Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming
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Migration of coconuts

Migration of coconuts | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it

Coconuts can get around, and weight ratios don't even enter into it. The fruits don’t exactly travel between different climates season by season, but they are quite capable of traveling on their own.

Coconuts come from one of several plants that spread themselves using drift seeds, which can travel for thousands of miles over by floating in the ocean until they land on distant shores. If a coconut falls into the ocean, its buoyant husk allows it to travel wherever the ocean currents lead it. 

The question remains: could a coconut possibly migrate from its native tropical climate to a more temperate region, such as (and this is just off the top of my head, mind you) the Medieval Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia, located in modern-day England? To answer that, we need to take a look at where coconuts grow, and how ocean currents work.

 

Ocean currents have been known to spread debris to locations far away from its point of origin. One noteworthy example comes from 1992, when a shipping crate containing 28,000 rubber ducks was lost at sea near Hong Kong. The ducks traveled across the currents for years, washing up on the shores of Australia, Argentina, Alaska, Washington state, New England, and eventually the east coast of England itself. After falling off the ship, the rubber ducks were swept along by the Kuroshio Current, a current which also passes by the Philippines.
Since coconuts have grown in the Philippines for millenia, a medieval Filipino coconut could well have followed the same oceanic path as the rubber ducks from Hong Kong.  The kingdom of Mercia included small sections of England's east coast, so it's possible that some wayward coconuts could have been swept to the kingdom's shores and picked up by a travelling king with aspirations of uniting the land. 

 


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming
If no farmland and no forests and no water and no fish - then what?
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A million bottles a minute: world's plastic binge 'as dangerous as climate change'

A million bottles a minute: world's plastic binge 'as dangerous as climate change' | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
Exclusive: Annual consumption of plastic bottles is set to top half a trillion by 2021, far outstripping recycling efforts and jeopardising oceans, coastlines and other environments

Via Andy Dorn, Giannis Tompros , The Planetary Archives / San Francisco, California
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In #Chile, Many Regard #Climate Change As The Greatest External Threat

In #Chile, Many Regard #Climate Change As The Greatest External Threat | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
Drought, floods and wildfires are signs that climate change has become a harsh reality for the 17 million people of Chile. Laguna de Aculeo used to be a booming summer playground, but not anymore.

Via CineversityTV
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Climate Change: Solving the Mystery of the Arctic's Clouds - SPIEGEL ONLINE - International

Climate Change: Solving the Mystery of the Arctic's Clouds - SPIEGEL ONLINE - International | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
Climate change has been causing dramatic, accelerated changes in the Arctic. Now, a team of researchers has deployed two planes and a ship, along with advanced new technology, to take a closer look at one of its least understood causes: clouds.
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The world's not laughing, Donald, it's crying - BBC News

The world's not laughing, Donald, it's crying - BBC News | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
President Trump's statement is a very clear repudiation of the Paris climate agreement and international efforts to fund climate mitigation and adaptation in poorer countries.
In many ways it is far worse than many observers had expected.
The president clearly believes that the accord is a job killer, an economy strangler and a desperately unfair stitch-up by other countries wanting to take economic advantage of the US.
"We don't want other leaders and other countries laughing at us anymore," thundered President Trump, "and they won't be."
He spoke of being open to re-negotiating the deal or trying to build a new agreement - but the idea of re-working the accord is an unlikely scenario.
French President Emmanuel Macron has already dismissed the idea.
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Environmentalists vow to fight Carmichael coal mine in Australia | DW Environment | DW |

Environmentalists vow to fight Carmichael coal mine in Australia | DW Environment | DW | | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
Indian mining giant Adani is set to go ahead with a massive coal mine in northeastern Australia. Environmental activists have warned of the danger to the Great Barrier Reef, calling it a "disaster for the climate."
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The true cost of Germany's cheap food | Environment | DW |

The true cost of Germany's cheap food | Environment | DW | | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
German researchers say food prices must rise substantially to take account of the environmental cost of industrial agriculture. Although discount supermarkets take the blame, they cater to consumers' cheap tastes.
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Fake Food: GMO crops have been a massive failure on every level

Fake Food: GMO crops have been a massive failure on every level | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it

Genetically modified crops were once hailed as the solution to all manner of problems facing our planet. Proponents insisted they would reduce the need for pesticides, increase yields and help create plenty of nutritious food to feed our world.

Two decades later, however, it’s becoming increasing


Via Hans Gruen, Giannis Tompros
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Eben Lenderking's curator insight, June 11, 9:00 AM

Down with GMO!

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How the global banana industry is killing the world’s favorite fruit

How the global banana industry is killing the world’s favorite fruit | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
During harvest last year, banana farmers in Jordan and Mozambique made a chilling discovery. Their plants were no longer bearing the soft, creamy fruits they’d been growing for decades. When they cut open the roots of their banana plants, they saw something that looked like this:
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G20 agrees on plan to reduce plastic in oceans | News | DW 

G20 agrees on plan to reduce plastic in oceans | News | DW  | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
G20 states have developed an action plan to battle plastic and waste entering the world's oceans. By some estimates, if nothing is done there will be more plastic by weight than fish in the oceans by 2050.
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Madrid's diesel ban panics carmakers, shifts pollution problem | DW Environment | DW | 16.05.2017

Madrid's diesel ban panics carmakers, shifts pollution problem | DW Environment | DW | 16.05.2017 | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
To fight air pollution, Madrid is among cities around the world that have vowed to ban diesel vehicles by 2025. This leaves car dealers with lots full of autos no one will buy - what will happen to all the diesel cars?
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U.S. beekeepers lost a third of their colonies last year

U.S. beekeepers lost a third of their colonies last year | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
U.S. beekeepers said they lost 33 percent of their honey bee colonies during the year spanning April 2016 to April 2017. Rates of both summer and winter losses declined from previous years, with winter losses at the lowest level since the formal survey started in 2007.

The survey asks both commercial and small-scale beekeepers to track the survival rates of their honey bee colonies, is conducted each year by the nonprofit Bee Informed partnership in collaboration with the Apiary Inspectors of America.
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Rising seas could be turning Jersey’s coastal cedars into ghost forests

Jennifer Walker picked her way through the swamp, avoiding the muck while ducking under branches and climbing over felled trees.

To her left loomed one of the large “ghost forests” of the Jersey coastal plain: dead Atlantic white cedar trees, standing pale and bare at the edge of salt marshes.

Scientists such as Walker, a 25-year-old doctoral candidate at Rutgers University, are looking to the ghost forests as a potential indicator of rising sea levels, exacerbated by climate change.  

“It’s the first time I’ve been to one of these fringe marshes before,” said Walker, who was in the 8,000-acre Dennis Creek Wildlife Management Area in Woodbine, Cape May County. “Getting near them can be difficult. I’ve seen the groves from the road and kayak.”

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Oops, my starfish has lost an arm | Global Ideas | DW

Oops, my starfish has lost an arm | Global Ideas | DW | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
If you think starfish are just five-armed creatures of the deep that hover over the ocean floor, think again. They are name-defying, biologically brilliant, and full of surprises. Quite literally.
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As The Climate Changes, Kenyan Herders Find Centuries-Old Way Of Life In Danger

As The Climate Changes, Kenyan Herders Find Centuries-Old Way Of Life In Danger | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
Out here, in West Pokot County, Kenya, the landscape looks like Mars — red clay, rocks, and in the distance, a mountain so bare it looks like a giant boulder.

Stephen Long'uriareng, 80, has walked two hours to bring her two cows and goats to this watering hole. It's really just a dam carved out the earth, where the rain water mixes with mud and turns into a dark brown color.

This is not the place Long'uriareng remembers from her youth.

"This whole place used to be green with a lot of pasture. There was nothing being experienced like drought," she said.

In fact, nomadic herders have lived off the vast expanses of grass in the Rift Valley for centuries. For years, nothing much changed around here. All the progress of an industrialized Kenya has mostly skipped people here. Only about 3 percent have electricity and more than half the population is not formally educated. That means that to a lot of people here, herding is the only way they know how to survive. But recently, as the climate has changed, the grass here has died and a way of life that has existed for centuries is in danger.
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The three-minute story of 800,000 years of climate change with a sting in the tail

The three-minute story of 800,000 years of climate change with a sting in the tail | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
There are those who say the climate has always changed, and that carbon dioxide levels have always fluctuated. That’s true. But it’s also true that since the industrial revolution, CO₂ levels in the atmosphere have climbed to levels that are unprecedented over hundreds of millennia.

So here’s a short video we made, to put recent climate change and carbon dioxide emissions into the context of the past 800,000 years.
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Deep Sea Mining Industry Is Totally Wild West | The Tyee

Deep Sea Mining Industry Is Totally Wild West | The Tyee | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
[Editor's note: This article is from Hakai Magazine, an online publication about science and society in coastal ecosystems. Read more stories like this at HakaiMagazine.com.]

In the coming years, a new gold rush will begin. Deep beneath the ocean’s waves, from scalding hydrothermal vents to the frigid stretches of the abyssal plain, ocean processes have deposited vast quantities of valuable minerals on the seafloor. Now, the convergence of technological development and political will has placed this ore within reach. But like the gold rushes of old, the deep-sea-mining industry is emerging on the frontiers of society, far from legislatures and law enforcement.
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malek's comment, June 14, 5:37 PM
a treasure trove of rare minerals with inadequate regulations!?
pdeppisch's comment, June 14, 11:12 PM
As always! Gotta make a bug and to hell with the planet.
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Dams could 'permanently damage Amazon' - BBC News

Dams could 'permanently damage Amazon' - BBC News | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
The Amazon basin could suffer significant and irreversible damage if an extensive dam building programme goes ahead, scientists say.
Currently, 428 hydroelectric dams are planned, with 140 already built or under construction.
Researchers warn that this could affect the dynamics of the complex river system and put thousands of unique species at risk.
The study is published in the journal Nature.
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India's agricultural economy in deep crisis | Asia | DW |

India's agricultural economy in deep crisis | Asia | DW | | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
Fiery protests by farmers in two key Indian states ruled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party have tossed a simmering agrarian crisis into the spotlight. Murali Krishnan reports.
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When Women Have Land Rights, the Tide Begins to Turn | Inter Press Service

Women's secure tenure rights lead to several positive development outcomes for them and their families, including resilience to climate change shocks, economic productivity, food security, health, and education. Here a young tribal woman works shoulder to shoulder with her husband planting rice saplings in India's Rayagada province. Credit: Manipadma Jena/IPS
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Our oceans need a government too | Global Ideas | DW | 

Our oceans need a government too | Global Ideas | DW |  | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
Oceans cover the majority of the earth's surface and are crucial to our survival. Global warming, overfishing and pollution are all huge threats. But how can we safeguard such a vast and important resource?
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Scientists discover what’s killing the bees and it’s worse than you thought

Scientists discover what’s killing the bees and it’s worse than you thought | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
As we’ve written before, the mysterious mass die-off of honey bees that pollinate $30 billion worth of crops in the US has so decimated America’s apis mellifera population that one bad winter could leave fields fallow. Now, a new study has pinpointed some of the probable causes of bee deaths and the rather scary results show that averting beemageddon will be much more difficult than previously thought.
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King of the skies: The return of the eagle | Global Ideas | DW | 

King of the skies: The return of the eagle | Global Ideas | DW |  | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
The majestic sea eagle was on the brink of extinction just decades ago in Germany. Now, the birds of prey are making a slow comeback - the "Bird Man" of the Mecklenburg lakes helps by getting up close and personal.
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Rooftop beekeeping at Saskatoon restaurant is all the buzz on Broadway

Rooftop beekeeping at Saskatoon restaurant is all the buzz on Broadway | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
They are the unsung heroes of the food chain and they’re creating quite the buzz on Broadway Avenue.

Monday marked the Day of the Honey Bee in Saskatchewan and the launch of a rooftop project that is sure to sweeten culinary experiences at Calories Restaurant.
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The shocking truth about honeybees

The humble honeybee is in big, big trouble, and that could cause some major problems for mankind as well.

As we reported, a huge discovery about honeybees took scientists by surprise recently, but the reality of just how grim things are for this vital species, and how it could impact us, may surprise you. The study found that U.S. beekeepers lost 21 percent of their colonies this past winter, which was a significant drop from the 27 percent last winter, although still short of the goal of 15 percent set by the U.S. government.

This is important because honeybee populations have been in big trouble in recent years. Why should you care? Because honeybees contribute to a third of the country’s food supply.
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Why Did This Once Thriving Lake Disappear?

Why Did This Once Thriving Lake Disappear? | Environment, Forests, Water, Fishing, Farming | Scoop.it
"It makes you want to cry seeing the whole lake dry," 17-year-old fisherman Wilman Estrada tells the AFP news agency from the shores of Lake Atescatempa in Guatemala.
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