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Tanzania. East African agriculture and climate change: A comprehensive analysis | IFPRI

Tanzania. East African agriculture and climate change: A comprehensive analysis | IFPRI | NGOs in Human Rights, Peace and Development | Scoop.it

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East African agriculture and climate change: A comprehensive analysis | IFPRI

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IFPRIKM's curator insight, January 16, 8:24 AM

The second of three books in IFPRI's climate change in Africa series, East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis examines the food security threats facing 10 of the countries that make up east and central Africa - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda - and explores how climate change will increase the efforts needed to achieve sustainable food security throughout the region. East Africa's populations is expected to grow at least through mid-century. The region will also see income growth. Both will put increased pressure on the natural resources needed to produce food, and climate change makes the challenges greater. East Africa is already experiencing rising temperatures, shifting precipitation patterns, and increasing extreme events. Without attention to adaptation, the poor will suffer.

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Democratic trajectories in Africa | Oxford University Press


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Democratic trajectories in Africa 
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IFPRIKM's curator insight, January 8, 4:20 PM

Despite impressive economic growth rates over the last decade, foreign aid still plays a significant role in Africa's political economies. This book asks when, why, and how foreign aid has facilitated, or hindered, democratization in sub-Saharan Africa. Instead of looking at foreign aid as a monolithic resource, the book examines the disparate impacts of aid specifically intended for development outcomes and aid explicitly aimed at democracy promotion. Careful attention is also given to examining the role of various aid modalities, including general budget support, and the influence of non-traditional donors. In doing so, the authors use a combination of cross-country quantitative analyses and in-depth case studies of Benin, Ghana, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zambia based on recent interviews with donors, government officials, and civil society organizations. Unlike other work on aid and democracy, the book carefully considers how foreign aid affects various elements of the democratization process, including transitions to multiparty systems and democratic consolidation. In terms of the latter, the authors analyse what role different types of aid play in avoiding a breakdown of multiparty democracy or an erosion of civil liberties, reinforcing parliaments and judiciaries, promoting free and fair elections and a vibrant civil society, and encouraging competitive party systems. Overall, the authors' findings suggest that the best means for enhancing the effectiveness of aid for development outcomes is not always the most optimal way of promoting democratic consolidation, and the book provides policy recommendations to try and reconcile these trade-offs.

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Democratic trajectories in Africa: Conclusions and policy recommendations | Oxford University Press


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Democratic trajectories in Africa: Conclusions and policy recommendations

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IFPRIKM's curator insight, January 14, 11:40 AM

In Democratic trajectories in Africa: Unravelling the impact of foreign aid, ed. Danielle Resnick, and Nicolas van de Walle.