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Tunnel linking US and Mexico found

Tunnel linking US and Mexico found | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
A drug-smuggling tunnel equipped with electricity, ventilation and a rail system is found connecting California and Mexico. (Lost opportunity cost has to help the case for legalisation?

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Drug-smuggling tunnel connecting California and Mexico discovered

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Zimbabwe: Grace Mugabe Cursed Journalist Heidi Holland to Suicide with Help ... - International Business Times UK

Zimbabwe: Grace Mugabe Cursed Journalist Heidi Holland to Suicide with Help ... - International Business Times UK | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Wife of Zimbabwean dictator says she prayed God to punish Dinner with Mugabe author Heidi Holland.
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Break Dancing, Phnom Penh-Style

"A former gang member from Long Beach, California, teaches break dancing to at-risk youths in Cambodia."


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Seth Dixon's curator insight, September 22, 4:34 PM
This video is a great example of cross-cultural interactions in the era of globalization.  Urban youth culture of the United States is spread to Cambodia through a former refugee (with a personally complex political geography).  What geographic themes are evident in this video? How is geography being reshaped and by what forces?
Anna B. Scott's curator insight, October 19, 1:41 PM

Incredible story. The deportation scheme is thoroughly illogical. This practice is what fueling the violence in many Central American countries. Lucky for Cambodia, KK wants a fresh start...

Jeremy Hansen's curator insight, October 20, 11:49 AM

Urban youth culture in Cambodia. Globalization. US culture spread through former refugee. What geographic themes are evident in this video? How is geography being reshaped and by what forces?

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The Greatest Invention?

"What was the greatest invention of the industrial revolution? Hans Rosling makes the case for the washing machine. With newly designed graphics from Gapminder, Rosling shows us the magic that pops up when economic growth and electricity turn a boring wash day into an intellectual day of reading."


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Seth Dixon's curator insight, October 11, 3:58 PM

What one invention has made the greatest difference in the lives of people all around the world?  The case can be made for the washing machine; it has been a major tool in transforming the lives of women and restructuring gender roles in industrialized societies. 


Tags: gapminder, poverty gendertechnology, industry, development, TED.

Kelli Jones's curator insight, October 19, 5:41 PM

I think that it is really interesting how something that almost everybody in todays society has and uses and doesn't really think about, can be described as a "miracle" to some people.

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Feeding Our Hungry Planet

"By 2050, the world's population will likely increase 35 percent. But is growing more food the only option—or even the best? National Geographic investigates the challenges and solutions to feeding everyone on our planet, based on an eight-month series in National Geographic magazine.  Visit http://natgeofood.com for ongoing coverage of food issues as we investigate the Future of Food today on World Food Day."

 

Tags: sustainability, agriculture, food production, unit 5 agriculture.


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Truthbehere2's curator insight, October 17, 10:30 AM

I think I might as well buy some land and plant my own huge garden for this crap coming up and have a fence around my yard too

Nancy Watson's curator insight, October 19, 8:53 AM

Population increase is just part of the story. How do we feed everyone? How will we provide for the needs of everyone?  Can the earth sustain the use of her resources and the impact of our growing needs and output. First we must eat. Can we learn to do that wisely? 

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Mozambique: Gaza Declared Free of Land Mines

Mozambique: Gaza Declared Free of Land Mines | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it

Maputo — All 11 districts of the southern Mozambican province of Gaza have been declared free of land mines, following an assessment made by the National Demining Institute (IND), in partnership with the provincial government.

A ceremony to mark the end of demining operations took place in Mabalane district in Wednesday. The last mine was destroyed, and the shrapnel was offered to the provincial governor, Raimundo Diomba.

Mabalane was the most heavily mined district in Gaza. During the war of destabilisation, mines were planted in localities along the line of rail, in an attempt to protect the Limpopo Corridor, the railway from Maputo to Zimbabwe, from attack by the apartheid-backed Renamo rebels.

The demining of Mabalane was undertaken by a Belgian NGO, Apopo, which used rats trained to detect mines under the soil, as well as the more orthodox manual and mechanizing demining methods.

Apopo cleared an area of six million square metres (rather more than 545 football fields) and destroyed over 3,000 mines. It finished the demining of Mabalane before the deadline of 2013.

With the successful conclusion of the demining programme in Gaza, 105 of the country’s 128 districts are now free of mines – all known minefields in these districts have been cleared, and they contain no suspect areas.....


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Politically reduced, broke and with no clear vision: Renamo returns to the bush – By Joseph HanlonAfrican Arguments | African Arguments

Politically reduced, broke and with no clear vision: Renamo returns to the bush – By Joseph HanlonAfrican Arguments | African Arguments | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
a href=”http://africanarguments.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Dhlakama1.jpg”>; Afonso Dhlakama has been unable to turn Renamo’s post-war support base into…

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US Issues Travel Alert for Mozambique Ahead of Elections

US Issues Travel Alert for Mozambique Ahead of Elections | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
(WASHINGTON) — The State Department has issued a travel alert for U.S. citizens living in or traveling to Mozambique as the African country prepares to hold general elections next month. Elections are scheduled to take place on Oct.

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▶ Crunch time for gas-rich Mozambique - YouTube

Mozambique is one of the world's poorest countries, but the discovery of gas reserves off its coast could change that. The FT's Andrew England looks at the preparations for a commodities boom and what impact upcoming elections could have on investor sentiment.
 


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Graham Watson's curator insight, June 16, 3:16 PM

I love/hate this type of developmental clip. How many times have we heard this sort of thing about an LEDCs? But how many times have resources proved decisive in boosting development?

 

Think of reasons why nations suffer from a 'resource curse'. Does the term 'Dutch disease' mean anything to you. Remember, Paul Collier's "Bottom Billion" unequivocally states that natural resources are one of four factor that invariably contribute to sustained poverty.

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Discursive Power and People's Movements: Why Chávez's Re-election is Important for Africa: Hakima Abbas

Discursive Power and People's Movements: Why Chávez's Re-election is Important for Africa: Hakima Abbas | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it

Discursive Power and People’s Movements:

Why Chávez’s Re-election is Important for Africa

Hakima Abbas

 

On October 7, 2012 President Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías of Venezuela was re-elected defeating conservative rival Henrique Capriles Radonski. It will be President Chávez’s third term in office under the 1999 constitution and his fourth election as Venezuelan president since 1998. Chávez won a clear majority in elections that were heralded as fair, peaceful and democratic. A stunning 97% of the population (over 19 million people) registered to vote and 82% of those registered, voted.

 

While global media conglomerates sought to wash over Chávez’s comfortable victory, African political commentators largely remained silent on the same. In contrast, there continues to be deserved attention to the U.S presidential electoral debates, campaigns and outcomes given the significant power of U.S policy on the lived realities of the majority of people globally be it as a result of their foreign policy, wars, economic power (though waning), their domination of Bretton Woods institutions or the U.S clout in international arena from Rio to Doha. However, the ideological debate and differences between both major contending political parties in the U.S boil down to nuance. These nuances can reverberate quite distinctly both nationally and internationally depending on the centrism of the representatives of these parties. The current incumbent President is in fact a centrist in relation to foreign policy, having continued and even extended the oil wars and the unflinching U.S support for the Zionist project, and in particular in relation to Africa where the militarism seems the order of the day. Indeed, President Obama’s domestic and international centrism has drawn much criticism but, with the hope that he embodies, miraculous transformation is still expected of him upon re-election.

 

On the other hand, at superficial reading, Venezuela appears to be an insignificant actor in Africa’s geo-political landscape. While a large overseas development donor, Venezuela’s aid, importantly framed as solidarity, is largely targeted at neighboring Latin American and Caribbean countries with much less significant contribution to Africa. That as it may be, Chávez was the first president of Latin America to declare himself of African descent, as important symbolically for Venezuela’s often marginalized population of African descent (who make up an estimated 34% of the population) and the entire region’s Afro-American community as Obama’s victory was for African-Americans in the United States. In an interview with Democracy Now in 2005, President Chávez reaffirmed the importance of these historic ties to the continent, stating: “And one of the greatest motherlands of all is no doubt, Africa. We love Africa. And every day we are much more aware of the roots we have in Africa. (....) Racism is very characteristic of imperialism. Racism is very characteristic of capitalism.” (Interview available at http://www.democracynow.org/2005/9/20/venezuelas_president_chavez_offers_cheap_oil).

 

Beyond the reaffirmation of historic connections, President Chávez has invested energies in the recognition of Africa as a strategic partner: over the years visiting countries never before visited by a Venezuelan president including South Africa, Mozambique, Algeria, Libya, Mali, Gambia, Benin and Angola. During his presidency, he has almost doubled the number of Venezuelan embassies in Africa and has entered into a number of agreements, which critically shift the monopoly of energy multinationals on the continent. Importantly in international forum, particularly at the United Nations, Chávez has recognized the importance of alliance with Africa and the potential clout of Africa bloc support.

 

However, during the oil price slump of 2008, Chávez drew criticism at home for not concentrating on internal Venezuelan affairs rather than drawing the wrath of imperialist states during long international speeches. He heeded this warning and cut back on international engagements and visits. However, maintained an important role in Latin American relations. His leadership of a significant power in the region created a domino effect and enabled the surfacing and victory of progressive parties from Ecuador to Argentina ending the decades of isolation of Cuba. Chávez has also been instrumental in creating and maintaining the alliance across South America (and to a lesser extent Meso-America and the Caribbean), which has enabled a weakening of North American clout and the building of alternative institutions, like Banco del Sur and the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of our America (ALBA), that capture the needs of the region and the will of its people.

 

Yet the key to the importance of President Chávez’s re-election for Africa lies strangely beyond Venezuela’s foreign policy and more so at the epicentre of its national struggle. The election in Venezuela stood in stark contrast to the campaigning in the U.S. The ideological differences between incumbent President Chávez and the opposition candidate Radonski is far from a nuance and instead represents clear ideological paths, values, interests, alliances and priorities. Their national policies are as distinct as their international allies. And the electorate of Venezuela has the choice within a strengthened democratized system to affirm not only a candidate but an ideological position. The fact is that Venezuelan people of all stripes are much more informed and actively engaged in the determination of their nation and peoples’ destiny than they have ever been before in modern times.

 

Far from superfluous, the international hyperbolic oration of President Chávez during his first term presented a critically Left voice that resonated globally with dormant forces including the peoples’ movements of Africa. The discursive power presented by Chávez’s leadership of an oil rich nation (therefore powerful in the energy dependent global North) cemented what is today a much needed voice in an otherwise frightening bipolarity of global discourse between, on the one hand imperialist neo-liberal powers in the Global North and, on the other, fundamentalist, conservative and populist forces of the Global South. With communism looking much more like capitalism and the economic inter-dependency of much of the world, the economic dominance of neo-liberalism was only hard shaken by the threat to accompanying infallibility of U.S. military dominance after September 11, 2001. The protracted War of Terror began. Indeed, last month, as the world drew up in flames of protest at the offensive depiction of Islam by a U.S based filmmaker, the narrative between neo-liberal and fundamentalist came again to the fore in a rabid display of the dominant political and ideological contest in the post-unipolar world.

 

Yet Chávez progressive discourse presents an alternative to both. Rabidly anti-imperialist but equally anti-conservative, Chávez offers, particularly to the peoples’ movements of Africa, a discourse that resounds on the streets of Guinea, the farms of Madagascar and the squares of Egypt. Indeed, the voice that has been most silenced after the massive acts of civil resistance in Tunisia and Egypt, are the progressive voices, neither Islamist nor militarized imperial puppet, seeking alternatives and long lasting solutions to the despair of post-independence African realities. From Zimbabwe to Kenya, Mali to South Africa, the quandary of false choices between the often populist rhetoric of anti-imperialism masking brutal fundamentalism on the one hand and the niceties of liberal rhetoric bellying the sustenance of subjugation on the other, leave little alternative space for African peoples’ to construct a vision and program of liberation for our times.

 

Chávez has been reluctant to criticise Global South leaders for any of their failings in leadership, understandably seeking allies amongst the few willing to openly oppose or resist the multiple layers of northern imperialism. However, with another six years to deepen the progressive agenda of not only Latin America and the Caribbean, but potentially the world, it will be critical that President Chávez and his administration consider supporting deepened solidarity between the peoples’ movements of Africa and the Americas to break the bipolarity of an increasingly belligerent world.

 


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Arabica Robusta's comment, October 28, 2012 7:05 AM
Is this an original article published on daraja.net? All the best.
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Mozambique Must Learn The Lesson That Egypt Did Not - AFKInsider

Mozambique Must Learn The Lesson That Egypt Did Not - AFKInsider | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
postzambia.com Mozambique Must Learn The Lesson That Egypt Did Not AFKInsider While Mozambique, since its first multi-party elections in 1994, has been largely peaceful and, despite FRELIMO dominance at the polls, opposition parties have worked...

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MyLuso's curator insight, August 24, 2:02 AM

Good insight..

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First ever African natural disaster insurance pool launched

The first ever African catastrophe insurance pool has been launched by the African Risk Capacity (ARC), a specialised agency set-up by the African Union to help member states become more resilient to extreme weather events and to protect food insecure populations, in light of climate change.

 

The ARC Agency has created a specialist hybrid mutual insurance company, ARC Insurance Company Limited (ARC Ltd), initially domiciled in Bermuda, to issue policies to a group of African governments, initially comprising Kenya, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger and Senegal. Germany and the United Kingdom contributed the initial capital and are also founding members of the mutual.

 

“The creation of the first ever African catastrophe insurance pool is a transformative moment in our efforts to take ownership and use aid more effectively. It is an unprecedented way of organising ourselves with our partners, with Africa taking the lead – taking our collective destiny into our own hands, rather than relying on the international community for bailouts,” said Dr Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Chair of the ARC Agency Board and Nigeria’s Minister of Finance.

 

The aim of the ARC catastrophe insurance pool is to reduce African governments' reliance on external emergency aid. Currently international assistance is secured through an appeals system and then allocated on a largely ad hoc basis once a disaster strikes. Consequently, African governments affected by disasters can be forced to reallocate funds from essential development projects to crisis responses, exacerbating problems in other areas of their economies.

 

Kenya’s Cabinet Secretary for the National Treasury, Henry Rotich, affirmed, “Droughts undermine our hard-won development gains, just as Africa is beginning to realise its vast potential. ARC will help us build resilience among vulnerable populations, protect our agriculture investments, thereby increasing productivity, as well as promoting fiscal stability by preventing budget dislocation in a crisis.”

 

“I’m proud to have overseen the establishment of ARC Ltd, and am pleased to acknowledge the financial support of US $200 million by the UK and German governments through DFID and KfW respectively,” notes Chairman of the Company Board of Directors and former head of the International Finance Corporation, Dr. Lars Thunell.

 

“ARC Ltd’s insurance programme goes a step further than previous sovereign risk pools thanks to its close ties with ARC Agency. Through the development of contingency plans linked to rapid payouts under the parametric insurance policy, the benefits of ex ante sovereign risk financing will flow directly to the most affected food insecure populations.”

 

The parametric insurance policies issued this month by ARC Ltd will provide a total of ~US $135 million in drought insurance coverage tailored to the specific requirements of the insured countries. In addition to its own capital, ARC Ltd has secured US $55 million of capacity from the international reinsurance and weather risk markets in order to cover the risks it is taking on from the participating countries.

 

ARC Ltd utilises a new software application called Africa RiskView developed by the UN World Food Programme to estimate crop losses and drought response costs before a season begins and as it progresses, triggering insurance payouts at or before harvest time if the rains have been poor. ARC’s cost-benefit analysis estimates that spending one dollar on early intervention through ARC could reduce ultimate economic impact by as much as four and a half dollars.

 


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Lee Coppack's curator insight, May 15, 10:13 AM

An important development.

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Race & Agri-Politics Clash in Zimbabwe: President Mugabe's new attack on white farmers

Race & Agri-Politics Clash in Zimbabwe: President Mugabe's new attack on white farmers | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
When Mugabe drove 4,000 productive white farmers off their land a decade ago it was a tragedy. Kicking out the last 150 seems like a sad farce. Let's hope that cooler heads prevail.

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Change and ‘New’ Politics in Zimbabwe | Freedom House

Zimbabweans are showing the evidence of having been torn in all directions in the transitional period. They have been scarred by the party political wars since the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) from late 2000 onwards first posed an electoral challenge to the Zimbabwe African National Union‐ Patriotic Front (ZANU‐PF). Zimbabweans, as represented in this stratified‐random and nationally representative sample, are not sure it seems on what to believe and how to relate to political and economic circumstances. They veer between praises for economic conditions that have improved and condemnations of the Inclusive Government (IG) when they move to more general‐level assessments. They leap from great anticipation that the next election is the one that will bring more definitive change to their lives to concrete assessments that reveal more of their politically tormented sides. They proclaim that free and fair elections are in the offing, yet express similar levels of fear of electoral violence and intimidation than they had in the past. The 2012 survey results illuminate these complex, nuanced and evolving positions that Zimbabweans hold today.


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Blended Learning | Common Craft

Blended Learning | Common Craft | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it

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Dennis T OConnor's curator insight, September 23, 5:24 PM

Blended learning has been going on in Library Media Centers for years.  Glad to see the concept is 'new again". 

Emilie's curator insight, September 25, 8:32 AM

Une explication simple du blended learning et de la classe inversée.

Becky Roehrs's curator insight, October 11, 4:06 PM

I love Common Craft videos. You have fun while learning about complex topics. I added many of their videos to my online Internet/Web fundamentals class.  Thanfully, they keep adding more choices!

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Let’s Talk About Geography and Ebola

Let’s Talk About Geography and Ebola | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Why knowing where countries are in Africa matters for how the rest of the world thinks about Ebola.

 

Cultural and media norms that often refer to Africa as one entity rather than an 11.7 million-square-mile land mass comprised of 54 countries and over 1.1 billion people who speak over 2,000 different languages.  This cultural confusion means that, when a dangerous virus like Ebola breaks out, Americans who are used to referring to “Africa” as one entity may make mistakes in understanding just how big of a threat Ebola actually is, who might have been exposed to it, and what the likelihood of an individual contracting it might be.  This Ebola outbreak is wreaking havoc on African economies beyond the three most heavily affected by Ebola, and that damage is completely avoidable. The East and Southern African safari industry provides a good example. Bookings for safaris there — including for the famed Great Migration in Kenya and Tanzania — have plummeted due to the Ebola outbreak. These actions are based in fear, not reality.

 

Tags: Ebola, medical, diffusion, Africa, regions, perspective.


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Kortney Renee Honstein's curator insight, October 15, 12:08 AM

Ebola. Now this is a topic that everyone has been talking about for about a month now. And honestly everything that is being said is mostly things that don't need to be mentioned. This may be a control over our population but if someone like a doctor catches this disease and doesn't spread it fast enough then obviously it won't be a control. But this is a huge talk and the conpericies obviously need to be settled.

Scott Holcomb's curator insight, October 15, 10:37 AM

Great current classroom discussion aide!

Wilmine Merlain's curator insight, October 16, 11:36 AM

With this week new Ebola outbreak on US soil, one might think that the entire African Continent is infected with the disease. In actuality, in order to understand the Ebola outbreak in some countries in West Africa, one must first understand the map of Africa and the diversity and square miles that make up the continent. While we are concerned about the virus entering our homeland, those in South Africa and bordering countries are equally concerned about the spread of this deadly disease in their land. Just because we are miles away from the heart of the outbreak, those living on the continent are equally afraid for their life as we are here.

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The long and ugly tradition of treating Africa as a dirty, diseased place

The long and ugly tradition of treating Africa as a dirty, diseased place | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
How alarmist, racist coverage of Ebola makes things worse. A dressing down of the latest #NewsweekFail.

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The long and ugly tradition of treating Africa as a dirty, diseased place

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Sharolyn S. Griffith's curator insight, October 17, 10:23 AM

Well stated, Seth Dixon!

Christian Allié's curator insight, October 18, 3:33 AM

..................""""""""""""""""""""""""""""".............

 

[ ...]

 

_ Vidéo_

 

............... 

The Newsweek story could generate additional prejudice against African migrants, a population that already suffers from greater prejudice than other immigrant groups. In the psychology study referenced above, researchers found that simply manipulating the geographical origin of a hypothetical immigrant group – from Eastern Africa to Eastern Asia to Eastern Europe — yielded significant differences in attitudes in a study population toward the immigrant group.

 

Fear-mongering narratives about Ebola circulating in the popular media can also have a serious effect on knowledge and attitudes about Ebola. Though there are no cases of person-to-person infection in the United States, a recent poll conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health reports 39 percent of Americans think there will be a large Ebola outbreak in the United States and more than a quarter of Americans are concerned that they or someone in their immediate family may get sick with Ebola in the next year. A similar poll conducted for Reason-Rupe had four in 10 Americans saying an Ebola outbreak in the United States was likely, and conservative Americans were more likely to say an outbreak was likely. These two national surveys show Americans are grossly overestimating their risk of infection.

 

The long history of associating immigrants and disease in America and the problematic impact that has on attitudes toward immigrants should make us sensitive to the impact of “othering” African immigrants to the United States in the midst of the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Scare-mongering about infinitesimally small risks in one context serves no purpose to the greater good of trying to curb disease transmission and relieve people’s suffering in another context.

Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, October 20, 12:40 PM

unit 3 and 4

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Feeding the Whole World

"Louise Fresco argues that a smart approach to large-scale, industrial farming and food production will feed our planet's incoming population of nine billion. Only foods like (the scorned) supermarket white bread, she says, will nourish on a global scale."


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AckerbauHalle's curator insight, October 19, 7:18 AM

Sehr interessanter Beitrag von Louise Fresco zur Problematik des Welthungers. 

Marianne Naughton's curator insight, October 19, 12:07 PM

Feed The World ...

dilaycock's curator insight, October 19, 6:45 PM

Fresco argues that we tend to see "home-made" agriculture as a thing of beauty, whereas the reality is that many small scale farmers struggle and live a subsistence lifestyle. The adoration of small-scale farming, notes Fresco, is a luxury to those who can afford it. Large-scale production has increased the availability and affordability of food. Food production should be given as high a priority as climate change and sustainability, and we should seriously consider ways in which land can be used as a multi-purpose space that includes agriculture.

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Rogue trophy hunters supply rhino poachers with ammo?

Rogue trophy hunters supply rhino poachers with ammo? | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it

Rogue South African trophy hunters are directly involved in “a mad scramble” to poach rhinos and get their horns out of the Kruger National Park, according to reliable intelligence sources....

 

Documents seen by the Daily Maverick show the errant trophy hunters are supplying Mozambican poachers with ammunition and helping them to sell the horns illegally. They manage to avoid apprehension by bribing local officials and courting influence with Mozambican politicians.

 

The hunters run safari outfits along the south-eastern border of the Kruger, and they gain access to the park through gaps in the fence between the two countries. They cannot be named owing to the seriousness of the trafficking allegations against them.

 

They operate in the vicinity of Corumana dam and the former Magud headquarters of Mozambique’s Renamo movement. Corumana dam is a popular destination among birders and fishers, and is being expanded to supply water to Maputo about 30km away....


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Rhino, Rhino and poachers

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Wildlife Margrit's curator insight, July 8, 2013 1:12 PM

Some safari outfitter (aka trophy hunters) along the southester border of the Kruger supposedly providing rhino poachers from Mozambique with ammo and helping them sell their horns!

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Renamo rejects Mozambique talks

Renamo rejects Mozambique talks | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it

Mozambique's main opposition party, Renamo, has rejected President Armando Guebuza's offer of peace talks following recent clashes.

 
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PHOTOS: Every Mozambican Can Be an Independent Electoral Observer · Global Voices

PHOTOS: Every Mozambican Can Be an Independent Electoral Observer · Global Voices | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Armed with mobile phones, more and more people in Mozambique are monitoring the run-up to the country's fall municipal elections, helped along by an online platform from newspaper @Verdade.

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Mozambique: CNE Urges Calm and Orderly Voting| glObserver Global Economics

Mozambique: CNE Urges Calm and Orderly Voting| glObserver Global Economics | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
The chairperson of Mozambique's National Elections Commission (CNE), Abdul Carimo on Tuesday urged all registered voters to cast their ballots in Wednesday's general election “with a sense of patriotism, urbanity, and civic spirit, and in an environment of joy and discipline”.

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'Crunch' vote underway in Mozambique

'Crunch' vote underway in Mozambique | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it
Elections are being held in Mozambique, with the governing Frelimo party facing a tough challenge from Renamo, its longstanding rival.

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Secrets of African rivers: the link between rivers and global warming. Euronews - Video News + transcript in 12 languages

Secrets of African rivers:  the link between rivers and global warming. Euronews - Video News + transcript in 12 languages | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it


Going with the flow, euronews discovers the link between rivers and global warming, with the focus on Africa.“In this programme, we join a research expedition between the Zimbabwe and Zambia border. In many ways, the rivers on the African continent remain a mystery. Today, European scientists join forces with their African colleagues in search of answers on the role played by African rivers in the global climate,” says euronews science producer Denis Loctier.


Rivers naturally produce greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O), that contribute to global warming. Land use and vegetation patterns along the riverside influence river biochemistry. An international research project aims to improve our understanding of how the rivers in Africa work........A greater understanding would help countries like Zambia manage its water resources, responding more efficiently to growing demand.

Imasiku Nyambe, Professor of Geology at the University of Zambia, told us what is happening there: “.... And therefore it’s important to study, to know how much water we have, so that all these competing users could have a share of what they want.”


Scientists measure various water parameters, including its temperature, oxygen, pH, conductivity, and different carbon pools. This data will explain what portion of the carbon entering the river from the surrounding landscape with decomposed organic matter or soil minerals gets converted into gas or trapped into sediment, and how much is ultimately reaching the ocean.
“At this point, everything is more or less unknown. This is why we are here. We’re trying to look at the transport of carbon into the ocean, to the sedimentation processes, fluxes to the atmosphere. We’re looking at the source of carbon – we try to understand how much carbon in this river is terrestrial, how much is aquatic-produced,” said Christian Teodoru.

...... Similar field studies also take place in Kenya, Mozambique, Niger, Gabon, Madagascar and the Congo River basin. Measurements are taken at regular intervals along the whole length of Africa’s main rivers.

“We expect that the geochemical parameters, including carbon dioxide and oxygen, might change along the river stretch, influenced by landscape, by the hydrology. This is why we continue sampling the river downstream, down to the Indian ocean, the large number of sampling sites,” added Cristian.


Studying the secrets of African rivers will shed new light on biochemical mechanisms shaping our global climate, helping to secure a safer future for the people on the continent.


Find more information on the project website: http://ees.kuleuven.be/project/afrival/


More about: Africa, Environmental protection, Global warming and climate change, Science, Water resources, Zambia


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