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Executive functions - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Executive functions is an umbrella term for cognitive processes that regulate, control, and manage other cognitive processes,[1] such as planning, working memory, attention, problem solving, verbal reasoning, inhibition, mental flexibility, task switching,[2] and initiation and monitoring of actions.[3] The executive system is a theorized cognitive system in psychology that controls and manages other cognitive processes. It is responsible for processes that are sometimes referred to as executive functions, executive skills, supervisory attentional system, or cognitive control. The prefrontal areas of the frontal lobe are necessary but not sufficient for carrying out these functions.[4]

Historically, the executive functions have been seen as regulated by the prefrontal regions of the frontal lobes, but it is still a matter of ongoing debate if that really is the case.[4] Even though articles on prefrontal lobe lesions commonly refer to disturbances of executive functions and vice versa, a review found indications for the sensitivity but not for the specificity of executive function measures to frontal lobe functioning. This means that both frontal and non-frontal brain regions are necessary for intact executive functions. Probably the frontal lobes need to participate in basically all of the executive functions, but it is not the only brain structure involved.[4]

Neuroimaging and lesion studies have identified the functions which are most often associated with the particular regions of the prefrontal cortex.[4]

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Neurological Disorders
Descriptions, research, diagnosis neurodegenerative disorders
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Fighting Back Against #Cognitive #Aging (#Mindmapping to Exercise the Brain and Organize Thinking)

Fighting Back Against #Cognitive #Aging (#Mindmapping to Exercise the Brain and Organize Thinking) | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
As is said (albeit in a quite different context) "use it or lose it." You age and people tell you to start do crossword puzzles (I've never liked them) or to do simple arithmetic on an iPad (hhmmm....
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Treatment of and Research on Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Footage of the 2012 Stanford & APDA Atypical Parkinsonism Symposium at the Crowne Plaza SFO in Burlingame, California on October 13, 2012. Video footage was ...
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Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Dementia Recovery

Dr. Lonnie Herman reviews what causes Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Dementia. You can recover from neurodegenerative disorders when you integrate safe and eff...
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Comment on Harnessing the Power of the World-Wide #SocialBrain: A #MindMap by iNotes4You

Comment on Harnessing the Power of the World-Wide #SocialBrain: A #MindMap by iNotes4You | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Thanks for this great map.
The ’5 Necessary Conditions’ is my favorite topic and I missed it when moderating a 90k member community on Google+.
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Accessing Scientific Information about Dementia, Alzheimer’s Disease, Art, Creativity: A #MindMap

Accessing Scientific Information about Dementia, Alzheimer’s Disease, Art, Creativity: A #MindMap | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Recently I have had a number of discussions with Tony Buzan (@Tony_Buzan) about how the relationships between art and creativity and dementia support the conclusion that mind mapping may be useful in helping those with cognitive impairment.
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Increasing the Usefulness of Government-Supported Informational Web Pages at Almost No Cost: Add a #MindMap

Increasing the Usefulness of Government-Supported Informational Web Pages at Almost No Cost: Add a #MindMap | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Governments and other public entities are increasing their use of web sites as the primary publication outlet for medical, human services, and research information.
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Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias | Neuropsychological ...

While NFTs and SPs are characteristic of AD, they are not pathognomic, as they occur in multiple other neurodegenerative diseases such as progressive supranuclear palsy and dementia pugilistica, which will be discussed below.
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Picture Mind Maps and Retrieving Memories

Picture Mind Maps and Retrieving Memories | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Just seeing this set of pictures and the brief comments will probably elicit a large number associations and feelings you have about each of these public figures. The pictures make the associations strong and emotional.
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JCI - Thinking laterally about neurodegenerative proteinopathies

Many neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and frontotemporal dementia, are proteinopathies that are associated with the aggregation and accumulation of .....
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Leukemia Drugs for Treating Neurodegenerative Disorders

Leukemia Drugs for Treating Neurodegenerative Disorders | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
... a unique and exciting new strategy to treat neurodegenerative diseases that develop due to abnormal buildups of proteins like Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), frontotemporal dementia, ...
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Neuropathology and Braak Staging of Parkinson's Disease | Brain ...

Neuropathology and Braak Staging of Parkinson's Disease | Brain ... | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Parkinson's disease (PD) is defined as progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by loss of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) [ref1][ref2]. Up until recently, the ...
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Demonstration of Text vs #MindMaps in Instruction

Demonstration of Text vs #MindMaps in Instruction | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
The rules of mind mapping are pretty simple.
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As of 2008 the Process of Cognitive Aging has Changed (PART 2)

As of 2008 the Process of Cognitive Aging has Changed (PART 2) | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
PART 1 discussed my view that a world wide memory is available to supplement an aging (and especially cognitively impaired) person’s biological personal memory (a.k.a. the brain).
Seems obvious, but is it?
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Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementias | Neuropsychological ...

While NFTs and SPs are characteristic of AD, they are not pathognomic, as they occur in multiple other neurodegenerative diseases such as progressive supranuclear palsy and dementia pugilistica, which will be .....
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neuropathology blog: Nobel Laureate Prusiner Tells His Story

neuropathology blog: Nobel Laureate Prusiner Tells His Story | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Prions, by subverting the brain's own proteins, may play a crucial role in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and other neurodegenerative diseases—and perhaps afford a clue to their prevention. Madness and Memory is the story of ...
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Harnessing the Power of the World-Wide #SocialBrain: A #MindMap

Harnessing the Power of the World-Wide #SocialBrain: A #MindMap | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Click image to expand.
 
Imagine what is happening as these billions of people discuss universal human rights, diversity, disparity, and the material versus the spiritual. Keep those servers running.
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Missing Scientific Link Between Organic #MindMapping and Help for Cognitively Impaired Individuals (Think I Found IT)

Missing Scientific Link Between Organic #MindMapping and Help for Cognitively Impaired Individuals (Think I Found IT) | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Aaahh … “hard science double-blind” research designs.
How do you apply such a design to determine if visual thinking-art therapy-visual cognitive remapping strategies help those who live with cognitive impairment?
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Comment on Hypothesis: #OrganicMindMap = Art + Plus (for those with cognitive impairment/dementia) by pixiejan

Comment on Hypothesis: #OrganicMindMap = Art + Plus (for those with cognitive impairment/dementia) by pixiejan | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Reblogged this on Fran's World of Wonder.
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Easily Test “Dyslexic” Fonts

In a prior post, I discussed issues about fonts and their use in mind maps for people with varying types of cognitive impairment. In a second prior post, I showed examples of  using free fonts thought to be useful for individuals with dyslexia.
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Many #MindMaps with Medical-Psychological “Information” are Garbage

Many #MindMaps with Medical-Psychological “Information” are Garbage | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
You heard it here first …
Taking information from a dubious (wrong!) source and putting it into a mind map does not make the information more credible. Bad advice is bad advice whether is is well-formatted and pretty or not.
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FTD Update from Murray Grossman at 2013 Penn FTD Caregiver Conference

The latest research and treatment advances on Frontotemporal Degeneration, from director of Penn's FTD Center, Murray Grossman, MD, EdD, professor of Neurolo...
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Mice Study Finds Cancer Drug May Work on Common Brain ...

Mice Study Finds Cancer Drug May Work on Common Brain ... | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Common diseases that develop in association with the abnormal buildup of proteins include Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), frontotemporal dementia, Huntington disease and Lewy body ...
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Alzheimer's Disease: Deadly Infectious Cause Known and Hidden ...

Alzheimer's Disease: Deadly Infectious Cause Known and Hidden ... | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Alzheimer's Disease: Deadly Infectious Cause Known and Hidden - Prions Government's, Corporation's and Search Engines Deadly Secret: "Alzheimer's Disease is a Prion Disease. ...
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Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) - Brain Stories - WordPress.com

Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) - Brain Stories - WordPress.com | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is a neurodegenerative disease, classically presented with progressive cognitive impairment, parkinsonism, visual hallucinations, and fluctuations in attention and confusion.
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As of 2008 the Process of Cognitive Aging has Changed (and we just don’t know it yet)

As of 2008 the Process of Cognitive Aging has Changed (and we just don’t know it yet) | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
I’m getting old. Show me some pictures of Yankee Stadium two blocks from where I lived as an infant in 1951. Or remind me about those kids I knew in High School. Whatever ever happened to my office mate from grad school?
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Annual Backup of “Me” (a #MindMap)

Annual Backup of “Me” (a #MindMap) | Neurological Disorders | Scoop.it
Every year around this time, I go out and buy a new external hard drive, copy all of my computer files onto it, set the file to “read only,” and then archive it.
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