Thirty years ago, the idea of using nematodes to control pest populations was vague promise held by the handful of researchers working with these obscure insect parasites. Today, they are no longer a laboratory curiosity but have begun to gain acceptance as environmentally benign alternatives to chemical insecticides.
A hundred different laboratories explore these nematodes and their bacterial symbionts in more than 60 countries from every inhabited continent. Worldwide examples of use of entomopathogenic nematodes in crop production systems show effectiveness against pests that were once thought impossible to control.
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Laznik Ž & Trdan S (2011) Entomopathogenic Nematodes (Nematoda: Rhabditida) in Slovenia: From Tabula Rasa to Implementation into Crop Production Systems.- Insecticides – Advances in Integrated Pest Management, Rijeka: InTech, 2011; p. 626-656.