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Neurotechnology | Council on Bioethics

Neurotechnology | Council on Bioethics | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Technologies that intervene in the brain offer the potential to help those with conditions that affect the brain, such as Parkinson’s disease, stroke, chronic pain and severe depression.
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"Working Group consisted of experts from a range of disciplines including neuroscience, law, ethics and cybernetics. The resulting report, Novel Neurotechnologies: intervening in the brain, explores the potential benefits and risks of contemporary technologies."

Full report, in PDF: http://bit.ly/11aLzgh

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How psychedelics alter functional networks? "Homological scaffolds of brain functional networks."

How psychedelics alter functional networks? "Homological scaffolds of brain functional networks." | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it

homological structure of the brain's functional patterns undergoes a dramatic change post-psilocybin, characterized by the appearance of many transient structures of low stability and of a small number of persistent ones that are not observed in the case of placebo.

Nima Dehghani's insight:

here is the coverage in media: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2014/10/29/brain-psychedelic-drugs/#.VFI9076e-BO

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Ingenious: David Deutsch - Uncertainty - Nautilus

Ingenious: David Deutsch - Uncertainty - Nautilus | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
To call David Deutsch a physicist is both completely accurate and woefully incomplete. Certainly, his work has sparked at least one…
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Is this life real or a simulation? – Matthew R Francis – Aeon

Is this life real or a simulation? – Matthew R Francis – Aeon | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Philosophers and physicists say we might be living in a computer simulation, but how can we tell? And does it matter?
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A cochlear implant for a deaf musician – Josephine Dickinson – Aeon

A cochlear implant for a deaf musician – Josephine Dickinson – Aeon | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
And so I entered the cochlear implant world where every tap, squeak, clang, whisper and consonant exploded and sizzled inside my head
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Human language reveals a universal positivity bia

Nima Dehghani's insight:

Interesting...though it is not clear how exactly the "emotional boundaries" in a given language were defined..

 

the paper from arXiv:

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1406.3855v1.pdf

 

arXiv blog summary:

https://medium.com/the-physics-arxiv-blog/data-mining-reveals-how-human-language-is-biased-towards-happiness-773df682c4a7

 

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Stability: how life began and why it can’t rest, a theoretical chemist's viewpoint

Stability: how life began and why it can’t rest, a theoretical chemist's viewpoint | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Why does life resist disorder? Because ever since the first replicating molecules, another kind of stability has beckoned
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Physics Buzz: Podcast: Beating the Game of Go

Physics Buzz: Podcast: Beating the Game of Go | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it

Computers can beat chess masters, but they still haven't mastered the game of Go. Can they?

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Artificial intelligence: examining the interface between brain and machine.

Artificial intelligence: examining the interface between brain and machine. | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Blurring the lines: the changing dynamics between man and machine
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Quantum Physics Woo - Sixty Symbols - YouTube

The Mail Online article: http://bit.ly/quantumwoo --- Obviously Dr Lanza did not write the article. Read Dr Lanza's own words on Biocentrism here: http://the...
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Public Policy Meets Brain Science | Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University

Public Policy Meets Brain Science | Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Can neuroscience be harnessed to make public policies more effective and attractive?
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Processors That Work Like Brains Will Accelerate Artificial Intelligence | MIT Technology Review

Processors That Work Like Brains Will Accelerate Artificial Intelligence | MIT Technology Review | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Microchips modeled on the brain may excel at tasks that baffle today’s computers.
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The Infinite Monkey Theorem Comes To Life

The Infinite Monkey Theorem Comes To Life | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Can a monkey randomly striking keys on a typewriter write Hamlet? Watch and find out.
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Pedro Tavares's curator insight, December 12, 2013 2:48 AM

 a quantidade de macacos modifica a qualidade ..do que?

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Lawsuits Could Turn Chimpanzees Into Legal Persons

Lawsuits Could Turn Chimpanzees Into Legal Persons | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Cases are first salvos in a nationwide campaign that could affect a variety of animals
Nima Dehghani's insight:

A related discussion:

"should animals be granted legal rights?"

http://news.sciencemag.org/plants-animals/2013/12/live-chat-should-animals-be-granted-legal-rights

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Spectral Signatures of Reorganised Brain Networks in Disorders of Consciousness

Spectral Signatures of Reorganised Brain Networks in Disorders of Consciousness | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
PLOS Computational Biology is an open-access
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I Contain Multitudes | Quanta Magazine

I Contain Multitudes |  Quanta Magazine | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Our bodies are a genetic patchwork, possessing variation from cell to cell. Is that a good thing?
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How do genes affect intelligence? The genetic architecture of pediatric cognitive abilities.

How genes affect intelligence is complicated. Multiple genes, many yet unknown, are thought to interact among themselves and with environmental factors to influence the diverse abilities involved in intelligence.

Nima Dehghani's insight:

if behind paywall, read this:

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-08/chop-cet081114.php

http://machineslikeus.com/news/how-do-genes-affect-intelligence?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+MachinesLikeUs+%28Machines+Like+Us+-+Top+Stories%29

 

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How do you explain consciousness?

How do you explain consciousness? | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Our consciousness is a fundamental aspect of our existence, says philosopher David Chalmers: “There’s nothing we know about more directly…. but at the same time it’s the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe.” He shares some ways to think about the movie playing in our heads.
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Interesting exchange between Tononi and Aaronson. "Integrated Information Theory" , Shtetl-Optimized.

Nima Dehghani's insight:

Interesting exchange between Tononi and Aaronson.

First one was here:

Why I Am Not An Integrated Information Theorist (or, The Unconscious Expander)

http://www.scottaaronson.com/blog/?p=1799

 

followed by tononi's response:

Why Scott should stare at a blank wall and reconsider (or, the conscious grid): 

http://www.scottaaronson.com/tononi.docx

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Can robots have intelligence?

Can robots have intelligence? | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Description
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Insight
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The long reach of reason

The long reach of reason | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Here's a TED first: an animated Socratic dialog! In a time when irrationality seems to rule both politics and culture, has reasoned thinking finally lost its power?
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Human opinion dynamics: An inspiration to solve complex optimization problems : Scientific Reports : Nature Publishing Group

Human opinion dynamics: An inspiration to solve complex optimization problems : Scientific Reports : Nature Publishing Group | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Human interactions give rise to the formation of different kinds of opinions in a society. The study of formations and dynamics of opinions has been one of the most important areas in social physics. The opinion dynamics and associated social structure leads to decision making or so called opinion consensus. Opinion formation is a process of collective intelligence evolving from the integrative tendencies of social influence with the disintegrative effects of individualisation, and therefore could be exploited for developing search strategies. Here, we demonstrate that human opinion dynamics can be utilised to solve complex mathematical optimization problems. The results have been compared with a standard algorithm inspired from bird flocking behaviour and the comparison proves the efficacy of the proposed approach in general. Our investigation may open new avenues towards understanding the collective decision making.
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Is our tech making the world too complex? – Samuel Arbesman – Aeon

Is our tech making the world too complex? – Samuel Arbesman – Aeon | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it
Human ingenuity has created a world that the mind cannot master. Have we finally reached our limits?
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Thinking Machines |

Can machines think? Contrasting answers to that question come from John Searle and Herbert Simon.
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Marja Oilinki's curator insight, January 14, 7:21 AM

Yhdistä englannin kuulun ymmärtäminen ja filosofian kysymys: ajattelevatko koneet?

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"Human + machine: intuition and calculation in a new era of decision-making" by Garry Kasparov

"Human + machine: intuition and calculation in a new era of decision-making" by Garry Kasparov | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it

 The latest generation of intelligent machines are running into a surprising challenge – how best to integrate with the human mind. The next great challenge of the digital age is how to get the most from our amazing machines without discarding the unparalleled power of the human mind. Kasparov, a veteran of working with and against computers, talks about the cutting edge of 21st-century decision-making and the technology that will make it possible.

 
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Ramon Gabara's curator insight, December 21, 2013 5:52 AM

Encara cal saber molt més de la potencialitat d'interacció entre persona i ordinador ....

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On the intelligence of birds. Polly want a vocabulary?

On the intelligence of birds. Polly want a vocabulary? | Neurovium: Neuroscience at the intersection of Philosophy, Computation, Biology & Physics | Scoop.it

"Griffin knows the names of a dozen objects. He can identify five colors and six shapes, and grasps his numbers up to eight. He can ask for his favorite treats and tell you where he’d like to go. And if he likes you, he’ll let you tickle his head."..

Nima Dehghani's insight:

It is remarkable to see how intelligent are other animals (like these parrots) which are in a far distant evolutionary tree from us, other primates and mammals in general. That a completely different brain structure leads to the emergence of intelligent behavior, as sophisticated (or even better in certain cases) as that of higher level mammals, should hint to some neuroscientist and neurophilosophers that banking on mammalian cognitive functions as the holy grain to understand mind is misleading.

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Mark Waser's curator insight, December 10, 2013 3:53 PM

Let me restate what Nima says -- strict emulation of human brains is likely to be a counter-productive and misleading side-track (although, yes, obviously, we undoubtedly will learn a lot from that side-track as well).