Nearly a century later the gold mines are gone, diamond mines are on the decline and once again, oil is poised to renew interest in the North.
At the heart of NWT oil country is Norman Wells, the first community established North of 60 not as a fur trading post but as a hub for non-renewable resource development. It was also the catalyst for the formation of the Canadian government's first Northern-based bureaucracy.
Ironically, the community which is called Lli Goline - where the oil is - by Dene who used oil seepages to waterproof canoes long before Europeans set foot in the area, Norman Wells finds itself struggling with an energy shortage. With present wells on the verge of drying up and new oil plays only in the exploration stage, it is the town's most pressing challenge and priority as it tries to position itself to capitalize on future development.