Are the king and queen oblivious to the world around them? Where is all the money going? Marie Antionette and her outrageous apparel are all the rage lately. As the members of the third estate are giving, giving, giving, Marie is buying, buying, buying! Expensive jewelry and gowns are almost all Marie thinks about. And don't worry… We haven't forgotten about her ginormous head wear! The members of the third estate work very hard for days on end, only to give almost all their earnings up. Marie and Louis take advantage of this. Spending is apparently more important to the rulers than the good will of their country. Maybe they are not such great rulers after all.
To the Guillotine for Louis and Marie
Convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers, and sentenced to death? The guillotine is calling King Louis' name. But Louis will not be alone. He shall be accompanied by his queen, Marie Antoinette. In August, the royal couple had been arrested and imprisoned. Replacing the National Assembly, is the National Convention, who had recently abolished the monarchy. Discovered recently was evidence of King Louis' counterrevolutionary intrigues with Austria and other nations. This is very bad news for the king, who had been put on trial for treason. The ex-royal family was looking at a close death. Shortly after the trail, Louis XVI made a trip to the guillotine, and was executed. Following her husband, was Marie Antoinette, whom had also been tried for treason. Look for their names in the Obituaries.
The Reign of Terror
No more Sundays, no more Catholic church, no more safety and comfort in your own home. What is the cause of this? Robespierre. The Reign of Terror is spreading all over the country. No person is safe from the vicious guns, sabers, and worst of all, the guillotine. Innocent people are being accused of being enemies of the revolution. People are being killed by the thousands! Being buried alive! Being arrested without a trial! Deaths are being ordered daily by Robespierre- the leader of the Committee of Public Safety. Robespierre ordered the new constitution be suspended, and Sundays (and churches) be canceled and closed. Robespierre, once against the death penalty, has changed his mind entirely. He, greatly supported by the Sans- Culottes, decided that the guillotine was being over worked, and had to come up with new ways for the death penalty. Vertical deportation is his newest idea. Nailing accused people to planks, and then drowning them. Sometimes alone, sometimes with a citizen of the opposite gender. Also known as a "Republican Marriage". Robespierre's torture methods were used to kill almost 40,000 people in less than 15 months. A final speech has been given by Maximilien Robespierre. Giving a speech in his name has caused him much trouble. Attempting to shoot himself, Robespierre shatters his jaw. Not long after, his own creation turns on him. It is now his turn to "look through the republican window".
The guillotine is a very popular method of execution. The guillotine consists of two posts that are approximately 14 feet high, and a diagonal blade that weighs near 88 pounds. The guillotine is used to decapitate or behead a person who had done something wrong. The victim will place its head through the hole of the guillotine and wait for the executioner to let go of the rope that holds up the blade. The blade falls in less than a second and decapitates the victim in a very short amount of time. Some say the person is still conscious for some time after the head separates from the body. Usually the beheading process is not a private execution. Many townspeople gather around to watch.
Innocent people being executed
Many people have been denied a speedy trial, and headed straight to the guillotine, for a gander through the republican window. If a person seemed to be an enemy of the revolution, they were to be executed. They had no say, and no trail. If they were accused, they were executed. People gather around the guillotine to watch the constant executions take place. Innocent people walk slowly, with their head hanging, up to the guillotine. Other forms of executions are being used as well. People are being tied or nailed to planks and drowned, and some are being buried alive. Those accused citizens who struggle to stay alive face the piercing bite of the sabers, or rifles. Homes are being burnt to the ground, and whole families killed. When will the madness end?
The Storming of the Bastille
On the morning of July 14th a mob of angry third estate craftsmen and salesmen stormed the Bastille- a prison that symbolized the kings absolute power. Earlier, a rumor was spread that king Louis XVI was planning to send an army to attack the peasants. This outraged the third estate, causing them to rebel. The angry mob of third estate men ran to the Bastille and basically tore down the building. The men were in search for gun powder, because they knew the prison had a pile of it stocked inside. The mob stole 28,000 rifles earlier that day from the Invalides, so the powder was all they needed. There were not many prisoners in the Bastille when it was being torn down. Only about seven or eight, but every one of them was freed. There were not a lot of soldiers guarding the prison on this particular day, but the crowd was not big enough to frighten them. Many peasants and guards were killed. See names in Obituaries.
John M. Lexington
John Maurice Lexington Jr. (35), born April 3 1739, died Wednesday, July 14, 1789. Lexington’s misfortune was a result of The Storming of Bastille.
Lexington served 13 years as a jail guard, and was decapitated by an angry mob of third estate peasants. Lexington’s family consists of a wife- Lynette, and two daughters. Anastasia, age 11, and Louisa, age 6. John was the son of the late John M. Lexington and the late Marie A. Lexington. He was one of two children. His brother James was killed as well.
James P. Lexington
James Patrick Lexington (37), born July 2, 1737, died Wednesday, July 14, 1789. Lexington was killed during The Storming of Bastille, along with his younger brother John (See obituary above).
Lexington served as a jail guard, and was stabbed by an angry peasant. Lexington was widowed when his wife- Melinda Dubois, died of a rare sickness at the age of 18. James was the oldest son of the late John M. Lexington and the late Marie A. Lexington. He and his departed brother James will be honored at their memorial on July 18.
Celine M. Fontaine
Celine Colette Fontaine (16), born June 5, 1773, died Friday, June 30, 1789. C.C. Fontaine died of starvation.
Fontaine was one of 5 children- Mary Jay Fontaine 12, Lynne Eliza Fontaine 19, John Sylvester Fontaine 26, and Ronald Joseph Fontaine 32 (married to Linda May Dior Fontaine). She died of an eating disorder. Although the Fontaine family had an adequate amount of food, Celine died from not eating enough. She had been mocked and teased until she attempted to lose all of her weight. The young woman tragically died Friday. She will be honored at her memorial service Tuesday.
This stands for all the guards whom have been killed in the storming of Bastille. Only two were identified (see obituaries above), and the rest were headless.
Louis XVI was the king of France, and the husband of Marie Antoinette (see obituary below). King Louis XVI ruled and married at a very young age. He was tried for treason and sentenced to the guillotine.
Marie Antoinette was the queen of France, and the bride of King Louis XVI. She too ruled and married at a very young age (approximately 14 years old). Marie was tried for treason, just like her husband, and followed him to the Guillotine.
The winning horse and man of last nights horse race is Jean Claude and his 16 hand high chestnut mare, Bellatrix La Strange. The pair was almost tied with Francis De Louis and his 15.5 hand high black gelding Noir Nuit, and Jorge Lubelle with his 14 hand high grey mare Vite Bernadette. The next race is scheduled for next Wednesday. Look forward to seeing last weeks winner Alexandre Delouise and his 16 hand high chestnut stallion Aime Aguste. Get your bets in now for your chance to win some money!
Come join the nobles for a game of tennis! Every Thursday night friendly second estate men and women gather at the tennis courts for a hard fought game. The competitors of this months game are Bruno Auguste III and Charlot Alexandre (red team), Christophe Benoit and Edouard Bertrand (blue team), Etienne Franck and Guillaume Honore (yellow team), Alice Astrid and Aurelie Adelaide (pink team), Dorothee Christelle and Edith Victoire (white team), Zoe Simone and Sabine Maryse (orange team), Lorraine Monon and Marguerite Josette (green team), Madeleine Laurence and Marquis Juliette (gold team), Marguax Laetitia and Gaston Frederic (scarlet team), and Xavier Serge and Charlotte Vincent (grey team). You may cast your bet on who shall win all five games and make it to the finals!
Tonight's Quiddich match is looking to be a spectacular game. The first Quidditch match of the year will be Gryffindor (scarlet robes) against Slytherin (green robes). Fans from each house are expected to be on the edges of their seats throughout the whole game. Gryffindor has a very strong team, with Oliver Wood and Ron Weasley as Keepers, Katie Bell and Angelina Johnson as Chasers, Fred and George Weasley as Beaters, and Harry Potter, who happens to be the youngest house player in 100 years, as seeker. Although Gryffindor had given up the Cup to Slytherin the past two years, the team says they have a good feeling about his match. Slytherin also puts up a good fight. Slytherin has won the Cup for 7 years in a row. This team will not hesitate to cheat or use dirty tricks, so watch out Gryffindor! The team is equipped with Numbus 2001 brooms given by Lucious Malfoy, in exchange for letting his son, Draco, play Seeker. With Vincent Crabbe and Gregory Goyle as Beaters, Marcus Flint and Adrian Pucey as Chasers, Miles Bletchly as Keeper, and Draco Malfoy as Seeker, the team will be hard to beat. Come watch the match tonight!
Fashion statement of the year: Marie Antoinette and Her Hats, Jewelry, and Gowns.
Although the queen Marie Antoinette has passed, the talk of her hats most definitely has not. There were many opinions on Marie's outrageous headwear. Some of her hats were normal designs and sizes, but others were the complete opposite. In many people's opinions, Marie's strangest hat was the hat with a large detailed ship on the top. Some say the ship looked as if it was sailing across her head. Marie was very into buying large and expensive hats. She also loved to buy expensive jewel necklaces and other jewelry. Money was never a problem for Marie, the third estate payed for most of her purchases anyway. Not to mention her abundance of dresses. Marie's wardrobe held nearly 300 different dresses for social engagements, private parties, and more. Marie Antoinette spent so much money on expensive jewelry, puffy dresses, and outrageous hats, that she earned the nickname Madame Deficit from the people of France.
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