This study examines the effects of ﬁscal austerity, among other socioeconomic variables, on suicide rates in Greece over the period 1968-2011. Our results suggest that ﬁscal austerity, higher unemployment rates, negative economic growth and reduced fertility rates, signiﬁcantly increase suicide rates in Greece, while increased alcohol consumption and divorce rates do not exert any signiﬁcant inﬂuence on suicide rates. Interestingly, the effects of ﬁscal austerity and economic growth are gender-speciﬁc, as ﬁscal austerity measures and negative economic growth signiﬁcantly increase male suicide rates, while no signiﬁcantly effects of ﬁscal austerity and negative economic growth on female suicide rates could be identiﬁed.
Finally, the effects of ﬁscal austerity on suicide rate are also age-speciﬁc, affecting mostly the population between the ages of 45 and 89 years. These results have important implications for policy makers, and for the creation and implementation of specialised suicide prevention programs in Greece by national health agencies.