Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence
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Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the mind and its processes. It examines what cognition is, what it does and how it works. It includes research on intelligence and behavior, especially focusing on how information is represented, processed, and transformed (in faculties such as perception, language, memory, reasoning, and emotion) within nervous systems (human or other animal) and machines (e.g. computers). Cognitive science consists of multiple research disciplines, including psychology, artificial intelligence, philosophy, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. The fundamental concept of cognitive science is "that thinking can best be understood in terms of representational structures in the mind and computational procedures that operate on those structures." Wikipedia (en)
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Academics Against Mass Surveillance

The signatories of this declaration call upon nation states to take action. Intelligence agencies must be subjected to transparency and accountability. People must be free from blanket mass surveillance conducted by intelligence agencies from their own or foreign countries. States must effectively protect everyone's fundamental rights and freedoms, and particularly everyone's privacy.

 

If you are an academic and you would like to sign the declaration, please email info (at) academicsagainstsurveillance.net
with your name, academic function and university in the subject line.

http://www.academicsagainstsurveillance.net


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The Use of Haiku to Convey Complex Concepts in Neuroscience

The Use of Haiku to Convey Complex Concepts in Neuroscience | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Conveying scientific content with accuracy and fluency takes practice and requires deep understanding of the concepts being conveyed. This depth of knowledge comes from internalizing information and constructing it into a form that is unique and coherent to the individual. Often in science classrooms there is little or no opportunity for students to practice this type of thinking, activities that we believe are fundamental to effective science communication. This article describes the use of haiku – a 17 syllable poem – as a means for students to convey neurobiological concepts in a succinct manner by forcing them to focus on the most salient features of the observed processes. In our assignments haiku writing was successfully paired with explanations of the students’ thought processes (Addiction course) or the scientific evidence to support claims (Neurodegenerative Disease course). We provide examples of student haiku and explanations as evidence of the power of this approach. The coupling of poetry and prose together create rich, accurate descriptions of scientific phenomena by encouraging higher-order thinking. Poetry writing can thus be used across the curriculum to forge comprehension of complex ideas in any discipline and to bridge the arts and the sciences.

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Is Free Thinking A Mental Illness?

Is Free Thinking A Mental Illness? | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Is nonconformity and freethinking a mental illness?  According to the newest addition of the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), it certainly is.

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Ask Me Anything: The Neuroscience of Magic at PeerJ | Illusion Chasers, Scientific American Blog Network

Ask Me Anything: The Neuroscience of Magic at PeerJ | Illusion Chasers, Scientific American Blog Network | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Tomorrow (Tue 16th Dec at 8 am PST) the journal PeerJ will host a live ‘Ask Me Anything’ session with us, and our collaborator Hector Rieiro (a PhD candidate in the Macknik Lab). We’ll be accepting questions about our recent study on Penn & Teller’s ‘cups and balls’ illusion, filmed in their theater in Las Vegas.

If you want to learn how this trick hacks your brain, or if you are just curious about visual neuroscience in general, then visit us here and leave your questions at any time—before, during, and after tomorrow’s event—and get all your questions answered by us!

Bernard Ryefield's insight:

fun and games and neuroscience !

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Why it's time for brain science to ditch the 'Venus and Mars' cliche

Why it's time for brain science to ditch the 'Venus and Mars' cliche | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Reports trumpeting basic differences between male and female brains are biological determinism at its most trivial, says the science writer of the year
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Lauren Biegert's curator insight, December 12, 2013 4:50 AM

great presentation topic!

 

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Cognitive load - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cognitive load

In cognitive psychology, cognitive load is the load related to the executive control of working memory (WM). Theories contend that during complex learning activities the amount of information and interactions that must be processed simultaneously can either under-load, or overload the finite amount of working memory one possesses.

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Even People With “Perfect Memory” Can Be Tricked Into Recalling Fake Events

Even People With “Perfect Memory” Can Be Tricked Into Recalling Fake Events | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Those who can remember what they ate on a day ten years ago can be fooled by tests that distort memories
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How Rewards Can Backfire and Reduce Motivation

How Rewards Can Backfire and Reduce Motivation | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Yet psychologists have long known that rewards are overrated. The carrot, of carrot-and-stick fame, is not as effective as we’ve been led to believe. Rewards work under some circumstances but sometimes they backfire. Spectacularly.

 

 

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There is No Left Brain/Right Brain Divide | TIME.com

There is No Left Brain/Right Brain Divide | TIME.com | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

You are hardly alone if you believe that humanity is divided into two great camps: the left-brain and the right-brain thinkers – those who are logical and analytical versus those who are intuitive and creative. For years, an industry of books, tests and videos has flourished on this concept. It seems to be natural law.

Except, it isn’t.

 

 

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George Lakoff on Embodied Cognition and Language

Speaker: George Lakoff, Cognitive Science and Linguistics Professor at UC Berkeley Lecture: Cascade Theory: Embodied Cognition and Language from a Neural Per...
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When You’re Poor, Bad Decisions Are Rational

When You’re Poor, Bad Decisions Are Rational | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Being poor messes with a person’s cognitive capacity. If you’re a child, it can impact your brain development. If you’re an adult, it can cloud your long term judgement.

A landmark study in August showed that the effect was equivalent to knocking off thirteen points from your IQ, that being poor produced a predilection for poor decision making, a vicious cycle that’s nearly impossible for the impoverished to break out of.

But what’s most depressing about the whole ordeal isn’t that those living in poverty are constantly making bad decisions, it’s that those bad decisions might actually be the most rational path to take. A poignant contribution by Linda Tirado to Gawker’s Kinja platform provides an eye-opening first-hand perspective to these scientific developments. Being poor is a soul-sucking vacuum where the normal rules to life simply don’t apply. Being poor means living without hope.

 

 

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Dossier sur les neurosciences et l'éducation - ...

Dossier sur les neurosciences et l'éducation - ... | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Dossier sur les neurosciences et l'éducation -septembre-2013.pdf on Elearning pédagogie technologie et numérique...

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The Benjamin Franklin Effect

The Benjamin Franklin Effect | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

The Misconception: You do nice things for the people you like and bad things to the people you hate. The Truth: You grow to like people for whom you do nice things and hate people you harm.

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Bodily maps of emotions

Bodily maps of emotions | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Emotions are often felt in the body, and somatosensory feedback has been proposed to trigger conscious emotional experiences. Here we reveal maps of bodily sensations associated with different emotions using a unique topographical self-report method. In five experiments, participants (n = 701) were shown two silhouettes of bodies alongside emotional words, stories, movies, or facial expressions. They were asked to color the bodily regions whose activity they felt increasing or decreasing while viewing each stimulus. Different emotions were consistently associated with statistically separable bodily sensation maps across experiments. These maps were concordant across West European and East Asian samples. Statistical classifiers distinguished emotion-specific activation maps accurately, confirming independence of topographies across emotions. We propose that emotions are represented in the somatosensory system as culturally universal categorical somatotopic maps. Perception of these emotion-triggered bodily changes may play a key role in generating consciously felt emotions.

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The movie of emotions: A novel’s experimental modular structure that conveys scientific theories and research findings - Raffaele Calabretta

The movie of emotions: A novel’s experimental modular structure that conveys scientific theories and research findings - Raffaele Calabretta | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

We present the experimental structure of the book Il film delle emozioni (‘The movie of emotions’, 2007), which makes an attempt at using a narrative structure for communicating the most recent scientific knowledge relative to the functioning of the brain (the amygdala) and, particularly, to emotion management. This book can be defined as an essay on emotions in the form of a novel. The book is borderline literature that mixes registers and genres: the novel, an autobiography, a scientific paper about emotions, a diary, an emotional trainer, rich of link and bibliographic references, but also a manual on how to live. The book structure is composite: is not divided in chapters, but is a digital miscellany, made up of a variety of materials (i.e., computer files). A feature of the novel is that its structure is not causal, instead it is conceived and realized to convey the novel’s themes and some scientific findings and theories, whose some examples will be given.

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The Feeling of Being Stared At | The Moral Universe, Scientific American Blog Network

The Feeling of Being Stared At | The Moral Universe, Scientific American Blog Network | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Perhaps my favorite psychology article of all time, is Edward Titchener’s, “The Feeling of Being Stared At,” which appeared in Science on December 23, 1898 (almost 115 years ago exactly!).  I give it a good read any time I am in need of inspiration, which has been lacking majorly during these dreary winter days.  Despite Titchener’s vast contributions to psychology, this particular article has been cited only 38 times–it is an unheralded classic.

In it, Titchener describes a phenomenon with which many of us are familiar: the idea that we know when we are being watched from behind.  

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What Anesthesia Can Teach Us About Consciousness

What Anesthesia Can Teach Us About Consciousness | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Going under for surgery raises a surprisingly thorny philosophical issue.
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Bad neuroscience and gender: reading this will change your brain

Bad neuroscience and gender: reading this will change your brain | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Warning: reading this post will change your brain. So will choosing not to read it, though, so you might as well continue and learn something. There’s been yet another neuroscience study claiming to have found important, systematic differences between male and female brains. I can’t critique the 

Bernard Ryefield's insight:

I share the analysis and conclusion of the author, with a twist: don't ignore this paper, just be aware of the sensationalism involved in scientific publishing

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Lauren Biegert's curator insight, December 12, 2013 4:55 AM

Great topic for social science presentation.

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Men, Women, and Big PNAS Papers - Neuroskeptic

Men, Women, and Big PNAS Papers - Neuroskeptic | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

If sex has an independent effect, after covarying for the potential confounding factors, then the paper’s conclusions will stand on strong ground. But if it turns out that men and women’s brains differ only in motion and size, well, it would have been better to know that from the start.

 

 

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How Growing Up in Poverty May Affect a Child’s Developing Brain

How Growing Up in Poverty May Affect a Child’s Developing Brain | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
A mounting body of research shows that the circumstances and chronic stresses of poverty interrupt the development of the brain
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Memories Are 'Geotagged,' Enabling You To Create A Mental Map Of Your Life Experiences

Memories Are 'Geotagged,' Enabling You To Create A Mental Map Of Your Life Experiences | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Scientists used a video game to understand how our brains map our memories of events, and associate them with other events that took place in the same area.
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To create a super-intelligent machine, start with an equation

To create a super-intelligent machine, start with an equation | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Intelligence is a very difficult concept and, until recently, no one has succeeded in giving it a satisfactory formal definition.

Most researchers have given up grappling with the notion of intelligence in full generality, and instead focus on related but more limited concepts – but I argue that mathematically defining intelligence is not only possible, but crucial to understanding and developing super-intelligent machines.

 

 

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A brief network analysis of Artificial Intelligence publication

In this paper, we present an illustration to the history of Artificial Intelligence(AI) with a statistical analysis of publish since 1940. We collected and mined through the IEEE publish data base to analysis the geological and chronological variance of the activeness of research in AI. The connections between different institutes are showed. The result shows that the leading community of AI research are mainly in the USA, China, the Europe and Japan. The key institutes, authors and the research hotspots are revealed. It is found that the research institutes in the fields like Data Mining, Computer Vision, Pattern Recognition and some other fields of Machine Learning are quite consistent, implying a strong interaction between the community of each field. It is also showed that the research of Electronic Engineering and Industrial or Commercial applications are very active in California. Japan is also publishing a lot of papers in robotics. Due to the limitation of data source, the result might be overly influenced by the number of published articles, which is to our best improved by applying network keynode analysis on the research community instead of merely count the number of publish.

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The Neuroscience of Wine Tasting: Dissecting the Intricacies of the Minds' Eye | The Academic Wino

The Neuroscience of Wine Tasting: Dissecting the Intricacies of the Minds' Eye | The Academic Wino | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

According to Gaiser, the challenge of teaching wine tasting to individuals is complex: 1) we have to try and present to students our own vocabulary and experiences for wine, which may or may not resonate with each individual mind; 2) each individual student has a different neurology from everyone else, as well as different memories and experiences; and 3) we have to come up with a way to find the common denominator for tasting, so that each student may more easily learn using their own personal experiences instead of using other people’s experiences that have been impressed upon them. Thus, the overall goal of the research is to improve upon the way we teach wine tasting so that the students learn in a shorter period of time and learn to utilize their own memories and experiences.

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Technique visualizes networks processing theory of mind

Technique visualizes networks processing theory of mind | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Pairing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with simple videos that mimic social interactions helps researchers visualize brain regions involved in the ability to infer others’ desires, beliefs and feelings, called the theory of mind.

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