Occupy Belgium
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Occupy Belgium
WG Media Team Curation of Local Struggles in Belgium & Worldwide Occupy / 15M / LaPAH & Grassroots movements
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GRÈCE GÉNÉRALE #weareallgreeks #wearegreece

GRÈCE GÉNÉRALE à Lisa Youlountas RÉALISATION Réjane TRÉMEL & Samuel WAHL mars 2012 Remerciements : LISA YOULOUNTAS, YANNIS YOULOUNTAS, RAOUL VANEIGEM, STATHI...

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Récits de #Fukushima #Belgique par Alain de Halleux.

Récits de #Fukushima #Belgique par Alain de Halleux. | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it

Une série documentaire (8 X 8 minutes) pour le web réalisée par Alain de Halleux. Tous les jours à 16h30, du 8 mars jusqu’au 14 mars, un épisode du "Récits de Fukushima" sera en ligne sur cette page.


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The Path of the Coltan in Africa #coltan #tech

The Path of the Coltan in Africa #coltan #tech | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it

BLOOD COLTAN

Computers and cell phones have revolutionized the way individuals across the planet communicate and live, but in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) their biggest legacy has proven to be conflict. The DRC is home to many of the largest and most accessible deposits of columbite-tantalite, a precious ore that is used in the production of electronics, including the GPS system that directed you to the office, the laptop that you work on, the PlayStation that you play to unwind, the cell phone that you use throughout the day,and scores of other appliances in between. It just so happens that coltan (the short form of columbite-tantalite) is most commonly found and mined in rebel-controlled territory at the expense of national parks, wildlife and innocent civilians.


Finding mineral resources at the center of conflict and suffering in the DRC is nothing new. Ever since 1885, when King Leopold II of Belgium effectively made the Congo Free State his personal property and ravaged the country mercilessly for its ivory and rubber the fortune promised by the land’s resources has also been a curse. While King Leopold’s mismanagement of the Congo resulted in the deaths of as many as fifteen million people, the current decade-long conflict over coltan mines has victimized over 5.4 million Congolese via armed conflict and war-related causes. Egregious human rights abuses, including the institutionalization of rape as a weapon of war, continue to tear the country’s social structures apart and perpetuate the cycle of violence that has devolved into the world’s deadliest conflict since World War II. Despite the country’s wealth of natural resources, such as diamonds, hydroelectric power, wood and strategic minerals, the DRC now ranks 176th on the UNDP Human Development index of 182 countries.


Coltan is a dull black substance that is mined in a process similar to gold panning in the era of California’s Gold Rush. Groups of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) miners work together to scrape away dirt from the surface of streambeds in order to reach the coltan underground, then sift the dirt in water to allow the heavier coltan to settle at the bottom. While money is being invested in the extraction and refinement of other strategic minerals across the Congo, such as copper and cobalt, ASM operations continue to thrive for minerals such as coltan, which can be mined with minimal capital investment. Conflict notwithstanding, ASM provide income for upwards of 12.5 million Congolese, or approximately one fifth of the country’s population.


Coltan continues to be transported away from mining sites to trading posts that are heavily taxed and controlled by rebels. After being trafficked across international boundaries by illegitimate actors, primarily eastward to Rwanda, the mineral is then bought by foreign traders and shipped abroad for processing and manufacturing. One report indicates that the neighboring Rwandan army made $250 million from coltan sales in less than 18 months, despite the fact that there is no coltan to be mined within Rwanda’s borders.


The most recent phase of the DRC’s ongoing conflict began in the mid 1990s, when ethno-political tensions from the neighboring Rwandan civil war and genocide spilled across the eastern border of what was at the time Zaire. The exodus of some 1.2 million Hutu refugees included the remnants of the fleeing Rwandan army and Hutu militias, perpetrators of 800,000 Tutsi murders. The rapid influx of refugees created new security risks by altering the existing ethnic balance and demographic dynamic of the impoverished Zaire.


Neighboring countries provided aid to numerous armed factions operating within Zaire’s borders, which eventually led to the overthrow of Mobutu Sese Seko’s regime in 1997. Laurent Kabila came to power and renamed the state the Democratic Republic of the Congo while continuing to battle various militias for control of the countryside. By mid-1999, the militias formed a coherent rebel movement and managed to capture and occupy the eastern third of the country, moving into strategic mining areas and ravaging Congolese villages and civilians along the way. Before long the rebels fell to fighting amongst themselves over the valuable mining territory, resulting in violent ongoing battles between the Congolese government and its allies and, on the opposing side, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda and the Congolese rebels that they back respectively.


While coltan is not a root cause of conflict in the DRC, it is indisputably an aggravating and conflict-sustaining factor. It is estimated that 80 percent of the world’s coltan reserves are in Africa, with 80 percent of that in the DRC’s highlands. Many of the inter-tribal and economically driven micro-conflicts plaguing the DRC are aggravated by the patterns of coltan extraction and transport. Although most conflicts in the DRC are categorized as civil conflicts they could be more accurately described as externally-influenced, resource-driven conflicts. Congolese conflicts are less motivated by domestic competition for scarce resources than by gaining control over resources that have become strategic and lucrative international commodities.

In such circumstances where the breakdown of state authority is the status quo it is inevitable that a shadow economy will emerge. High profit informal and illegal economic activities such as the arms trafficking and exploitation of natural resources become dominant market activities and over time the individuals engaged in or dependent on these initiatives lose interest in peace. This develops into a “war economy,” where the wealth from exploited commodities, in turn, is reinvested into war efforts and makes the conflict self-fuelled and financially viable.


New legislation passed by the U.S. Congress aims to mitigate the appeal of the black market and bolster benefits of conducting coltan and other mineral transactions in the formal economy, even if only for entities whose primary operations take place outside of the DRC. Companies reporting to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) now have to disclose whether they buy minerals directly from the DRC or from any of its nine neighbors, and if so, where they (allegedly) originated.

Although it is unlikely that there will be collaboration amongst armed group to standardize and monitor the extraction of coltan in the DRC, the sooner any actor within the country takes the initiative to standardize extraction practices the better. In fiscal terms, standard oversight and moderate taxation of coltan transactions within the DRC would provide the ability to invest in basic infrastructure and social provisions. While investment in public goods is unlikely given the track record of human rights abuses perpetrated by the rebels, at the very least taxation would result in income to the combatants that could provide food and moderate compensation to individuals serving in the militias, many of whom were conscripted against their will or remain only because they have no viable alternatives.

Another motivation to monitor the extraction of coltan is to protect the weak labor market that is accessible to impoverished Congolese civilians. Local rebel administrations have proven time and again that they are more interested in the appropriation and exploitation of natural resources than in initiating any development schemes. It would be catastrophic to village markets and socioeconomic structures if coltan mining were to be such a prevalent form of employment that the peasants forgot their farming skills in the way that many Central African villagers have forsaken traditional logging work for oil jobs. Displaced farmers have frequently turned to coltan mining and reports indicate that up to a one-third of children across the country have given up school to dig for coltan. When the coltan or oil runs out, they will no longer have any means of livelihood – a death sentence in a country where 70 percent of the population lives in absolute poverty, thirty percent of children are chronically malnourished, and unemployment hovers around 85 percent.


It is not only human populations that have been crippled by decades of conflict and looting. The region where coltan mining is most concentrated includes the Kahuzi-Biega National Park, a World Heritage Site and home to the famously endangered Mountain Gorillas. Major sections of the forest have been illegally clear cut to make mining easier. The U.N. Environment Program estimates that the population of eastern lowland gorillas has declined by 90 percent in the years since the conflict began. Not only has this reduced food available to the gorillas, but the poverty caused by the displacement of local populations has led to the killing of gorillas to sell as “bush meat” in local markets. Beyond environmental repercussions and ethical objections to the growing threat of gorilla extinction, the elimination of a primary tourist attraction will permanently deprive the DRC of tourist revenues. Excessive mining has also resulted in massive erosion that continues to pollute bodies of water, negatively impacting the wildlife food chain and supply of animals that can be hunted or marketed as tourist attractions.


By engaging in activities that prevent future economic development all armed forces and renegade military units operating in the DRC are robbing themselves and Congolese citizens of a promising future. Documenting the origin of coltan production is not the sole responsibility of miners and traders. Consumers of coltan must demand accountability and adherence to guidelines similar to the diamond industry’s Kimberley Process; otherwise the international community will remain just as guilty of propagating resource-based violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo as the armed thugs on the ground.

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We will NOT pay the debt of bankers and speculators! We will NOT reclaim GREEK DEBT TO THE PEOPLE!

We will NOT pay the debt of bankers and speculators! We will NOT reclaim GREEK DEBT TO THE PEOPLE! | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Spanish media report on the "success" of the Greek debt reduction operation. What is not said is that this leads the way to a new "rescue", a new loan of 130,000 million euros, in which the Spanish Government participates.
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Petite mise au point : violence policière = 2 poids 2 mesures #VDS

Petite mise au point : violence policière = 2 poids 2 mesures #VDS | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it

Petit message pour une certaine partie bien précise de la police de bruxelles
 

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manifestation nationale contre le nucléaire #Belgique #fukushima #11m

manifestation nationale contre le nucléaire #Belgique #fukushima #11m | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it

Live broadcast de la manifestation contre le nucléaire à Bruxelles


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Como rescatar un Banco: La historia de Landsbanki en Islandia

Como rescatar un Banco: La historia de Landsbanki en Islandia | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
El 7 de Octubre del 2008, mientras los mercados financieros globales se sumían en el pánico tras el colapso de Lehman Brothers, una pequeña isla europea cerraba un capitulo de su historia.
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vendredi 16 mars 2012 - Saint-Gilles - Conférence débat - La Grèce en morceaux, une évaluation de la crise - UPJB

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DR Congo: A Revolution Deferred

DR Congo: A Revolution Deferred | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Source: Possible Futures. By Jason Stearns.
In order to understand the failure of mobilization in the Congo, we need to look beyond the usual finger-pointing at individuals.
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Maroc. Les femmes se mobilisent contre les micro-crédits

Maroc. Les femmes se mobilisent contre les micro-crédits | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Femmes contre micro-crédits, témoignage en version sous-titrée français : comment les micro-crédits appauvrissent les femmes et comment les femmes luttent dans la région de Ouarzazate pour obtenir justice face à des organismes puissants prétendant...
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Les principales mesures du budget

Les principales mesures du budget | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
L'accord sur le contrôle budgétaire ne comprend ni hausse de la TVA, ni révision de la fiscalité des comptes d'épargne mais bien une augmentation des accises sur le tabac et des taxes sur les transactions boursières.
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Importantes manifestations en Espagne avant la grève générale fin mars - LeMonde.fr

Importantes manifestations en Espagne avant la grève générale fin mars - LeMonde.fr | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Le Monde.fr - Des foules de manifestants ont envahi dimanche les rues de Madrid et de toutes les villes d'Espagne pour protester contre la réforme du travail mise en place par le gouvernement de droite, répétition avant la journée de grève générale...
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Koni-alisme 2012 - ‎"Kony 2012" : une campagne impérialiste !


Toute personne qui a été sur Facebook ces derniers jours aura remarqué la Campagne "Kony 2012" d'Invisible Children, une vidéo sur Joseph Kony, le chef de "Lord's Resistance Army".


Le problème fondamental de cette campagne, c'est que tout en se positionnant comme un appel à la paix et au "sauvetage" des peuples africains, elle soutient l'intervention militaire US en Afrique.

Il y a à peine quelques mois, le président américain Barack Hussein Obama a déployé 100 militaires américains "conseillers" en Ouganda et dans d'autres parties de l'Afrique centrale pour trouver Joseph Kony et les forces de la "Lord's Resistance Army".


De nombreux reportages dans les médias ont bien identifié ce geste comme directement relié à l'AFRICOM, base africaine du commandement militaire américain, et ses efforts pour s'assurer le contrôle de l'Ouganda et des autres territoires africains avoisinants, riches en pétrole.


Devrions-nous être surpris?


Tout les conflits qui ont cours en Afrique s'imposent comme des guerres de procuration, avec des armes et des financements qui viennent des États-Unis, des anciennes puissances coloniales européennes ou encore des multinationales dans une tentative de contrôler les ressources africaines qui nourrissent et enrichissent le monde entier.


Si vous voulez verrouiller un criminel de guerre allez chercher Bush 1 et 2, Clinton et Obama, Chirac et Sarkozy, etc. La Cour Pénale Internationale n'a jamais convoqué le pouvoir impérial à son tribunal pour ses crimes historiques et permanents.

NE FAITES PAS DE DON À "INVISIBLE CHILDREN", cela va seulement financer les salaires des occidentaux qui travaillent pour Invisible Children et l'armée Ougandaise, donc encore plus de guerres par procuration pour les États-Unis en vue de prendre le contrôle des terres et du pétrole en Afrique.


AFRICAINS, REFUSEZ LA CHARITÉ EN AFRIQUE car elle nous maintient dans une position d'impuissance et de dépendance et concentre le pouvoir et les ressources dans les mains de l'oppresseur. L'Afrique n'est pas un cas de charité mais de résistance ! Allez vous continuer d'attendre que votre propre oppresseur vous disent où, quand et à qui résister ?


OCCIDENTAUX, REFUSEZ D'ÊTRE ASSOCIÉ AUX CAMPAGNES CRIMINELLES DE VOS DIRIGEANTS! Vous avez déjà soutenu par votre passivité les génocides en Irak, en Palestine, en Afghanistan, en Libye, en Côte d'Ivoire, au Congo, au Rwanda,et en fait partout en Afrique et ce depuis 400 ans. L'Occident mène des guerres pour le contrôle des ressources au nom d'une fausse démocratie. Le seul moyen de renverser le capitalisme qui conditionne notre oppression est de se solidariser avec la lutte Africaine, car l'impérialisme entretient et survit par sa relation parasitaire avec l'Afrique.

Rejoignez la résistance !
UHURU !

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Gaza, Palestine et apartheid

Gaza, Palestine et apartheid | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Gaza, Palestine et apartheid
dimanche 11 mars 2012, par Alain Gresh
« Nous condamnons les tirs de roquettes et les conséquences humanitaires de ces violences et déplorons les victimes civiles.
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Fukushima-Brussels Vigil Group

Fukushima-Brussels Vigil Group | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it

Wednesday, April 11, 2012
6:30pm until 9:30pm

place : mont des arts, Brussels
 

Join us for this next (Wednesday April 11th ) for a vigil in the memory of the victims of Fukushima's Nuclear Disaster and to remind the world that Nuclear is a hazard!
Bring some cake and warm chocolate to share with others!


We will gather, meditate and sing all together!
There should be some musicians and a choir.
We might be filmed and the clip to be sent to Fukushima.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M3fpCztWWug



Invite your friends and spread the word.


more info here-after:
Fukushima's victim Living Memorial


Every 11th of the month since April 11th, we gather a vigil on a public place to manifest our solidarity with the victims of Fukushima.
Join our group to manifest your concern with what is happening there.

Next vigil is next 11th, check it where and what time!
If you can't come, create the same vigil wherever you are with your friends!
If you can't get out of your home, just put a candle this evening (11th) at the window of your place to light to world + picture it (with location, date and hour) and post it to the Fukushima Vigil group or page, ideally with your face on the picture, like this: http://bit.ly/rJ8YLc


Fukushima could be us!


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q5p283KZGa8&feature=player_embedded




Please add yourself to the Fukushima Vigil (the group) for next vigil invitation

Rejoignez-nous pour cette prochaine veillée (dimanche 11 Mars) à la mémoire des victimes de la catastrophe nucléaire de Fukushima et pour rappeler au monde que le nucléaire est un danger!


Apportez un peu de gâteau et du chocolat chaud à partager avec les autres!
Nous nous rassemblerons, méditerons et chanterons tous ensemble!
Il devrait y avoir quelques musiciens et une chorale.
Nous pourrions être filmé et le clip doit être envoyé à Fukushima.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M3fpCztWWug%7E%7EV



Invitez vos amis et passez le mot.


plus d'info ici-après:
Fukushima Mémorial Vivant


Tous les 11 du mois depuis le 11 Avril 2011, nous nous réunissons en une veillée sur la place publique pour manifester notre solidarité avec les victimes de Fukushima.
Rejoignez notre groupe pour manifester votre inquiétude par rapport à ce qui se passe là-bas et ici...


Chaque 11 du mois se tient une veillée à Bruxelles et ailleurs, partout...
Si vous ne pouvez pas venir, vous pouvez créer la veillée où que vous soyez avec vos amis!


Si vous ne pouvez pas sortir de votre maison, il suffit de mettre une bougie ce soir (11 du mois) à la fenêtre de votre maison pour donner de la lumière au reste du monde + cous pouvez également vous prendre en photo (avec lieu, date et heure) et la poster au groupe Vigil Fukushima ou page, idéalement avec votre visage sur la photo, comme ceci: http://bit.ly/rJ8YLc


Fukushima pourrait être nous!


Brillons de notre lumière!


Ajoutez-vous au groupe Fukushima Vigil (the group) pour recevoir les invitations pour les prochaines veillées

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Mobilize together towards Río+20 and beyond

Mobilize together towards Río+20 and beyond | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
For our rights and the rights of nature, against the commodification of life and the greenwashing of capitalism We, organizations, networks and social movements, involved in the building of the Peoples' Summit for social and environmental justice,...
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En Syrie, l’horreur d’un champ de guerre impérialiste

En Syrie, l’horreur d’un champ de guerre impérialiste | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Syrie, les intérêts impérialistes en action...
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Violence policière: Mourad, de témoin à victime #stoprepression

Violence policière: Mourad, de témoin à victime #stoprepression | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it

Un homme a menacé des clients d’un café au riot-gun. Mourad voulait donner son témoignage... et a terminé avec dix jours d’incapacité

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Le trottoir et l’isoloir #artivistes #bxl #festivaldeslibertés

Le trottoir et l’isoloir #artivistes #bxl #festivaldeslibertés | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Communiqué des Artivistes
Jeudi 17 novembre 2022 :
Alors que les Artivistes s’étaient donné rendez-vous pour commémorer la disparition du Festival des libertés, la police de Bruxelles a démontré son engagement en faveur de la démocratie.
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Laisser-passer

" Ne laisse passer aucune pensée incognito, et tiens ton carnet de notes avec autant de rigueur que les autorités tiennent les registres des étrangers.
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mercredi 21 mars 2012 - Bruxelles - Soirée d'infos - Projet Nord sur la consommation - Quinoa

mercredi 21 mars 2012 - Bruxelles - Soirée d'infos - Projet Nord sur la consommation - Quinoa | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
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RD Congo : Histoire d’un chaos délibéré

RD Congo : Histoire d’un chaos délibéré | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Par Jean-Marie Mutobola. Le 7 mars 2012.
Au moment où j’écris cet article, la figure la plus vraisemblable de l’avenir du Congo que je me représente me fait craindre une descente définitive aux enfers de cet immense pays africain.
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Libérez Hanaa Shalabi immédiatement!

Libérez Hanaa Shalabi immédiatement! | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
HANA YAHYA SHALABI
Date of birth: 7 February 1982
Place of residence: Burqin, Jenin
Date of arrest: 16 February 2012
Place of detention: HaSharon prison
 
Appel Urgent! Libérez Hanaa Shalabi immédiatement!
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Les Liquidateurs du vieux monde : comment le forum du nucléaire nous fout en l'air?

Les Liquidateurs du vieux monde : comment le forum du nucléaire nous fout en l'air? | Occupy Belgium | Scoop.it
Click on the photo to comment, share or view other great photos (http://t.co/tdKtYHIR comment le forum du nucléaire nous fout en l'air?
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