NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa
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Together against hunger in Africa

By Brenda Zulu in Tunis

With more than one in five people estimated to be undernourished, Africa remains the region with the highest prevalence of undernourishment in the world says  José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General.

 

Speaking in a Press Release, Da Silver says  Africa was far too big to be a single story.

 

"Africa has seen success in the fight against hunger and in increasing food production, but is still faced with significant food security challenges. The success stories range from rolling out of improved banana varieties in central Africa to the introduction of high-yielding varieties of maize in east and southern Africa," he said.

 

He observed that productivity gains in cassava in western Africa have been immense, while cotton production in the Sahel region has been impressive. East Africa has stamped its authority on tea and floriculture production and is now the preferred choice of major markets in the world.

 

He said the recurrent food security crises in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel were stark evidence of the need to build resilience in the region and to cope with recurrent droughts that become more frequent and extreme with climate change.

 

"The combined effects of drought, high food prices, conflict, displacement and chronic poverty has caused untold suffering to millions across the continent. Africa has the possibility to change this and build on its success stories to advance food security and sustainable development in the region," said Da Silver.

 

The launch of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Plan (CAADP) in 2003 has helped spur food production and food security. African governments have shown their commitment to achieve food security, identifying their individual pathways under this regional framework. Experience has shown us that countries that have seen greater progress are those that managed to allocate at least 10 percent of their national budget to the agricultural sector in line with the Maputo Declaration and implemented CAADP compacts. As of today, nearly 20 African countries have already achieved, or are on track to achieve, the first Millennium Development Goal of halving the prevalence of hunger by 2015.

 

He noted that halving hunger was an important step, but still a step towards the true goal of ending hunger. Africa was moving in the right direction. In the African Union Summit last January, its leaders endorsed a proposal to establish a 2025 zero hunger target for the region.

 

This goal was set to be formally adopted at the next AU Summit later this year and is a powerful sign of commitment to the future we want. So far, forty countries have signed CAADP Compacts and 28 countries have developed National Agriculture Investment Plans, the challenge is implementing them.

 

Da Silver said insufficient investment in agriculture and social protection were still bottlenecks for increasing food production and reduction hunger.

 

"It is thus up to national governments, in partnership with the international community, the private sector and farmers’ organizations to create the conditions for sustainable rural development. We need innovative types of financing arrangements, diverse forms of public-private partnerships and new ways of South-South cooperation that clearly put food security and the needs of poor, small-scale farmers and pastoralists center-stage," he said.

 

The Africa Solidarity Trust Fund is one such example of innovative financing. Officially established in 2013, the fund provides a mechanism through which higher-income African countries can help strengthen food security across the continent by assisting countries and their regional organizations in their efforts to eradicate hunger and malnutrition, eliminate rural poverty and sustainably manage natural resources. This is not only a sign of solidarity but also of understanding that in today’s world, we cannot reach food security in one individual country.

 

Da Silver added that the ongoing efforts should help Africa tap into its full economic potential and make the growth it is experiencing more inclusive. There are two keys to make this happen: youth and agriculture. And they will be at the center of the agenda of the FAO African Regional Conference that takes place from 24 to 28 March 2014 in Tunisia.

 

Today, more than half of the African population is under 25 years old. This makes it the youngest region in the world. Approximately 11 million young Africans will join the labour market every year for the next decade. Creating decent employment opportunities for this young labour force – in a transformed, dynamic and vibrant agricultural sector - will be crucial if Africa is to reap this demographic dividend. 2014 is a good year to raise awareness of the importance of agriculture and youth for inclusive, sustainable development in Africa.

 

The United Nations has declared 2014 as the International Year of Family Farming and the African Union also celebrates its year for Agriculture and Food Security.

 

"Let’s seize this opportunity to focus our attention, our policies and our advocacy in promoting agriculture and the farmers, fishers, pastoralists, forest collectors and traditional and indigenous communities that contribute so much for food security while, many times, receiving so little support," said Da Silver.

 

Africa has the economic, natural and human resources it needs to promote food security and sustainability in the continent. With political will, comprehensive programs bridging agricultural production and social protection, adequate funding, and by tapping into the potential of its youth, we can get there. We are in this together.

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Please Register Now: ICTforAg 2016 – New Technology For Smallholder Farmers | ICT Works

Please Register Now: ICTforAg 2016 – New Technology For Smallholder Farmers | ICT Works | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
Please register now for ICTforAg 2016 on June 10th, at FHI 360 in Washington, DC.
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Young farmer determined to make food security a national concern

 by Majara MolupeThursday, September 10, 2015

 

MASERU- Nthabiseng Hlalele , a young and vibrant lady, living in the small village of Masite on the outskirts of  Maseru says women should bring food security to the fore because they are the ones taking care of their families.

 

Hlalele said she ventured into farming in 2010 by helping her mother in her farming projects.

 

She said she is following her mother’s footsteps in interacting with nature in order to put bread on the table, saying her mother had influenced her discernibly on food security initiatives.

 

“My mother was nominated as the Woman of the Year in Agriculture- 2014,” explained Hlalele.

 

She reiterated that she continued working and assisting her mother with administration and mobilization of the farming projects, post harvest management and sales.

 

Inspired by her mother’s endeavors in farming, Hlalele said she pursued planting vegetables in her mother’s small back yard where she started growing high quality vegetables because she was unemployed and planted just for subsistence purposes.

 

Meanwhile, Hlalele revealed that as she enjoyed the revenues accrued from the soil, she extended her projects and grew from subsistence farming to commercial farming.

 

 She said she has found it necessary to extend her farming tentacles where she invested her time in the agriculture sector.

 

This young farmer said she honed her skills in the sector by attending training workshops, exhibitions and reading books.

 

“I learned how to do agribusiness not only because I was unemployed or for family business but because l pursued what l discovered what I loved and ran with the vision,” she explained.

 

“I worked hard and became focused on my projects,” said Hlalele.

 

She is now a young commercial farmer selling to leading retail stores and hotels in the capital Maseru.

 

Hlalele said she currently owns a greenhouse and her own piece of land, adding that she is a certified seed bean producer who has an outlet that sells agricultural inputs and feeds, named Beautiful Gardens.

 

She told this paper that her company employs both young and elderly people seasonally and that she allows schools to visit her land to have a feel for farming practices.

 

This young farmer explained that she also allows pupils from nearby schools to visit her garden so that they could see how food is produced from the land and to instill the spirit of agriculture to these pupils at an incipient stage.

 

Hlalele is leading by example the implementation of the Malabo Declaration 2014 that strongly advocates that women and youth should be engaged in food production initiatives in their respective countries.

 

She is one of the young female farmers who are enthusiastic to see Malabo Declaration being put into use and the Comprehensive Advanced Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP) practically possible in Lesotho.

 

Hlalele said she strongly believes that women have potential to change economies of their countries provided they are given space.

 

She has represented Lesotho many a times at international agricultural forums that are aimed at empowering young farmers.

 

 

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Coastweek - The most from the coast

Coastweek - The most from the coast | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it

Zambia calls on Africa to adopt climate resilient agricultural policies LUSAKA Zambia (Xinhua) --

The Zambian government has called on African countries to adopt climate resilient agricultural policies if the continent is to adapt to the effects of climate change.

While acknowledging the adverse effects of extreme climate on agricultural production on the African continent, Minister of Agriculture and Livestocks Permanent Secretary David Shamulenge said the continent holds enormous potential to improve production if the right policies were adopted and funded.

"Climate resilient agricultural policies are one such policies that will help Africa adapt to the effects of climate change.

"Climate smart agriculture will enable the continent to contribute towards mitigation efforts," the official said at the start of a regional climate smart agriculture policy dialogue meeting.

The two-day meeting organized by the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN), a regional think-tank involved in agricultural research activities, has been called to discuss climate smart agriculture as an adaptation and mitigation strategy to a changing climate.

The Zambian government official said the changing climate change was threatening Africa’s agriculture and the livelihood of many households hence the need to adopt policies to adapt to new climate changes.

"The impact of extreme climate, whether in the form of a super El Nino or other long-term trends, affects those that engage in agriculture in the region.

"If affects the food and nutrition security of the region and ultimately affects economic growth of the region," he added.

According to a Consultative Group International Agriculture Research (CGIAR), program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security in Africa, climate change was expected to lower crop yields by at least five percent with two degrees Celsius increase in temperate, and by about 15 percent should warming increase to 2.5 degrees Celsius.

On the other hand, the southern African region witnessed poor rainfall distribution with unprecedented mix of erratic rains, abnormally high temperatures and floods have caused havoc on farming, damaging a significant amount of this year’s crop.

According to figures released during the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Summit in Botswana recently, the poor rainfall distribution has left an estimated 27.4 million people requiring food aid by the end of this year.

The meeting is discussing results of a climate smart agriculture policy scoping exercise conducted in 15 African nations by FANRPAN.

The Zambian government official added that it was time for Africa to act and come up with clear roadmap on where the continent was going with climate change and agriculture.

He has since urged African countries to make agriculture integral to all international agreements and activities ahead of the 21st Conference of the Parties (CP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, France in December.

Agent Chula, the chairman of FANRPAN said during the same occasion that climate smart agriculture was vital in ensuring food security for the African continent.

The meeting, he said, will come up with required interventions to enhance climate smart agriculture.

The meeting is also expected to come up with favorable policy requirements for climate smart agriculture.

"The threat of climate change has never been more urgent than today. Africa is one of the most vulnerable continents to the impacts of climate change, which have negative implications on food security and economic development," he added.
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Groundnut value chain waste to be reduced - Zambia Daily MailZambia Daily Mail

Groundnut value chain waste to be reduced - Zambia Daily MailZambia Daily Mail | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it

KABANDA CHULU, Lusaka
THE European Union in partnership with Zambia Agriculture Research Institute (ZARI) and other regional stakeholders have launched a project to reduce pre and post-harvest waste in the groundnut value chain (GnVC).
This is expected to result in increased food and nutrition security of women smallholder farmers in Zambia and Malawi.
The project dubbed as platform for African-European partnership in Agriculture and rural development (PAEPARD) through competitive research fund will be implemented over a three-year period and will offer interventions to farmers to increase incomes, food and nutrition security.
The project aims to reduce pre and post-harvest losses by reducing Aflatoxin in the GnVC for improved food and nutrition security of smallholder farmers by addressing main constraining factors of technology dissemination and adoption, knowledge and information sharing and policies.
This is according to a statement issued on the side-lines of the Food Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) regional workshop on climate smart agriculture in Lusaka last Friday that groundnuts are a vital component in the livelihoods of rural families.
“The challenge is that the groundnuts of these farmers are prone to Aflatoxin contamination. The contamination can occur anytime from pre-harvest to post-harvest and has enormous health and economic consequences. Investing in pre and post-harvest loss research, technical advice and policy advocacy to reduce food losses can significantly increase the incomes, food and nutrition security of the farmers,” it stated.
The PAEPARD project implementation partners are ZARI, National Smallholder Farmers’ Association of Malawi, Eastern Province Farmers’ Cooperative (Zambia), FANRPAN (South Africa), University of Greenwich (UK), Department of Agricultural Research (Malawi).

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FANRPAN Regional Climate Smart Agricuture Policy Dialogue

 

By Brenda Zulu

The Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)  regional Climate  Smart Agriculture  Policy Dialogue has commenced in Lusaka at the Intercontinental Hotel today.

 

FANRPAN is a multi-stakeholder policy research and advocacy network. The network engages with targeted constituencies at local and national levels, through its current 17 member countries in Africa. In each member country, the FANRPAN network operates through an inter-sectoral platform called a “node” comprising a diverse group of organizations including research institutes, farmer groups, government, media, parliamentarians, private sector and other civil society organizations that have a stake in Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) policies.

 

FANRPAN operates through five thematic thrusts and these are; (i) Agriculture Input and Output Markets, (ii) Food Systems and Nutrition, (iii) Institutional Strengthening, (iv) Natural Resources and Environment and; (v) Social Protection and Livelihoods.

Within its Food Systems thematic thrust, FANRPAN implements a number of projects including aspects pertaining to Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) and Post-Harvest Management (PHM). The programme currently covers the following countries: Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

 

Within its Natural Resources and environment portfolio, FANRPAN implements a number of CSA projects supported by Africa Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF), Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA), West and Central African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (CORAF/WECARD), International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD). The FANRPAN CSA programme currently covers the following countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

 

Why the Focus on Climate Smart Agriculture

One third of the population in Southern Africa live in drought stricken areas, and over 200 million are at risk of seasonal water shortages due to climate variability. Most predictions suggest regional climate will be characterised by increased incidences of extreme weather events, including droughts and floods. Combined with increasing populations, particularly in urban areas, the Southern African Development Community Region faces a growing challenge in sustainably managing its water, food and energy demands.

 

CSA is agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation), and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals. CSA promotes agricultural best practices, particularly integrated crop management, conservation agriculture, intercropping, improved seeds and fertilizer management practices, as well as supporting increased investment in agricultural research. CSA encourages the use of all available and applicable climate change solutions in a pragmatic and impact-focused manner. While resilience is key, CSA is broader and calls for more innovation and pro-activeness in changing the way farming is done in order to adapt and mitigate while sustainably increasing productivity. CSA practices propose the transformation of agricultural policies and agricultural systems to increase food productivity and enhance food security while preserving the environment and ensuring resilience to a changing climate.

 

The objective of the Regional Climate Smart Agriculture Policy Dialogue

For some years, attention has been building on the links between agriculture and climate change, with debates building momentum within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and outside. At the Conference of the Parties (CoP17) in Durban, South Africa, Parties agreed to make agriculture an agenda item in the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA), moving it from the (Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action) LCA discussions. 

 

The significance of this move from LCA to SBSTA was that agriculture could be explored in a more politically neutral environment, by focusing on the scientific and technical aspects of the sector in relation to climate change. 

 

At CoP17 and CoP18, Parties stopped short of agreeing to create a work programme for agriculture, which would have initiated a series of Party-requested activities to further explore and exchange scientific and technical information on agriculture (e.g. technical workshops on priority topics, synthesis reports of country submissions on specific topics).  Without the decision for a work programme, Parties have continued discussions about whether to create a work programme and what the scope of a work programme would include.

 

However, progress on addressing issues relating to agriculture within the UNFCCC processes will need sustained lobbying from farmers, youth and other concerned citizens. A number of initiatives aimed at scaling up CSA and mobilizing stakeholders towards a unified position on agriculture at CoP 21 are underway. FANRPAN is actively involved in the Global Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture (GACSA) launched during the UN Climate Summit held in 23 September 2014 in New York; and the Africa CSA Alliance launched on the 25th of June 2014 in Malabo.

 

The specific objectives of this regional policy dialogue are:

1. To solicit policy recommendations for advocating for CSA policies at  regional Level

2. To identify opportunities for scaling up CSA at national level

3. To provide a Regional perspective of the climate risks to crop production and post-harvest handling.

General overview; andSpecific focus on the Groundnut Value Chain and aflatoxin contamination

4. To chart a way forward on how best to develop synergies among different stakeholders and sectors, with the aim of scaling up and out CSA best practices and technologies and; maintaining continuous dialogue on climate risks to crop production and post-harvest handling including Aflatoxin issues

5. Concretise a unified position on African Agriculture ahead of CoP 21

 

Expected Outcomes

Coming out of the Regional Policy Dialogue, it is expected that all FANR stakeholders attending the dialogue will recognize CSA as a ‘best potential way’ to steer agricultural research and development into a new era of global efforts to advance people’s food and nutrition security. Most importantly, FANRPAN hopes to:

 

Improve understanding of the potential of CSA in addressing the challenges of food security in the face of climate changeImprove understanding of the climate risks to crop production and post-harvest handling including Aflatoxin issues.Identify policy options and innovative approaches for early action to accelerate deployment of promising CSA technologies and, practices with a particular emphasis on strengthening adaptation and application in AfricaDraw up clear recommendations for Africa’s UNFCCC Negotiators on Africa’s position on agriculture and climate change


The Regional Policy Dialogue

The Regional Policy Dialogue will take place three months before the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, France in December 2015. The Regional CSA Policy Dialogue presents a unique opportunity for African climate smart agriculture stakeholders to concretize a unified African position on agriculture ahead of CoP 21. The first two days (26-27th of August) of the dialogue will be dedicated to the CSA programme whilst day three (28th August) will be for the Post Harvest Loss Management programme.

 

On the 28th of August 2015, FANRPAN in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Platform for African - European Partnership in Agriculture and Rural Development (PAEPARD) will convene a side event on the Management of Climate-Related Risks to Crop Production and Post-Harvest Losses and reduction of Aflatoxin in the Groundnut Value Chain (GnVC).

The content and discussions of the regional policy dialogue will draw on research from the following CSA focused FANRPAN projects:

Strengthening Policy Advocacy and Research Capacity for Enhanced Food Security in East and Southern Africa – Funded by the Africa Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF), the project seeks to strengthen the capacity of FANRPAN to support development of FANR policies in East and Southern Africa sub-region. One of the key objectives is to enhance the capacity of FANRPAN member countries to undertake advocacy on CSA policy formulation.

Programme on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the COMESA-EAC-SADC regions – Funded by the Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA),  the programme aims to support the inclusion of Africa’s unified position on climate change into the post-2012 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) global agreement.  


FANRPAN Management of Climate-Related Risks to Crop Production and Post-Harvest Management Programme - Supporting Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa to better manage Climate-related Risks to Crop Production and Post-harvest Handling is a project jointly funded by the European Union and the FAO, which spans from 2013 to 2015.  The overall objective of the project is to improve and sustain household and national food security in southern Africa through better management of climatic risks by smallholder farmers. The project was formulated to contribute to addressing the challenge of climatic hazards such as droughts, floods and cyclones, interacting with other factors such as food insecurity, and high HIV prevalence which lead to high vulnerability for millions of smallholders across southern Africa. Droughts alternate with floods and/or cyclones with devastating humanitarian effects, leading to loss of human life and assets in farming communities across the region. Climate change, with projected increases in the incidence and intensity of extreme climatic events, is likely to exacerbate existing vulnerabilities.


Stemming Aflatoxin pre- and post-harvest waste in the groundnut value chain (GnVC) in Malawi and Zambia to improve food and nutrition security in the smallholder farming families -  Funded by the PAEPARD, the project seeks to reduce pre- and post-harvest losses by reducing Aflatoxin in the Groundnut Value Chain (GnVC) for improved food and nutrition security of smallholder farmers by addressing main constraining factors of technology dissemination and adoption, knowledge and information sharing, and policies. The dialogue presents an opportunity for wide range of multi-stakeholders from the region to deliberate and amplify the voice of stakeholders in policy debates. 


Venue

Zambia is one of the three Africa CSA Alliance Fast-Track countries.  More than 70 percent of Zambia’s 13 million people rely on agriculture for their livelihoods. The Zambian Government has recognized the potential of CSA practices to improve food security and contribute to sustainable development in its Revised Sixth National Development Plan of 2013. Zambia is also one of the focal countries for the PAEPARD Competitive Research Funded project.

 

Who will attend the Regional Policy Dialogue?

The Regional Policy Dialogue participants will include representatives from:

Relevant governments ministries and departments,civil society member/non-government organizationfarmers organizationsintergovernmental organization (including UN entities)research/extension/education organizationfinancing institutionprivate sectoryouth organisations

 www.fanrpan.org

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Innovation School feeding Programme to Combat Extreme Poverty in Zanzibar

Innovation School feeding Programme to Combat Extreme Poverty in Zanzibar | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
By Kulthum Ally Recently the Government of Zanzibar are launched a new innovation Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) programme in collaboration with the Partnership for Child Development (PCD) and Ta...
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Namibia: Regional Seminar On Implementing Agricultural Investment Plans Using the Value Chain Approach (Page 1 of 3)

Namibia: Regional Seminar On Implementing Agricultural Investment Plans Using the Value Chain Approach (Page 1 of 3) | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
The NEPAD Agency organised a training seminar with the theme "Implementing NAIPs using a value chain approach" in Pretoria, South Africa, from 05 to 09 May 2014. The seminar was hosted with the support of the CAADP-GIZ programme. Wallie Roux as the NAU's nominee for Namibia's CAADP Country Team attended the seminar. His participation was made possible by GIZ Namibia.
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Ghana News - Government allocates rice production targets to regions

Ghana News - Government allocates rice production targets to regions | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
Government has allocated rice production targets to all regions in the country to become self-sufficient by 2017.
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Ghana News - €600,000 temperature controlled trucks left to rot at Agric Ministry

Ghana News - €600,000 temperature controlled trucks left to rot at Agric Ministry | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
Two brand new temperature controlled trucks acquired by the Government with a loan from the African Development Bank have been rotting away in the scorching sun for four years now.
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AUC hosts Ministerial breakfast meeting to discuss CAADP implementation and the case of Rwanda as a CAADP success story | African Union

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The Zambian Analyst: EU Gives Africa US$126m For Fisheries

The Zambian Analyst: EU Gives Africa US$126m For Fisheries | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
Brenda Nglazi Zulu's insight:
Good work Paul Shalala
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Small holder farmers in Africa invest $100 billion in farming

By Brenda Zulu

While billions of money are pledged by the G8 and G20 fora, the African investors are farmers and among them are small holder farmers who invest about $100 billion every year in their farms, despite lack of credit facilities.

Despite significant growth, Africa still faces major challenges of food and nutrition insecurity, youth and women unemployment especially in the rural areas.

Speaking on the 28TH Food Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Conference held in Tunisia, 24 to 28th March 2014, Dr Ibrahim Assane Mayaki CEO of NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency said the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development programme (CAADP) would contribute to addressing the challenges as it is an agenda for transformation.

"CAADP has established it self as a brand throughout out Africa and the rest of the world," said Dr Mayaki.

He said the main success of CAADP was fostering political alignment which was a major shift made in the approach to development aid.

He outlined CAADP risks as being able to ensure to respond to hopes raised by a country and the Regional Economic Commission (REC)  level and affirm the impact of CAADP by ascertaining whether or not the process has contributed to an increase in food production and resource mobilization.

Dr Mayaki  called on African leaders to recognise the need to mobilize domestic resources for agriculture.

"Since 2003, only 13 countries  have met or surpassed the CAADP target in or more years. The increase in public expenditure is the same as in other sectors," observed Dr Mayaki.

Overall in Africa, agriculture budgetary allocation is around 4 % which is far below the 10% Maputo declaration even through some other countries have made an effort.

Given the low overalls of national budgets, there is no doubt that African governments still rely on external financing for agriculture development which is not sustainable and desirable.

Dr Mayaki said CAADP faced a risk as there was bureaucratization within the programme  of which a focus on investments in practice led to creating dependency with regard to donor funding strategy.

"Some stakeholders say that CAADP does not speak  to their problems," said Dr Mayaki.

The other risk was for  African leaders to be diverted from the CAADP commitment to that which may not reflect Africa's agenda.  The concern for NEPAD was to ensure that investor interests converged with those of the main stakeholders. Agriculture producer organisations should therefore put their opinions forward and engage in a dialogue with other private sector.

Dr Mayaki further advises African governments to capitalise on achievements so far to enhance impact in CAADP plans and increase in productivity.

Governments should reaffirm it's leadership by articulating actions with continental and regional organisations, improve partnership with farmers and private sector and also mobilize domestics resources.

To sustain the CAADP momentum, African countries should upgrade their food security and food sovereignty strategy by being progressive in integration at world markets and get involved in international negotiations.

There is also need to refocus public intervention on market failures and promote risk coverage and provision of public goods with considerations for environmental and nutrition policies.

"I would like to reiterate the necessity of ensuring that Nutrition is mainstreamed in all our inventions and the ZERO Hunger initiative will contribute to it," said Dr Mayaki.

He also called on the promotion is safety nets for the poor, women's rights and the improvement of local governance on water and land while promoting access to sustainable and renewable energy.

He added that Africa should promote and prioritize sustainable farming systems that were labour intensive and environmental friends to support family smallholders.

The African Union (AU) is this year celebrating 10 years of CAADP, year of agriculture and the UN  year of family farming.By Brenda Zulu

While billions of money are pledged by the G8 and G20 fora, the African investors are farmers and among them are small holder farmers who invest about $100 billion every year in their farms, despite lack of credit facilities.

Despite significant growth, Africa still faces major challenges of food and nutrition insecurity, youth and women unemployment especially in the rural areas.

Speaking on the 28TH Food Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Conference held in Tunisia, 24 to 28th March 2014, Dr Ibrahim Assane Mayaki CEO of NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency said the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development programme (CAADP) would contribute to addressing the challenges as it is an agenda for transformation.

"CAADP has established it self as a brand throughout out Africa and the rest of the world," said Dr Mayaki.

He said the main success of CAADP was fostering political alignment which was a major shift made in the approach to development aid.

He outlined CAADP risks as being able to ensure to respond to hopes raised by a country and the Regional Economic Commission (REC)  level and affirm the impact of CAADP by ascertaining whether or not the process has contributed to an increase in food production and resource mobilization.

Dr Mayaki  called on African leaders to recognise the need to mobilize domestic resources for agriculture.

"Since 2003, only 13 countries  have met or surpassed the CAADP target in or more years. The increase in public expenditure is the same as in other sectors," observed Dr Mayaki.

Overall in Africa, agriculture budgetary allocation is around 4 % which is far below the 10% Maputo declaration even through some other countries have made an effort.

Given the low overalls of national budgets, there is no doubt that African governments still rely on external financing for agriculture development which is not sustainable and desirable.

Dr Mayaki said CAADP faced a risk as there was bureaucratization within the programme  of which a focus on investments in practice led to creating dependency with regard to donor funding strategy.

"Some stakeholders say that CAADP does not speak  to their problems," said Dr Mayaki.

The other risk was for  African leaders to be diverted from the CAADP commitment to that which may not reflect Africa's agenda.  The concern for NEPAD was to ensure that investor interests converged with those of the main stakeholders. Agriculture producer organisations should therefore put their opinions forward and engage in a dialogue with other private sector.

Dr Mayaki further advises African governments to capitalise on achievements so far to enhance impact in CAADP plans and increase in productivity.

Governments should reaffirm it's leadership by articulating actions with continental and regional organisations, improve partnership with farmers and private sector and also mobilize domestics resources.

To sustain the CAADP momentum, African countries should upgrade their food security and food sovereignty strategy by being progressive in integration at world markets and get involved in international negotiations.

There is also need to refocus public intervention on market failures and promote risk coverage and provision of public goods with considerations for environmental and nutrition policies.

"I would like to reiterate the necessity of ensuring that Nutrition is mainstreamed in all our inventions and the ZERO Hunger initiative will contribute to it," said Dr Mayaki.

He also called on the promotion is safety nets for the poor, women's rights and the improvement of local governance on water and land while promoting access to sustainable and renewable energy.

He added that Africa should promote and prioritize sustainable farming systems that were labour intensive and environmental friends to support family smallholders.

The African Union (AU) is this year celebrating 10 years of CAADP, year of agriculture and the UN  year of family farming.

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Pascal Corbé's curator insight, April 25, 2014 4:57 PM

The relation to Rural Futures will have to be looked at for a more comprehensive approach to rural development in Africa.

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NEPAD to Implement a Gender Focused Climate Change Programme

 

By Chris Kakunta

The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) needs about US $ 83 million dollars to support a five year Gender, Climate Change Agriculture Support Programme (GCCASP) that will take special interests of women and youths in mitigating and coping up with climatic changes.

The GCCASP which will be implemented in Cameroon, Ethiopia, Malawi, Niger and Rwanda is a project within CAADP and Gender Programs of NEPAD aimed at effectively delivering on its intended results, there is need to take into consideration the cross-cutting issues of gender and climate change.

According to Edna Kalima, Programme Officer under NEPAD’s Gender, Climate Change Agriculture Support Programme (GCCASP),the project has been initiated to counter the gender imbalances vulnerable groups like women and youths face despite the critical role they play in the agricultural sector.

Ms. Kalima disclosed this during her presentation to the two day GCCASP meeting held in Lusaka between 8 and 9th September 2015.

Ms. Kalima said the funds will be sourced from multinational donors and managed by NEPAD at the Continental level, through the trust pool fund that NEPAD will establish. At national level resource mobilisation activities are also being conducted for the implementation of the programme. The NEPAD Agency will fill the gaps of what countries are mobilising from the trust pool fund.  She emphasised on the need for the countries to continue engaging development partners on resource mobilisation.

Ms. Kalima noted that the programme is deliberately targeting women because they produce between 60 to 80percent of food in most developing countries and are responsible for half of the world's total food production but are disproportionately affected by the threats posed by climate change and climate variability.

 In recognition of this role and the threats faced by vulnerable farming groups, the GCCASP was developed by the NEPAD Agency with support from NORAD to support efforts of women smallholder farmers and their institutions like women groups and farmers organizations in increasing their productivity, improve on the quality of their commodities and gain a voice in decision making around all aspects of the agriculture value chain from production to marketing. 

In the participating countries, women-specific technical support initiatives will be made available to support women farmers as well as their organizations.

The support will go towards closing up institutional gaps, capacity building of women small holder farmers, creation and strengthening of women platforms and investments in upscaling of successful and innovative practices.

The Norwegian government which has been instrumental in funding climate change related programmes in many African countries including Zambia noted that the demand for food will increase by as much as 50 percent by the year 2030 compared to the current needs.

According to Kari Thorsen, from the Norwegian Embassy who was representing the Norwegian Development Agency (NORAD) at the GCCASP meeting held in Lusaka indicated that the increased critical challenge of food security, climate change will affect women more than anyone else.

Ms. Thorsen said the GCCASP responds well to the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) one which talks about combating climate change and its impact as well as number two which strives to end hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

Under the Farmer Input Support Programme (FISP) being implemented by the Zambian Government in the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, there are gender disparities that have been identified by government in terms of input distribution.

Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Gender and Child Development Daisy Ng’ambi who was represented by Director of Planning and Information Victor Mbumwai said the FISP programme has not fully met the national and regional benchmarks on gender despite statistical data proving that women small scale farmers account for about 60 percent of the food produced and consumed at house level.

Speaking when she officially opened the GCCASP meeting in Lusaka, Ms. Ng’ambi said although there has been an increasing resource commitment to the FISP, access to farmer inputs is still dominated by male households.

Meanwhile, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Secretary General Sindiso Ngwenya  has said the severity of the effects of climate change and variability continues to negatively affect performance of critical economic sectors of Africa. Climate change is undermining Africa’s economic and sustainable development efforts, but most importantly, its impacts will be felt by the poor and vulnerable in societies who do not have climate risk management strategies. 

Mr. Ngwenya, who was represented by Ms. Mekia Mohammed Redi said several studies show that agriculture, energy and forestry, sectors that majority of Africa population depend upon for their livelihoods have been negatively impacted upon by climate change. 

For example, he said, severe droughts, high temperatures and flooding have reduced yields of staple crops, diminished livestock productivity and led to loss of arable land deforestation and forest degradation.

“Climate change alone is estimated to increase the number of undernourished people to between 40 million and 170 million, although impacts may be mitigated by socio-economic development,” he said. 

He noted that climate change will also affect progress towards several of the development goals including poverty reduction, sanitization, environmental sustainability, and access to water.

Ngwenya said: “Climate change is again expected to particularly affect resource-poor households unable to invest in or take advantage of alternative income sources or new agricultural strategies, and less able to recover following droughts, floods, diseases or other shocks. Resource-poor households and communities in marginal areas dependent on rain fed agriculture will be particularly affected by the effects of climate change and variability.” 

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Climate change a threat to agriculture development - Lubunda | Lusaka Star

Climate change a threat to agriculture development - Lubunda | Lusaka Star | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it

AGRICULTURE and Livestock minister Given Lubinda says changing climate is a threat to the agriculture sector and general household livelihood.

Mr. Lubinda said this in a speech read on his behalf by Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock permanent secretary David Shamulenge during the official opening of a three day Climate Smart Agriculture Regional Policy Dialogue at Intercontinental Hotel to discuss adaptation and mitigation strategy to a changing climate.

Mr. Lubinda said climate smart-agriculture is a pathway towards national development and food and nutrition security built on three pillars.

“These three pillars are increasing productivity and income, enhancing resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere,” he said.

Mr. Lubinda further said with the changing climate, climate-smart farming practices need to respond to different local conditions, geography, weather and the natural resource base.
He also noted that farmers would continue experiencing diminishing returns on their investments without climate smart agriculture.

"Sadly, they will have to sell off their meagre physical assets that they own; and as such, they will ultimately fail to feed their families,” Mr. Lubinda sympathized with the farmers.

Mr. Lubinda elaborated that Africa needed knowledge, technological innovation, responsive action and strategic partnerships in order for the continent to achieve its adaptation to climate change and variability.

"We need to develop networks and platforms where farmers, policy makers, researchers, the private sector, extension workers and civil society organizations are linked together in joint learning and knowledge exchange,” he explained.

Meanwhile, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) board chairman, Argent Chuulu has charged that climate change has never been more urgent in Africa than it is today.

Mr. Chuulu said “the dialogue could not be timelier as it is taking place three months before the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, France in December 2015.

"I am excited, because as Africa we have a chance to seize the moment to demand a strong agreement at COP21 that will ensure that the deal that comes out of Paris is a deal that works for our farmers and rewards their efforts,” he added.

He further said the dialogue offered Africa and climate smart agriculture stakeholders and champions a unique opportunity to concretise a unified African position on agriculture ahead of the COP 21.

The dialogue which started on 26th August will come to an end today - 28th August 2015.

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African countries urged to embrace smart agriculture - Zambia Daily MailZambia Daily Mail

African countries urged to embrace smart agriculture - Zambia Daily MailZambia Daily Mail | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it

KABANDA CHULU, Lusaka
AFRICAN countries must embrace climate smart agriculture practices if the continent is to attain food security and nutrition in the face of climate change, says New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD) Director of Programmes Estherine Fotabong.
Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is a practice of agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience and adaptation, as well as contributing towards reducing the emission of greenhouse gases.
During the launch of the Africa Climate-Smart Agriculture Alliance, which is the first continental platform following the 2014 Malabo Declaration for mainstreaming climate change in agriculture, Ms Fotabong said African countries must build capacity at all levels, especially for smallholder farmers and institutions in order to attain the goal of 25 million African farmers practising climate-smart agriculture by 2025.
According to a statement released yesterday by the NEPAD Secretariat, Ms Fotabong, who was speaking in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, said the Africa CSA alliance needs to recognise interventions that respond to both the challenges and opportunities that climate change brings.
“In order to make rural transformation attainable, climate change needs to also be mainstreamed in the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), which is Africa’s instrument for agricultural growth and economic development,” she stated.
Officiating at the launch, Ethiopian State Minister for Agriculture, Sileshi Getahun stated that Africa CSA Alliance provides an opportunity to take concrete action in climate change for the benefit of African agriculture.
Minister for Women, Children and Youth Affairs, Zenevu Tadesse called on governments, civil society and the private sector to support local systems and expand to scale up climate-smart agriculture.
And Minister Councillor Tove Stub of the Norwegian Embassy in Addis Ababa, emphasised that Africa CSA Alliance is an important milestone following the 2014 Malabo Declaration in dealing with the challenges of climate change for the benefit of smallholder farmers.
At the 31st African Union Summit (Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, June 2014), the heads of State and Government were clear in their resolve to commit to action on the agriculture-climate change nexus issue.

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Times of Zambia | ‘Climate change affecting nutrition, food security’

Times of Zambia | ‘Climate change affecting nutrition, food security’ | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it

By VANESSA MALINDI and  ADRIAN MWANZA -
AGRICULTURE and Livestock Minister Given Lubinda has said extreme climate change is affecting nutrition and food security in the region as well as economic growth.
Mr Lubinda said climate change was having adverse effects on the continent’s food and nutrition security status and the livelihoods of people in rural areas.
He said in a speech read for him by his Permanent Secretary David Shamulenge during the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) regional policy dialogue in Lusaka yesterday.
He said climate change was threatening agriculture and the livelihood of many households in Zambia and Africa at large.
“There is need to develop climate smart agriculture as an adaptation and mitigation strategy to the changing climate,” Mr Lubinda said.
Climate smart agriculture was a pathway towards agricultural development, food and nutrition security which is aimed at increasing productivity and income.
Climate smart agriculture increased productivity in a sustainable manner and aimed at achieving the national food security and development goals.
Mr Lubinda said despite the adverse effects of extreme climate on production, Africa held enormous potential if the right agricultural policies were adopted and funded.
“Despite the adverse effects of extreme climate on agriculture the continent holds enormous potential if the right policies are adopted,” he said.
Recent experiences and studies on climate smart agriculture shows that there are no one size fits to all solutions. In this regards, climate smart agriculture practices needs to respond to different conditions to geography and other social dynamics.
FANRPAN board chairperson, Argent Chuula said the threat of climate change was a threat today more than ever before as climate change had negative implications in Africa on areas such as food security and economic development.
“According to the Fifth Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), projections are that under medium scenarios many areas in Africa will exceed a two degree Celsius. This increase by the last two decades of this century will have big ramifications for agriculture and farmers’ livelihoods,” Mr Chuula said.
He said FANRPAN dialog would table issues such as favourable policies for climate smart agriculture, innovations and technology as well as finding ways of communicating climate smart agriculture to policy makers and farmers.
He commended Government for welcoming FANRPAN and hosting the Policy Dialogue Climate Smart Agriculture which could steer agricultural research and development into global efforts to advance Africa’s food and nutrition security.

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Strengthening ties with private sector in Japan

The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) has called for “intelligent partnerships" with Japan’s private sector that will be anchored on the principle of mutual benefit.

 

Chief Executive Officer of NEPAD Dr Ibrahim Mayaki was speaking at the inaugural Japan-Africa Business Forum took place in Tokyo this week. The Forum was jointly organised by the African Diplomatic Corps, the African Development Bank, the Nikkei Business Planning and Editorial Centre and the Government of Japan.

 

The Forum which took place on June 10 and 11 brought together the private sector from African countries and Japan. Its aim is to encourage collaboration on various development priorities in Africa.

 

Dr Ibrahim Mayaki cautioned that while there continues to be a lot of satisfaction over registered economic growth in Africa, leaders are cautious not to become too excited by these impressive growth rates.

 

While in Japan, Dr Mayaki and Senior Vice President of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Mr Hideaki Domichi signed a Memorandum of Understanding, to strengthen cooperation in infrastructure and agriculture development. Priority areas of cooperation will focus on the implementation and monitoring of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), in particular project preparation and evaluation.

 

PIDA is a strategic framework for the development of regional and continental infrastructure in the sectors of Energy, Transport, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Trans-boundary Water, so as to better connect and integrate the continent.

 

NEPAD and Japan will work together on capacity development for the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) and joint cooperation on JICA’s initiatives in agriculture, such as the Coalition for Africa Rice Development (CARD), within the CAADPframework.

 

CARD is a consultative group of bilateral donors and international organisations working in collaboration with rice-producing African countries. Its goal is to support the efforts of African countries to double rice production on the continent to 28 million tons per annum by 2018.

 

Institutional support and strengthened coordination between JICA and the NEPAD through cooperation such as dispatching JICA experts to NEPAD Agency was also discussed.

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NEPAD to roll out projects worth billions -

NEPAD to roll out projects worth billions - | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
The New Partnership for Africa’s’ Development (NEPAD) says projectsaligned in the next ten years will not only ensure a dynamic and robust agricultural sector but also  contributes to growth and reduction of food insecurity in Africa. Speaking in an interview over the week, the head of Nepad Martin Bwalya, said the agency has projects in […
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Ghana News - Invest in irrigation systems- Vegetable Producers appeal to gov't

Ghana News - Invest in irrigation systems- Vegetable Producers appeal to gov't | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
The Administrative Manager for Vegetable Producers and Exporters Association of Ghana (VEPEAG) Victor Flow-Mensah says the only way to boost vegetable production in Ghana is to invest more in small scale irrigation systems.
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Gladson Makowa's curator insight, June 9, 2014 8:06 AM

In the first place we need vegetables exporters or an organisation of that nature in Malawi. Our vegetables are eaten locally. As a result we have circles of season of plenty when there is oversupply of vegetables and farmers become dis appointed. Following farmers disappointment comes the season of low supply of vegetables when the prices go up. Farmers are not willing to spend much on irrigation in seasons when which needs a lot of inputs because of uncertainties of markets. To prove this grow your on Tomato and see how you suffer from  blood pressure when they are getting ripe and you have no markets. 

 

Thanks to the new tomato varieties that have longer shelf life. 

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Ghana News - Japanese government approves grant for Ghanaian farmers

Ghana News - Japanese government approves grant for Ghanaian farmers | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
The Japanese government has approved a grant that will provide farmers with agricultural machinery and materials.
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Ghana News - African Fisheries Ministers meet in Addis Ababa

Ghana News - African Fisheries Ministers meet in Addis Ababa | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
African Ministers in charge of Fisheries and Aquaculture yesterday gathered at the African Union Commission offices for the second edition of the Conference of African Ministers of Fisheries and Aquaculture.
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Africa on the way to realising 4.4pc growth in agriculture

Africa on the way to realising 4.4pc growth in agriculture | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
By Judith Akolo

Africa is on the way to realising the 4.4 per cent growth in Agriculture per annum as envisaged in the formation of the Comprehensi
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African agro-finance up 7%

African agro-finance up 7% | NEPAD CAADP Compendium on Agriculture in Africa | Scoop.it
By DOREEN NAWATHE African Union (AU) says public spending on agriculture in Africa has risen by over seven percent.African Union commissioner for rura...
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