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Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added)
If no farmland and no forests and no water and no fish - then what?
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Rescooped by pdeppisch from Sustainability Science!

Hormone-Disrupting Chemicals Linked to Fracking Found in Colorado River

Hormone-Disrupting Chemicals Linked to Fracking Found in Colorado River | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) |
This week, more evidence came in that hydraulic fracturing (or fracking) poses potentially serious risks to drinking water quality and human health.

Via Anita Woodruff, PIRatE Lab
PIRatE Lab's curator insight, January 6, 9:45 AM

This is not surprising, but it is perhaps the best argument yet that I have seen implicating fracking in major, long-term water quality issues.


Check out the paper this is abased on.

I also didn’t realize the State of Colorado would sue any local jurisdiction attempting to constrain fracking efforts within their jurisdiction.  Deeply concerning given this and other evidence of problems in the wake of these activities.

ivy kay's curator insight, March 8, 4:26 PM

The question of whether fracking has more benefits than destructions is still highly debatable. Though I have been focusing primarily on different farming and sustainable techniques, I choose to do an analysis on fracking because of how many argue that it is in fact a sustainable method of accumulating natural gas. Through hydraulic fracking the natural gas that has been extracted actually have caused the US carbon emission to drop, compared to coal burning.  It is cheaper and potentially cleaner that coal burning as well. What exactly is fracking? “Fracking is the controversial process of blasting water mixed with sand and chemicals deep underground at high pressure so as to fracture rock and release the oil and gas it holds. It has made previously inaccessible fossil fuel reserves economical to tap, and drilling operations have spread rapidly across the country.”  Therefore, the chemicals that we are exposing to the fracking sites have been potentially affecting the drinking water around the area. It has been said that over 700 chemicals are used in fracking and many of them are known to be hormone disrupting. This week, more evidence came in that hydraulic fracturing (or fracking) poses potentially serious risks to drinking water quality and human health. “A team of researchers from the University of Missouri found evidence of hormone-disrupting activity in water located near fracking sites – including samples taken from the Colorado River near a dense drilling region of western Colorado. The Colorado River is a source of drinking water for more than 30 million people.”  Animals near sites have been experiencing sickness as well, and environmental disruptions are being noticed in the Colorado River and many more. How are there no regulations placed on these types of environmental disruptions? How are there consistently loopholes when there is profit involved?

Rescooped by pdeppisch from Sustainability Science!

Shipping company Hapag-Lloyd connects first ship to shore power

Shipping company Hapag-Lloyd connects first ship to shore power | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) |

When most small boats are at a dock, they typically make an electrical connection to shore power, obtaining 120-VAC from the marina or dock facility. Some larger boats may connect to 240-VAC shore power. Big boats typically can't access electricity that would be needed and so run their own power generation plants when connected to a dock during loading or unloading for a day or two. They just continue to run on electrical power they generate themselves, running their often dirty, diesel engines in port.  These emissions are historically not well regulated by local emissions laws as they are considered an itinerant emitter.

Via PIRatE Lab
PIRatE Lab's curator insight, December 31, 2013 11:47 AM

The North Star is one of the first of this new breed of "plugable" cargo ships which can plug into special sockets when in port and so depower the entirety of its onboard generators.


There is an interesting episode airing on the Smithsonian Channel’s Mighty Ships series about this ship, but I can't find a full episode.  I only was able to find a few snippets (like this one), none of which show the electrical coupling aspects.  If you can find it, only the first 10 minutes are worth the watch (the rest is a typcial fake reality drama when no drama actually exists thing).


The Port of Los Angeles/Long Beach is moving full bore with adopting such requirements for long haul freighters/terminals amongst a host of approaches to minimize emissions (known as the Clean Air Action Plan) generally.  Lastly you might be interested in both a nice example of a Life Cycle Analysis for the goings on at the Port of Los Angeles and a guide for how entities can improve their emissions.

Rescooped by pdeppisch from Coastal Restoration!

How Mass-Produced Meat Turned Phosphorus Into Pollution

How Mass-Produced Meat Turned Phosphorus Into Pollution | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) |
Excess phosphorus can run off into streams and lakes and become an ecological disaster.

Via PIRatE Lab
PIRatE Lab's curator insight, January 2, 11:24 AM

A great discussion of one of the many "hidden" downsides of the Green Revolution.  Nitrogen is the classic "limiting nutrient" (side note: I hate the whole "limiting" element line of argument/thought...although that is a story for another day) for terrestrial ecosystems (particularly agricultural systems).  Phosphorus is the classic "limiting nutrient" for aquatic systems.


Those of us working on coastal estuaries and water bodies are the "bottom of the drain" if you will and so have taken the heaviest hit in terms of the dark side of our new normal of meat production post-WWII.


Anyone interested can check out our first attempt to inventory 30 coastal estuaries in the Mediterranean climate region of the Southern California Bight (here and here).


There really is not that much we can do to mitigate this pollutant once it gets into the waterbody itself.  Hence the focus on reducing inputs and (among other things) modifying how we produce meat.

Rescooped by pdeppisch from Geography Education!

China's reliance on coal reduces life expectancy by 5.5 years, says study

China's reliance on coal reduces life expectancy by 5.5 years, says study | Farming, Forests, Water & Fishing (No Petroleum Added) |

........"Linking the Chinese pollution data to mortality statistics from 1991 to 2000, the researchers found a sharp difference in mortality rates on either side of the border formed by the Huai River. They also found the variation to be attributable to cardiorespiratory illness, and not to other causes of death."


High levels of air pollution in northern China – much of it caused by an over-reliance on burning coal for heat – will cause 500 million people to lose an aggregate 2.5 billion years from their lives, the authors predict in the study, published in the journal the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Via Seth Dixon
Matthew DiLuglio's curator insight, November 29, 2013 9:44 PM

We talked in class about how certain poor working conditions or pollution emissions are permissible in countries whose laws allow for such situations, and how countries like the US arrange for certain work to be done in those countries.  This 'work' stuff all centers around an ever-necessary "profit" that exists as a carrot being dangled in front of a horse as it runs all of its life, blinded to everything else.  It is almost cartoonish, that for a percentage increase in profit due to minimalized expenses, a moral businessman might yield and give in to the temptation of exposing workers to dangerous conditions... or that all businesses might do the same thing... It is socially dangerous; a hazard like bullying, or cheating, using others as human shields to collect the damage while someone else collects the benefits.  I don't think that any life form should be exposed to such unfairness, because it just does not resonate with my philosophical consciousness that any individual should have a better life than another (or worse).  And why make it worse for someone?  Why pollute their areas?  Why steal their natural resources?  Why... Capitalism at all?  I do not think greed is innate to human nature, because selflessness does occur, and is often leaned towards in conventional modern morality/ethics.  I think that the vicious cycle that capitalism puts us in causes us to self-servingly run around like angry rats trying to feed ourselves, which causes us to take out risks on other people, and polluting other people's living space.  It really is sad, because this planet is alive... there is so much life on this planet, assumedly and debateably from this planet, this planet that we consider our home.  To be killing ourselves by not keeping our home clean and healthy is like a very bad habit- it's like smoking.  And it is taking a toll on the planet, as well as its inhabitants

Nathan Chasse's curator insight, April 12, 11:20 AM

This article and the accompanying resources describe the damage the pollution problem China has in its cities. China's economic desire to do things as cheaply as possible for the best profit margins has done significant damage to the air and now to its own people. By burning cheap coal to meet energy needs China has created a fairly toxic atmosphere in its Northern cities. The pollution is causing high rates of cardiorespiratory illness and even the government-controlled news can't keep quiet about the issue.

Joseph Thacker 's curator insight, April 15, 5:28 PM

This article explains how China is burning an abundance of coal for heating. The Chinese population is over 1 billion; image the amount of coal that must be burned in order to supply heat for the people of northern China. Unfortunately, the burning coal is polluting the air and causing the Chinese to have lower life expectancies. China, along with other countries should start to find other ways to heat their homes.