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Africa, Uncolonized: A Detailed Look at an Alternate Continent

Africa, Uncolonized: A Detailed Look at an Alternate Continent | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
What if the Black Plague had killed off almost all Europeans? Then the Reconquista never happens. Spain and Portugal don't kickstart Europe's colonization of other continents. And this is what Africa might have looked like.


Tags: Africa, colonialism, borders, historical, map.


Via Seth Dixon
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Bob Beaven's curator insight, March 26, 2015 2:26 PM

An interesting fact for a geographer/historian to look at is how different events happening in history can affect a map.  This is very fascinating, because Africa or should I say Alkebu-Lan has very strong looking kingdoms without the Influence of Europe.  Another interesting element of the map is how it is not Euro-centric, Africa is shown as the top of the world.  I guess in this history, Northern Europe instead of being a powerhouse of the world, would be classified as the dark region (like the Congo was in our own world).  It is also interesting how the map is not Euro-centric, but the fact to keep in mind there is the old saying, history is written by the winner.  In this case, the map of the world was drawn by the winning Europeans as well, and this map completely reverses that.  Another interesting fact, is that the Iberian is part of an Islamic Empire.  It looks, as if in this history, Portugal was overcome by the "Arabes" and Spain never even attempted to launch the Reconquista.  History and Geography, especially Political Geography are very closely linked with one another.  

Chris Costa's curator insight, October 27, 2015 5:00 PM

I found this particularly interesting to read about, as alternative histories fascinate me. The "what if" questions that historians always ask themselves are fun to examine and illustrate, as they are shown in the alternative map of Africa. It's interesting to see just how different this map- drawn from historical accounts of ethnic and linguistic differences between the various African societies- is from the map of Africa we now have today. European colonizers drew borders without any consideration for the native populace, and that is today reflected in the rigid borders of African states that do not match historical ethnic boundaries. The concept of a Europe unable to recover from the Black Death would have serious repercussions for world history. It would allow for the progression of African economies and polities unmolested by European influences and the slave trade, completely reshaping the course of the continent's history. The increased influence of the Arab world would also be a plausible consequence of the decimation of Europe's population. This is an interesting concept, and it is very informative in the sense that it forces us to consider a multitude of factors that played a role in shaping the world as we see and live it today.

Mark Hathaway's curator insight, October 30, 2015 7:04 AM

Alternative history is always fun. There is no question that Africa would be a different place today, if Europeans had never step foot on the shores of this great continent. Would the great African empires still be alive today? Would Africa be the dominant continent in world affairs? The history of civilization over the past 500 years would almost certainly be radically different. Instead of a Eurocentric world, we may have had an Afrocentric world. What this map really underscores, is the effect that colonialism had on Africa. The Africa we know today is a consequence of that era of European domination. While alternate history is fun, we must always remember the actual history that has occurred in Africa.

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Zanu-PF Enticing Chamisa - AllAfrica.com

Zanu-PF Enticing Chamisa - AllAfrica.com | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
ZANU-PF is making overtures to court former Movement for Democratic Change (MDC-T) national organising secretary, Nelson Chamisa.
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Dealing with internal dissent: Lessons for Zanu PF - Nehanda Radio

Dealing with internal dissent: Lessons for Zanu PF - Nehanda Radio | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
In civilised society treasonous behaviour is regarded as a cancer which must be gotten rid of as quickly and as quietly as possible.
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Ousted Zanu-PF Official in the Dock - The Herald

Ousted Zanu-PF Official in the Dock - The Herald | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
OUSTED Zanu-PF Manicaland Women's League secretary for finance Pedigree Matara was on Thursday hauled before a Mutare magistrate on allegations of stealing $8 267 she withdrew from the league's CBZ account in unclear circumstances.Matara appeared...
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Zanu PF trying to entice Chamisa - Nehanda Radio

Zanu PF trying to entice Chamisa - Nehanda Radio | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
ZANU-PF is making overtures to court former Movement for Democratic Change (MDC-T) national organising secretary, Nelson Chamisa.
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15 Europeans arrested for using remote access to commit cybercrimes - SlashGear

15 Europeans arrested for using remote access to commit cybercrimes - SlashGear | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Europol announced on Thursday that a sting operation had led to the arrest of 15 individuals in seven different countries across Europe for using malware and

Via Marc Van den Broeck
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Zanu-PF youths want changes to list of people going to congress

Zanu-PF youths want changes to list of people going to congress.
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President Kenyatta Snubs African Union And Embraces ICC By Bunmi Makinwa - SaharaReporters.com

President Kenyatta Snubs African Union And Embraces ICC By Bunmi Makinwa - SaharaReporters.com | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
In hindsight, it would seem that Kenyatta had one step in his African roots but another step in the global community within which Kenya plays forward position. While playing ball with his peers at the AU he had his mind focused on the larger world.
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[1409.6163] War: Origins and Effects

The International System is a self-organized system and shows emergent behavior. During the timeframe (1495 - 1945), a finite-time singularity and four accompanying accelerating log-periodic cycles shaped the dynamics of the International System. The accelerated growth of the connectivity of the regulatory network of the International System, in combination with its anarchistic structure, produce and shape the war dynamics of the system. Accelerated growth of the connectivity of the International system is fed by population growth and the need for social systems to fulfill basic requirements. The finite-time singularity and accompanying log-periodic oscillations were instrumental in the periodic reorganization of the regulatory network of the International System, and contributed to a long-term process of social expansion and integration in Europa. The singularity dynamic produced a series of organizational innovations. At the critical time of the singularity (1939) the connectivity of the system reached a critical threshold, resulting in a critical transition. This critical transition caused a fundamental reorganization of the International System: Europe transformed from an anarchistic system to cooperative security community. This critical transition also marks the actual globalization of the International System. During the life span of cycles, the war dynamics show chaotic characteristics. Various early-warning signals can be identified, and can probably be used in the current International System. These findings have implications for the social sciences and historical research.

 

War: Origins and Effects
Ingo Piepers

http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.6163


Via Complexity Digest, NESS, Emre Erdogan, Lynnette Van Dyke
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Eli Levine's curator insight, September 26, 2014 11:31 AM

Thus we delve closer into the hidden language of our social world.

 

Way cool science!

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Putin Will Continue to Fight Dirty in Ukraine - The Moscow Times

Putin Will Continue to Fight Dirty in Ukraine - The Moscow Times | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Russian President Vladimir Putin is not looking for an easy exit from the Ukraine conflict. He is digging in for the long haul to secure his end goal: a "structural lock" over Kiev's security and foreign policy in a re-engineered Ukrainian state.
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The War On Information: A Look at Efforts to Thwart Freedom of the Press

The War On Information: A Look at Efforts to Thwart Freedom of the Press | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
In some parts of the world, governments and radical groups make it their highest priority to prevent the spread of information and deny citizens the basic right to know.
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The death of international development

The death of international development | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
The development industry needs an overhaul of strategy, not a change of language.
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Users of Remote Access Trojans arrested in EU cybercrime operation (Europol - European Police Office) - World News - NewsLocker

Users of Remote Access Trojans arrested in EU cybercrime operation (Europol - European Police Office) - World News - NewsLocker | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
(Source: Europol - European Police Office) The Hague, the Netherlands This week, Europol and several law enforcement and judicial authorities carried out an action against EU citizens, mainly teenagers and young adults, who are suspected of using ...

Via Marc Van den Broeck
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4 simple steps to ensure you'll never, ever be tricked by an internet hoax again

4 simple steps to ensure you'll never, ever be tricked by an internet hoax again | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
You're too smart to share this nonsense

Via Seth Dixon
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Seth Dixon's curator insight, November 14, 2014 8:25 AM

Many students today are digital natives and teachers often assume that students understand how to 1) find, 2) evaluate and 3) vett online resources in a critical manner.  To read more about assessing geographic-specific resources online, see this article here. 


Tags: social media.

magnus sandberg's curator insight, November 24, 2014 9:07 AM

I would perhaps replace some of these four points with others. But that is not the most important, as any steps taken will raise awarness, and that is what we want.

rodrick rajive lal's curator insight, November 25, 2014 3:52 AM

Well, I guess we have come across incidents of Phishing and Spam e-mails? Most of these are scams that are set to draw out some money from you. Some might ask for your bank account details. 

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Zanu-PF laughs off report on Zim election - Independent Online

Zanu-PF laughs off report on Zim election - Independent Online | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
South Africa's Premier Online News Source. Discover the world of IOL, News South Africa, Sport, Business, Financial, World News, Entertainment, Technology, Motoring, Travel, Property, Classifieds & more.
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EU wants to separate search from the rest of Google - Engadget

EU wants to separate search from the rest of Google - Engadget | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Google's been caught up in an antitrust tango with the European Union for years, and since the EU hasn't been thrilled with the search giant's attempted
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Arrests rock Zanu PF - Nehanda Radio

Arrests rock Zanu PF - Nehanda Radio | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
The ruling Zanu PF party, embroiled in a bitter leadership wrangle ahead of an elective congress set for early December, was yesterday rocked by the arrests of two top leaders in Manicaland on allegations of theft of trust funds.
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Fresh crises hit Zanu PF - Nehanda Radio

Fresh crises hit Zanu PF - Nehanda Radio | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
HARARE - The Zanu PF politburo meets again in Harare today with President Robert Mugabe under mounting pressure to stop the ruling party from imploding altogether as its factional and succession wars turn increasingly violent and messier by the day.
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The Inner Circle, The Politics of Truth And The Seduction of Power

The Inner Circle, The Politics of Truth And The Seduction of Power | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
All centres of power – Office of the President, Prime Minister, Heads of International Organisations, financial institutions, the military etc. are invariably subject to the “politics of truth”. Sp...
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A New Approach to Aid: How a Basic Income Program Saved a Namibian Village - SPIEGEL ONLINE

A New Approach to Aid: How a Basic Income Program Saved a Namibian Village - SPIEGEL ONLINE | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
It sounds like a communist utopia, but a basic income program pioneered by German aid workers has helped alleviate poverty in a Nambian village. Crime is down and children can finally attend school. Only the local white farmers are unhappy.
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A New Approach to Aid: How a Basic Income Program Saved a Namibian Village - SPIEGEL ONLINE

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I'm not afraid - Gumbo

I'm not afraid - Gumbo | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
HARARE - Suspended Zanu PF spokesperson Rugare Gumbo, who now also stands accused of sensational treason charges by the State media and his party enemies, says he is neither afraid nor losing sleep over the “trumped-up” allegations that he was...
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Zanu-PF - From Factionalism to Opportunity - The Herald

Zanu-PF - From Factionalism to Opportunity - The Herald | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
The goings on in the revolutionary Zanu-PF party, which took an interesting and decisive turn in the factional struggles between its members, provide a typical case of cost and opportunity.
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Key roles take forward international development of King's Lynn educational ... - Lynn News

Key roles take forward international development of King's Lynn educational ... - Lynn News | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Educational toy manufacturer Learning Resources has recruited two new members to its team who will take on key roles at the Lynn-based business.
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Mikhail Gorbachev on Putin and Freedom of the Press (Part 2) | Video | Multimedia

Mikhail Gorbachev on Putin and Freedom of the Press (Part 2) | Video | Multimedia | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Find multimedia features and photography including pictures, photo essays, videos and photo galleries from Moscow, Russia and Ukraine. We are also on Youtube.
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European Union 'turns eye' to F1 crisis - report - Motorsport.com

European Union 'turns eye' to F1 crisis - report - Motorsport.com | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
The civil war of the rich vs. the not-so-rich rages on in Formula One.
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