How to Clean Up Ocean Plastics Pollution: Actress Amy Smart and UCLA Experts on HuffPost Live - The Huffington Post (How to Clean Up Ocean Plastics Pollution: Actress Amy Smart and UCLA Experts on HuffPost Live http://t.co/tPPSF8CCGm...
Fifteen hundred representatives from 87 nations came together last week to discuss our absolutely favorite subject: Marine Protected Areas (MPA’s), or as we call them, Hope Spots. It went down in France with a delicately balanced soup of the relevant stakeholders: Marine Protected Area managers, scientists, politicians, local representatives, concerned civilians, business executives and more.
Getting together and talking is all well and good — but what happened? What were the visions put forward to save our ocean?
On the Mission Blue front, we were ecstatic to announce a new Hope Spot Map with 50 marine areas targeted for increased conservation. Ideally even larger swaths of the ocean would be completely protected starting tomorrow, yet these 50 Hope Spots offer a road map — a game plan — to concentrate conservation efforts in places that are critical to ocean health…critical to the future health of our entire planet, whose chemistry and biology is driven by our Blue Heart.
“For 2013, the catch limits allow the slaughter of 16,655 small cetaceans, but our analysis of available scientific data raises very serious concerns about the sustainability of these hunts. In using outdated population information and lacking a scientifically rigorous method for setting catch limits, the Government is displaying a lack of responsibility and is failing to implement its own policies of sustainable utilization,” itadded.
This is the website for Bluefin Action, a group of people with experience in animal rights and marine conservation efforts, dedicated to saving Bluefin Tuna from extinction (RT @bluefinaction: NO BYCATCH?
the Blog of the Environmental Change and Security Program (Curbing #China’s massive, destructive, distant water fishing fleet http://t.co/KocJBMldnH via @DianeN56 @NewSecurityBeat #overfishing)...
Marian Locksley's insight:
China’s massive distant water fishing fleet is problematic for a few reasons, the most prominent being that a significant portion of its catch it illegal, unreported, or unregulated, making measuring catches and determining sustainable catch rates impossible. Of the estimated 4.6 million tons of fish China catches annually, the vast majority comes from outside of its domestic waters, and most of that is unreported.
Along with many other distant water fishing nations, China concentrates a good portion of its efforts off the west coast of Africa due to nutrient upwelling that brings dense schools of phytoplankton and all the food chains that rely on them. Many European and other countries have signed access agreements under theUN Convention on the Law of the Sea establishing certain extraction amounts and parameters with African countries. China does not publically disclose its access agreements, so it is unclear how much of their activity is illegal, but it is estimated that 80 percent of the 3.1 million tons caught off African coasts is illegal, unreported, or unregulated.
In a demonstration of how out of touch the UK government is with public opinion, it intends to pay approximately twice as much for electricity from the proposed Hinkley C nuclear power plant near Bristol than is paid for electricity from solar power...
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification, some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves, suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures as the carbon content of the ocean...
Citing the use of hazardous hydraulic fracturing chemicals and the release of oil industry wastewater (Water pollution from fracking ops in CA waters poses risks to a wide range of threatened and endangered species.
The Osa Peninsula, on the South Pacific side of Costa Rica, is one of the most biologically intense places on Earth. But overfishing is depleting its resources, says Sierra Goodman, an advocate pushing to turn Osa into a Marine Protected Area (MPA).
Marian Locksley's insight:
Longlines from commercial fishing boats are estimated to have hooked more than 699,000 olive ridley sea turtles and 23,000 green sea turtles in little over a decade. Ridley's are classified as vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). For Green turtles, the news is more dire; CITES lists their status as endangered.
Turtles are not the only species to bear the wrath of commerce. Tuna boats kill and maim thousands of dolphins each year in their quest to net the expensive fish. Used as indicators for the presence of tuna, commercial vessels deploy speed boats to round up the hapless dolphins and the tuna swimming beneath them. Netted together, this method of fishing is believed to kill 2,000 dolphins per year just off the Osa Peninsula alone.
While industry has embarked on lobbying and public relations campaigns in an effort to paint themselves as responsible ("Air pollution kills about 20,000 Canadians a year & with tar sands expansion, it will only get worse”
Harm to the oceans can make sharks sick Chicago Daily Herald Sharks rule the oceans as the top predator. They play a key role, and are called a keystone species because they keep marine populations in check by weeding out the sick and the old.
Research conducted by the Monterey Bay Aquarium tracks traces of the toxins PCB and DDT in mother sharks, chemicals that have been banned for decades but linger in ocean waters. Scientists are trying to determine if these chemicals cross over to baby sharks.
Dr. Mike Murray, Monterey Bay Aquarium veterinarian, said poor food quality can make sharks in the wild sick.
"Bad food, not enough food, and the wrong types of food can also make animals, including people and sharks, sick," Murray said.
"So, some of the harm that is being done to the oceans and the animals that live in them can affect sharks by affecting their food. There are lots of things that make sharks sick, but we can do an awful lot to protect them and keep them healthy by making sure that their oceans are kept healthy."
Anyone can help keep sharks and other marine animals healthy by taking care of how they dispose of chemicals, medicines and other pollutants.
"Among the things we can do to help keep sharks from getting sick is to limit the chemicals we use, and the flow of those chemicals into rivers, lakes and oceans where wildlife lives," said Monterey Bay Aquarium's Ken Peterson.
That's one big fish. One really big fish. Your typical smaller grouper weighs between three and five pounds, but this is hardly typical. This is a goliath grouper.
Marian Locksley's insight:
It has taken billions of years for life to evolve to the state it's in now and humans will completely destroy almost all of it in the next few centuries if things continue in the direction they are going. You could call it "surivival of the fittest" or take the more nihilistic approach and say humans are just the most efficient virus ever developed, but the reality is humans WILL absorb all of the natural resources and we WILL destroy the planet as we know it.
That said, as long as life exists in some form, it will continue to grow and evolve; re-engineering the future even after people are all gone.
RT (blog) Dirty dealings: Chevron's toxic pollution fine reduced to $9.5bn RT (blog) Chevron refused to apologize for 40 years of harmful oil extraction from the Amazon rainforest by Texaco, which has left the land polluted with toxins and waste.
Salmon toss: Students put fish carcasses in creek for wildlife KPTV.com A group of 38 juniors and seniors from Clackamas High School placed the salmon in the upper reaches of the Clackamas Watershed to boost nutrient levels for fish and other...
Dolphin-Killing Virus Spreads South, May Be Infecting Whales Too Wired “It was very unreal dealing with the numbers of animals that were coming in at the peak in August,” said Mark Swingle, director of research and conservation at the Virginia...
Bycatch, a side-effect of commercial fishing in which non-target species are accidentally caught, is linked to severe population declines in several species.
Marian Locksley's insight:
"Bycatch of threatened species such as sea turtles and marine mammals is often a major concern because some bycatch rates are so large that it threatens the entire population of those species," said John Wang, one of the authors of the study. "Gillnets are one of the most ubiquitous forms of fishing around the world. It is relatively low cost, easy to deploy, and offers a livelihood for many peoples in coastal communities. Gillnet fishing is often the most non-specific type of fishing - that is - it often associated with high rates of bycatch."
Tweet I found these helpful link on the New York Times website: DRINKING WATER The Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water Environmental Protection Agency Local Drinking Water System Lookup Environmental Protection Agency Drinking Water and...
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