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Bristlecone Pines – The Oldest Trees on Earth

Bristlecone Pines – The Oldest Trees on Earth | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it

The Great Basin Bristlecone Pines, or Pinus longaeva, is a long-living species of tree found in the higher mountains of the southwest United States. Bristlecone pines grow in isolated groves in the arid mountain regions of six western states of America, but the oldest are found in the Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest in the White Mountains of California. These trees have a remarkable ability to survive in extremely harsh and challenging environment. In fact, they are believed to be the some of oldest living organisms in the world, with lifespans in excess of 5,000 years.

 

Bristlecone pines grow just below the tree line, between 5,000 and 10,000 feet of elevation. At these great heights, the wind blows almost constantly and the temperatures can dip to well below zero. The soil is dry receiving less than a foot of rainfall a year. Because of these extreme conditions, the trees grow very slowly, and in some years don't even add a ring of growth. Even the tree's needles, which grow in bunches of five, can remain green for forty years.


Via Mariaschnee
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Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added)
If no farmland and no forests and no water and no fish - then what?
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It's taken seven years, but California is finally cleaning up microbead pollution

It's taken seven years, but California is finally cleaning up microbead pollution | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
Nonprofits are using the state’s new stormwater requirements to sue plastic manufacturers for polluting waterways — and they’re winning

Via Sylvain Rotillon
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Here's What Could Happen If Antarctica's Ice Is Melting From Below

Here's What Could Happen If Antarctica's Ice Is Melting From Below | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
File this under, "Welp, this is worse than we thought." A study published in Nature Geoscience finds that warm seawater is likely getting under an East Antarctica glacier and melting it from below.

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UK drew wrong conclusion from its neonicotinoids study, scientist says

UK drew wrong conclusion from its neonicotinoids study, scientist says | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
A study on which the UK government bases its position that neonicotinoid pesticides do not threaten bees may actually be the first conclusive evidence that they do, according to a leading bee scientist.

Dave Goulson, a professor of biology at the University of Sussex, reanalysed a 2013 study on the effect of the world’s most heavily used pesticides on bumblebees by the UK’s Food and Environment Research Agency (Fera).
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With Chuitna, Alaska faces a historic decision for wild salmon habitat protection - Alaska Dispatch News

With Chuitna, Alaska faces a historic decision for wild salmon habitat protection - Alaska Dispatch News | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
OPINION: The proposal to remove the Middle Fork of the Chuitna River for 25 years and then put it back together as a wild salmon stream is a pipe dream; it will not work. And that risk to salmon is unacceptable.

Via Ryan Roberts
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How Corporate Agribusiness Is Quietly Gutting Local Environmental Protections

How Corporate Agribusiness Is Quietly Gutting Local Environmental Protections | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
CREDIT: AP Photo/Jeff Roberson Corporate agribusinesses have managed to convince voters across the Midwest to approve vaguely-worded measures that could have wide ranging impacts, from preventing environmental legislation against factory farms to...

Via Jocelyn Stoller
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Half-Shell Hero: Humble Beginnings

Half-Shell Hero: Humble Beginnings | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
The future of Maryland seafood was born aground, in a hand-made aquarium rigged with a couple of five-gallon buckets from Lowe’s.
The experiment seems simple enough now: A tank full of miniscule, darting oyster larvae, plus algae for them to eat, and ground-up oyster shell on which they could attach and grow. But for Johnny Shockley, a dyed-in-the-wool fisherman born and raised on Maryland’s Hoopers Island – a jagged stretch of land on the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay – those tanks full of baby oysters were totally uncharted territory.
It was spring of 2010, and Shockley was at a crossroads. He had harvested oysters in the waters surrounding his hometown since early childhood, but years of overfishing and disease had decimated the wild stock. Any waterman would tell you that that’s just the way of the Chesapeake: Sometimes her splendors are ripe for the taking, other times a watermen is lucky to rub two oyster shells together. But Shockley had had enough of the ups and downs.
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China faces ‘grave risks’ from climate change | The Third Pole

China faces ‘grave risks’ from climate change | The Third Pole | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
Head of China’s weather service warns that climate change could make droughts, crop failures and energy shortages increasingly likely in the world’s most populous country
China’s most senior weather official has given a strong warning on climate change, saying that rising temperatures could have “huge impacts” on the country’s food and water supplies, state media reported on Sunday.
Rising global temperatures would harm crop yields, prompt “ecological degradation” and create unstable river flows, according to a Xinhua report of comments made by Zheng Guoguang, chief of China’s Meteorological Administration.
“As the world warms, risks of climate change and climate disasters to China could become more grave,” Zheng said.
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Study: The Gulf Stream system may already be weakening. That's not good.

n the 2004 disaster flick The Day After Tomorrow, climate change causes a major disruption of ocean currents in the North Atlantic, which in turn brings about a sudden ice age in New York City.

That scenario was largely ridiculous and overwrought. Still, the underlying idea that global warming could mess with some important ocean circulation systems isn't actually that far-fetched. Such an event wouldn't blanket Manhattan in ice, but it could wreak havoc on fisheries or speed up sea-level rise in cities like Boston and New York.

That's why, in recent decades, scientists have been paying close attention to the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), an ocean pattern that transports warm water from the tropics up to the North Atlantic and Nordic seas. This is also sometimes called the Gulf Stream system.
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Worse than We Thought - Sea Level Rise on the Mid Atlantic Coast

Worse than We Thought - Sea Level Rise on the Mid Atlantic Coast | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
A reader pointed me to this brief (10 minute) but very informative video from Maryland Sea Grant at the University of Maryland. If you watched the new video about the slowing of the North Atlantic ...

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Around Iowa: Restoration project on wetland underway - DesMoinesRegister.com

Around Iowa: Restoration project on wetland underway - DesMoinesRegister.com | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
Efforts aim to restore a natural wetland on a privately-owned property

Via Ryan Roberts
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The beast of the Danube

The beast of the Danube | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
The Danube salmon can reach the size of a man and live for 30 years - but its last hunting grounds in the Balkans are being threatened by a rash of dam-building.
"It's very fast, lean, and elegant. And very beautiful," says Ulrich Eichelmann.
He might have been describing a racing car. In fact, the director of the environmental group Riverwatch is talking about a fish - Hucho Hucho in Latin, Huchen in German, often known as the Danube salmon in English because it was once found in much of the Danube basin.
But its main remaining refuge today is in the Balkans, in the streams and rivers which tumble down the mountains and twist through the valleys between Slovenia and Montenegro.
"We Europeans cry out with indignation about the plight of the last tigers in the wild in Asia, and demand efforts to save them," says Eichelmann, as we trudge though the wetland forest down to the shore of the River Sava in Slovenia. "But we seem blind to the threat to these last tigers of our own - the Danube salmon."
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Gulf of Mexico Turns Deadly for Dolphins

Gulf of Mexico Turns Deadly for Dolphins | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
A scientific explanation has proved elusive, but evidence is building that the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill has played a role in harming the mammals.

Via TheNaturalist
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4,000 Fishermen Stranded On Indonesian Islands

4,000 Fishermen Stranded On Indonesian Islands | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) — The number of foreign fishermen stranded on several remote eastern Indonesian islands has spiraled to 4,000, including some revealed in an Associated Press investigation to have been enslaved.

Many are migrant workers abandoned by their boat captains after the government passed a moratorium on foreign fishing five months ago, according to the International Organization for Migration, which released the figure Friday. However, others have been trapped on the islands for years, after being dumped by fishing boats or escaping into the jungle.
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Raising the green roof in America

Raising the green roof in America | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
You may have read the same headlines I did earlier this month about new laws passed in France now requiring solar panels or vegetation sections on the roofs of all new commercial construction. French activists were pushing for 100 percent roof coverage but had to settle for Parliament requiring a minimum of coverage. Interest in this story in United States is surprising. With few exceptions, green roofs get treated as little more than a curiosity rather than a viable solution to so many of the urban planning problems we are confronted with today.

Via Toitsverts Biodivers / Livingroofs, Jocelyn Stoller
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Tasmania's swift parrot set to follow the dodo

Tasmania's swift parrot set to follow the dodo | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
The iconic Tasmanian swift parrot is facing population collapse and could become extinct within 16 years, new research has found. Swift parrots are major pollinators of blue and black gum trees which are crucial to the forestry industry, which controversially continues to log swift parrot habitat.

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B.C. pedal power helps African farmers

B.C. pedal power helps African farmers | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
Two B.C brothers invented a bicycle powered grain mill that is now changing the lives of impoverished farmers in Africa

Via Cathryn Wellner
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pdeppisch's comment, March 26, 12:01 PM
Beautiful! We need more stuff like this! Thanks for posting this,
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Simple method of binding pollutants in water

Simple method of binding pollutants in water | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
New types of membrane adsorbers remove unwanted particles from water and also, at the same time, dissolved substances such as the hormonally active bis-phenol A or toxic lead.

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Deep Freeze on Great Lakes Halts Cargo Shipments

Deep Freeze on Great Lakes Halts Cargo Shipments | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
THUNDER BAY, Ontario — The trip to pick up a load of iron ore powder in Conneaut, Ohio, was supposed to take four days by way of the Great Lakes.

But within sight of its destination, the cargo ship, the Arthur M. Anderson, got trapped in ice. Two heavy icebreakers from the Canadian Coast Guard eventually broke the vessel free.

It was a 24-day ordeal, and the ship returned to its home port in Wisconsin without picking up the cargo.

A deep freeze this winter left much of the Great Lakes blanketed in thick ice, sidelining the ship lines and companies that move vast amounts of grain, cement and other commodities through this system of waterways. And now the spring thaw, which creates piles of impassable ice, will most likely create more delays.
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There are basically two big forests left, say scientists

There are basically two big forests left, say scientists | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
The world's forests are becoming more and more isolated. 

So much so that the only two remaining continuous forests are in the South America and Africa, and they are strikingly larger than any other tree-covered area visible via satellite imagery, according to an international team of 24 scientists, who published their findings in the journal Science Advances.

“There are really only two big patches of intact forest left on Earth — the Amazon and the Congo — and they shine out like eyes from the center of the map,” lead author Nick Haddad, a professor at North Carolina State University, told the New Yorker. 
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Wendell Berry on Climate Change: To Save the Future, Live in the Present

Wendell Berry on Climate Change: To Save the Future, Live in the Present | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
All we can do to prepare rightly for tomorrow is to do the right thing today.

Via Flora Moon
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River Otter beavers 'native to UK', tests find

River Otter beavers 'native to UK', tests find | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
Wild beavers found living on the River Otter in Devon are a species which was once native to the UK, tests have confirmed.
A breeding family was first spotted last year, although it is not known how they came to be there.
DNA results have shown the beavers are Eurasian rather than North American.
Devon Wildlife Trust said the confirmation moved them a step closer to releasing the animals, currently being kept in an artificial lodge.
Natural England has given the green light to a five-year trial to monitor and manage the impact of beavers on the river.
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10 Shocking Photos That Will Change How You See Consumption And Waste

10 Shocking Photos That Will Change How You See Consumption And Waste | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
As individual and anonymous consumers, it's seemingly impossible to even estimate the physical ramifications of our daily consumption and waste. While our personal imprints may not seem in themselves worthy of alarm, the combined effect of human's ha...

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Eden Project scheme will preserve coast redwood trees for future generations

Eden Project scheme will preserve coast redwood trees for future generations | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it

At the moment they are whippy saplings needing the support of canes to stand straight. Over hundreds – and hopefully thousands – of years, they will soar high into the Cornish sky.

 

Clones of some of the oldest and biggest coast redwoods have been flown in from the western seaboard of the USA to the Eden Project in the far south-west of Britain as part of a hugely ambitious scheme to preserve the magnificent trees for future generations.


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An open letter to America's anglers | Hatch Magazine - Fly Fishing, etc.

An open letter to America's anglers | Hatch Magazine - Fly Fishing, etc. | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
We love to fish. We love it. Not in that juvenile, sloppy-wet-kiss way that so many of us remember from high school, but with an “I come alive with a fly rod in my hand” love that’s grounded in maturity, appreciation and respect for our angling traditions. We’ve been fishing for decades and there are very few other activities that bring us so much joy or help us connect to the natural world on such an elemental level.
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Even The Trees Are Depending On The Survival Of Wolves

Even The Trees Are Depending On The Survival Of Wolves | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) | Scoop.it
Cottonwood trees, like people, come in male and female. And, as with people, it takes two to tango. The dance goes like this: The male's flowers contain pollen and each spring the wind whisks that pollen away to fertilize the females. Within a short time, the fertilized females produce pods full of the cottony substance for which the tree is named. Tiny seeds — the hope for cottonwoods' continued existence — nestle in that cotton. When the pods burst open, the wind catches the cotton, creating what may look like an early summer snowstorm. After the cotton lands along stream banks, the seeds take root and seedlings sprout.

Cottonwoods excel at broadcasting their next generation. And elk love to eat that new growth. Especially when wolves—their primary predator — are not around. Between 1926 when the last Yellowstone wolf was shot and 1995 when the first wolf was reintroduced, Yellowstone's elk grew lazy and abundant. Their burgeoning numbers browsed wherever they wanted and for as long as they pleased, devouring the next generation of cottonwoods each and every year.
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