Students learn from assessments that inform and improve their performance -- what Grant Wiggins calls "educative assessments." Yet often a bibliography is designed to be an "audit," an assessment at the end of teaching and learning. A typical documentation standard reads something like this one from California:

"Understands the reasons and methods for citing sources" (Standards and Guidelines for Strong School Libraries 8.2)

What does "understand" mean and how can we assess it?


Via Shannon Robinson