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Everything you wanted to Know About NSA Surveillance *but were afraid to ask (Stray)

Juan Cole | Domestic Surveillance, US politics
Juan Carlos Hernandez's insight:

There have been a lot of news stories about NSA surveillance programs following the leaks of secret documents by Edward Snowden. But it seems the more we read, the less clear things are. We’ve put together a detailed snapshot of what’s known and what’s been reported where.

What information does the NSA collect and how?

We don’t know all of the different types of information the NSA collects, but several secret collection programs have been revealed:

A record of most calls made in the U.S., including the telephone number of the phones making and receiving the call, and how long the call lasted. This information is known as “metadata” and doesn’t include a recording of the actual call (but see below). This program was revealed through a leakedsecret court order instructing Verizon to turn over all such information on a daily basis. Other phone companies, including AT&T and Sprint, also reportedly give their records to the NSA on a continual basis. All together, this is several billion calls per day.

Email, Facebook posts and instant messages for an unknown number of people, via PRISM, which involves the cooperation of at least nine different technology companies. Google, Facebook, Yahoo and others have denied that the NSA has “direct access” to their servers, saying they only release user information in response to a court order. Facebook has revealed that, in the last six months of 2012, they handed over the private data of between 18,000 and 19,000 users to law enforcement of all types — including local police and federal agencies, such as the FBI, Federal Marshals and the NSA.

Massive amounts of raw Internet traffic Much of the world’s Internet traffic passes through the U.S. even when the sender and receiver are both outside the country. A recently revealed presentation slide notes the U.S.’s central role in internet traffic and suggests domestic taps can be used to monitor foreign targets. A whistleblower claimed that he helped install a network tap in an AT&T facility in San Francisco on NSA orders in 2003. The tap sent the entire contents of high capacity fiber optic cables into a secret room filled with monitoring equipment. An unknown fraction of the intercepted data is stored in massive databases in case it is useful in the future.

Because there is no automatic way to separate domestic from international communications, this program also captures U.S. citizens’ internet activity, such as emails, social media posts, instant messages, the sites you visit and online purchases you make.

The contents of an unknown number of phone calls The details are sketchy, but there are several reports that the NSA records the audio contents of some phone calls. This reportedly happens “on a much smaller scale” than the programs above, after analysts select specific people as “targets.” There does not seem to be any public information about the collection of text messages, which would be much more practical to collect in bulk because of their smaller size.

The NSA has been prohibited from recording domestic communications since the passage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act but at least two of these programs — phone records collection and Internet cable taps — involve huge volumes of Americans’ data.

Does the NSA record everything about everyone, all the time?

No. The NSA routinely obtains and stores as much as it can of certain types of information, such as the metadata from telephone calls made in the U.S. (but not their content) and some fraction of the massive amount of raw data flowing through major internet cables. It is also possible for the NSA to collect more detailed information on specific people, such as the actual audio of phone calls and the entire content of email accounts. NSA analysts cansubmit a request to obtain these types of more detailed information about specific people.

Watching a specific person like this is called “targeting” by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, the law which authorizes this type of individual surveillance. The NSA is allowed to record the conversations of non-Americans without a specific warrant for each person monitored, if at least one end of the conversation is outside of the U.S. It is also allowed to record the communications of Americans if they are outside the U.S. and the NSA first gets a warrant for each case. It’s not known exactly how many people the NSA is currently targeting.

 

How the NSA actually gets the data depends on the type of information requested. If the analyst wants someone’s private emails or social media posts, the NSA must request that specific data from companies such as Google and Facebook. For information that is already flowing through Internet cables that the NSA is monitoring, or the audio of phone calls, a targeting request instructs automatic systems to watch for the communications of a specific person and save them.

It’s important to note that the NSA probably has information about you even if you aren’t on this target list. If you have previously communicated with someone who has been targeted, then the NSA already has the content of any emails, instant messages, phone calls, etc. you exchanged with the targeted person. Also, your data is likely in bulk records such as phone metadata and internet traffic recordings. This is what makes these programs “mass surveillance,” as opposed to traditional wiretaps, which are authorized by individual, specific court orders.

What does phone call metadata information reveal, if it doesn’t include the content of the calls?

Even without the content of all your conversations and text messages, so-called “metadata” can reveal a tremendous amount about you. If they have your metadata, the NSA would have a record of your entire address book, or at least every person you’ve called in the last several years. They can guess who you are close to by how often you call someone, and when. By correlating the information from multiple people, they can do sophisticated “network analysis” of communities of many different kinds, personal or professional — or criminal.

Phone company call records reveal where you were at the time that a call was made, because they include the identifier of the radio tower that transmitted the call to you. The government has denied that it collects this information, but former NSA employee Thomas Drake said they do. For a sense of just how powerful location data can be, see this visualization following a German politician everywhere he goes for months, based on his cellphone’s location information.

The type of data can be used to discover the structure of groups planning terrorism. But metadata is a sensitive topic because there is great potential for abuse. While no one has claimed the NSA is doing this, it would be possible to use metadata to algorithmically identify, with some accuracy, members of other types of groups like the Tea Party or Occupy Wall Street, gun owners, undocumented immigrants, etc. An expert in network analysis could start with all of the calls made from the time and place of a protest, and trace the networks of associations out from there.

Phone metadata is also not “anonymous” in any real sense. The NSA already maintains a database of the phone numbers of all Americans for use in determining whether someone is a “U.S. person” (see below), and there are several commercial number-to-name services in any case. Phone records become even more powerful when they are correlated with other types of data, such as social media posts, local police records and credit card purchase information, a process known as intelligence fusion.

Does the NSA need an individualized warrant to listen to my calls or look at my emails?

It’s complicated, but not in all cases. Leaked court orders set out the “minimization” procedures that govern what the NSA can do with the domestic information it has intercepted. The NSA is allowed to store this domestic information because of the technical difficulties in separating foreign from domestic communications when large amounts of data are being captured.

These documents show that individual intelligence analysts make the decision to look at previously collected bulk information. The analyst must document why they believe the information belongs to someone who is not a “U.S. person” (roughly, a U.S. citizen or permanent resident) but they do not need to ask anyone’s permission before looking at intercepted information or asking for additional information to be collected. If the analyst later discovers that they are looking at the communications of a U.S. person, they mustdestroy the data.

However, if the intercepted information is “reasonably believed to contain evidence of a crime” then the NSA is allowed to turn it over to federal law enforcement. Unless there are other (still secret) restrictions on how the NSA can use this data this means the police might end up with your private communications without ever having to get approval from a judge, effectively circumventing the whole notion of probable cause.

This is significant because it is not always possible to determine whether someone is a U.S. person before looking at their data. For example, it’s not usually possible to tell just from someone’s email address, which is why the NSA maintains a database of known U.S. email addresses and phone numbers. If the NSA does not have “specific information” about someone, that person is “presumed to be a non-United States person.”

Also, the NSA is allowed to provide any of its recorded information to the FBI, if the FBI specifically asks for it.

Is all of this legal?

Yes, assuming the NSA adheres to the restrictions set out in recently leaked court orders. By definition, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court decides what it is legal for the NSA to do.

But this level of domestic surveillance wasn’t always legal, and the NSA has been found to violate legal standards on more than one occasion. Although the NSA’s broad data collection programs appear to have started shortly after September 11, 2001, the NSA was gradually granted authority to collect domestic information on this scale through a series of legislative changes and court decisions over the next decade. See this timeline of loosening laws. The Director of National Intelligence says that authority for PRISM programs comes from section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Actand the Verizon metadata collection order cites section 215 of the Patriot Act. The author of the Patriot Act disagrees that the act justifies the Verizon metadata collection program.

In March 2004, acting Attorney General James Comey ordered a stop to some parts of the secret domestic surveillance programs, but President Bush signed an order re-authorizing it anyway. In response, several top Justice Department officials threatened to resign, including Comey and FBI director Robert Mueller. Bush backed down, and the programs were at leastpartially suspended for several months.

In 2009, the Justice Department acknowledged that the NSA had collected emails and phone calls of Americans in a way that exceeded legal limitations.

In October 2011, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court ruled that the NSA violated the Fourth Amendment at least once. The Justice Department has said that this ruling must remain secret, but we know it concerned some aspect of the “minimization” rules the govern what the NSA can do with domestic communications. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court recently decided that this ruling can be released, but Justice Department has not yet done so.

Civil liberties groups including the EFF and the ACLU dispute the constitutionality of these programs and have filed lawsuits to challenge them.

How long can the NSA keep information on Americans?

The NSA can generally keep intercepted domestic communications for up tofive years. It can keep them indefinitely under certain circumstances, such as when the communication contains evidence of a crime or when it’s “foreign intelligence information,” a broad legal term that includes anything relevant to “the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States.” It can also keep encrypted communications indefinitely.

Does the NSA do anything to protect Americans’ privacy?

Yes. First, the NSA is only allowed to intercept communications if at least one end of the conversation is outside of the U.S. — though it doesn’t have to distinguish domestic from foreign communication until the “earliest practicable point” which allows the NSA to record bulk information from internet cables and sort it out later. When the NSA discovers that previously intercepted information belongs to an American, it must usually destroythat information. Because this determination cannot always be made by computer, this sometimes happens only after a human analyst has already looked at it.

The NSA also must apply certain safeguards. For example, the NSA mustwithhold the names of U.S. persons who are not relevant to ongoing investigations when they distribute information — unless that person’s communications contain evidence of a crime or are relevant to a range of national security and foreign intelligence concerns.

Also, analysts must document why they believe someone is outside of the U.S. when they ask for addition information to be collected on that person. An unknown number of these cases are audited internally. If the NSA makes a mistake and discovers that it has targeted someone inside the U.S., it has five days to submit a report to the Department of Justice and other authorities.

What if I’m not an American?

All bets are off. There do not appear to be any legal restrictions on what the NSA can do with the communications of non-U.S. persons. Since a substantial fraction of the world’s Internet data passes through the United States, or its allies, the U.S. has the ability to observe and record the communications of much of the world’s population. The European Union has alreadycomplained to the U.S. Attorney General.

The U.S. is hardly the only country doing mass surveillance, though its program is very large. GCHQ, which is the British counterpart to the NSA, has a similar surveillance program and shares data with the NSA. Many countries now have some sort of mass internet surveillance now in place. Although passive surveillance is often hard to detect, more aggressive governments use intercepted information to intimidate or control their citizens, including Syria, Iran, Egypt, Bahrain and China. Much of the required equipment is sold to these governments by American companies.

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Open Letter to #Nestlé by @yasminemotarjemi #FoodSafety #Suisse #Justice #Swiss

.

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join this FB page please :in order to support the fight for dignity and justice of Yasmine against Nestlé : https://www.facebook.com/justiceforyasmine

Open Letter by 
Yasmine Motarjemi , Former Corporate Food Safety Manager (2000-2010), Assistant Vice President
to
Mr Peter Brabeck-Letmathe
Chairman of the Board of Directors
Nestlé, S.A
55 Avenue Nestlé
CH-1800 Vevey

"Nyon, 4th Septembre 2010
Dear Mr Chairman,
I was your Corporate Food Safety Manager from 2000 to 2010. I write to you today for two reasons: 
first, to share with you my concerns regarding a culture and management practices in Nestlé, which 
undermine food safety; and, second, to inform you of my personal experiences while attempting to
improve the situation.
I long nourished the hope that you would be interested in meeting the person responsible for dealing 
with everyday problems of the Company in an area as important as the safety of Nestlé products. 
However, to my regret we have never had the opportunity to meet and discuss the food safety 
situation in the Company. As both corporate-level management of food safety and my professional 
status deteriorated to the point of being unacceptable, I was compelled to report my concerns to 
Management with the expectation that a fair evaluation of the situation would be undertaken. In 
the event, my efforts were in vain. 
Mr Chairman, I always found listening to your speeches a source of motivation and inspiration. 
Moreover, Nestlé Policies and Management Principles portray a model Company, with the most 
laudable corporate values. A glance at the Company building, offices and facilities is enough to make 
any outsider believe that this is an ideal working environment. 
However, after only a short time, I was profoundly disappointed at how people are managed, the 
discrepancies between your public statements and the private deeds of managers; between the 
Company’s policies and management principles and actual practices; and between the proclaimed 
values and the prevailing fear culture (including mobbing and intimidation) that managers nourished. 
I was particularly saddened by the growing realisation that Management was not only aware of this 
situation but that it was also fully accepted by the very people who should have been, in fact, the inhouse guardians of policy compliance.I failed to see the flawless execution of policy that you promoted in your speeches. Didn’t you state 
that the management of food quality and safety depends on the quality of management? What can 
be said about food safety management when the members of Management themselves do not 
respect Company policies and principles? 
If I dared challenge the Company’s food safety and human resource practices I can assure you that it 
was not out of disrespect. On the contrary, it was because of my loyalty to the Company, my 
colleagues and the consumers we served. It was also because for me the safety of our products and 
respect for our colleagues were non-negotiable values. Involving staff in building a better company 
unavoidably includes exposing shortcomings. But surely it is better to receive timely feedback from 
within than to be publicly embarrassed later by failures.
You have often expressed your commitment to food safety. Please allow me to share with you my 
own vision in this regard. Over and above the technical and scientific aspects, the foundation of 
good food safety management is an equitable system of people management that is based on 
professionalism, fairness, objectivity, open-mindedness, respect for staff and, most importantly, for 
their dignity. I regret to say that I failed to see this approach implemented at the Nestlé Head Office. 
My own situation is a case in point. 
On several occasions I reported – first to members of Management and then, in November 2009, to 
Mr Paul Bulcke – serious shortcomings in food safety management, the professional difficulties I 
faced, and the shameful treatment that I experienced in Nestlé. I hoped that I would be given the 
opportunity to provide a full and accurate account of events during the period 2005-2010. In 
response, my contract was terminated with no opportunity to provide details of my experience. 
Nevertheless, I am prepared to meet with you, at your convenience, to share my observations on 
practices in Nestlé and their eventual repercussions on Nestlé’s reputation and consumers. I would 
also hope to use this opportunity to identify an equitable solution for my personal difficult situation, another consequence of the past events in Nestlé" 
source : http://www.rts.ch/info/3989665.html/BINARY/Mr+CEO.pdf
more here (in french) http://www.rts.ch/info/economie/3988696-une-ex-responsable-de-la-securite-alimentaire-depose-plainte-contre-nestle.html
more again (in french) 
more (in german ) : http://www.handelszeitung.ch/unternehmen/nestle-im-keim-erstickt

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#Ukrainian Soldier Confirms: Ukraine’s Military Shot Down Malaysian #MH17 Plane

#Ukrainian Soldier Confirms: Ukraine’s Military Shot Down Malaysian #MH17 Plane

A Ukrainian soldier who was part of the crew that operated the supposed missile-battery that the Ukrainian Government claims shot down the Malaysian MH17 airliner on July 17th has testified publicl...

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#Genève:Ex-ambassadeur condamné pr avoir exploité employée (300 $/mois, 18h/jour,1 jour congé)#esclavagemoderne

#Genève:Ex-ambassadeur condamné pr avoir exploité employée (300 $/mois, 18h/jour,1 jour congé)#esclavagemoderne | News in english | Scoop.it

#Genève:Ex-ambassadeur condamné pr avoir exploité employée (300 $/mois, 18h/jour,1 jour congé)#esclavagemoderne

Nourrie, logée, A. était payée 300 dollars par mois. Ses horaires, selon le Ministère public? De 6 h à minuit la semaine et de 11 h à 15 h le samedi. A cause de ce tarif illégal, un ex-ambassadeur asiatique, détenteur d’une fortune d’un million de dollars, a été condamné mercredi par la justice pénale pour usure. «C’est une victoire historique», confirme Me Pierre Bayenet, avocat de l’employée exploitée. De guerre lasse, cette femme de ménage a quitté la Suisse il y a plusieurs années. Elle obtient gain de cause sur le plan pénal, dix ans après le dépôt de sa plainte. Et pour cause, le prévenu, qui a quitté ses fonctions il y a quelques années, a bénéficié jusqu’alors de l’immunité diplomatique. «Je n’ai pas imposé le salaire, a déclaré l’accusé devant le Tribunal de police. C’était un accord avec A. J’ai commis une erreur.»La plaignante est arrivée en Suisse en 2004. Son travail débute en se...

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Anti-Islam politician Wilders faces prosecution for Moroccan comments #islamophobie - Reuters

Anti-Islam politician Wilders faces prosecution for Moroccan comments #islamophobie - Reuters | News in english | Scoop.it


Anti-Islam politician Wilders faces prosecution for Moroccan comments #islamophobie - Reuters

AMSTERDAM (Reuters) - Anti-Islam politician Geert Wilders will be prosecuted in the Netherlands for alleged discrimination and inciting hatred against Moroccans during election campaigning in March, prosecutors


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#Obama and Raúl #Castro thank #Pope for breakthrough in #US-#Cuba relations #Pape - The Guardian

#Obama and Raúl #Castro thank #Pope for breakthrough in #US-#Cuba relations #Pape - The Guardian | News in english | Scoop.it

#Obama and Raúl #Castro thank #Pope for breakthrough in #US-#Cuba relations #Pape - The Guardian

Surprise breakthrough came after 45-minute phone call between President Obama and Raúl Castro finalised the release of US prisoner Alan Gross

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#USA #disgusting Grand jury rejects criminal charges in death of Robert Saylor, man with #Down syndrome- WAPO

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Private elites cling to their privileges - The Guardian

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Letters: The Health and Social Care Act became law in spite of tremendous public and professional outcry against it, voted in by many politicians with interests in healthcare companies Revolving doors are also thriving illustrated by Deloitte’s (formerly HMRC’s) Dave Hartnett and NHS England’s Simon Stevens (formerly United Health group and Blair’s adviser).
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Sign the #petition (only 4 #US Pple) to the Justice Department: Prosecute @jpmorgan . No excuses #banksters

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Federal prosecutors claim they lack evidence to file charges against J.P. Morgan Chase for mortgage fraud. Now we have a credible whistleblower.

No more excuses. Time to prosecute J.P. Morgan Chase.
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Despite Warnings Of Future War, @BarackObama To Impose New Sanctions On #Russia

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Instead of negotiations designed to end crisis over status of Ukraine, White House says president will sign quietly passed bill that critics say will solidify new Cold War.

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#US Senator Bernie Sanders: #Destroy the Big Banks Before the Big #Banks Destroy You #banksters

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#US Senator Bernie Sanders: #Destroy the Big Banks Before the Big #Banks Destroy You #banksters

The progressive senator is planning a legislative push for the breakup of Wall Street’s largest banks.

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5 Things You Should Know About #JebBush's Far-Right Legacy #USA

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5 Things You Should Know About #JebBush's Far-Right Legacy #USA

Bush has been responsible for enacting some of the most toxic conservative policies.


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#SameOligarchyShit Jeb Bush v. @HillaryClinton: the perfectly illustrative election by Glenn Greenwald

#SameOligarchyShit Jeb Bush v. @HillaryClinton: the perfectly illustrative election by Glenn Greenwald | News in english | Scoop.it

#SameOligarchyShit Jeb Bush v. @HillaryClinton: the perfectly illustrative election by Glenn Greenwald

Jeb Bush yesterday strongly suggested he was running for President in 2016. If he wins the GOP nomination, it is highly likely that his opponent for the presidency would be Hillary Clinton.

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#Harvard’s #Conservative Cabal Takes #US #Congress - The Daily Beast

#Harvard’s #Conservative Cabal Takes #US #Congress - The Daily Beast | News in english | Scoop.it


#Harvard’s #Conservative Cabal Takes #US #Congress - The Daily Beast

From Tom Cotton to Ted Cruz, many of the biggest new names in the GOP are graduates of Harvard -- the school the right loves to hate.


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How Hackers Can Silently Turn Your Mobile into A Stalking Machine. - Hack Read

How Hackers Can Silently Turn Your Mobile into A Stalking Machine. - Hack Read | News in english | Scoop.it

How Hackers Can Silently Turn Your Mobile into A Stalking Machine. - Hack Read

One of the most penned commercials till date happens to be the mid-2000s ad for a headache-relieving cream called “Head On”. The ad appeared to be bizarre and poorly produced because it lacked creativity and specificity… can you imagine all it did was inform the audience three times to apply the cream “directly to the [...]

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#Ukraine FREEDOM - DEADLY WHEN EXPORTED by (the excellent) MentalUnrest.com #Russia #NATO #OTAN

#Ukraine FREEDOM - DEADLY WHEN EXPORTED by (the excellent) MentalUnrest.com #Russia #NATO #OTAN | News in english | Scoop.it


#Ukraine FREEDOM - DEADLY WHEN EXPORTED by (the excellent) MentalUnrest.com #Russia #NATO #OTAN

The Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 is another piece of legislation the US Congress managed to push through before year’s end—in addition to that banking oligarchy-scented spending bill. “Freed...


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#FIFA (0 credibility now) Investigator Quits in Protest #bribery #corruption #Russia #Qatar #soccer #football #foot

#FIFA (0 credibility now) Investigator Quits in Protest #bribery #corruption #Russia #Qatar #soccer #football #foot | News in english | Scoop.it

#FIFA (0 credibility now) Investigator Quits in Protest #bribery #corruption #Russia #Qatar #soccer #football #foot

FIFA’s independent ethics investigator resigned Wednesday over the handling of his 18-month investigation and subsequent report on the controversial bidding process for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups. Michael Garcia, an American lawyer, issued a statement citing his loss of confidence in the ethics committee’s independence after FIFA issued a 42-page summary of his 430-page report. Garcia called the summary “erroneous” and filed a failed appeal. “No independent governance committee, investigator, or arbitration panel can change the culture of an organization,” he wrote.

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#Genève va accueillir 1 institut uni. de recherche s/#MatièresPremières pr renforcer sa position ds le négoce..

#Genève va accueillir 1 institut uni. de recherche s/#MatièresPremières pr renforcer sa position ds le négoce.. | News in english | Scoop.it

#Genève va accueillir 1 institut uni. de recherche s/#MatièresPremières pr renforcer sa position ds le négoce.. #cynisme

"

Pour renforcer la position de Genève dans le domaine du négoce de matières premières, un institut de recherche va ouvrir ses portes à l'Université de Genève dès 2015, a indiqué jeudi l'institution.

Genève va accueillir dès 2015 un institut de recherche sur les matières premières. L'institut sera chapeauté par une fondation dont les statuts ont été signés jeudi, a communiqué l'Université de Genève.

Ce nouvel institut est lancé à l'initiative de l'Université, du canton et de la Confédération. Il proposera notamment des séminaires et un cadre d'études pour les doctorants.

"Une base solide"

Par la créa..."


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#USA #Police Killing of Unarmed #NativeAmerican Continues To Receive Little #Media Attention

#USA #Police Killing of Unarmed #NativeAmerican Continues To Receive Little #Media Attention | News in english | Scoop.it

#USA #Police Killing of Unarmed #NativeAmerican Continues To Receive Little #Media Attention

The tragic case of Corey Kanosh, 35, has received very little media attention, in spite of the growing outrage over police shootings of unarmed, innocent

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Submit your material to AWP - Associated #Whistleblowing Press - #whistleblower #TruthIsAHumanRight

Submit your material to AWP - Associated #Whistleblowing Press - #whistleblower #TruthIsAHumanRight | News in english | Scoop.it

Submit your material to AWP - Associated #Whistleblowing Press - #whistleblower #TruthIsAHumanRight

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▶ #NYC #drone ban threatens jail time for offenders -RT - 2:23

▶ #NYC #drone ban threatens jail time for offenders -RT - 2:23

New York’s city council is considering a ban on drones within the city’s limits. Concerned with privacy and security issues, several council members want to ...

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#Iran warned #Australia about #Sydney attacker - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East

#Iran warned #Australia about #Sydney attacker - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East | News in english | Scoop.it

#Iran warned #Australia about #Sydney attacker - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East

Sydney hostage-taker Man Haron Monis had long been wanted by Iran for fraud.

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#Haiti: Time for #Clinton & Co to Pack and Go » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names

#Haiti: Time for #Clinton & Co to Pack and Go » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names | News in english | Scoop.it

#Haiti: Time for #Clinton & Co to Pack and Go » CounterPunch: Tells the Facts, Names the Names



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10 Ways #USA Is the World's Most Corrupt Nation-Steal $2 trillion & U aren’t corrupt, you’re respectable #corruption

10 Ways #USA Is the World's Most Corrupt Nation-Steal $2 trillion & U aren’t corrupt, you’re respectable #corruption | News in english | Scoop.it

10 Ways #USA Is the World's Most Corrupt Nation-Steal $2 trillion & U aren’t corrupt, you’re respectable #corruption



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#USA Carolinas politicians get payouts from broker - AP exclusive - #bribery #corruption #finance

#USA Carolinas politicians get payouts from broker - AP exclusive - #bribery #corruption #finance | News in english | Scoop.it


#USA Carolinas politicians get payouts from broker - AP exclusive - #bribery #corruption #finance

CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) — Soon after taking office, North Carolina Gov. Pat McCrory and U.S. Rep. Mark Sanford of South Carolina accepted six-figure stock payouts from an online mortgage broker accused by regulators of deceiving…


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The True History of #Libertarianism in #US: A Phony Ideology to #Promote a #Corporate Agenda

The True History of #Libertarianism in #US: A Phony Ideology to #Promote a #Corporate Agenda | News in english | Scoop.it

The True History of #Libertarianism in #US: A Phony Ideology to #Promote a #Corporate Agenda

Before Milton Friedman was earning plaudits as an economic genius, he was a shill for the real estate industry.

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#Crowdfunding #DarrenWilson’s future - #Ferguson #ConcreteRacismInUSA #racism - RT America - 4 mn YouTube

#Crowdfunding #DarrenWilson’s future - #Ferguson #ConcreteRacismInUSA #racism - RT America - 4 mn YouTube

Since Ferguson, Mo. police officer Darren Wilson was outed as the cop who fatally shot African-American teenager Michael Brown, donations have been pouring in to the officer from across the country. RT’s Manuel Rapalo reports on the tens of thousands that have been raised.

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