intègre la Commission Tacuarembó pour l'Eau et la Vie, qui collecte actuellement des signatures en vue de la réalisation d'un referendum départemental ayant pour finalité l'interdiction de l'extraction minière de métaux à ciel ouvert.

 

En parall`le, sur la côte atlantique, des fonctionnaires de la Direction du Tourisme de Rocha ont ordonné le retrait des stands d'information touristique du « Guide Vert de La Pedrera », ainsi que l'ensemble des imprimés d'information exprimant leur désaccord avec le projet de construction d'un port en eaux profondes dans cette zone.

 

À la réception de manifestations de mécontentement de la part d' entreprises diffusées par l'intermédiaire du guide, l'une des fonctionnaires a donné l'ordre de coller les pages concernant les méga-projets miniers et portuaires, afin d'en rendre la lecture impossible. La section de « Bonnes Pratiques » recommandées par l'Organisation pour la Conservation des Cétacés (OCC), qui cherche à promouvoir l'observation de la baleine Franche Australe, a été annulée par le même procédé.

 

Comme l'on peut en juger, l'objectif de censurer l'information en désaccord avec les positions officielles, tant départementales que gouvernementales, semble clair.

 

En dénonçant ces faits, le MOVUS invite les media, les organisations sociales, les associations de journalistes et de communication tout particulièrement, ainsi que les partis politiques et la citoyenneté dans son ensemble, à condamner ces procédés indignes du respect de la liberté de pensée et d'expression, et à initier les actions juridiques qui correspondent, afin de faire respecter la Constitution et la loi.

 

MOVUS . Movimiento por un Uruguay Sustentable.


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Traders / Le marché secret des matières premières agricoles

. Documentaire de Jean Crépu. 


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Le Parlement interdit définitivement la culture du maïs OGM - France Info

Le Parlement interdit définitivement la culture du maïs OGM - France Info | Environment | Scoop.it
Les sénateurs ont adopté un texte de loi interdisant la culture du maïs OGM en France. Un texte déjà voté par l'Assemblée nationale en avril dernier. L'UMP et les centristes ont voté contre.
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Uruguay building deep water port |

Uruguay building deep water port | | Environment | Scoop.it

January 08, 2014 | By Leonardo Haberkorn, THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

 

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay—

 

Uruguayan President Jose Mujica says Brazil will fund 80 percent of a new deep-water port that will get around Argentine efforts to control shipping in the South Atlantic.

 

Mujica told the Republica newspaper in an interview published December 31 that construction will begin in about a year on the $500 million project in Rocha, Uruguay, and that Brazil will pay for most of it through trade bloc Mercosur’s Fund for Structural Convergence. (...)

 

2014 will see substantially more shipments from paper pulp plants on the shallow waterways it shares with Argentina, where both neighbours have failed to agree on basic elements such as dredging the rivers to let ships pass through, Astori said. A huge iron mining project in northern Uruguay also will need a deep-water ocean port so that ships can affordably carry away heavier loads.

The Rocha project, which will have rail connections to the mine and to Brazil’s southern industrial heartland, implies “a revolutionary transformation for Uruguay, if we can finally get it done,” Astori said. “It won’t neutralize Argentina’s influence over Uruguay, but in terms of shipping it will change it completely.”

 

He added, “This port will change routes, itineraries, cargo weights, and all of this will certainly have positive effects for Uruguay.”

The planned port also is key to Brazil’s future, Brazilian ambassador Antonio Jose Ferreira Simoes said in 2011, when he described a shared development project stretching from southern Brazil into northern Uruguay that would make the entire region’s commerce more dynamic.

Environmentalists are opposed to the mining and paper industries as well as the port, which would be built in an area that has seen little development thus far.

 

Astori said he’s confident that the government would enforce environmental laws and prevent problems.


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Uruguay / CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING

Uruguay / CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING | Environment | Scoop.it

CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING

 

Montevideo, december 8, 2013.

 

The last week was launched in Uruguay a campaign to collect signatures to promote a national referendum to include an amendment in the Constitution of the Republic to ban open pit metal mining throughout the national territory.

 

The National pro-Referendum Movement Uruguay Free from Open Pit Metal Mining (URUGUAYLIBRE)is a non partisan coalition of citizens and social groups from 11 of the 19 municipalities of the country concerned about the introduction of an activity with serious impacts on society and natural ecosystems.

 

Uruguay is located in the Humid Pampa, a privileged ecosystem of fertile soils and abundant surface and underground water resources that sustain grasslands and lands where agriculture and cattle-raising are developed. The national economy is based on these two activities that promote the country’s trade, industry and exports.

 

Over the last decades, this ecosystem has been threatened by large-scale agricultural plantations intended for the international market, which require a massive and ever-growing use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers and cause the degradation of large areas of the territory, increasing erosion and the pollution of water bodies.

 

More recently, a project to exploit the country’s metal ore deposits –mainly iron and gold- through open-pit mining is promoted by the government. Successive geological studies have confirmed that Uruguay is not rich in these minerals, its reserves are scarce and have low concentration levels, exhaustible after a few years of extraction.

 

An international speculative scenario –transient, as are they all, and the cycle of which is already at its declining stage-, raised metal prices above historical values and gave rise to the possibility of a lucrative business for companies whose objective is to rapidly extract the highest possible volume of these minerals and sell them abroad.

 

Open-pit mining of low-concentration metal deposits - particularly, of iron and gold- is the most depleting and polluting activity for soils and water bodies in the planet. Several countries have banned its development. Among these stands Costa Rica, a Centralamerican country with great similarities to Uruguay.

 

This activity jeopardises the integrity of the Uruguayan territory –and, therefore, the productive sectors and cultures that have historically supported the country- due to the downright destruction of the exploitation area and its additional massive impact on a vast portion of soils and water resources. To the above, inordinate privileges and subsidies must be added, which will be ultimately borne by taxpayers.

 

For the Uruguayan Constitution, signatures of ten percent of the electorate (260,000 signatures) are needed to be called a referendum, coinciding with the next national election, in which decide on whether or not the proposed amendment.

 

The proposal to amend the Constitution says:


To the President of the General Assembly of the Legislative Power
Mr. Danilo Astori

I, the undersigned, hereby promote before you the following Amendment to the Constitution, as per the provisions of Section 331, paragraph A of the Constitution of the Republic, which shall be subject to popular decision at the most immediate election.

 

Let the following paragraphs be added to Section No. 47:

 

 

"The integrity of soils and water resources is an essential part of the nation’s heritage and it must be preserved from any and all activities resulting in the final degradation or destruction thereof.

 

Open-pit mining activities intended for the extraction of metal ore are hereby forbidden in the whole national territory.

 

Any and all authorisations, concessions or licenses currently in force which in any way infringe this provision shall be rendered null and void as of the effective date of this reform."

 

uruguay libre

 

(http://uruguayciudadanossinmegamineria.org)


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Open pit mining project in Uruguay questioned in Parliament and by environmentalists

Open pit mining project in Uruguay questioned in Parliament and by environmentalists | Environment | Scoop.it

Merco Press 16/01/2014

A major open pit mining project in Uruguay to extract and export magnetite (a kind of iron ore) and which the government of President Jose Mujica plans to instrument this month has been exposed to a battery of criticism because the administration refuses to show the terms of the contract and farm groups argue there is no final environment impact assessment study.

 

The Aratirí project or Valentines project, from Zamin Ferrous, allegedly an Indian consortium, which had originally promised to invest 2.8 billion dollars in developing the extraction and processing of magnetite includes a most controversial 212 km concentrate slurry and return water pipelines to transport the concentrate from the mine to the port to be built along prime agriculture land.


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Large-Scale Mining in Uruguay: Time to Vote?

Large-Scale Mining in Uruguay: Time to Vote? | Environment | Scoop.it

NACLA January 17, 2014
Luis Manuel Claps

 

Picked by The Economist as country of the year and celebrated by Nobel Prize winner Mario Vargas Llosa in an El País op-ed, Uruguay is one of the most popular countries these days. Vargas Llosa’s "The Uruguayan Example” (El ejemplo uruguayo), reminds us that "unlike many Latin American countries, Uruguay has a long and strong democratic tradition." New laws legalizing gay marriage and cannabis confirmed its progressive stance. But this rosy image is challenged by the single largest private investment in the country's history. Resistance to a large-scale mining project could show the limits of democracy in Uruguay—or perhaps expand them further. (...) 

 

The Uruguay Libre Campaign promotes holding a national referendum on the passage of a constitutional amendment to ban large-scale open-pit mining. They need 260,000 signatures to propose the referendum for a constitutional amendment on Article 47. Ana Filippini, an activist from Uruguay Libre, told El País that "the Government is putting a lot of pressure on the Dinama [the Environmental Authority evaluating Valentines environmental impact study] trying to force approval of Aratirí in January. There is no political will to push for public participation." This pressure proved successful, as El País reported that the government has announced its intention to grant a permit to Minera Aratirí this month. (...)

 

 


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Les cultures françaises sont "dépendantes" des insectes pollinisateurs

Les cultures françaises sont "dépendantes" des insectes pollinisateurs | Environment | Scoop.it
Une étude, publiée le 2 mai par les chercheurs du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, du CNRS, de l'Université d'Orléans et de l'Inra, souligne l'importance des insectes pollinisateurs (bourdons, abeilles solitaires, syrphes, coccinelles, papillo...

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ASAMBLEA NACIONAL CONTRA LA MEGAMINERÍA EN URUGUAY / 13/08/2012

ASAMBLEA NACIONAL CONTRA LA MEGAMINERÍA EN URUGUAY / 13/08/2012 | Environment | Scoop.it

COMUNICADO DE PRENSA

ASAMBLEA NACIONAL CONTRA LA MEGAMINERÍA EN URUGUAY

Tacuarembó, 13 de agosto de 2012.

 

El pasado sábado 11 de agosto y en respuesta a la invitación abierta que circuló por diversos medios, nos reunimos en la ciudad de Tacuarembó alrededor de 300 personas, en su mayoría integrantes y representantes de 35 organizaciones del país, para discutir estrategias contra la instalación de la megaminería metalífera a cielo abierto en Uruguay.

 

La organización corrió por cuenta de Radio La Kandela, ADEOM-Tacuarembó, productores agropecuarios y vecinos del departamento. Durante la mañana se presentaron distintas propuestas de acción coordinada, algunas ya en estado de implementación, como son los referéndums departamentales en Rivera y Treinta y Tres, a lanzarse próximamente. En la tarde, se discutieron diversas iniciativas y, en particular, la pertinencia de una campaña de recolección de firmas para un plebiscito nacional que prohiba la megaminería en el país.

 

Entre otros colectivos, estuvieron presentes integrantes de Redes-AT, Movimiento por un Uruguay Sustentable (Mesa de Ruta 7, CNDAV, Grupo Guayubira y otros), Colectivo de Lucha por la Tierra, Asamblea del Callejón, UTAA, Colectivo de Sauce, MONADET, Bio Uruguay, Plenario Memoria y Justicia, Vecinos de José Ignacio, Eco Tacuarembó, Olimar Piri, Sindicato del Taxi (SUATT), Coordinadora Contra los Megaproyectos, Acción Sin Fronteras, La Verdad Ofende, Consejo de la Nación Charrúa (CONACHA), Asociación de Estudiantes de Agronomía, CIES, Confederación de los Pueblos Costeros, ADES-Montevideo, ADEOM-Tacuarembó, FM Raíces y Radio La Kandela.

 

Con la determinación de continuar las distinas líneas de trabajo de forma autónoma pero coordinada, quedó consolidado un movimiento nacional cuya primera acción conjunta será la organización de una gran marcha en Defensa de la Tierra y sus Bienes Naturales, a realizarse el próximo 12 de octubre en la ciudad de Montevideo. Esta nueva manifestación ciudadana superará las convocatorias anteriores en virtud de la amplia y diversa oposición que crece en todo el país hacia los proyectos de megaminería y en particular el de Aratirí, con su mineroducto y puerto de aguas profundas en la costa oceánica.

La jornada culminó con una manifestación por el centro de la ciudad de Tacuarembó, en la que se distribuyó material informativo producido por las diferentes organizaciones.

 

Resoluciones de la Asamblea Nacional, Tacuarembó, 11 de agosto de 2012/

 

1) Realizar una gran marcha nacional el próximo 12 de octubre en defensa de la tierra y sus bienes naturales, en contra de la megaminería metalífera a cielo abierto.
2) Coordinar nacionalmente entre todos los colectivos sociales la organización de dicha marcha.
3) Citar, luego del 12 de octubre, una próxima Asamblea Nacional para coordinar todos los medios de lucha contra la megaminería, sin excluir ningún tipo de iniciativa ciudadana, respetando la autonomía local de los grupos para continuar con su trabajo, así como el valor de las coordinacines regionales hacia el futuro.
4) La posibilidad o no de la promoción de un plebiscito nacional que se pronuncie sobre la megaminería se continúa evaluando, además de los plebiscitos departamentales que están en curso.

 


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Uruguay / "Aratirí no pagará nada en 8 años"

El Pais 8/01/2013 El activista Raúl Viñas, del grupo Uruguay 2035, un sitio web por el desarrollo sustentable según se define, aseguró que la empresa Aratirí "no pagará nada por al menos los primeros ocho años de su operación extractiva prevista para doce años". "Como sucede con cualquier empresa, los costos de instalación son mayormente deducibles de los impuestos, en especial del Impuesto a la Renta (IRAE). En el caso de Aratirí, esos costos fueron estimados en 2010 en US$ 1.500 millones. Ya en abril de 2011 la empresa habló de una inversión de US$ 2.000 millones, un incremento del 33% en 10 meses. Solo cuatro meses más tarde, la empresa reportó costos de instalación de US$ 3.000 millones", sostuvo Viña, agregando que le llama la atención cómo los costos se incrementaron un 50% en pocos meses.


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Nucleaire / France / Centrale de Tricastin : Nous sommes dans une situation pré-Fukushima

Nucleaire / France / Centrale de Tricastin : Nous sommes dans une situation pré-Fukushima | Environment | Scoop.it

Communiqué de Presse du jeudi 3 octobre 2013 – 8h30

Collectif antinucléaire de Vaucluse / CAN84

www.coordination-antinucleaire-sudest.org

 

Depuis vendredi 27 septembre l’usine Eurodif du Tricastin menace laFrance. A l’arrêt depuis juin 2012 et par ce que les nucléocrates veulent procéder à des démantèlements rapides pour cacher au plus vite leur forfait et continuer leur sinistre business de mort, les manoeuvres d’extraction de l’uranium en cours se passent très mal. Une fuite radioactive se poursuit. Pendant ce temps-là, depuis 2 mois, la fuite de Tritium se poursuit à la centrale nucléaire EDF

Il faut fermer immédiatement et sans condition le site nucléaire

Depuis vendredi 27 septembre l’usine Eurodif du Tricastin menace laFrance. A l’arrêt depuis juin 2012 et par ce que les nucléocrates veulent procéder à des démantèlements rapides pour cacher au plus vite leur forfait et continuer leur sinistre business de mort, les manoeuvres d’extraction de l’uranium en cours se passent très mal. Une fuite radioactive se poursuit.

L’usine devait être fermée en 2010 mais le gouvernement de l’époque décida de prolonger son activité pour répondre au exigences de profits du lobby nucléaire.


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Uruguay / CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING

Uruguay / CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING | Environment | Scoop.it

CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING

 

Montevideo, december 8, 2013.

 

The last week was launched in Uruguay a campaign to collect signatures to promote a national referendum to include an amendment in the Constitution of the Republic to ban open pit metal mining throughout the national territory.

 

The National pro-Referendum Movement Uruguay Free from Open Pit Metal Mining (URUGUAYLIBRE)is a non partisan coalition of citizens and social groups from 11 of the 19 municipalities of the country concerned about the introduction of an activity with serious impacts on society and natural ecosystems.

 

Uruguay is located in the Humid Pampa, a privileged ecosystem of fertile soils and abundant surface and underground water resources that sustain grasslands and lands where agriculture and cattle-raising are developed. The national economy is based on these two activities that promote the country’s trade, industry and exports.

 

Over the last decades, this ecosystem has been threatened by large-scale agricultural plantations intended for the international market, which require a massive and ever-growing use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers and cause the degradation of large areas of the territory, increasing erosion and the pollution of water bodies.

 

More recently, a project to exploit the country’s metal ore deposits –mainly iron and gold- through open-pit mining is promoted by the government. Successive geological studies have confirmed that Uruguay is not rich in these minerals, its reserves are scarce and have low concentration levels, exhaustible after a few years of extraction.

 

An international speculative scenario –transient, as are they all, and the cycle of which is already at its declining stage-, raised metal prices above historical values and gave rise to the possibility of a lucrative business for companies whose objective is to rapidly extract the highest possible volume of these minerals and sell them abroad.

 

Open-pit mining of low-concentration metal deposits - particularly, of iron and gold- is the most depleting and polluting activity for soils and water bodies in the planet. Several countries have banned its development. Among these stands Costa Rica, a Centralamerican country with great similarities to Uruguay.

 

This activity jeopardises the integrity of the Uruguayan territory –and, therefore, the productive sectors and cultures that have historically supported the country- due to the downright destruction of the exploitation area and its additional massive impact on a vast portion of soils and water resources. To the above, inordinate privileges and subsidies must be added, which will be ultimately borne by taxpayers.

 

For the Uruguayan Constitution, signatures of ten percent of the electorate (260,000 signatures) are needed to be called a referendum, coinciding with the next national election, in which decide on whether or not the proposed amendment.

 

The proposal to amend the Constitution says:


To the President of the General Assembly of the Legislative Power
Mr. Danilo Astori

I, the undersigned, hereby promote before you the following Amendment to the Constitution, as per the provisions of Section 331, paragraph A of the Constitution of the Republic, which shall be subject to popular decision at the most immediate election.

 

Let the following paragraphs be added to Section No. 47:

 

 

"The integrity of soils and water resources is an essential part of the nation’s heritage and it must be preserved from any and all activities resulting in the final degradation or destruction thereof.

 

Open-pit mining activities intended for the extraction of metal ore are hereby forbidden in the whole national territory.

 

Any and all authorisations, concessions or licenses currently in force which in any way infringe this provision shall be rendered null and void as of the effective date of this reform."

 

uruguay libre

 

(http://uruguayciudadanossinmegamineria.org)


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La loi concernant l'interdiction des OGM en France enfin adoptée - Bio à la Une.com

La loi concernant l'interdiction des OGM en France enfin adoptée - Bio à la Une.com | Environment | Scoop.it
Bio à la Une.com
La loi concernant l'interdiction des OGM en France enfin adoptée
Bio à la Une.com
Ce moratoire visait plus particulièrement le MON810, seul OGM autorisé dans l'Union Européenne.
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Les Etats face à la réalité des dérèglements climatiques

Les Etats face à la réalité des dérèglements climatiques | Environment | Scoop.it

Le Monde 18/02/2013

 

Pour justifier l’inaction de la plupart des gouvernements dans la lutte contre le changement climatique, il est assez facile d’évoquer la dictature du court terme à laquelle sont soumis les dirigeants pour faire leur choix. Prendre des mesures pour enrayer l’ascension du chômage ou l’effondrement du tissu industriel apparaît toujours plus urgent que de se soucier de la hausse importante des températures d’ici à la fin du siècle, annoncée avec toujours plus de certitudes par les scientifiques. A cette échelle de temps, le chômeur d’aujourd’hui ne sera pas l’électeur de demain.

« Pour comprendre la réalité du réchauffement, il faut avoir de l’eau dans son salon. » La formule est de Mohamed Nasheed. En 2010, l’ancien président des Maldives avait ainsi exprimé son amertume, partagée par les dirigeants des pays les plus exposés aux conséquences de la transformation du climat, face à l’indifférence des grands pollueurs.

 
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D'Dline 2020 ✏ 's curator insight, February 18, 2014 2:19 AM
Pour justifier l’inaction de la plupart des gouvernements dans la lutte contre le changement climatique, il est assez facile d’évoquer la dictature du court terme à laquelle sont soumis les dirigeants pour faire leur choix. Prendre des mesures pour enrayer l’ascension du chômage ou l’effondrement du tissu industriel apparaît toujours plus urgent que de se soucier de la hausse importante des températures d’ici à la fin du siècle, annoncée avec toujours plus de certitudes par les scientifiques. A cette échelle de temps, le chômeur d’aujourd’hui ne sera pas l’électeur de demain.
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Thousands march against large-scale mining in Uruguay

Thousands march against large-scale mining in Uruguay | Environment | Scoop.it

Mining.com 21/10/2013

Cecilia Jamasmie

 

About 2,000 people, including environmentalists and horse-riding farmers, rallied Friday in downtown Montevideo, Uruguay’s capital, to protest against three large scale mining-related projects expected to begin before year-end.

 

The crowd asked the government to stop London-based Zamin Ferrous's $3 billion Valentines iron ore project, an open-pit mine President Jose Mujica openly supports, as it would be the largest private investment ever made in Uruguay.

They also questioned two other projects: a regasification plant already given the green light to start construction in Montevideo, and a port that would open up the country to new markets, such as Asia.

Associated Press (in Spanish) reports that two days before the demonstration, one of the 19 Uruguayan departments — Lavalleja— passed a law prohibiting any kind of open-pit mineral extraction in the territory, confronting this way the national government’s recently approved law.

Lavalleja authorities and protestors alike don’t like the fact that Uruguay’s current mining regulation opens up the country’s 2,500 million tonnes of underground iron ore deposits to foreign exploitation. They claim it is a major threat to the development of the nation’s own mining industry.

 

However, analysts such as Victor Bacchetta, from the Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay (Movus), think that even with the presence of foreign companies, the country of only 176,000 km2 doesn’t have what it takes to become a mining nation.

“Uruguay is poor in mineral resources. It does not have the huge reserves of countries like Chile or Peru. [Zamin Ferrous, through its subsidiary Minera Aratiri] is proposing 12 years of extraction activities, according to what can be gathered from its Environmental and Social Impact Assessment, and after that it will all be over,” he recently told Argentina Independent.

 

“This makes the project even more absurd for Uruguay, because it is a country with a privileged ecosystem in terms of its fertile land and water resources, which are not found in the (Andes) mountains, where nothing else can be done,” he added.

If approved, Zamin Ferrous's iron ore project in the Aratiri region, spanning five departments of the centre-west of the country, would generate $1.4 billion in exports annually over the 20 years of its life cycle.


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Uruguay farmers set against open-pit iron ore mine -

Uruguay farmers set against open-pit iron ore mine - | Environment | Scoop.it

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, 16 /01/2014 (UPI) --

 

Uruguayan miners and environmentalists are increasingly set against President Jose Mujica going ahead with an open-pit iron ore mine's development, which they want scrapped.

The 78-year-old former guerrilla leader, who sees the Valentines iron ore mine as a crowning legacy of his presidency, has angered traditional constituencies of supporters with moves critics say are neither fair nor legal. Critics say the mine will devastate Uruguay's ecology.

Mujica's government faces charges it has circumvented rules to push ahead with what is rated to be the largest international investment project in the country's history. Anglo-Swiss mining group Zamin Ferrous has come in for sharp criticism as controversy rages over the plan.

The Valentines project, also called Minera Aratiri, is an ambitious three-phase development that aims to develop Uruguay's iron ore deposits, build pipelines for shipping iron ore concentrate through pristine unspoiled reserves of natural beauty and a deep water port on Uruguay's Atlantic coast.

The project faced opposition when first proposed in 2008, with the grant of permits to Zamin Ferrous subsidiary Minera Aratiri.

That opposition intensified after Zamin Ferrous and Mujica's administration agreed to expand cooperation to include a deep-water port. Mujica argues the port will transform Uruguay, which depends on the goodwill of Argentina and Brazil for much of its global exports. Brazil has pledged support to Uruguay's plans to have its own deep-water port and bypass Argentina.

Critics say the entire complex, about 150 miles from the capital Montevideo and Uruguayan coast, strikes at the heart of Uruguay's rich legacy of natural resources. The iron ore project's time span of 12-20 years is nothing when compared with the long-term damage it will cause to Uruguay's environment, critics say.


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ASAMBLEA NACIONAL CONTRA LA MEGAMINERÍA EN URUGUAY / 13/08/2012

ASAMBLEA NACIONAL CONTRA LA MEGAMINERÍA EN URUGUAY / 13/08/2012 | Environment | Scoop.it

COMUNICADO DE PRENSA

ASAMBLEA NACIONAL CONTRA LA MEGAMINERÍA EN URUGUAY

Tacuarembó, 13 de agosto de 2012.

 

El pasado sábado 11 de agosto y en respuesta a la invitación abierta que circuló por diversos medios, nos reunimos en la ciudad de Tacuarembó alrededor de 300 personas, en su mayoría integrantes y representantes de 35 organizaciones del país, para discutir estrategias contra la instalación de la megaminería metalífera a cielo abierto en Uruguay.

 

La organización corrió por cuenta de Radio La Kandela, ADEOM-Tacuarembó, productores agropecuarios y vecinos del departamento. Durante la mañana se presentaron distintas propuestas de acción coordinada, algunas ya en estado de implementación, como son los referéndums departamentales en Rivera y Treinta y Tres, a lanzarse próximamente. En la tarde, se discutieron diversas iniciativas y, en particular, la pertinencia de una campaña de recolección de firmas para un plebiscito nacional que prohiba la megaminería en el país.

 

Entre otros colectivos, estuvieron presentes integrantes de Redes-AT, Movimiento por un Uruguay Sustentable (Mesa de Ruta 7, CNDAV, Grupo Guayubira y otros), Colectivo de Lucha por la Tierra, Asamblea del Callejón, UTAA, Colectivo de Sauce, MONADET, Bio Uruguay, Plenario Memoria y Justicia, Vecinos de José Ignacio, Eco Tacuarembó, Olimar Piri, Sindicato del Taxi (SUATT), Coordinadora Contra los Megaproyectos, Acción Sin Fronteras, La Verdad Ofende, Consejo de la Nación Charrúa (CONACHA), Asociación de Estudiantes de Agronomía, CIES, Confederación de los Pueblos Costeros, ADES-Montevideo, ADEOM-Tacuarembó, FM Raíces y Radio La Kandela.

 

Con la determinación de continuar las distinas líneas de trabajo de forma autónoma pero coordinada, quedó consolidado un movimiento nacional cuya primera acción conjunta será la organización de una gran marcha en Defensa de la Tierra y sus Bienes Naturales, a realizarse el próximo 12 de octubre en la ciudad de Montevideo. Esta nueva manifestación ciudadana superará las convocatorias anteriores en virtud de la amplia y diversa oposición que crece en todo el país hacia los proyectos de megaminería y en particular el de Aratirí, con su mineroducto y puerto de aguas profundas en la costa oceánica.

La jornada culminó con una manifestación por el centro de la ciudad de Tacuarembó, en la que se distribuyó material informativo producido por las diferentes organizaciones.

 

Resoluciones de la Asamblea Nacional, Tacuarembó, 11 de agosto de 2012/

 

1) Realizar una gran marcha nacional el próximo 12 de octubre en defensa de la tierra y sus bienes naturales, en contra de la megaminería metalífera a cielo abierto.
2) Coordinar nacionalmente entre todos los colectivos sociales la organización de dicha marcha.
3) Citar, luego del 12 de octubre, una próxima Asamblea Nacional para coordinar todos los medios de lucha contra la megaminería, sin excluir ningún tipo de iniciativa ciudadana, respetando la autonomía local de los grupos para continuar con su trabajo, así como el valor de las coordinacines regionales hacia el futuro.
4) La posibilidad o no de la promoción de un plebiscito nacional que se pronuncie sobre la megaminería se continúa evaluando, además de los plebiscitos departamentales que están en curso.

 


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Le Parlement a interdit définitivement la culture du maïs transgénique en France

Le Parlement a interdit définitivement la culture du maïs transgénique en France | Environment | Scoop.it
SANTE - L'ensemble des sénateurs de gauche a voté pour. L'UMP et la plupart des centristes s'y opposent...

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