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There's Now A Computer Program Playing Perfect Poker, Even Knows How To Bluff

There's Now A Computer Program Playing Perfect Poker, Even Knows How To Bluff | Neurology | Scoop.it
Until Cepheus came along. Bowling and his team instructed the computer to play billions of poker games against itself. Initially, they taught Cepheus only the basic rules of Texas Hold’em. The computer started off playing randomly, but eventually it began to learn. Cepheus started compiling lists of “regrets”—situations in which it could have folded or bluffed or bet differently, and won more money by doing so. The researchers then programmed Cepheus to begin acting on its most serious regrets, while ignoring its more minor regrets.Ultimately, Cepheus whittled its list of regrets nearly down to zero. Now the program can bet and bluff with the best. “If you do this in a precise mathematical way, you can prove your regrets are guaranteed to go down to zero,” Bowling says. “And in the process of approaching zero, you must be approaching perfect play.”Cepheus isn’t perfect, but it is guaranteed not to lose in the long run. That’s about as good as it gets for a game that still relies partially on chance. Cepheus’ performance has other experts in the field of artificial intelligence excited. “It’s a really interesting paper, with a convincing argument that a particular form of poker has been essentially solved,” says Howard Williams, a computer scientist and doctoral student at Queen Mary University of London, who was not involved in the study.Beyond poker, Bowling envisions a new set of algorithms that could help security officers optimize checkpoints, random searches and placement of air marshals on flights. In these situations, a program like Cepheus could be taught to view potential terrorists as other players in a high-stakes game rife with variables. “That’s very close to what we have achieved here for the game of poker. It’s a strategy guaranteed not to lose,” he says.If, however, you find yourself tempted (I know I am), Bowling and his team have set up a website where you can try your luck against Cepheus itself—the one computer program that always knows when to hold ‘em and when to fold ‘em.
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Lucile Debethune's curator insight, February 10, 2015 1:18 AM

It could be "strange" to show interest to this article here, but IA's behavior is one of the most difficult part of robot's studies. being able to create something same as bluff. And, as show last research regarding IA, this behavior is not all programmed, but a reszponse to experience and creativity, a sort of real learning... really impressive.

 

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Je n'ai pas l'habitude généralement dans ce scoop it de partager des articles aussi loin de mes préoccupation (je préfère généralement les partager directement sur twitter... je ne peux d'ailleurs que vous conseiller d'aller voir amazing science). Cependant cet article parle d'un des defi les plus important de la création d'intelligence artificielle, la façon dont on a fait évoluer leur "personnalité" et leur réaction vers des comportements qui pourraient sembler non rationnel, comme ici le bluff. Et comme ces dernière années, il ne s'agit pas d'un comportement programmé directement mais d'une façon d'apprendre de construire un comportement en réaction a des expérience, des essai et des échecs...

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Flight Theory Flight Simulator v3.0a for Android

Flight Theory Flight Simulator v3.0a for Android | Neurology | Scoop.it
Flight Theory Flight Simulator v3.0a – Fly over mountains, valleys, waterfalls, canyons, and caverns. Land your plane on aircraft carriers, airfields, and airports. Soar over the ranges, or dodge trees on the deck. Unlock new airfields, aircraft, missions and challenges! Flight Theory is a... http://prohp.net/android/android-games/arcade-action/flight-theory-flight-simulator-v3-0a-android/
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Why men are bending over backwards to take up yoga

Why men are bending over backwards to take up yoga | Neurology | Scoop.it
“Five years ago I was asked to go on a yoga retreat. My editors said they wanted to send a grizzled foreign correspondent, in order to compare the rigours of war zones and ashtanga - New Zealand Herald”
Via Peter Mellow
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What can you do with Shakespeare in a database?

What can you do with Shakespeare in a database? | Neurology | Scoop.it
Pick a play. Click a line. Instantly see articles on JSTOR that reference the line.JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways.
Via Dennis T OConnor
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Dennis T OConnor's curator insight, December 14, 2014 1:22 PM

What librarian wouldn't love this? 21st Century Meets the 1600's. Indexed Genius. The intersection of Shakespeare, scholarship, and databases.  Ah....

Peter Balanck's curator insight, December 21, 2014 9:04 AM

Tudor technology.....

GwynethJones's curator insight, December 21, 2014 1:10 PM

The better question is, what can't you do!? LOL

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Tricky Prepositions

Tricky Prepositions | Neurology | Scoop.it

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The one-minute workout: High Intensity Interval Training hits all new low

The one-minute workout: High Intensity Interval Training hits all new low | Neurology | Scoop.it
“From Tabata’s four-minute to the seven-minute workout, recent research has taught us that short, sharp bursts exercise can be incredibly effective.”
Via Peter Mellow
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nancercize's curator insight, December 28, 2014 4:21 PM

The trick is to go -all out for at least 20 seconds. alternating with lower intensity. But for many people, this is too difficult. Better to stick to regular intervals, although they take more time ,because they are more do-able for more people.

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Brown Fat Burns Ordinary Fat, Study Finds

Brown Fat Burns Ordinary Fat, Study Finds | Neurology | Scoop.it
“ In separate studies, researchers have determined that in cold conditions, people’s calorie-gobbling brown fat uses ordinary fat as fuel — and that exercise may convert ordinary fat to brown fat.”
Via Ellen H Ullman, MSW
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7 Email Marketing Secrets Every Fiction Writer Should Know by Jason Kong — The Book Designer

7 Email Marketing Secrets Every Fiction Writer Should Know by Jason Kong — The Book Designer | Neurology | Scoop.it
“ 7 Email Marketing Secrets Every Fiction Writer Should Know by Jason Kong explains how self-publishing fiction authors can attract, retain and reward subscribers to their email lists.”
Via Nicholas C. Rossis
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Nicholas C. Rossis's curator insight, November 26, 2014 12:15 PM

Why e-mail marketing is important for self-published authors.  

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5 Ways to Read More Books

5 Ways to Read More Books | Neurology | Scoop.it
“You’ve probably said it to yourself 100 times before: I really need to start reading more. When you’re an out-of-the-habit adult with a full schedule, however, finding the time to pick up a book can be a challenge.”
Via Catharine Bramkamp
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Catharine Bramkamp's curator insight, November 26, 2014 1:32 PM

If you love to read, you will do it in the car while your long suffering partner pays for the gas.  But what if you want to read more?  These tips include many good ideas. 

Some other good ideas - get over yourself.  If you want to read Fifty Shades of Gray, read it.

We have burden ourselves with the idea that reading is finer, better and more educational than watching TV and so when we think of relaxing, we don't immediately think of books, we think of Netflix.

Doesn't need to be that way.  Pick up a book from a favorite genre, pick up a YA book that you remember you loved.  Pick up any book and just start reading: no judgements.

You'll find that books are just like potato chips: you cannot stop with just one.

And unlike potato chips, books are not fattening!

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It May Be Time for You to Quit Marketing on Facebook

It May Be Time for You to Quit Marketing on Facebook | Neurology | Scoop.it
“Whether it's the latest algorithm change, a drop in reach, or the ineffectiveness of ads, it may be time for you to quit marketing on Facebook.”
Via Orit Ofri
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Orit Ofri's curator insight, November 26, 2014 5:04 PM

Long story short (though this post is much fun to read or listen to) - from the perspective of community pages - If you're on Facebook to create a community around your brand then the direction that Facebook (keeps) taking is going to make it way harder for you. 


You may want to keep the page but direct your followers to a Facebook Group (there's now a Facebook Groups App!) - some authors use their Facebook groups for their street teams. If you have a mailing list you can send people to a specific post on your Facebook page where you run a specific campaign (like a contest or a challenge). There are more ways to use Facebook, but this is getting long.


Point is - Facebook is taking a very clear direction.


That said - if you're considering advertising - then Facebook is one of the best channels out there for brands with a small budget. 


(+ An aside: How great is that audio option that Jon Loomer added. Would it work for you? As a follower of his blog sometimes that audio option is what allows me to follow)

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Certain 'memories' pass between generations

Certain 'memories' pass between generations | Neurology | Scoop.it
Behavior can be affected by events in previous generations which have been passed on through a form of genetic memory, animal studies suggest. Experiments showed that a traumatic event could affect the DNA in sperm and alter the brains and behaviour of subsequent generations.A Nature Neuroscience study shows mice trained to avoid a smell passed their aversion on to their "grandchildren". Experts said the results were important for phobia and anxiety research. The animals were trained to fear a smell similar to cherry blossom. The team at the Emory University School of Medicine, in the US, then looked at what was happening inside the sperm.They showed a section of DNA responsible for sensitivity to the cherry blossom scent was made more active in the mice's sperm. Both the mice's offspring, and their offspring, were "extremely sensitive" to cherry blossom and would avoid the scent, despite never having experienced it in their lives. Changes in brain structure were also found."The experiences of a parent, even before conceiving, markedly influence both structure and function in the nervous system of subsequent generations," the report concluded. The findings provide evidence of "trans-generational epigenetic inheritance" - that the environment can affect an individual's genetics, which can in turn be passed on.Prof Marcus Pembrey, from University College London, said the findings were "highly relevant to phobias, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorders" and provided "compelling evidence" that a form of memory could be passed between generations. He commented: "It is high time public health researchers took human trans-generational responses seriously. "I suspect we will not understand the rise in neuropsychiatric disorders or obesity, diabetes and metabolic disruptions generally without taking a multigenerational approach."
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Dr. Dea Conrad-Curry's curator insight, November 28, 2014 11:41 AM

Interesting...and in my family, anecdotal evidence suggests....

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The 5:2 diet helps beat cancer and Alzheimer's, study finds

The 5:2 diet helps beat cancer and Alzheimer's, study finds | Neurology | Scoop.it
“Fasting regimes such as the ‘5:2’ diet could help the body guard against diseases including cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer’s, according to a new study.”
Via Peter Mellow
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4 Surprising Twitter Features Every Marketer Should Use

4 Surprising Twitter Features Every Marketer Should Use | Neurology | Scoop.it
While you may be comfortable using your standard Twitter toolset, there are several lesser known features that you should be using, but probably aren’t.
Via Kamal Bennani
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Venkatesh Iyer (venkyiyer.com)'s curator insight, November 17, 2014 2:32 AM

I keep missing out on the photo tagging and collage part.

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The future of fitness could just be a chest-worn sticker

The future of fitness could just be a chest-worn sticker | Neurology | Scoop.it
For the last couple of years, medical science has been working on a way to build health sensors into stickers for better patient monitoring. It looks as if the folks behind AmpStrip might have gotten there first. AmpStrip is a piece of wearable technology that sticks onto your chest (we're told that the ideal location is below your nipple) and monitors your vitals without needing any other of the numerous fitness products we've seen on the market.Nestled within the Band-Aid-sized hardware is an accelerometer, thermometer and a heart rate sensor, which, combined, are capable of monitoring your heart rate, movement and activity. You don't actually stick the AmpStrip directly onto your skin, it has to be said; instead you use a sticky pad that lasts for between three and seven days, depending on your workout. Stick it down properly, however, and it should hold firm even when you go swimming, which you can do with the AmpStrip.Because the hardware is self-contained, you'll need to drop it onto a wireless charging plate for a couple of hours. That's not much charging, but the company promises that a combination of Bluetooth Low Energy and some secret algorithmic sauce will keep the battery ticking over for a full seven days. The hardware itself is currently in beta, but now that AmpStrip has beaten its Indiegogo goal, production should begin sometime this summer.
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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judyhaar's curator insight, January 15, 2015 12:42 PM
Wow, state of the art.
MyHealthyBee's curator insight, January 28, 2015 5:10 AM

Will you wear a health sensor on your chest?

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Download Best Puzzle Games On Android That Keep You Entertained

Download Best Puzzle Games On Android That Keep You Entertained | Neurology | Scoop.it
“ As spine chilling winter is making us shiver, most of us will be spending a lot more time shuffling indoors with our gadgets and gizmos. Well, in order to keep you entertained in this winter, we are giving you some amazing gaming tracks that will surely knock your sock off and make your dull chilling winter exciting. So, let’s explore the best puzzle games as here we are giving you the best list. If you have Android devices like best Samsung S5, Galaxy S4 and many more as most of the game require version 2.3 and above. The Room Two While playing this game, must keep it in your mind that if you are playing this game on Tab3, then you will need to Android 4.4 update installed on your device. Observation is the key factor in this game, you will have to explore different rooms and treasure with various clues and riddles. It features amazing graphic and runs smoothly on your devices. So, why wasting your time, download it now from Google Play Store. Monument Valley In this game, you will h”
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Blue Physics

Blue Physics | Neurology | Scoop.it

Via Dolores Gende
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Dolores Gende's curator insight, December 18, 2014 5:15 AM

Blue Physics by David Derbes is a free textbook (PDF), released under a Creative Commons license.

It is intended to be a "teach yourself" text for adults, covering first year college physics.
Knowledge of high school algebra is a prerequisite; calculus is taught as needed.
No prior knowledge of physics is presumed.

The book has many historical notes and worked examples. Internal references are hyperlinked.

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What's the Difference Between Your Story's Theme and Its Message?

What's the Difference Between Your Story's Theme and Its Message? | Neurology | Scoop.it
“ One of the common myths about a story’s theme is that it must also be the story’s “moral” or “message.” Because theme always deals with fundamental truths that inevitably affect human morality, it’s easy to assume a story’s theme must always be specific and applicable to the readers.”
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Dos and don’ts for common colds

Dos and don’ts for common colds | Neurology | Scoop.it
“Many of the methods advised to ward off the common cold are based on pseudoscience rather than fact. David Robson looks at what works and what doesn’t”
Via Peter Mellow
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Six ways to engage every learner using UDL -- THE Journal

Six ways to engage every learner using UDL -- THE Journal | Neurology | Scoop.it
"Universal Design for Learning can make your lessons more accessible and your lesson-planning more fun ..."
Via Leona Ungerer
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18-Point Checklist for Selling Books - Social Media Just for Writers

“ Indie Authors often want to know how they can sell more books. Here's a checklist for selling books that every author should use.”
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Nicholas C. Rossis's curator insight, November 26, 2014 11:56 AM

Useful book marketing tips, especially the one about purchasing your own ISBN.  

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21 Totally Free, Legal Image Sources for Bloggers

21 Totally Free, Legal Image Sources for Bloggers | Neurology | Scoop.it
"Looking for free sources for images you can legally use in your blog posts? Bookmark these links!"Photo Credit miadomenico
Via Orit Ofri
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Orit Ofri's curator insight, November 26, 2014 12:53 PM

You have to consider copyright when selecting images for your blog or other media. You just have to.


Here's a long list of resources (21!) for finding good free images.


I suggest picking your top 5-6 and bookmarking them to your images toolbox folder. Clip this one and maybe a few others to a backup folder for when you can't find what you want in your toolbox.


I will share my list soon. Promise.

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BCG - The Most Innovative Companies 2014: Breaking Through Is Hard to Do

BCG - The Most Innovative Companies 2014: Breaking Through Is Hard to Do | Neurology | Scoop.it

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Claude Emond's curator insight, November 26, 2014 2:41 PM

BCG 2014 Global Survey

Claude Emond's curator insight, November 26, 2014 2:42 PM

BCG 2014 Global Survey

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12 Tips to Help You Conquer Your Direct Marketing Campaign Challenges

12 Tips to Help You Conquer Your Direct Marketing Campaign Challenges | Neurology | Scoop.it
**Email Marketing - The core driver of campaign success is the customer data that fuels it. So here's a 12-item checklist of questions; answering them will likely save you time, effort, and money ...
Via Kamal Bennani
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Could running be the elixir of youth?

Could running be the elixir of youth? | Neurology | Scoop.it
“New research suggests running may slow down the ageing process, but a Sydney academic urges caution.”
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40,000-year-old blood brings mammoth cloning closer

40,000-year-old blood brings mammoth cloning closer | Neurology | Scoop.it
“Mammoth cloning is closer to becoming a reality following the discovery of blood in the best-preserved specimen ever found.”An autopsy on a 40,000-year-old mammoth has yielded blood that could contain enough intact DNA to make cloning possible, galvanising scientists who have been working for years to bring back the extinct elephant relative. Tests are still being conducted on the blood to see if it will yield a complete genome – the genetic code necessary to build an organism.The mammoth (nicknamed Buttercup) was discovered in 2013 on Maly Lyakhovsky Island in northern Siberia and excavated from the permafrost. The flesh was remarkably well-preserved, and oozed a dark red liquid when scientists cut into it. That liquid has now been confirmed as blood, following an autopsy conducted by scientists including Museum palaeobiologist Dr Tori Herridge.'As a palaeontologist, you normally have to imagine the extinct animals you work on,' said Dr Herridge. 'So actually coming face-to-face with a mammoth in the flesh, and being up to my elbows in slippery, wet, and frankly rather smelly mammoth liver, counts as one of the most incredible experiences of my life.' The South Korean firm Sooam Biotech Research Foundation is leading the research project.
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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