Neuroscience_topics
20.2K views | +0 today
Follow
Neuroscience_topics
Neuroscience: CNS disease, pain, brain research, ion channels, synaptic transmission, channelopathies, neuronal network
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Julien Hering, PhD
Scoop.it!

Kv7 channels as targets for anti-epileptic and psychiatric drug-development

Kv7 channels as targets for anti-epileptic and psychiatric drug-development | Neuroscience_topics | Scoop.it
The Kv7 channels, a family of voltage-dependent K+ channels (Kv7.1–Kv7.5), have gained much attention in drug discovery especially because four members are genetically linked to diseases. For disorders of the CNS focus was originally on epilepsy and pain, but it is becoming increasingly evident that Kv7 channels can also be valid targets for psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and mania. The common denominator is probably neuronal hyperexcitability in different brain areas, which can be successfully attenuated by pharmacological increment of Kv7 channel activity. This perspective attempts to review the current status and challenges for CNS drug discovery based on Kv7 channels as targets for neurological and psychiatric indications with special focus on selectivity and mode-of-actions. - by Grunnet M. et al., European Journal of Pharmacology, Volume 726, 5 March 2014, Pages 133–137
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Julien Hering, PhD
Scoop.it!

How Does KCNE1 Regulate the Kv7.1 Potassium Channel? Model-Structure, Mutations, and Dynamics of the Kv7.1-KCNE1 Complex

How Does KCNE1 Regulate the Kv7.1 Potassium Channel? Model-Structure, Mutations, and Dynamics of the Kv7.1-KCNE1 Complex | Neuroscience_topics | Scoop.it

The voltage-gated potassium channel Kv7.1 and its auxiliary subunit KCNE1 are expressed in the heart and give rise to the major repolarization current. The interaction of Kv7.1 with the single transmembrane helix of KCNE1 considerably slows channel activation and deactivation, raises single-channel conductance, and prevents slow voltage-dependent inactivation. We built a Kv7.1-KCNE1 model-structure. The model-structure agrees with previous disulfide mapping studies and enables us to derive molecular interpretations of electrophysiological recordings that we obtained for two KCNE1 mutations. An elastic network analysis of Kv7.1 fluctuations in the presence and absence of KCNE1 suggests a mechanistic perspective on the known effects of KCNE1 on Kv7.1 function: slow deactivation is attributed to the low mobility of the voltage-sensor domains upon KCNE1 binding, abolishment of voltage-dependent inactivation could result from decreased fluctuations in the external vestibule, and amalgamation of the fluctuations in the pore region is associated with enhanced ion conductivity. by Gofman Y et al. in Structure Volume 20, Issue 8, 8 August 2012, Pages 1343–1352

more...
No comment yet.