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Art and Complexity - 9780444509444|ScienceDirect.com

The online version of Art and Complexity by John Casti and Anders Karlqvist on ScienceDirect.com, the world's leading platform for high quality peer-reviewed full-text books.
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Handwriting recognition, LaTex and more!

Handwriting recognition, LaTex and more! | New Science | Scoop.it
A consistently popular post on this blog is that on online whiteboards. If I want to communicate mathematics online to answer a student query for example I find it quicker to use a graphics tablet ...

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Can we build an artificial superintelligence that won't kill us?

Can we build an artificial superintelligence that won't kill us? | New Science | Scoop.it

At some point in our future, an artificial intelligence will emerge that's smarter, faster, and vastly more powerful than us. Once this happens, we'll no longer be in charge. But what will happen to humanity? And how can we prepare for this transition? 


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The New Rules of Robot/Human Society

As technology speeds forward, humans are beginning to imagine the day when robots will fill the roles promised to us in science fiction. But what should we be thinking about today, as robots like military and delivery drones become a real part of our society? How should robots be programmed to interact with us? How should we treat robots? And who is responsible for a robot's actions? As we look at the unexpected impact of new technologies, we are obligated as a society to consider the moral and ethical implications of robotics.


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Simulating Social Complexity: A Handbook (by Bruce Edmonds & Ruth Meyer)

Simulating Social Complexity: A Handbook (Understanding Complex Systems)

Product by Brand: Springer ~ More about this product
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Social systems are among the most complex known. This poses particular problems for those who wish to understand them. The complexity often makes analytic approaches infeasible and natural language approaches inadequate for relating intricate cause and effect. However, individual- and agent-based computational approaches hold out the possibility of new and deeper understanding of such systems.

 Simulating Social Complexity examines all aspects of using agent- or individual-based simulation. This approach represents systems as individual elements having each their own set of differing states and internal processes. The interactions between elements in the simulation represent interactions in the target systems. What makes these elements "social" is that they are usefully interpretable as interacting elements of an observed society. In this, the focus is on human society, but can be extended to include social animals or artificial agents where such work enhances our understanding of human society.

 

This handbook is intended to help in the process of maturation of this new field. It brings together, through the collaborative effort of many leading researchers, summaries of the best thinking and practice in this area and constitutes a reference point for standards against which future methodological advances are judged.


Via Complexity Digest, NESS
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Tesla's Tower of Power • Damn Interesting

Tesla's Tower of Power • Damn Interesting | New Science | Scoop.it
In 1905, a team of construction workers in the small village of Shoreham, New York labored to erect a truly extraordinary structure. Over a period of sever

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Physicists Discover a Whopping 13 New Solutions to Three-Body Problem - ScienceNOW

Physicists Discover a Whopping 13 New Solutions to Three-Body Problem - ScienceNOW | New Science | Scoop.it
Physicists Discover a Whopping 13 New Solutions to Three-Body Problem - ScienceNOW
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Rescooped by Enrique Zeleny from Space & Time
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Statistical physics offers new way to look at climate

Statistical physics offers new way to look at climate | New Science | Scoop.it

Statistical physics offers an approach to studying climate change that could dramatically reduce the time and brute-force computing that current simulation techniques require. The new approach focuses on fundamental forces that drive climate rather than on “following every little swirl” of water or air. And yes, there’s an app for that.


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Hypernetworks in the Science of Complex Systems (by Jeffrey Johnson)

Hypernetworks in the Science of Complex Systems (Series on Complexity Science)

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The modern world is complex beyond human understanding and control. The science of complex systems aims to find new ways of thinking about the many interconnected networks of interaction that defy traditional approaches. Thus far, research into networks has largely been restricted to pairwise relationships represented by links between two nodes. This volume marks a major extension of networks to multidimensional hypernetworks for modeling multi-element relationships, such as companies making up the stock market, the neighborhoods forming a city, people making up committees, divisions making up companies, computers making up the internet, men and machines making up armies, or robots working as teams.

This volume makes an important contribution to the science of complex systems by:
(i) extending network theory to include dynamic relationships between many elements;
(ii) providing a mathematical theory able to integrate multilevel dynamics in a coherent way; (iii)
providing a new methodological approach to analyze complex systems; and
(iv) illustrating the theory with practical examples in the design, management and control of complex systems taken from many areas of application.


Via Complexity Digest, NESS
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june holley's curator insight, March 24, 2014 8:36 AM

A little pricey but breakthrough stuff here...

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3-D-Printed Housewares, Jewelry and More, Coming to a Living Room Near You - US News

3-D-Printed Housewares, Jewelry and More, Coming to a Living Room Near You - US News | New Science | Scoop.it
Brooklyn designer Francis Bitonti sees the manufacturing future, and it lives in the cloud.
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Kugelblitz! Powering a Starship With a Black Hole

Kugelblitz! Powering a Starship With a Black Hole | New Science | Scoop.it

An interstellar spacecraft could conceivably be powered by the radiation emitted by a tiny, manmade black hole. Here's a look at what it would take to turn this ambitious idea into reality.


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The small-world effect is a modern phenomenon

The small-world effect is a modern phenomenon | New Science | Scoop.it

Via Complejidady Economía, NESS
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NESS's curator insight, October 22, 2013 2:51 AM

Seth A. Marvel, Travis Martin, Charles R. Doering, David Lusseau, M. E. J. Newman

"The "small-world effect" is the observation that one can find a short chain of acquaintances, often of no more than a handful of individuals, connecting almost any two people on the planet. It is often expressed in the language of networks, where it is equivalent to the statement that most pairs of individuals are connected by a short path through the acquaintance network. Although the small-world effect is well-established empirically for contemporary social networks, we argue here that it is a relatively recent phenomenon, arising only in the last few hundred years: for most of mankind's tenure on Earth the social world was large, with most pairs of individuals connected by relatively long chains of acquaintances, if at all. Our conclusions are based on observations about the spread of diseases, (...)"

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Brain Researchers Can Detect Who We Are Thinking About: Scientific American

Brain Researchers Can Detect Who We Are Thinking About: Scientific American | New Science | Scoop.it
FMRI scans of volunteers' media prefrontal cortexes revealed unique brain activity patterns associated with individual characters or personalities as subjects thought about them

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Exclusive interview: Ray Kurzweil discusses his first two months at Google | KurzweilAI

In another exclusive interview with Singularity Hub, Ray Kurzweil provides an update about his first two months as Director of Engineering at Google. During
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Video: Unraveling the Physics of Invisible Knots - ScienceNOW

Video: Unraveling the Physics of Invisible Knots - ScienceNOW | New Science | Scoop.it
Video: Unraveling the Physics of Invisible Knots - ScienceNOW

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