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Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the mind and its processes. It examines what cognition is, what it does and how it works. It includes research on intelligence and behavior, especially focusing on how information is represented, processed, and transformed (in faculties such as perception, language, memory, reasoning, and emotion) within nervous systems (human or other animal) and machines (e.g. computers). Cognitive science consists of multiple research disciplines, including psychology, artificial intelligence, philosophy, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. The fundamental concept of cognitive science is "that thinking can best be understood in terms of representational structures in the mind and computational procedures that operate on those structures." Wikipedia (en)
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Men, Women, and Big PNAS Papers - Neuroskeptic

Men, Women, and Big PNAS Papers - Neuroskeptic | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

If sex has an independent effect, after covarying for the potential confounding factors, then the paper’s conclusions will stand on strong ground. But if it turns out that men and women’s brains differ only in motion and size, well, it would have been better to know that from the start.

 

 

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How Growing Up in Poverty May Affect a Child’s Developing Brain

How Growing Up in Poverty May Affect a Child’s Developing Brain | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
A mounting body of research shows that the circumstances and chronic stresses of poverty interrupt the development of the brain
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Memories Are 'Geotagged,' Enabling You To Create A Mental Map Of Your Life Experiences

Memories Are 'Geotagged,' Enabling You To Create A Mental Map Of Your Life Experiences | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Scientists used a video game to understand how our brains map our memories of events, and associate them with other events that took place in the same area.
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To create a super-intelligent machine, start with an equation

To create a super-intelligent machine, start with an equation | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Intelligence is a very difficult concept and, until recently, no one has succeeded in giving it a satisfactory formal definition.

Most researchers have given up grappling with the notion of intelligence in full generality, and instead focus on related but more limited concepts – but I argue that mathematically defining intelligence is not only possible, but crucial to understanding and developing super-intelligent machines.

 

 

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A brief network analysis of Artificial Intelligence publication

In this paper, we present an illustration to the history of Artificial Intelligence(AI) with a statistical analysis of publish since 1940. We collected and mined through the IEEE publish data base to analysis the geological and chronological variance of the activeness of research in AI. The connections between different institutes are showed. The result shows that the leading community of AI research are mainly in the USA, China, the Europe and Japan. The key institutes, authors and the research hotspots are revealed. It is found that the research institutes in the fields like Data Mining, Computer Vision, Pattern Recognition and some other fields of Machine Learning are quite consistent, implying a strong interaction between the community of each field. It is also showed that the research of Electronic Engineering and Industrial or Commercial applications are very active in California. Japan is also publishing a lot of papers in robotics. Due to the limitation of data source, the result might be overly influenced by the number of published articles, which is to our best improved by applying network keynode analysis on the research community instead of merely count the number of publish.

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The Neuroscience of Wine Tasting: Dissecting the Intricacies of the Minds' Eye | The Academic Wino

The Neuroscience of Wine Tasting: Dissecting the Intricacies of the Minds' Eye | The Academic Wino | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

According to Gaiser, the challenge of teaching wine tasting to individuals is complex: 1) we have to try and present to students our own vocabulary and experiences for wine, which may or may not resonate with each individual mind; 2) each individual student has a different neurology from everyone else, as well as different memories and experiences; and 3) we have to come up with a way to find the common denominator for tasting, so that each student may more easily learn using their own personal experiences instead of using other people’s experiences that have been impressed upon them. Thus, the overall goal of the research is to improve upon the way we teach wine tasting so that the students learn in a shorter period of time and learn to utilize their own memories and experiences.

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Technique visualizes networks processing theory of mind

Technique visualizes networks processing theory of mind | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Pairing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with simple videos that mimic social interactions helps researchers visualize brain regions involved in the ability to infer others’ desires, beliefs and feelings, called the theory of mind.

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Neuroplasticity is a dirty word

Neuroplasticity is a dirty word | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

The latest refrain in popular science is that 'your brain is plastic', that experience has the potential to 'rewire' your brain, and that many previous mysteries in cognitive can be explained by 'neuroplasticity'. What they don't tell you is that these phrases are virtually meaningless.

 

 

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How the mind creates out of body experiences

How the mind creates out of body experiences | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
The brain relies on a complex interplay of information from different senses to produce the experience of being in a body, even someone else's.
Bernard Ryefield's insight:

how the brain creates out of body experiences can help find out how it creates in-the-body experience, also known as everyday experience

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Introducing Computational Creativity Research

Introducing Computational Creativity Research | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
What is computational creativity research? Tracing the aims, directions and development of computational creativity as a research field.
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Cognitive Dissonance Theory - Simply Psychology

Cognitive Dissonance Theory - Simply Psychology | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Festinger's (1957) cognitive dissonance theory suggests that we have an inner drive to hold all our attitudes and beliefs in harmony and avoid disharmony (or dissonance).

Cognitive dissonance refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs or behaviors. This produces a feeling of discomfort leading to an alteration in one of the attitudes, beliefs or behaviors to reduce the discomfort and restore balance etc.

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How Molecules Matter to Mental Computation

This was just a brilliant paper, talking about exactly what I found wrong with (yet) current computational models: http://t.co/pxP6MZMa7T

Via John Symons
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ComplexInsight's curator insight, November 11, 2013 12:13 PM

I remember reading this when first published and its a great paper. Any computational model of human cognition needs to integrate both chemical and eletrical mechanisms into a integrated whole. Great scoop and awesome paper.

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New Dilemmas for the Prisoner » American Scientist

New Dilemmas for the Prisoner » American Scientist | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Prisoner’s Dilemma has been a subject of inquiry for more than 60 years, not just by game theorists but also by psychologists, economists, political scientists, and evolutionary biologists. Yet the game has not given up all its secrets. A startling discovery last year revealed a whole new class of strategies, including some bizarre ones. For example, over a long series of games one player can unilaterally dictate the other player’s score (within a certain range). Or a crafty player can control the ratio of the two scores. But not all the new strategies are so manipulative; some are “generous” rules that elicit cooperation and thereby excel in an evolutionary context.

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Even People With “Perfect Memory” Can Be Tricked Into Recalling Fake Events

Even People With “Perfect Memory” Can Be Tricked Into Recalling Fake Events | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Those who can remember what they ate on a day ten years ago can be fooled by tests that distort memories
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How Rewards Can Backfire and Reduce Motivation

How Rewards Can Backfire and Reduce Motivation | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Yet psychologists have long known that rewards are overrated. The carrot, of carrot-and-stick fame, is not as effective as we’ve been led to believe. Rewards work under some circumstances but sometimes they backfire. Spectacularly.

 

 

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There is No Left Brain/Right Brain Divide | TIME.com

There is No Left Brain/Right Brain Divide | TIME.com | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

You are hardly alone if you believe that humanity is divided into two great camps: the left-brain and the right-brain thinkers – those who are logical and analytical versus those who are intuitive and creative. For years, an industry of books, tests and videos has flourished on this concept. It seems to be natural law.

Except, it isn’t.

 

 

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George Lakoff on Embodied Cognition and Language

Speaker: George Lakoff, Cognitive Science and Linguistics Professor at UC Berkeley Lecture: Cascade Theory: Embodied Cognition and Language from a Neural Per...
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When You’re Poor, Bad Decisions Are Rational

When You’re Poor, Bad Decisions Are Rational | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Being poor messes with a person’s cognitive capacity. If you’re a child, it can impact your brain development. If you’re an adult, it can cloud your long term judgement.

A landmark study in August showed that the effect was equivalent to knocking off thirteen points from your IQ, that being poor produced a predilection for poor decision making, a vicious cycle that’s nearly impossible for the impoverished to break out of.

But what’s most depressing about the whole ordeal isn’t that those living in poverty are constantly making bad decisions, it’s that those bad decisions might actually be the most rational path to take. A poignant contribution by Linda Tirado to Gawker’s Kinja platform provides an eye-opening first-hand perspective to these scientific developments. Being poor is a soul-sucking vacuum where the normal rules to life simply don’t apply. Being poor means living without hope.

 

 

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Dossier sur les neurosciences et l'éducation - ...

Dossier sur les neurosciences et l'éducation - ... | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Dossier sur les neurosciences et l'éducation -septembre-2013.pdf on Elearning pédagogie technologie et numérique...

Via Louis Levy
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The Benjamin Franklin Effect

The Benjamin Franklin Effect | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

The Misconception: You do nice things for the people you like and bad things to the people you hate. The Truth: You grow to like people for whom you do nice things and hate people you harm.

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A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science

A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

It’s a question that’s perplexed philosophers for centuries and scientists for decades: Where does consciousness come from? We know it exists, at least in ourselves. But how it arises from chemistry and electricity in our brains is an unsolved mystery.

Neuroscientist Christof Koch, chief scientific officer at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, thinks he might know the answer. According to Koch, consciousness arises within any sufficiently complex, information-processing system. All animals, from humans on down to earthworms, are conscious; even the internet could be. That’s just the way the universe works.

 

 

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8 Subconscious Mistakes Our Brains Make Every Day--And How To Avoid Them

8 Subconscious Mistakes Our Brains Make Every Day--And How To Avoid Them | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
The swimmers body illusion and other ways our brains play tricks on us.

Via Anne Leong
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Jean-Marc Phelippeau's curator insight, November 12, 2013 3:34 PM

Quelques exemples flagrants de décisions intuitives absurdes et de comportements irrationnels classiques...

.

Toujours convaincus de votre totale rationalité?

Marc Legru's curator insight, November 14, 2013 4:11 PM

Excellent article about biases, with references to Dan Ariely. A must read !

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"Hidden Caves" in the Brain Open Up During Sleep to Wash Away Toxins

"Hidden Caves" in the Brain Open Up During Sleep to Wash Away Toxins | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
"Hidden caves" that open up in the brain may help explain sleep's amazing restorative powers.
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A Big Data Approach to Computational Creativity

A Big Data Approach to Computational Creativity | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Computational creativity is an emerging branch of artificial intelligence that places computers in the center of the creative process. Broadly, creativity involves a generative step to produce many ideas and a selective step to determine the ones that are the best. Many previous attempts at computational creativity, however, have not been able to achieve a valid selective step. This work shows how bringing data sources from the creative domain and from hedonic psychophysics together with big data analytics techniques can overcome this shortcoming to yield a system that can produce novel and high-quality creative artifacts. Our data-driven approach is demonstrated through a computational creativity system for culinary recipes and menus we developed and deployed, which can operate either autonomously or semi-autonomously with human interaction. We also comment on the volume, velocity, variety, and veracity of data in computational creativity.


Via Claudia Mihai
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A la naissance, le cerveau subirait une modification de structure

A la naissance, le cerveau subirait une modification de structure | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
Au moment de la naissance, notre cerveau subit des modifications de structure qui le préparent à affronter le monde.
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