Nuclear Physics
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# Nuclear Physics

Selected contemporary works in Nuclear Physics
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## Short-Lived Isotope Opens New Possibilities for Cancer Treatment

Short-Lived Isotope Opens New Possibilities for Cancer Treatment
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## A first for direct-drive fusion

Scientists at the University of Rochester have taken a significant step forward in laser fusion research. Experiments using the OMEGA lase
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## S&TR | July/August 2016

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## 16.2 million Euros for neutron and positron research

Your entry into the neutron world.
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## Neutron Star Theory Group at UNAM

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## Modern compact accelerators of cyclotron type for medical applications

Ion beam therapy and hadron therapy are types of external beam radiotherapy. Recently, the vast majority of patients have been treated with protons and carbon ions. Typically, the types of accelerator
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## Effects of a realistic tensor force on nuclear quadrupole deformation near the shore'' of the island of inversion

The M3Y-type semirealistic interaction is applied to deformed nuclei for the first time. Constrained Hartree-Fock calculations assuming axial symmetry are implemented for the $N=20$ isotones $^{30}\mathrm{Ne}$, $^{32}\mathrm{Mg}$, $^{34}\mathrm{Si}$ and the $N=28$ isotones $^{40}\mathrm{Mg}$, $^{42}\mathrm{Si}$, $^{44}\mathrm{S}$ with the M3Y-P6 interaction. The results match the experimental data well. Effects of the realistic tensor force on the nuclear quadrupole deformation are investigated in relation to the loss of the $N=20$ and 28 magic numbers. The tensor force is confirmed to favor the deformation for the $N=28$ nuclei owing to the closure of the $jj$ shell (i.e., $n0{f}_{7/2}$), while favoring the sphericity for the $N=20$ nuclei owing to the $\ensuremath{\ell}s$ closure of $N=20$.
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## Japan’s $320 Million Gamble at Fukushima: An Underground Ice Wall The project is designed to keep water out of the damaged reactor buildings at the nuclear power plant, and radioactive water from reaching the Pacific. Critics say it may not work. No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Looking through the crystal ball at nuclear structure physics Nuclei are at the core of everything in day to day life. Understanding how they work and interact is a fundamental science vital to applications in the real world as well as pure research. No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## [1608.07556] Radiation Hardness of 30 cm Long CsI(Tl) Crystals No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Iran releases physicist after five years in jail Omid Kokabee, who became seriously ill while serving time on controversial treason charges, will now allowed to leave the country. No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Anthropogenic and naturally occurring radionuclide content in near surface air in Cáceres (Spain) No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## The ROSPHERE γ-ray spectroscopy array No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## A new way of taming ions can improve future health care A group of researchers at Chalmers University of Technology has discovered a completely new way of using lasers to accelerate ion beams. In time, the new technique could possibly give more people access to advanced cancer treatment. The results were recently published in the high impact journal Physical Review Letters. No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Nuclear weapons 1945-2015 DATA VAN DE DAG - This week North Korea did another nuclear test. It's estimated that they have 7 warheads already. We present the estimates for all countr… No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Magnetic moment and lifetime measurements of Coulomb-excited states in 106Cd Background: The Cd isotopes are well studied, but experimental data for the rare isotopes are sparse. At energies above the Coulomb barrier, higher states become accessible. No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Back to School with TRIUMF | St Mary's and TRIUMF IRIS device No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Virtual Journal of Nuclear Astrophysics No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## The Nuclotron and Nica control system development status The Nuclotron is a 6 GeV/n superconducting proton synchrotron operating at JINR, Dubna since 1993. It will be the core of the future accelerating complex NICA which is under construction now. The TANG No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Measurement of picosecond lifetimes in neutron-rich Xe isotopes Background: Lifetimes of nuclear excited states in fission fragments have been studied in the past following isotope separation, thus giving access mainly to the fragments' daughters and only to long-lived isomeric states in the primary fragments. For the first time now, short-lived excited states in the primary fragments, produced in neutron-induced prompt fission of$^{235}\mathrm{U}$and$^{241}\mathrm{Pu}$, were studied within the EXILL campaign at the intense neutron-beam facility of the Institute Laue-Langevin in Grenoble. No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Researchers peel back another layer of chemistry with 'tender' X-rays Scientists can now directly probe a previously hard-to-see layer of chemistry thanks to a unique X-ray toolkit developed at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berke.. No comment yet.  Scooped by Theo J. Mertzimekis ## Lifetime measurement of the 4+ state of 58Ni with the recoil distance method The quadrupole transition rate for the${4}_{1}^{+}\ensuremath{\rightarrow}{2}_{1}^{+}$transition of$^{58}\mathrm{Ni}$was determined from an application of the recoil distance method with the Gamma-Ray Energy Tracking In-beam Nuclear Array (GRETINA). The present result of the$B(E2;{4}_{1}^{+}\ensuremath{\rightarrow}{2}_{1}^{+})$was found to be${50}_{\ensuremath{-}6}^{+11}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}{e}^{2}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}{\mathrm{fm}}^{4}\$, which is about three times smaller than the literature value, indicating substantially less collectivity than previously believed. Shell model calculations performed with the GXPF1A effective interaction agree with the present data and the validity of the standard effective charges in understanding collectivity in the nickel isotopes is discussed.
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## Production of nuclear sources and nuclear batteries by proton irradiation

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## Cloud server an avenue for foreign nationals to use certain U.S. nuclear codes

A cloud based server at a national lab allows researchers from across the globe access to computer codes that could help them design safer nuclear reactors, or safely transport nuclear material. Opened for business in April of last year by the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center, the server allows its users to work on projects “in the interests of the U.S. government.” So far, only 80 people have access, but Timothy Valentine, director of the center, hopes that will soon expand. The center is teaming up with Nuclear Energy Agency’s Data Bank to establish a training workshop in late fall or early winter for those who usually have limited access to the code, particularly Russian citizens.
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