Google’s Ray Kurzweil predicts robots will reach human levels of intelligence by 2029 – if they overcome current limitations
The increase in computing prowess during the past decade has expanded the kinds of tasks computers can undertake independently. IBM’s Watson computer, which won the US quiz show Jeopardy! in 2011, is being successfully applied to medical diagnosis.
A growing proportion of citizens rely on social media to gather political information and to engage in political discussions within their personal networks. Existing studies argue that social media create “echo-chambers,” where individuals are primarily exposed to like-minded views. However, this literature has ignored that social media platforms facilitate exposure to messages from those with whom individuals have weak ties, which are more likely to provide novel information to which individuals would not be exposed otherwise through offline interactions. Because weak ties tend to be with people who are more politically heterogeneous than citizens’ immediate personal networks, this exposure reduces political extremism. Contrary to conventional wisdom, my analysis provides evidence that social media usage reduces mass political polarization.
Filipe R. Campante, Daniel A. Hojman We provide causal evidence that broadcast TV decreased the ideological extremism of US representatives. We then show that exposure to radio was associated with decreased polarization. We interpret this result using a simple framework that identies two channels linking media environment to politicians' incentives to polarize. First, the ideology effect: changes in the media environment may affect the distribution of citizens' ideological views, with politicians moving their positions accordingly. Second, the motivation effect: the media may affect citizens' political motivation, changing the ideological composition of the electorate and thereby impacting elite polarization while mass polarization is unchanged. The evidence on polarization and turnout is consistent with a prevalence of the ideology effect in the case of TV, as both of them decreased. Increased turnout associated with radio exposure is in turn consistent with a role for the motivation effect.
As pornography has proliferated in the digital era, so too has its study, even though this multidisciplinary field has been around for at least 30 years. But, say scholars, the study of sexually explicit subject matter has often been muddied by a binary pro- or anti-porn attitude.
As government investigators in Boston and around the country have been working to follow the winding stream of forensic data and digital imagery toward the terrorist behind the Boston Marathon bombing, a parallel investigation has been happening, completely in the open, on the Internet. At the head of this decentralized, distributed investigation are the sprawling yet insular communities of Reddit, the self-proclaimed “front page of the internet” and 4chan, a prominent Internet subculture imageb
Banking has gone from somewhere you go to something you do. If we are to believe that the sharing economy will shape our future, banking and all financial services will become something that merely exists in the background, similar to other basic utilities.
In this new interview, Fred Turner addresses the historical links between American democratic propaganda in the Cold War era, the counterculture (...)
Andrey Miroshnichenko's insight:
... If you wanted to make a democratic society you had to make a democratic personality type. Many thought that there was something about the one-to-many transmission model that caused people to stop to be able to reason, to stop being individuals and to become massified. ...Later, Mead and Bateson particularly brought those views into early meetings with the information technologists who created cybernetics. These cybernetics scholars, Norbert Wiener especially, had a vision of communication, which is not top-down, but is instead a matter of individuals seeking feedbacks from each other. ... if one-to-many media produced authoritarians, as the German example seemed to show, then Americans would need many-to-many media, multimedia, to become a unified nation of individualists. Очень хорошо о концепции мягкой силы, как она недостаточно внимания уделяет чувствам людей (а именно ресентимент сейчас управляет мировой реакцией и, по факту, побеждает консьюмеризм): "The concept of soft power is important, but scholars have not paid enough attention to the management of attention and the senses. The notion of soft power says a lot about consumption, the export of goods, opportunities and culture, but I think it misses the management of the senses. And this management is even more common now in the digital world. The concept of soft power does not quite get at that." Хорошо про устойчивость сетевых сообществ: только те устойчивы, которые вырабатывают внутренние институты: Between 1960 and 1973, Americans saw the largest wave of commune-building in their history. More than a million Americans went to live in communes... They did not have bureaucracy, hierarchy, or clear rules about how to divide up resources. Instead of rules, they had norms, charisma, cool. But only those that had strong authoritarian leadership or religious structures survived more than just a little while. In any kind of community, you need explicit principles to negotiate resources and organize recognition of talents and values. ...no, we need to build a conversation system, not a catalog.
Communicative capitalism refers to the form of late capitalism in which values heralded as central to democracy materialize in networked communications technologies. Ideals of access, inclusion, discussion and participation are realized through expansions, intensifications and interconnections of global telecommunications. In communicative capitalism, capitalist productivity derives from its expropriation and exploitation of communicative processes. This does not mean that information technologies have replaced manufacturing; in fact, they drive a wide variety of mining, chemical, and biotechnological industries. Nor does it mean that networked computing has enhanced productivity outside the production of networked computing itself. Rather, it means that capitalism has subsumed communication such that communication does not provide a critical outside. Communication serves capital, whether in affective forms of care for producers and consumers, the mobilization of sharing and expression as instruments for “human relations” in the workplace, or contributions to ubiquitous media circuits. Other names for communicative capitalism are knowledge economy, information society, and cognitive capitalism.
A library in Picton organised the DiscARTed Art show It was a cozy evening event organised by a local library in a small town. Anyone who wished to participate had been encouraged to pick up discar...
Andrey Miroshnichenko's insight:
As humankind plays with all its media, so does Andrew McLuhan; and not only with discARTed books. Half of his day time, Andrew works with his father to maintain and develop the legacy of Marshall McLuhan. The rest of time he runs his small furniture business, upholstering old furniture. Things are going pretty well; in the age of Ikea, people value old memorable things more and more. But none of his clients knows the secret of his that I discovered by accident while discussing the fate of printed text. On the underside of the upholstery, he sometimes writes some of his poetry.
Matthew Gentzkow and Jesse M. Shapiro We use individual and aggregate data to ask how the Internet is changing the ideological segregation of the American electorate. Focusing on online news consumption, offline news consumption, and face-to-face social interactions, we define ideological segregation in each domain using standard indices from the literature on racial segregation. We find that ideological segregation of online news consumption is low in absolute terms, higher than the segregation of most offline news consumption, and significantly lower than the segregation of face-to-face interactions with neighbors, co-workers, or family members. We find no evidence that the Internet is becoming more segregated over time.
I first coined the term, Self-Media, in my article “Selfies shape the world. Selfies, healthies, usies, felfies" (March 2014, see references p. 14). I had no opportunity at that point to go deeply into the term and its implications. I will try
Although, meanings look slightly different. In my opinion, self media is not just a transport for selfie but something what Negroponte called The Daily Me, the individual media that works not just for input but also for output.
For associate lawyers, the rise of AI will be a disaster: “The number of associates that firms need to hire will be greatly reduced, at least if the intention is to use junior lawyers for billable work rather than primarily to educate and train them ready to become business winners.
There are only two requirements for an on-demand service economy to work, and neither is an iPhone. First, the market being addressed needs to be big enough to scale—food, laundry, taxi rides. Without that, it’s just a concierge service for the rich rather than a disruptive paradigm shift, as a venture capitalist might say. Second, and perhaps more importantly, there needs to be a large enough labor class willing to work at wages that customers consider affordable and that the middlemen consider worthwhile for their profit margins.
Bot-generated propaganda and misdirection has become a worldwide political strategy. Robotic lobbying tactics have been deployed in several countries: Russia, Mexico, China, Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States, Azerbaijan, Iran, Bahrain, South Korea, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Morocco. Indeed, experts estimate that bot traffic now makes up over60 percent of all traffic online—up nearly twenty percent from just two years ago.
As Gigaom informs, touch screen devices will soon learn new finger movements. We still have so few options for interactions with gadgets, experts complain. (“How to take mobile gestures to the next...
Andrey Miroshnichenko's insight:
The problem is that the intermediary – the media – is still required to accommodate the despicable biological body to the digital environment. In its essence, the evolution of media must lead to the ultimate elimination of media. A human and an environment have to merge entirely and without any intermediary. Back to nature, this time digital nature, being digitally naked.
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