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Mysterious new MERS virus spreads easily, deadlier than SARS

Mysterious new MERS virus spreads easily, deadlier than SARS | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
A mysterious new respiratory virus that originated in the Middle East spreads easily between people and appears more deadly than SARS, doctors reported Wednesday after investigating the biggest outbreak in Saudi Arabia.
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WHO | MERS-CoV summary and literature update – as of 20 June 2013

WHO | MERS-CoV summary and literature update – as of 20 June 2013 | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
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MERS-CoV: in search of answers : The Lancet

MERS-CoV: in search of answers. By - Anna Petherick
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Saudi Arabia Reports One More Dead From MERS Coronavirus

Saudi Arabia Reports One More Dead From MERS Coronavirus | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
RIYADH, June 14 (Reuters) - One more person has died and two more have fallen ill in Saudi Arabia from the new SARS-like coronavirus, MERS-CoV, the Saudi Health Ministry said on Friday.
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WHO | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) - update

The Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia has announced an additional three laboratory-confirmed cases, including one death with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
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UN warns pilgrims to Mecca to protect themselves against deadly coronavirus

UN warns pilgrims to Mecca to protect themselves against deadly coronavirus | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it

The Saudi Arabian government is putting no travel restrictions in place ahead of next month’s celebration of Ramadan, which is expected to bring millions of pilgrims to Islam’s holiest site, Mecca, in spite of the continuing spread of the MERS...


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First patient-to-nurse coronavirus infection found in Saudi Arabia - Channel News Asia

First patient-to-nurse coronavirus infection found in Saudi Arabia - Channel News Asia | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
First patient-to-nurse coronavirus infection found in Saudi Arabia Channel News Asia "Health care facilities that provide care for patients with suspected nCoV infection should take appropriate measures to decrease the risk of transmission of the...
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Middle East on alert for pandemic | Kippreport.com

Middle East on alert for pandemic | Kippreport.com | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
The World Health Organisation has, once again, urged health workers to be on the alert for the deadly MERS-coronavirus (frequently referred to as the SARS-
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WHO EMRO | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: Joint Kingdom of Saudi Arabia/WHO mission | 2013 | Press releases

WHO EMRO | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: Joint Kingdom of Saudi Arabia/WHO mission | 2013 | Press releases | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
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WHO | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) - update

WHO | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) - update | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
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Saudi Silence on Deadly MERS Virus Outbreak Frustrates World Health Experts

RT @MicrobesInfect: Saudi Silence on Deadly coronavirus-like MERS Virus Outbreak Frustrates World Health Experts http://t.co/tXblFjulVu #MERS #coronavirus
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WHO | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) - update

WHO | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) - update | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
The Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia has notified WHO of an additional laboratory-confirmed case with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
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nCoV: Pandemic unlikely but possible - Medical Xpress

nCoV: Pandemic unlikely but possible - Medical Xpress | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
nCoV: Pandemic unlikely but possible Medical Xpress (Medical Xpress)—The deadly new coronavirus known as nCoV that recently emerged in the Middle East has a small chance of becoming a pandemic, according to Siouxsie Wiles an infectious diseases...
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Outbreak In Saudi Arabia Echoes SARS Epidemic 10 Years Ago : NPR

Outbreak In Saudi Arabia Echoes SARS Epidemic 10 Years Ago : NPR | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome emerged a year ago in Saudi Arabia, although the world didn't find out about it until September, when researchers said it was caused by a previously unknown virus that's in the same family as SARS.
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Triple Threat: Middle East Respiratory Virus And 2 Bird Flus - NPR

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Triple Threat: Middle East Respiratory Virus And 2 Bird Flus
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Monday's warning comes at the end of a six-day WHO investigation in Saudi Arabia, where 40 of the 55 cases of the respiratory disease have occurred.
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MERS-CoV Last Update WHO 15 june 2013

MERS-CoV Last Update WHO 15 june 2013 | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
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WHO says MERS virus death toll hits 33 after 2 fatalities in Saudi

WHO says MERS virus death toll hits 33 after 2 fatalities in Saudi | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
The global death toll from the SARS-like virus MERS has risen to 33, after two new fatalities in Sau (2 new deaths reported in Saudi Arabia from SARS-like virus MERS, raising global death toll to 33, WHO says - @AFP
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A Deadly Wall of Silence Surrounds a Potentially Global Pandemic Disease - Money Morning

A Deadly Wall of Silence Surrounds a Potentially Global Pandemic Disease - Money Morning | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
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A Deadly Wall of Silence Surrounds a Potentially Global Pandemic Disease
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... a spirit of openness.
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Canadian health community monitoring deadly SARS-like virus from Mideast - Ottawa Citizen

Canadian health community monitoring deadly SARS-like virus from Mideast - Ottawa Citizen | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
Canadian health community monitoring deadly SARS-like virus from Mideast
Ottawa Citizen
About 50 people in Canada with respiratory symptoms have been tested for the new SARS-like coronavirus that has the world on edge.
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A TIME'S MEMORY: Middle East respiratory syndrome- coronavirus (MERS CoV)–Multistate (ECDC/CDTR, June 10 2013, edited)

RT @ironorehopper: Middle East respiratory syndrome- coronavirus (MERS CoV)–Multistate (ECDC/CDTR, June 10 2013, edited http://t.co/FKwpDiFKh4
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MERS coronavirus has potential to cause pandemic: WHO | Reuters

MERS coronavirus has potential to cause pandemic: WHO | Reuters | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
GENEVA (Reuters) - The World Health Organization on Monday urged health workers around the world to be on the alert for symptoms of the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS), which (RT @Reuters_Health: MERS coronavirus has potential...
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CDC - Coronavirus - Overview - MERS-CoV

CDC Coronavirus: Coronaviruses are common throughout the world. They can infect people and animals. Five different coronaviruses can infect people and make them sick. They usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory illness.
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Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca could increase the risk of spreading virus

Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca could increase the risk of spreading virus | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it

(CNSNews.com) – As Saudi and U.N. health authorities report new infections from a troubling new respiratory disease, there are concerns that the approaching Hajj – the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca – could increase the risk of spreading the virus as pilgrims return to their home countries.

Meanwhile the U.S. government, in a notice published in the Federal Register Wednesday, declared that the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV, or simply MERS) could potentially “affect national security or the health and security of United States citizens living abroad.”

Saudi Arabia is currently the undisputed center of the scare.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the majority of the 55 confirmed MERS cases – 40 infections, 24 deaths – have occurred in the kingdom, while two deaths each have been reported in Britain and Jordan and one death each in France and the United Arab Emirates. (The fatalities in Europe were linked to visits to the Middle East.) 

Infections also have been reported in Qatar, Tunisia and Italy.

The notice published in the Federal Register Wednesday said Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius has determined that “there is a significant potential for a public health emergency that has a significant potential to affect national security or the health and security of United States citizens living abroad.”

That determination in turn allows the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to bypass standard processes and fast-track approval for products or drugs in relation to MERS, on the basis of an “emergency use application” (EUA).

The FDA may under the prescribed circumstances issue an EUA “authorizing (1) the emergency use of an unapproved drug, an unapproved or uncleared device, or an unlicensed biological product; or (2) an unapproved use of an approved drug, approved or cleared device, or licensed biological product,” the notice says.

Saudi Arabia says more than two million Muslims – including roughly 20,000 from the United States – visit Mecca for the Hajj, which brings large numbers of people into close proximity in a confined geographical area over a five-day period. This year’s pilgrimage falls in mid-October.

As of Wednesday, the U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) said it was not advising any “special screening at points of entry” as a result of the outbreak, “nor does it currently recommend the application of any travel or trade restrictions.”

Updated guidelines for Hajj pilgrims, issued by the Saudi Embassy in Washington, make no mention of MERS in a section on health issues and vaccination requirements. Vaccinations that are required for adults include those for meningitis, seasonal flu, and the H1N1 flu virus.

The guidelines do include an unspecific warning: “Health experts advise the following groups to postpone their plans for Hajj and Umrah this year for their own safety: The elderly, the terminally ill, pregnant women, and children.” (The Umrah is a secondary type of pilgrimage to Mecca, one that can be taken any time of the year.)

In its health guidelines related to MERS, the Saudi health ministry has one reference to the pilgrimage, advising the wearing of face masks “in the overcrowded places during Hajj or Umrah.”

A Malaysian study published in the Journal of Travel Medicine in 2010 found that more than 60 percent of Malaysian pilgrims developed respiratory systems, including coughs, sore throats and fever, during the 2007 Hajj.

A French study, published in the same journal and examining French pilgrims at the 2009 Hajj, found that although almost 80 percent reported having worn face masks, their use “did not significantly reduce respiratory symptoms.”

The most recent fatality reported to WHO by Saudi health authorities is that of a 14 year-old girl. It was noted that she is not from an area in the east of the kingdom called Al-Ahsa, where a cluster of cases at one hospital since April accounted for 22 infections and 10 deaths.

According to the CDC, there have been no reports of anyone in the U.S. becoming infected with the virus, whose symptoms can include cause coughing, fever and pneumonia.

‘Alarming’

Much about the virus is unknown, including its origin (bats are a suspected host), how infections are occurring, the conditions under which it could spread from one person to another, and chances of mutation into a more easily-transmissible form.

Experts say it is distinct from, but similar to, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), which was blamed for 774 deaths between late 2002 and mid-2003, more than 80 percent of them in mainland China and Hong Kong.

“Although the number of cases documented is limited, the morbidity and mortality of the infection is alarming, as is its uncanny resemblance – at least in its clinical features – to SARS,” the Coronavirus Study Group (CSG) of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses said in a report in May, at a time when the number of confirmed MERS infections stood at 30.

“While a small minority of the known cases developed mild disease, most patients presented with a severe acute respiratory condition requiring hospitalization; the mortality rate is approximately 60 percent,” the CSG said. (The mortality rate currently is about 55 percent).

While WHO has not issued travel or screening advisories, it is encouraging vigilance, saying travelers returning from the Middle East who develop severe acute respiratory infections should be tested for MERS.

WHO is also advising clinicians that in patients whose immunity is compromised, MERS infection should be considered, even in cases of atypical symptoms, such as diarrhea.

 

 

CNSNews.com is not funded by the government like NPR. CNSNews.com is not funded by the government like PBS.  


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Saudi Silence on Deadly MERS Virus Outbreak Frustrates World Health Experts: Scientific American

Saudi Silence on Deadly MERS Virus Outbreak Frustrates World Health Experts: Scientific American | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
Middle East respiratory syndrome, a cousin of SARS, has sparked global concern for its pandemic potential, but Saudi Arabia has yet to release information that could help protect the rest of the world...
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WHO | Middle East respiratory syndrome - coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Update

WHO | Middle East respiratory syndrome - coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Update | MERS-CoV | Scoop.it
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