Bangladesh is one of the highest e-waste generating countries in the world. It produces 2.7 million metric tons of e-waste. The ship-dismantling industry alone produces 90 percent of the wastes, according to a study by ESDO presented at the capital, Dhaka, on Monday. An estimated 700 ships reach their final destination in Bangladesh, where they come to be dismantled and salvaged. Wastes from the electronics inside the vessels are produced at the shipyards on Bangladesh’s southern coast.
The ship scrap carries huge volumes of toxic products, as well as electric and electronic wastes, which include neon lamps and light bulbs, light switches, hundreds of miles of electrical wires and tons of cables, in addition to kitchen and laundry appliances, television monitors and computers. The tradeoff and trans-boundary movement does not address the critical environmental, social and economic impacts on an impoverished nation of 150 million, about the size of the state of Texas.