In the most comprehensive study on the links between forestry and livelihoods to date, researchers have challenged conventional wisdom about key areas, including the importance of environmental income, the roles of men and women in forest-product use, and the function of forests as safety nets. The global study is the product of the Poverty and Environment Network (PEN), a collaborative effort led by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). Five complementary research papers tackle the themes of income generation and rural livelihoods, safety nets during shortfalls, gender and forest use, forest clearing and livelihoods, and tenure and forest income. The papers appear in a special issue of World Development.
A new short film, entitled La Trocha, highlights the plight of the Wounaan people in Panama, who are fighting for legal rights to their forests even as loggers and ranchers carve it up. The conflict turned violent in 2012 when local chief, Aquilo Puchicama, was shot dead by loggers.
India has stepped up forest conservation efforts in recent years, with a major project underway to establish a large swath of uninterrupted habitat through the designation of additional protected areas and expanding those already under protection. If realized, these areas would converge to become Asia’s largest unbroken forest, encompassing approximately 15,000 square kilometers (5,790 square miles) over three states.
Environmental campaigners should stop wasting money trying to save “totemic symbols of cuteness” such as the giant panda and focus instead on more pressing political conservation issues, the wildlife presenter Chris Packham has said.
Polish like Northern Ireland, while Bulgarians head for HerefordshireHull draws Iraqi migrants and Warrington is popular with SlovaksDWP figures show where migrants applied for National Insurance Number
Some of the more surprising destinations across the country attracting many of the thousands of migrants making their homes in the UK have been revealed in latest Government figures.
Although London still remains the biggest draw for most people looking to relocate to the UK, areas including Warrington, Hull and Peterborough are proving to be draws for certain nationalities.
And while the figures suggest Polish people, the biggest single group of migrants during 2011-12 with almost 80,000 settling in the UK, seem to like Northern Ireland, Bulgarians tend to head for Herefordshire and Zimbabweans apparently prefer Leicester.
The figures came out in Department for Work and Pensions data which showed where 600,000 migrants applied for a National Insurance Number to work or study, the Sun has reported.
The data suggested while Poland had the largest number of migrants to the UK, there was also 47,270 Indians and 38,300 from Pakistan.
Elsewhere, Birmingham was not surprisingly a big draw, being popular with migrants from China, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and the African state of Eritrea. According to the figures, migrants from China were also keen on Glasgow.
Meanwhile, many of the 33,190 Lithuanians who arrived in the country opted for Peterborough and a large number of Iraqi migrants chose Hull, in Humberside.
Warrington, in Cheshire, was also popular with many Slovak migrants.
Polish migrants also settled in Ealing, West London, while nearby Brent was a popular destination for Romanians, Hungarians and Portuguese.
Those coming from Australia gravitated towards Hammersmith and Fulham, while South Africans and New Zealand migrants preferred Wandsworth.
Meanwhile, Americans tend to go to Westminster or Kensington and Chelsea, according to The Sun.
The figures were published at a time of increased political tension over immigration, amid fears of a large-scale influx of Bulgarians and Romanians next year.
Transitional arrangements in place since 2005, which restrict the rights of 29million Bulgarian and Romanian citizens to live and work in other EU states, will expire in December.
Campaign group MigrationWatch has claimed that as many as 250,000 could arrive over the next five years.
Last month the Daily Mail reported how the Coalition had rejected figures, compiled under the Labour government, which suggested the number of Romanian and Bulgarian migrants expected next year was just 12,700.
Communities Secretary Eric Pickles said the estimates, revealed after months of cover-up by ministers, were drawn up by Labour after comparing the two countries to Poland, which has sent around one million people to the UK.
The document predicted just 4,613 Bulgarians, out of a population of 7.5million, will come to Britain every year, along with 8,156 Romanians – a tiny fraction of its 21.4million inhabitants.
Addressing Westminster journalists, Mr Pickles said he had ‘no confidence’ in the figures and that was why ministers chose not to publicise them, though he said they were slipped out on a Whitehall website in 2011.
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment brings together the perspectives of anthropologists, architects, city planners, ecologists, engineers, ranchers, members of religious communities and others on ways to foster Earth Stewardship
Land grabs and environmental destruction linked to an agricultural megaproject in Indonesia’s Papua province are devastating indigenous communities and causing severe food shortages in some areas, alleges a coalition of NGOs.
SAMOSIR, NORTH SUMATRA (30 August 2013)—With governments, loggers, miners and palm oil producers poaching their lands with impunity, indigenous leaders from 17 countries gathered on a remote island in Sumatra this week to launch a global fight for their rights that will take advantage of powerful mapping tools combined with indigenous knowledge to mark traditional boundaries.
'In Africa, you can come across Kaya forests of coastal Kenya, customary forests in Uganda, sacred forest groves in Benin, dragon forests in The Gambia or church forests in Ethiopia...You can also come across similar forest patches in South and Southeast Asia including numerous sacred groves in India well-known for their role in conservation of biological diversity,' Dr. Shonil Bhagwat told mongabay.com.
Indigenous and forest-dependent peoples from Asia, Africa and Latin America have called for increased recognition of customary land rights in order to curb deforestation and ensure the survival of their communities. The Palangkaraya Declaration on Deforestation and the Rights of Forest Peoples calls on governments to uphold forest peoples’ rights to control and manage their customary lands and to halt rights-violating development projects being carried out without consent from local communities.
Investing $30 billion a year in forest conservation — less than seven percent of the $480 billion spent annually on fossil fuels subsidies — could help stop deforestation while accelerating a transition toward a greener global economy, asserts a new report published by the International Resource Panel (IRP) and the UN REDD Programme.
Chomsky, “Canadian mining operations are just destroying large parts of the world.” He said that “Canada is trying to take the lead in destroying the possibility of decent survival..."
“There is resistance: in Canada it’s coming from First Nations. But it’s worth remembering that that’s a world-wide phenomenon. Throughout the world, the indigenous populations are in the lead. They are actually taking the lead in trying to protect the earth. That’s extremely significant.”
Chomsky argued that this resistance is supported by one of the most ancient documents of English law, the nearly 800-year old Magna Carta. For in addition to asserting civil rights like the presumption of innocence and the right to jury trial, the Magna Carta included a “Charter of the Forests,” which “had to do with protecting the commons”—all of the commonly shared things in nature that sustain human life—“from the depredations of power.”
Since the development of capitalism, Chomsky said, the commons have been under attack. “What Canada and the US and others are doing now,” he added, “is trying to take away what is left of the commons, includ[ing] the global environment—privatize it, take it away.”
On Thursday, 17 October 2013 Mongabay.com and the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) co-hosted a discussion on environmental issues related to palm oil. The discussion involved representatives from WWF, Greenpeace and the RSPO.
This is part of a series of posts to share with readers a useful collection of some of the most important, effective and practical data visualisation resources. This post presents the many different options for visualisation spacial data.
Atlas drawn up by international experts aims to expand understanding of soil and how Africa can manage it sustainably.
Zougmoré tells SciDev.Net that most African countries have national soil bureaus that are inadequately resourced, making it difficult to generate new soil information. He is now calling for more support from African governments.
Peter Okoth, a Nairobi-based natural resources consultant, says: "Regional users [of the atlas] have the opportunity to know about trends, problem hotspots and patterns of soil distribution". But he cautions that unless users are properly trained, they may find using the atlas challenging.
Pedro Sanchez, project director of the Africa Soil Information Service (Afsis), and a soil expert at the US-based Earth Institute at Columbia University, welcomes the atlas as an "important tool". But he points out that because the atlas is not interactive, users may find it difficult to determine relationships between soil properties and their impacts.
"We are also working on another interactive, web-accessible digital soil map that covers all the non-desert areas of Sub-Saharan Africa," says Sanchez, adding that Afsis hopes to complete this project by the end of the year.
On a dirt road passing through sparkling lakes and spruce woods in the wilds of northern Sweden, a woman belonging to Europe's only indigenous people — the Sami — chants a traditional, high-pitched tune.
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