Never Fall Down: Cambodia
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Map of Cambodia, Geography of Cambodia, Cambodia Map - Worldatlas.com

Map of Cambodia, Geography of Cambodia, Cambodia Map - Worldatlas.com | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
Printable map of Cambodia and info and links to Cambodia facts, famous natives, landforms, latitude, longitude, maps, symbols, timeline and weather - by worldatlas.com
Ethan's insight:

Cambodia is a country located in southern Asia and borders to the west of Vietnam as well as south of Thailand.  Cambodia's southern border is the Gulf of Thailand.  Cambodia's geography can be described as a plain surrounded by mountains.  The main religion in Cambodia is Buddhism.

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Year Zero: The Silent Death of Cambodia

Year Zero: The Silent Death of Cambodia | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
President Nixon and Mr. Kissinger unleashed 100,000 tons of bombs, the equivalent of 5 Hiroshimas. The bombing was their personal decision; they illegally
Ethan's insight:

The Khmer Rouge were initially viewed as a good movement. After U.S. destruction of the neutral Cambodia, the all black wearing, mostly teenage Khmer Rouge were thought to be the saviors that would turn everything around since the bombings were over, but they were only nervously accepted by the people of Cambodia. In reality, the Khmer Rouge took away family, sentiments, feelings of love and grief, medicine, hospitals, schools, books, learning, holidays, music, and economy. They also killed anyone that was educated or skilled in any way. For example, only 1 lawyer has been recorded to survive the genocide as well as 48 out the about 500 doctors. Life was now a new world, clarified by the term "Year Zero", where the only thing people did with their lives was work and probably die. Since Year Zero had begun, they burned all the books and made all prior knowledge illegal. They made all forms of money illegal, but actually printed their own currency, proving their corrupt nature. Hundreds of men died everyday from being murdered or simply from starvation because they were only allowed 4 scoops of rice for the whole month. They even killed women and children. Cambodia, a previously wonderful country full of life and beauty, had been reduced to a "ghost town". The Khmer Rouge and their leader, Pol Pot, were said to have committed the worst acts of genocide since Hitler and Nazi Germany.

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Thai Musical Instruments

Thai Musical Instruments | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
Sed some of the most unique musical instruments played by profecionals and amitures
Ethan's insight:

The Khim instrument is a Chinese instrument that has been introduced to the Thai and to Cambodia. The instrument is just larger than the lap and is typically played while sitting down. The traditional musician sits either cross-legged or on his knees with the instrument on the floor in front of him or her and taps the strings with crafted bamboo sticks, but the more modern khim musician stands up while the instrument is propped up on a stand. The khim is in the shape of a trapezoid and it has 14 sets of 3 strings that all make different tones. That means 42 total strings with distinct sounds. The khim is hollow on the inside with acoustic projectors and receivers, very similarly to the acoustic guitar. This instrument is played in solo performances and in ensembles.

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Khmer Rouge

Khmer Rouge | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
Ethan's insight:

The Khmer Rouge are a group of Communist rule that took over Cambodia around the time of the Vietnam War. The Khmer Rouge tortured and killed anyone that was observed to be an opponent, such as anyone of previously high rank or status, the educated in the communities, and anyone that had specific skill sets, in order to maintain a position at "the top of the food chain". They forced the remaining people to work in labor camps and drop everything from their pasts, including religion, money, and industry, halting the economy of Cambodia and basically starting over in what they called "Year Zero". The Khmer Rouge leader, whose name is Pol Pot, wanted to reach certain goals in agricultural production that were far larger than possible, so the many enslaved workers were starved, only occasionally being allowed to eat water soup with a scarce amount of rice. Multiple people died in the fields from starvation or some that were deemed unable to work were taken away to the killing fields. Also, anyone that was deemed to not be praising Angka or doing anything for their own pleasure would also be taken away to the killing fields. The Khmer Rouge Regime was responsible for the deaths of 1 to 1.7 million Cambodians in a previously 8 million Cambodian population.

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Genocide

Genocide | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
Ethan's insight:

Cambodia was victim to terrible genocide by the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979. The Khmer Rouge attempted to turn Cambodia into a "self-contained Communist agrarian society", by essentially starting life over and calling the beginning of their rule "Year Zero". It is believed that between one and two million people were killed through executions and from starvation, malnutrition, disease, and from being overworked in labor camps. They didn't allow outside languages, newspapers, radio, television, and currencies. The Khmer Rouge rule ended when Vietnam invaded Cambodia in 1978, but officially when Khmer Rouge leader, Pol Pot, fled the country in 1979.

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Beyond Courage

Beyond Courage | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
In a stirring chronicle, Doreen Rappaport brings to light the courage of countless Jews who organized to sabotage the Nazis and help othe...
Ethan's insight:

Since reading about the horrific genocide of the Cambodians, I would like to learn more about different cases of genocide throughout history.  In multiple different places, the Cambodian genocide has been compared to Nazi Gernamy and the Holocaust.  Reading the untold story of the Holocaust would be a great learning experience as well as a great read especially because "Never Fall Down" was an incredible story.  "Beyond Courage" looks to be another one of those compelling experiences.

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Never Fall Down

Never Fall Down | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
When soldiers arrive at his hometown in Cambodia, Arn is just a kid, dancing to rock 'n' roll, hustling for spare change, and selling ice...
Ethan's insight:

Arn Chorn-Pond is a poor little Cambodian boy in a family without a father. His father ran an opera and they used to be rich, but when he died, Arn's mother could not keep up the opera, so they became poor. Right when they are happy that the war is over, the Khmer Rouge take over control, killing the rich and educated, and taking the poor and uneducated, separating them from their families, to work camps. They work long, hard hours in the rice fields for the Khmer Rouge. The Khner Rouge promote equality for all by their matching uniforms they give everyone in the work camps, but they barely give anyone what they need to survive, while the Khmer Rouge eat all the good food and spices that they wantThe Khmer Rouge always do everything out of praise for the one they call "Angka". They do everything for this Angka, and if they "dishonor" him, they get killed. People get taken away to the Mango Grove by the Khmer Rouge and are never seen again. They get taken away for illegitimate reasons, for example, smiling or crying or showing any emotions, sleeping in too much, finding extra foood, etc. They are constantly starved and only get water and rice soup for food. Children die just sanding there from the starvation. Eventually the Khmer Rouge assign Arn to play music to "praise Angka," but he soon realizes that the real reason he plays the music is to drown out the sounds of the way the Khmer Rouge kill the people; cracking of axes to skulls or pulling out of organs from the body. Arn soon becomes what he calls 'famous" for both his music and eventually his dancing, so whenever he does something wrong, he is never killed. Instead he punished by being forced to push the dead people, or sometimes not dead yet people into the pit, or by being forced to urinate on them. His fame gets him torture instead of death, so sometimes he begs for the death, but it never comes. He meets Sombo, a new Khmer Rouge leader that is actually good in some ways. Arn spys on him while Sombo uses his radio to find out that the Vietnamese are going to invade and save them. Arn becomes a child soldier called one of the "Little Fish", so basically the bait for the Vietnamese. Arn always escapes death whether it be from not being shot even though he outs his body right of the line of fire and all his friends get shot, or from Sombo protecting him instead of any of the other boys. The littlest boy in their troupe is trained to catch food, but becomes ill, so Sombo puts Arn in charge while he tries to take the boy to Thailand, the place where they could finally become safe.. Arn knew this from spying on Sombo's radio. Arn, instead of staying in charge of the other boys, goes by himself to find Thailand. After almost dying multiple more times but always escaping death, he makes it to Thailand. Eventually, he gets to an orphanage where he becomes great at volleyball. A man named Peter Pond desiognates him as the "chosen one" and takes him and two other Cambodian boys to America. After a rough time of dealing with high school kids and the new customs, Arn snaps. Peter makes him realize why he is the chosen one and in America. It is not because he is there to survive, it is because he is there to live and tell his story.

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Surviving a Genocide - Life in the Khmer Rouge Regime

This video is not intended for copyright; For educational purposes only. Spring 2012 | Final Cut Pro
Ethan's insight:

This 6 minute documentary is a overall summary of the Khmer Rouge Genocide of Cambodians.  It shows the mass murder and starvation of the Cambodians by the Khmer Rouge.

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Khmer Rouge Song

17 April 1975
Ethan's insight:

This is an example of the music that the main character might have played and sung in "Never Fall Down".  The music was played while the people worked to drown out the sounds of people being killed in the nearby "Killing Fields".  The music was also occasionally performed at formal events for the Khmer Rouge leaders.  The songs had lyrics that were written for the supreme leader they believed in called "Angka" and for Khmer Rouge power. You can probably hear the Khim instrument in the song and this type of music is very comparable to Indian style music.

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Cambodia's Killing Fields

Cambodia's Killing Fields | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
Ethan's insight:

The Khmer Rouge took over control of Cambodia in 1975, right around the time of the Vietnam War. The Khmer Rouge is an extremely communist group that believe radically about warfare and "social purification". They took any wealthy or educated people and killed them, starting what the Khmer Rouge called "Year Zero", where everyone would be the same, no matter what someone's previous status was, or what gender someone is, among other factors, in an attempt to start over to try to create a utopia. Except this utopia never came for any of these people. If anyone ever slipped up, the Khmer Rouge would torture them and leave them to die in their "killing fields". They overworked the people throughout the day and starved them, only occasionally feeding them rice water, while the Khmer Rouge themselves would eat extravagant meals. The Khmer Rouge rule became a big Vietnamese factor in the Vietnam War. With support from North Vietnam and China, the Khmer Rouge were aided in their terrible ways and in strengthening their fighting forces. After Vietnam took control of Cambodia in 1979, the Khmer Rouge unintentionally became a recipient of millions of U.S. aid money, because the Khmer Rouge disguised their genocide, representing themselves an "anti-Vietnamese" group. After finding out the treachery that the Khmer Rouge had been causing the people of Cambodia, U.S. President Jimmy Carter called the genocide, "the worst violater of human rights in the world".

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UNICEF - Cambodia - Nutrition campaign helps make Cambodia’s children strong, healthy and clever

UNICEF - Cambodia - Nutrition campaign helps make Cambodia’s children strong, healthy and clever | Never Fall Down: Cambodia | Scoop.it
Ethan's insight:

UNICEF is working to feed the children of Cambodia. Because of the Khmer Rouge rule of Cambodia, the majority of the Cambodian population has been struggling to maintain enough food, especially for children. In 2010, they found through a survey that only 24% of children between ages 6 and 23 months are fed enough food and that more than 1/4 of the children under age 5 years are underweight. The campaign is working toward strengthening the children, making them healthy, and making them more intelligent through complementary feeding, hygienic foods, playing and having fun, and by teaching them and their parents how to start their own home gardens and how to portion the foods between the members of their families and their neighbors.

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