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 Rescooped by june holley from CxBooks onto networks and network weaving

# Social: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect (by Matthew D. Lieberman)

### Social: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect

 List Price: $26.00 Price:$15.60 You Save: \$10.40 (40%)

In Social, renowned psychologist Matthew Lieberman explores groundbreaking research in social neuroscience revealing that our need to connect with other people is even more fundamental, more basic, than our need for food or shelter.  Because of this, our brain uses its spare time to learn about the social world – other people and our relation to them. It is believed that we must commit 10,000 hours to master a skill.  According to Lieberman, each of us has spent 10,000 hours learning to make sense of people and groups by the time we are ten.

Social argues that our need to reach out to and connect with others is a primary driver behind our behavior.  We believe that pain and pleasure alone guide our actions.  Yet, new research using fMRI – including a great deal of original research conducted by Lieberman and his UCLA lab -- shows that our brains react to social pain and pleasure in much the same way as they do to physical pain and pleasure.  Fortunately, the brain has evolved sophisticated mechanisms for securing our place in the social world.  We have a unique ability to read other people’s minds, to figure out their hopes, fears, and motivations, allowing us to effectively coordinate our lives with one another.  And our most private sense of who we are is intimately linked to the important people and groups in our lives.  This wiring often leads us to restrain our selfish impulses for the greater good.  These mechanisms lead to behavior that might seem irrational, but is really just the result of our deep social wiring and necessary for our success as a species.

Based on the latest cutting edge research, the findings in Social have important real-world implications.  Our schools and businesses, for example, attempt to minimalize social distractions.  But this is exactly the wrong thing to do to encourage engagement and learning, and literally shuts down the social brain, leaving powerful neuro-cognitive resources untapped.  The insights revealed in this pioneering book suggest ways to improve learning in schools, make the workplace more productive, and improve our overall well-being.

Via Complexity Digest
june holley's insight:

Bill Aukett's curator insight,

I'm reluctant to advertise but this has some interesting ideas.

# networks and network weaving

How networks can transform our world
Curated by june holley
 Scooped by june holley

## Watch now: NOVA | The Pattern in Nature's Networks | PBS Video

Science shows it’s a small world after all—and nature’s networks follow a similar pattern.
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 Rescooped by june holley from Talks

## What humans can learn from semi-intelligent slime

Inspired by biological design and self-organizing systems, artist Heather Barnett co-creates with physarum polycephalum, a eukaryotic microorganism that lives in cool, moist areas. What can people learn from the semi-intelligent slime mold? Watch this talk to find out.

http://on.ted.com/sz7m

Via Complexity Digest
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 Scooped by june holley

## Is Collaboration Limited by Organizational Structure?

We've been seeking enterprise 2.0 and social business for several years now with some notable success, but still quite a lot of “vague” and some level of fatigue. Topic: Social Business.
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 Scooped by june holley

## Networks as Responsible Structures

There is growing awareness that current organizational structures can breed irresponsibility.  That is, arrangements are created where people are less able to be responsive in helpful ways.
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 Rescooped by june holley from Social Foraging

## Using sociometers to quantify social interaction patterns

Research on human social interactions has traditionally relied on self-reports. Despite their widespread use, self-reported accounts of behaviour are prone to biases and necessarily reduce the range of behaviours, and the number of subjects, that may be studied simultaneously. The development of ever smaller sensors makes it possible to study group-level human behaviour in naturalistic settings outside research laboratories. We used such sensors, sociometers, to examine gender, talkativeness and interaction style in two different contexts. Here, we find that in the collaborative context, women were much more likely to be physically proximate to other women and were also significantly more talkative than men, especially in small groups. In contrast, there were no gender-based differences in the non-collaborative setting. Our results highlight the importance of objective measurement in the study of human behaviour, here enabling us to discern context specific, gender-based differences in interaction style.

Via Ashish Umre
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 Rescooped by june holley from Random Overlaps

## Complexity: A Very Short Introduction (by John H. Holland)

### Complexity: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

The importance of complexity is well-captured by Hawking's comment: "Complexity is the science of the 21st century". From the movement of flocks of birds to the Internet, environmental sustainability, and market regulation, the study and understanding of complex non-linear systems has become highly influential over the last 30 years.

In this Very Short Introduction, one of the leading figures in the field, John Holland, introduces the key elements and conceptual framework of complexity. From complex physical systems such as fluid flow and the difficulties of predicting weather, to complex adaptive systems such as the highly diverse and interdependent ecosystems of rainforests, he combines simple, well-known examples -- Adam Smith's pin factory, Darwin's comet orchid, and Simon's 'watchmaker' -- with an account of
the approaches, involving agents and urn models, taken by complexity theory.

Via Complexity Digest, Liz Rykert
Tom Cockburn's curator insight,

Very good overrview

 Scooped by june holley

## Build trust, embrace networks, manage complexity

june holley's insight:

Wonderful stuff in here!

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 Rescooped by june holley from Complexity - Complex Systems Theory

## Crowdsourcing for Participatory Democracies: Efficient Elicitation of Social Choice Functions

We present theoretical and empirical results demonstrating the usefulness of voting rules for participatory democracies. We first give algorithms which efficiently elicit \epsilon-approximations to two prominent voting rules: the Borda rule and the Condorcet winner. This result circumvents previous prohibitive lower bounds and is surprisingly strong: even if the number of ideas is as large as the number of participants, each participant will only have to make a logarithmic number of comparisons, an exponential improvement over the linear number of comparisons previously needed. We demonstrate the approach in an experiment in Finland's recent off-road traffic law reform, observing that the total number of comparisons needed to achieve a fixed \epsilon approximation is linear in the number of ideas and that the constant is not large.
Finally, we note a few other experimental observations which support the use of voting rules for aggregation. First, we observe that rating, one of the common alternatives to ranking, manifested effects of bias in our data. Second, we show that very few of the topics lacked a Condorcet winner, one of the prominent negative results in voting. Finally, we show data hinting at a potential future direction: the use of partial rankings as opposed to pairwise comparisons to further decrease the elicitation time.

Via Bernard Ryefield
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 Rescooped by june holley from Social Foraging

## Coaction versus reciprocity in continuous-time models of cooperation

Cooperating animals frequently show closely coordinated behaviours organized by a continuous flow of information between interacting partners. Such real-time coaction is not captured by the iterated prisoner׳s dilemma and other discrete-time reciprocal cooperation games, which inherently feature a delay in information exchange. Here, we study the evolution of cooperation when individuals can dynamically respond to each other׳s actions.

Via Complexity Digest, Ashish Umre
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 Scooped by june holley

## A Network Way of Working: A Compilation of Considerations about Effectiveness in Networks

Networks aren’t new, but the role they play in our working lives is expanding significantly through technology. The potential for impact is great, but newly enhanced networks require new strategies.
Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight,

This is an excellent article with a detailed bibliography. It would be worthwhile for School managers to read and begin to realize networks are more organic and complex than just externally ordering them and insisting they happen.

 Rescooped by june holley from Homo Agilis (Collective Intelligence, Agility and Sustainability : The Future is already here)

## ‘Wisdom of the crowd’: The myths and realities

Are the many cleverer than the few? Phil Ball explores the latest evidence on what can make groups of people smarter – but can also make them wildly wrong.

Via Claude Emond
Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight,

Some interesting observations about the way striving for consensus impacts accuracy. With misinformation, and there is an abundance, we move away from accuracy, not that we can ever know something completely.

 Scooped by june holley

## [1407.1549] Resilience of human brain functional coactivation networks under thresholding

june holley's insight:

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 Rescooped by june holley from Peer2Politics

## Mass collaboration: How we can transform the impact of public funding | IPPR

In this provocative and practical paper, social entrepreneurship leader Matthew Pike sets out a course of action for a wholesale change of culture, decision-making and accountability in the contracting of public services, to take advantage of a 'rare window of opportunity to transform how government works with others'.

Via jean lievens
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 Scooped by june holley

## Seeing Like a Network — The Message — Medium

Don’t Call It Threat Modeling
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 Rescooped by june holley from Talks

## Interview: Prof Geoffrey West on complexity science

CLC interviewed Prof. Geoffrey West, Distinguished Professor and Past President of Sante Fe Institute, at the World Cities Summit 2014 on the study of cities in relation to complexity science....

Via Roger D. Jones, PhD, Complexity Digest
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 Scooped by june holley

## Network Literacy Mini-Course | Howard Rheingold

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 Rescooped by june holley from Social Foraging

## Detecting Communities Based on Network Topology

Network methods have had profound influence in many domains and disciplines in the past decade. Community structure is a very important property of complex networks, but the accurate definition of a community remains an open problem. Here we defined community based on three properties, and then propose a simple and novel framework to detect communities based on network topology. We analyzed 16 different types of networks, and compared our partitions with Infomap, LPA, Fastgreedy and Walktrap, which are popular algorithms for community detection. Most of the partitions generated using our approach compare favorably to those generated by these other algorithms. Furthermore, we define overlapping nodes that combine community structure with shortest paths. We also analyzed the E. Coli. transcriptional regulatory network in detail, and identified modules with strong functional coherence.

Via Ashish Umre
Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight,

Community is a more complex and organic organizing than teams. Teams are inherently hierarchical with predetermined goals. Communities are fluid and the goals are continuously being negotiated. Schools and classrooms are better served to be thought of as communities with overlapping qualities and permeable boundaries with other communities.

Eli Levine's curator insight,

A useful tool for policy making, because it helps identify communities and how they interact to form super-communities.

The essence of mapping the polity and the public, socially, economically, technologically, and infrastrucutrally.

 Rescooped by june holley from Random Overlaps

## Early Warning Signs in Social-Ecological Networks

A number of social-ecological systems exhibit complex behavior associated with nonlinearities, bifurcations, and interaction with stochastic drivers. These systems are often prone to abrupt and unexpected instabilities and state shifts that emerge as a discontinuous response to gradual changes in environmental drivers. Predicting such behaviors is crucial to the prevention of or preparation for unwanted regime shifts. Recent research in ecology has investigated early warning signs that anticipate the divergence of univariate ecosystem dynamics from a stable attractor. To date, leading indicators of instability in systems with multiple interacting components have remained poorly investigated. This is a major limitation in the understanding of the dynamics of complex social-ecological networks. Here, we develop a theoretical framework to demonstrate that rising variance—measured, for example, by the maximum element of the covariance matrix of the network—is an effective leading indicator of network instability. We show that its reliability and robustness depend more on the sign of the interactions within the network than the network structure or noise intensity. Mutualistic, scale free and small world networks are less stable than their antagonistic or random counterparts but their instability is more reliably predicted by this leading indicator. These results provide new advances in multidimensional early warning analysis and offer a framework to evaluate the resilience of social-ecological networks.

Early Warning Signs in Social-Ecological Networks.

PLoS ONE 9(7): e101851. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101851 (2014)

Suweis Samir, D'Odorico Paolo

Code of the analysis available

Via Complexity Digest, Liz Rykert
Tom Cockburn's curator insight,

Reliably unreliable systems interacting

 Scooped by june holley

## Metacognition | Center for Teaching | Vanderbilt University

Vanderbilt University
june holley's insight:

Group metacognition is one of the greatest sources of breakthroughs.

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 Scooped by june holley

## The End of ‘Genius’

The idea of the solitary creator is a myth that has outlived its usefulness.
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 Rescooped by june holley from Social Foraging

## How collective comparisons emerge without individual comparisons of the options

Collective decisions in animal groups emerge from the actions of individuals who are unlikely to have global information. Comparative assessment of options can be valuable in decision-making. Ant colonies are excellent collective decision-makers, for example when selecting a new nest-site.

Via Complexity Digest, Ashish Umre
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 Rescooped by june holley from LeadershipABC

## Social Technology and the Changing Context of Leadership

Social technologies with their inherent democratic, anti-hierarchical quality easily transcend internal and external boundaries, suddenly creating a powerful thrust for horizontal collaboration and participation. They give each and every member of an organization a creative voice and enable real-time virtual connectivity in a way we have never seen before. This makes them a great catalyst for the organizational principles that are required by the new leadership context of the 21st century.

Via Kenneth Mikkelsen
june holley's insight:

Some really important material on connection between leadership and social technology...

Joe Boutte's curator insight,

Everyday leadership integrates all modes of communications.  21st century leaders should leverage new social technologies to communicate strategy, ideas, news, and priorities.  Unleashing communications from the email treadmill to extend and enhance face-to-face and other traditional communications methods is a force multiplier for organizational leadership.

Donna Karlin's curator insight,

In an increasingly global community this is critical. Collaboration across borders and in increasingly virtual work environments, a new playbook is in order.

Donna Karlin's curator insight,

In an increasingly virtual work environment and global community this is critical

 Scooped by june holley

## Is being liquid enough to innovate toward policy success?

Is being liquid enough to innovate toward policy success?
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## 5 differences between complexity & systems thinking | Better Evaluation

june holley's insight:

Really good comparison...

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 Scooped by june holley

## Digital transformation requires better organisational structures

The following is an outline of the keynote I gave today at the 7th Social Business Forum in Milan, with slides embedded at the bottom of the post: When considering the ‘why’ of social business, it is worth starting at an even more fundamental level: why do large firms exist? Ronald Coase said it was …
june holley's insight: