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An Introduction To Viral Propaganda Theory | SEO Theory

Viral Propaganda Theory Resolution rarely exists for long. Resolution tends to be unstable when new information is constantly reaching the group. In terms of marketing, you cannot maintain Resolution when new competitors are constantly arriving to challenge you.

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2015 Internet Trends Report

KPCB’s Mary Meeker presents the 2015 Internet Trends report, 20 years after the inaugural “The Internet Report” was first published in 1995. Since then, the number of Internet users has risen from 35 million in 1995 to more than 2.8 billion today.

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Videogame hacker punished by company — with his character's public execution

Videogame hacker punished by company — with his character's public execution | New media environment | Scoop.it
Sometimes justice is best served in-game.
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Science can now spot trolls after just five horrible, malicious comments

Science can now spot trolls after just five horrible, malicious comments | New media environment | Scoop.it

But can you identify trolls before they ruin a community? Researchers from Stanford and Cornell think they can (pdf), after analyzing 18 months worth of Disqus threads from the news site CNN, the right-wing political site Breitbart, and the gaming site IGN. That amounted to 1.7 million users, almost 40 million comments, and 100 million up- or down-votes on those comments.
Using that, they developed an algorithm that can look at those factors and determine with 80% accuracy whether the troll will be banned in the future based on the content of their first five posts.

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Minority report" is in the progress. Next step - to ban the future trolls preventively.

 

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Negroponte: 'MIT Media Lab is vital to the digital revolution' (Wired UK)

Negroponte: 'MIT Media Lab is vital to the digital revolution' (Wired UK) | New media environment | Scoop.it
In his first column for US wired, in 1993, Nicholas Negroponte refused to be distracted by HDTV –- predicting instead the ways a digital revolution would alter how we consume content. Now, in a historic return to the magazine, he explains why MIT’s Media Lab is so vital.

Today, "either/or" is "both/and" in so many different ways. All things digital commingle where and when they never have before. Examples: work and home, reader and author, education and entertainment, container and content.
Solutions without problems.
When pointing, he said, the dog looks at the tip of your finger and the human looks in the direction in which you are pointing. Media Lab projects pointed. Quod erat demonstrandum. Said differently: the best vision is peripheral vision.

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New mechanisms of 'social networking' in bacteria discovered

New mechanisms of 'social networking' in bacteria discovered | New media environment | Scoop.it
Bacteria have traditionally been viewed as solitary organisms that 'hang out on their own,' says a molecular biologist. However, scientists now realize that in fact, bacteria exhibit social behavior within groups. In a new paper, researchers describe how they deciphered this bacterial communication to reveal new mechanisms of regulating gene expression in the model bacterium Bacillus subtilis.
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The future of media literacy in the digital age

Rather downbeat analysis of media literacy policy, especially in the European context, written in in 2009.

"In a digital era, media literacy is crucial for achieving full and active citizenship," said Information Society and Media Commissioner Viviane Reding. "The ability to read and write – or traditional literacy – is no longer sufficient in this day and age. People need a greater awareness of how to express themselves effectively, and how to interpret what others are saying, especially on blogs, via search engines or in advertising. Everyone (old and young) needs to get to grips with the new digital world in which we live. For this, continuous information and education is more important than regulation."

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The future is not smart devices or wearables—it’s a thermostat

The future is not smart devices or wearables—it’s a thermostat | New media environment | Scoop.it
Smart gadgets for the rich make for good clickbait, but will they ever make it to market?

Wen Jiabao declared in a state speech, “Internet + Internet of Things = Wisdom of the Earth.

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Rise of the robots: how long do we have until they take our jobs?

Rise of the robots: how long do we have until they take our jobs? | New media environment | Scoop.it
Google’s Ray Kurzweil predicts robots will reach human levels of intelligence by 2029 – if they overcome current limitations

The increase in computing prowess during the past decade has expanded the kinds of tasks computers can undertake independently. IBM’s Watson computer, which won the US quiz show Jeopardy! in 2011, is being successfully applied to medical diagnosis.

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How Social Media Reduces Mass Political Polarization. Evidence from Germany, Spain, and the U.S.

A growing proportion of citizens rely on social media to gather political information and to engage in political discussions within their personal networks. Existing studies argue that social media create “echo-chambers,” where individuals are primarily exposed to like-minded views.
However, this literature has ignored that social media platforms facilitate exposure to messages from those with whom individuals have weak ties, which are more likely to provide novel information to which individuals would not be exposed otherwise through offline interactions.
Because weak ties tend to be with people who are more politically heterogeneous than citizens’ immediate personal networks, this exposure reduces political extremism. Contrary to conventional wisdom, my analysis provides evidence that social media usage reduces mass political polarization.

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Media and Polarization. Evidence from the Introduction of Broadcast TV in the United States

Filipe R. Campante, Daniel A. Hojman
We provide causal evidence that broadcast TV decreased the ideological extremism of US representatives. We then show that exposure to radio was associated with decreased polarization. We interpret this result using a simple framework that identies two channels linking media environment to politicians' incentives to polarize. First, the ideology effect: changes in the media environment may affect the distribution of citizens' ideological views, with politicians moving their positions accordingly. Second, the motivation effect: the media may affect
citizens' political motivation, changing the ideological composition of the electorate and thereby impacting elite polarization while mass polarization is unchanged. The evidence on polarization and turnout is consistent with a prevalence of the ideology effect in the case of TV, as both of them decreased. Increased turnout associated with radio exposure is in turn consistent with a role for the motivation effect.

Andrey Miroshnichenko's insight:

A growing proportion of citizens rely on social media to gather political information and to engage in political discussions within their personal networks. Existing studies argue that social media create “echo-chambers,” where individuals are primarily exposed to like-minded views.
However, this literature has ignored that social media platforms facilitate exposure to messages from those with whom individuals have weak ties, which are more likely to provide novel information to which individuals would not be exposed otherwise through offline interactions.
Because weak ties tend to be with people who are more politically heterogeneous than citizens’ immediate personal networks, this exposure reduces political extremism. Contrary to conventional wisdom, my analysis provides evidence that social media usage reduces mass political polarization.

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The evolution of porn studies | University Affairs

The evolution of porn studies | University Affairs | New media environment | Scoop.it
As pornography has proliferated in the digital era, so too has its study, even though this multidisciplinary field has been around for at least 30 years. But, say scholars, the study of sexually explicit subject matter has often been muddied by a binary pro- or anti-porn attitude.
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Computer-based personality judgments are more accurate than those made by humans

Computer-based personality judgments are more accurate than those made by humans | New media environment | Scoop.it
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A World Transfixed by Screens

A World Transfixed by Screens | New media environment | Scoop.it
The continued massive growth of connected mobile devices is shaping not only how we communicate with each other, but how we look, behave, and experience the world around us.
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Selfiewhere

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Censorship V3.1 by Derek E. Bambauer :: SSRN

Censorship V3.1 by Derek E. Bambauer :: SSRN | New media environment | Scoop.it

Internet censorship has evolved. In Version 1.0, censorship was impossible; in Version 2.0, it was a characteristic of repressive regimes; and in Version 3.0, it spread to democracies who desired to use technology to restrain unwanted information. Its latest iteration, Version 3.1, involves near-ubiquitous censorship by democratic and authoritarian countries alike. This Article argues that the new censorship model involves four changes: a shift in implementation to private parties; a hybrid approach mixing promotion of favored viewpoints with suppression of disfavored ones; a blend of formal mandates with informal pressures; and a framing of censorship using uncontroversial labels. It suggests a set of responses to censorship that cabin its abuses and push it towards more legitimate methods: focusing on governmental restrictions, insisting on labeling censorship as such, supporting distributed Internet governance, demanding a default right of access to information, and addressing corporate involvement.

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Digital Natives, Yet Strangers to the Web

Digital Natives, Yet Strangers to the Web | New media environment | Scoop.it
Today's schools are focusing on boosting kids’ technological proficiency and warning them about the perils of the web. But something critical is missing from this education.

Loewy half-jokingly compares the state of digital learning in America’s schools to that of sex ed, which, as one NYU education professor describes it, entails "a smattering of information about their reproductive organs and a set of stern warnings about putting them to use."
Kids are learning a distorted view of the digital world "that reflects the fears of adults rather than the aspirations of youth."
Loewy started developing what he’s now calling "an interdisciplinary curriculum for the digital age," a.k.a. "Living Online." The curriculum, which is designed primarily for high-school students (though he says it can be adapted for younger kids, too), includes a dozen teaching modules that would be integrated into various classes—from "Privacy" and "A is for Algorithm" to "Digital Activism" and "Cyberpsychology." Other units under development include "Remix Culture," "Gaming in Education," and "Reality—Virtual/Actual." In some ways, it could be described as the liberal arts of virtual living.

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Educational Leadership:Literacy 2.0:Orchestrating the Media Collage

Educational Leadership:Literacy 2.0:Orchestrating the Media Collage | New media environment | Scoop.it
Andrey Miroshnichenko's insight:

Modern literacy has always meant being able to both read and write narrative in the media forms of the day, whatever they may be. Just being able to read is not sufficient.
Shift from text centrism to media collage.
New media coalesce into a collage. Being literate also means being able to integrate emerging new media forms into a single narrative or "media collage," such as a Web page, blog, or digital story.

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Facebook wants to be a World Wide Paperboy

Facebook wants to be a World Wide Paperboy | New media environment | Scoop.it
Will a packaged internet platform defeat the open web? This could either save or bring down the global media industry. The New York Times reports that Facebook has been quietly negotiating a deal w...
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The Winnipeg Free Press is launching a paywall that lets readers pay by the article

The Winnipeg Free Press is launching a paywall that lets readers pay by the article | New media environment | Scoop.it
Are you one of those who's argued an "iTunes for news" model could rebuild newspapers' business model? Look to Canada for a paper that's going to give it a go.

A handful of outlets, most notably the Dutch startup Blendle, have implemented a pay-per-article model, but the Free Press says it’s the first North American newspaper to adopt a pay-as-you-go setup.

Led by The New York Times — which finished 2014 with 910,000 paid digital subscribers — many North American newspapers have adopted metered paywalls in recent years.

 

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The next stage in the battle for our attention: Our wrists

The next stage in the battle for our attention: Our wrists | New media environment | Scoop.it
News companies have moved from print dollars to digital dimes to mobile pennies. Now, with the highly anticipated launch of the Apple Watch, the screens are getting even smaller. How are smart publishers thinking about the right way to serve users and maintain their attention on smartwatches?
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92 Percent of College Students Prefer Reading Print Books to E-Readers

92 Percent of College Students Prefer Reading Print Books to E-Readers | New media environment | Scoop.it
92 percent of students in the U.S., Japan, Germany, and Slovakia believe they concentrate better on text in print than on screen.
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Ideological segregation online and offline

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Matthew Gentzkow and Jesse M. Shapiro
We use individual and aggregate data to ask how the Internet is changing the ideological segregation of the American electorate. Focusing on online news consumption, offline news consumption, and face-to-face social interactions, we define ideological segregation in each domain using standard indices from the literature on racial segregation. We find that ideological segregation of online news consumption is low in absolute terms, higher than the segregation of most offline news consumption, and significantly lower than the segregation of face-to-face interactions with neighbors, co-workers, or family members. We find no evidence that the Internet is becoming more segregated over time.

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Lenin and billions of man-hours of free time. From passivity of TV consumption to activity of social media contribution

Lenin and billions of man-hours of free time. From passivity of TV consumption to activity of social media contribution | New media environment | Scoop.it
Television swallowed up millions of man-hours of free time by drawing people into a shared passive addiction. Prior to the age of TV, never before had such a large number of people done the same th...
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SELF-MEDIA. The Self, the Face, the Media and the Selfies

SELF-MEDIA. The Self, the Face, the Media and the Selfies | New media environment | Scoop.it
I first coined the term, Self-Media, in my article “Selfies shape the world. Selfies, healthies, usies, felfies" (March 2014, see references p. 14). I had no opportunity at that point to go deeply into the term and its implications. I will try
Andrey Miroshnichenko's insight:

oops. Actually, I first used the term "self media" in Russian ("сам себе медиа") in 2011 http://os.colta.ru/media/projects/19888/details/20588

Although, meanings look slightly different. In my opinion, self media is not just a transport for selfie but something what Negroponte called The Daily Me, the individual media that works not just for input but also for output.

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The Guardian Is Being Swamped With 'Dark Traffic' And No One Knows Where It's Coming From

The Guardian Is Being Swamped With 'Dark Traffic' And No One Knows Where It's Coming From | New media environment | Scoop.it
The Guardian’s website is being swamped by unidentifiable “dark traffic”, and executives at the company cannot figure out where it is coming from.
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