Neolithic period, Ancient Rome
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The Roman Limes – frontiers of the Empire - The Local

The Roman Limes – frontiers of the Empire - The Local | Neolithic period, Ancient Rome | Scoop.it

As the summer holidays approach, The Local is touring Germany's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Today we visit the historic Roman Limes.

 

The Upper-Germanic Roman Limes covers a total distance of 550 kilometres. Around 2,000 years ago its forts, watchtowers, walls and palisades protected the mighty Roman Empire from independent Germania.

It is the longest and one of the most impressive archaeological monuments in Europe, marking the frontier where the highly developed civilisation of ancient Rome met 'barbaric' Germania.

The Limes run from Bad Hönningen/Rheinbrohl on the River Rhine to the Regensburg area on the River Danube. Alongside Roman remains preserved in their original condition, there are restored buildings, excavations and reconstructions. The course of the border wall can still be made out in places as it stretches in long, straight lines across forests and pastureland.


Via David Connolly
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Artist examines evolution of humanity - Fall River Spirit

Artist examines evolution of humanity
Fall River Spirit
The apparel forms — a simple shirt and a geometric pant — are without specific reference to culture, time period, or gender, therefore symbolizing any and every human.
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Khepri, Khepri, Khepera, Kheper, Chepri, Khepra, Khopri

Khepri, Khepri, Khepera, Kheper, Chepri, Khepra, Khopri | Neolithic period, Ancient Rome | Scoop.it

 

Khepri is associated with the dung beetle (kheper), whose behavior of maintaining spherical balls of dung represents the forces which move the sun in Ancient Egyptian folklore...

 

Khepri gradually came to be considered as an embodiment of the sun itself, and therefore was a solar deity.

 

To explain where the sun goes at night, such pushing was extended to the underworld, Khepri's pushing of the sun being ceaseless...

 

The subsequent hatching of the eggs from this seemingly unpromising material lead to the Egyptians associating the scarab with renewal, rebirth and resurrection.

 

The scarab's habit of rolling up dung into spheres and pushing it across the ground was also noted by the Ancient Egyptians.

 

Khepri was often associated with the Sun and was conceived as a gigantic scarab rolling the Sun before him across the sky.

 

The renewal and rebirth associated with the scarab also came into play here.

 

Khepri renewed the Sun each day before rolling it above the horizon and carried it safely through the other world after sunset to renew it the next day.

 

Khepri was variously represented as a scarab, a man with the face of a scarab and a man whose head was surmounted by a scarab...

http://bit.ly/Rc8i4q

 

Khepri was soon seen as an aspect of the sun itself, in particular the sun at day break - when it "emerged" from the underworld.

 

He was closely associated with Atum, Nefertum (literally "young Atum" or "beautiful Atum") and Ra (who absorbed many of Atum's attributes).

 

Khepri was the emerging sun, Nefertum was the new born sun, Ra was the sun during the day, and Atum was the setting sun.

 

in later funerary texts, Atum and Khepri merged into a ram-headed beetle who was the ultimate expression of the power of life over death.

 

He is first mentioned in the Pyramid Texts but may well have been well known for some time before that because crude scarabs have been recovered which date from the Neolithic period (7000-5000 BC). Khepri´s popularity was at its height during the New Kingdom....

http://bit.ly/u0SYwM

 

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Post Image: http://bit.ly/WXcfMe


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Neolithic skull fragment discovered on banks of Avon - The Guardian

Neolithic skull fragment discovered on banks of Avon - The Guardian | Neolithic period, Ancient Rome | Scoop.it
The Guardian
Neolithic skull fragment discovered on banks of Avon
The Guardian
There are suggestions it may have belonged to a middle-aged woman from the neolithic period – around the time Stonehenge was built.
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Archaeologists find prehistoric remains in Truro

Archaeologists find prehistoric remains in Truro | Neolithic period, Ancient Rome | Scoop.it

Archaeologists working at the site of the future Truro Eastern District Centre (TEDC) have discovered the fragmentary remains of a prehistoric enclosure likely to have been built around 5,500 years ago.

 

Initial findings from the excavations, led by Cornwall Council’s Historic Environment Service, suggest the eastern end of the site may have been a ‘causewayed enclosure’ dating from the early Neolithic period (3800BC to 3600BC).


Via Markus Milligan
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Christine Barron's curator insight, January 31, 2014 3:15 PM

Archaeologists found a slate disc that had decorations on both sides. It is believed that this was one of the remains of a prehistoric enclosure that existed about 5,500 years ago.

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The Roads of the Faith in Le Marche: The Via Lauretana

The Roads of the Faith in Le Marche: The Via Lauretana | Neolithic period, Ancient Rome | Scoop.it

The existence of the Sanctuary of Loreto has been documented since 1294, its peculiarity concerns the object of devotion of the faithful, the Holy House of Nazareth, the place of the Annunciation. The house of Mary was formed in a cave, still venerated in the Basilica of the Annunciation, and a manufactured stone leaning against it. According to tradition, in 1291, when the Crusaders lost permanently the Palestine, with the fall of Akko, the House of the Virgin Mary was carried, "under angelic ministry", firstly in Illyria and then in the territory of Loreto. Today, according to new documented information, with the available results of the archaeological excavations in the basement of the Holy House (1962-65) and philological and iconographic studies, is increasingly confirming the hypothesis that the Holy House was transported to Loreto by ship.
The first news about the Path of Pilgrimage linked to Loreto shrine dates from the early fourteenth century: it is the link between Recanati and the sea in Roman era, this is the first unit of Via Lauretana. In the following decades, the increasing flow of pilgrims is channeled along a major road directions of the Papal States, the one that comes from Rome along the ancient Via Flaminia to Foligno, then crossing the Apennines at the pitch of Colfiorito, getting Ancona through the valleys of the Chienti and Potenza rivers. This route was renamed Via Lauretana, linking the holy cities of Rome and Loreto. The route of the Via Lauretana is defining progressively, with the definitive identification in the eighteenth century.
Along this guideline were increasing signs of Marian devotion and the creation of the transport infrastructure and accommodation necessary for the pilgrimage, especially since the sixteenth century. At that time were borning confraternities dedicated to the service of the pilgrims, and "hospitales" in the cities and in the most inaccessible tracks of the route Loretana (Apennine passes, river crossings, swamps ...).


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Treasure of coins found in Azerbaijan - AzerNews

Treasure of coins found in Azerbaijan - AzerNews | Neolithic period, Ancient Rome | Scoop.it
AzerNews
Treasure of coins found in Azerbaijan
AzerNews
About 120 monuments covering an extensive historical period discovered in the region refer to the period ranging from the Early Neolithic age to the Middle Ages.
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The Life and Times of Ancient Rome's Most Prominent Physician - History News Network

The Life and Times of Ancient Rome's Most Prominent Physician - History News Network | Neolithic period, Ancient Rome | Scoop.it
History News Network
The Life and Times of Ancient Rome's Most Prominent Physician
History News Network
Robin Lindley (robinlindley@gmail.com) is a Seattle writer and attorney, and features editor for the History News Network.
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Last member of 65,000-year-old tribe dies, taking one of world's earliest languages to the grave

Last member of 65,000-year-old tribe dies, taking one of world's earliest languages to the grave | Neolithic period, Ancient Rome | Scoop.it

The last member of a 65,000-year-old tribe has died, taking one of the world's earliest languages to the grave.

 

Boa Sr, who died last week aged about 85, was the last native of the Andaman Islands who was fluent in Bo.

 

Named after the tribe, Bo is one of the 10 Great Andamanese languages, which are thought to date back to the pre-Neolithic period when the earliest humans walked out of Africa.

 

Boa was the oldest member of the Great Andamanese, a group of tribes that are the the first descendants of early humans who migrated from Africa about 70,000 years ago and who arrived on the islands around 65,000. Other groups went on to colonise Indonesia and Australia.

She lived through the horrors and hardships of the 2004 Asian tsunami, the Japanese occupation and diseases brought by colonisers in the 19th century.

 

Boa described the moment the tsunami struck: 'We were all there when the earthquake came. 

 

'The eldest told us "the Earth would part, don't run away or move". The elders told us, that's how we know.'

 

Professor Anvita Abbi, a linguist who knew Boa, said the tribeswoman had been losing her sight in recent years and was unable to speak with anyone in her own language.

 

Boa had no children and her husband died several years ago. 

 

'Since she was the only speaker of Bo, she was very lonely as she had no one to converse with,' Professor Abbi told the Times.

'Boa Sr had a very good sense of humour, and her smile and full throated laughter were infectious.'


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1248754/Last-member-65-000-year-old-tribe-dies-taking-worlds-earliest-languages-grave.html#ixzz2Y5PdZnsl ;
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Sarah LittleRedfeather Kalmanson's curator insight, July 4, 2013 10:18 AM

She recalled: 'She used to say they were better off in the jungle.' Stephen Corry, director of Survival International, a group that campaigns for the rights of indigenous people, urged the Indian Government not to resettle any the Jawara or other indigenous tribes. 'With the death of Boa Sr and the extinction of the Bo language, a unique part of human society is now just a memory,' he said.

 

East Africa Climate Change Network.'s curator insight, July 4, 2013 6:11 PM

This is very saddening any caption or recorded history about this Boa tribe can it suffice.